Ziziphi ii-CFDs kwimarike yemasheya

Ii-CFDs kwimarike yemasheya zinomngcipheko omkhulu kakhulu

Ukuba sibandakanyeka kwihlabathi lezemali kunye notyalo-mali lwe-stock market, okanye sizazise ukuba singene, kunokwenzeka ukuba ngaxa lithile sibone okanye sive into malunga ne-CFD. Kodwa zithini ii-CFDs kwi-stock market? Benze ntoni? Zenzelwe ntoni? Ngelixa kuyinyani loo nto ezi zizixhobo zotyalo-mali ezintsonkothileyo, Siza kuzama ukucacisa ingcamango kweli nqaku.

Kwimeko apho ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi malunga neeCFDs, ndincoma ukuba uqhubeke ufunda. Siza kuchaza ukuba ziyintoni na zithini iimpawu zayo kwaye izinto eziluncedo nezingeloncedo Kuthetha ukuthini ukusebenza nabo?

Yintoni iCFD kwaye yenzelwe ntoni?

I-CFD sisixhobo sotyalo-mali esivela kwimali

Siza kuqala ngokuchaza ukuba zeziphi ii-CFDs kwi-stock market. Sisixhobo sotyalo-mali esivela kwimali. Ngokubanzi, ayidli ngokuba nomhla wokuphelelwa kwaye ikuvumela ukuba usebenze kwiintshukumo anazo amaxabiso kodwa ngaphandle kokufumana i-asethi esisiseko.

Igama elithi “CFD” limele “iContract for Differences”, “Contract For Differences” ngesiNgesi. Ithetha ntoni le nto? Ewe, sisivumelwano esikhoyo phakathi kwamaqela amabini. Bobabini batshintshiselana ukuba yintoni umahluko phakathi kwexabiso lokungena kunye nexabiso lokuphuma. Ngokuqinisekileyo, eli nani liphindaphindwa ngenani le-indices okanye izabelo ekuvunyelwene ngazo ngaphambili. Ngaloo ndlela, ingeniso okanye ilahleko inxulumene nomahluko phakathi kwexabiso ezithengwe ngalo nezo zithengiswe ngalo.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba ii-CFD zizixhobo ezintsonkothe ​​kakhulu kwaye umngcipheko wokulahlekelwa yimali ngazo uphezulu kakhulu kwaye uyakhawuleza, ngenxa yokunyuka. Oko kukuthi: Singakwazi ukugcina isikhundla kwi-asethi ethile ngaphandle kokuhlawula iindleko zayo zizonke, ukuba kungekuphela nje umda ofunekayo ekusebenzeni. Ngenxa yolu phawu, isixhobo ekuthethwa ngaso, kule meko CFDs, banomngcipheko omkhulu wokuba umtyali-mali unokulahlekelwa yimali yabo ngokukhawuleza.

Kuqikelelwa ukuba phakathi kwe-74% kunye ne-89% yabatyali-zimali abathengisi abathengisa ii-CFDs balahlekelwa yimali. Ngesi sizathu, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba xa sicinga ngokurhweba ngee-CFDs, Masiqonde ukuba basebenza njani kwaye ukuba singakwazi ukuthatha umngcipheko omkhulu wokuphulukana nemali yethu.

Izixhobo

Okulandelayo siza kuphawula iimpawu zezi zixhobo ukuqonda ngcono ukuba zeziphi ii-CFDs kunye nendlela ezisebenza ngayo.

  • Bavumela ukufumana inzuzo kwiimarike zombini i-bearish kunye ne-bullish. Zisenokusetyenziswa njengothango xa kutyalwa imali kwizitokhwe.
  • Ziimveliso ze-OTC (Ngaphaya kwekhawunta). Oko kukuthi, zezentengiso ezingacwangciswanga okanye ezingaphaya kwekhawuntara.
  • Njengoko igama labo libonisa, banjalo izivumelwano zomahluko.
  • Ixabiso le-CFD nganye linxulunyaniswa nesiseko sayo. Le asethi isisiseko idweliswe kwimarike elungelelanisiweyo. Ukongeza, siyalazi ixabiso lezinto ezisisiseko ngamaxesha onke.
  • Ziyimveliso kunye amandla.

Izinto eziluncedo kunye nezingeloncedo kwii-CFDs

Ii-CFD zesitokhwe zineengenelo ezithile kunye nezingeloncedo

Ngoku ukuba sinombono wokuba zeziphi ii-CFDs kwimarike yemasheya, sinokuthi zixhobo ezisivumela ukuba sifumane imali eninzi ngokukhawuleza. Kodwa lumka, kuba njengoko benokusenza sifumane imali ngokukhawuleza, banokusenza siphulukane nayo. Ngoko ke, ngaphambi kokuba siqalise ukusebenza ngeeCFD, kufuneka sicace zithini izinto eziluncedo nezingeloncedo kuzo. Ngezantsi siza kudwelisa izinto ezilungileyo kunye nezingalunganga.

Inzuzo

Okokuqala siza kuqala ngokuhlomla ngezinto eziluncedo ezibonelelwa yi-CFDs:

  • Uluhlu lwezinto ezisisiseko (izitokhwe, izinto zorhwebo kunye nezalathisi) ezibonelelwa yi-CFDs zikhulu kakhulu kwaye zifumaneka kwiimarike kwihlabathi jikelele.
  • Banikezela ukuba vula izithuba ezinde/ebhullish nezimfutshane/zebhere. Ngoko ke sinokutyala imali ukuya phezulu nasezantsi.
  • Bavumela uphuhliso lwe izicwangciso ezahlukeneyo: Ukugubungela iPotfoliyo, intelekelelo kunye notyalo-mali.
  • Benza ukuphindaphinda ngokuthe ngqo kwe-evolution yesabelo, i-commodity okanye isalathisi.
  • Azinakuphelelwa lixesha. Kananjalo akuyomfuneko ukuguqula isivumelwano ukuba sifuna ukugcina izikhundla zexesha elide, ngaphandle kwee-CFD kwiimali nakwizinto eziphathekayo.
  • Ngokubanzi, ii-brokers esinokuthi ngazo sisebenze kunye ne-CFDs ababuzi ubuncinci bemali yokuvula ukuqalisa ukurhweba, kwaye abaceli imali yokugcina iakhawunti.
  • Kananjalo bahlala beneakhawunti yedemo yasimahla, onokuthi ngayo wenze imisebenzi ngaphandle kokusebenzisa imali yokwenyani, njengokuziqhelanisa kunye nokuqhelanisa.

Iintsilelo

Ngoku siza kubona izinto ezingeloncedo kwii-CFD, njengoko kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba sizithathele ingqalelo:

  • Ziyimveliso enzima yokuqonda. Ngoku ka IKomishini yezoKhuseleko kuZwelonke (CNMV), I-CFDS ayifanelekanga kubatyali-mali abathengisayo njengoko bephethe inqanaba eliphezulu kakhulu lomngcipheko kunye nobunzima.
  • Urhwebo lweCFD zifuna uqwalaselo nokubekwa kweliso rhoqo yotyalo-mali olwenziwe.
  • Umngcipheko wokulahlekelwa yi-CFD yokurhweba ngemali uphezulu kakhulu.
  • Urhwebo olude lungenisa iindleko zenkxaso-mali kwiiCFD. Oku kuhambelana nenxalenye yotyalo-mali olungahlawulwanga ngumda wesiqinisekiso esinikiwe.
  • Zizimveliso ze "Over The Counter" (OTC). Ngamanye amazwi: Abathengiswanga kwiimarike ezicwangcisiweyo okanye ezilawulwayo. Zikhutshwa ngumenzi wemarike, obonelela ngexabiso.
  • Umbane awusoloko ufana kwii-CFD. Ngoko ke, kunokwenzeka ukuba kwezinye iimeko akukho mlinganiso wokusebenza.
  • Xa uthenga iCFD, asithengi sitokhwe. I-CFD iphinda kwakhona ixabiso le-asethi. Ke, asinawo amalungelo afanayo nabanini zabelo, njengokuya kwiiNtlanganiso kunye nokuvota.

Ngalo lonke olu lwazi malunga nokuba zeziphi ii-CFDs kwimarike yemasheya, sinokufumana umbono wokuba kuthetha ukuthini ukusebenza nazo. Kucacile ukuba banikela ngeenzuzo ezithile, kodwa kufuneka kwakhona sithathele ingqalelo iintsilelo ukuze singamangalisi. Singasoloko sijongana noXwebhu loLwazi oluPhambili kumtyali-mali phambi kokwenza umsebenzi kwimveliso. Ngale ndlela sinokuzazi iimpawu zayo kunye nezinga layo lomngcipheko kwangaphambili.


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