Ithuba lokutyala imali kwi-DAX yaseJamani?

I-DAX, i-DAX 30 okanye i-DAX Xetra sisalathiso sesitokhwe esibhakabhaka seenkampani ezingama-30 ezinkulu eJamani ezidweliswe kwiFrankfurt Stock Exchange. Ukuba okwangoku yenye yeempawu ezibonisa ukuzithemba okukhulu ebusweni babatyali mali, ngaphezulu kwezinye iimarike zaseYurophu ngokubaluleka okuthile. Ngophononongo olukhulu kumaxesha andisiweyo kwiimarike ze-equity. Kwaye kwelinye icala, kuye kwakho ukusebenza okungcono emva kokwandiswa kwe-coronavirus kuyo yonke iplanethi. Akumangalisi ke, ukuba ngummeli kaloliwe kwezoqoqosho ye-European Union.

Kwelinye icala, kwaye ngokubhekisele kumzuzu wayo wangoku, iDax yaseJamani ibuyele kumndilili wokuhamba weentsuku ezingama-200 kumanqaku ayi-11.780, ukusuka kwindawo yamanqaku ayi-13.000. Emva kwesaphulelo esikhulu ukusukela kwiiveki zokugqibela zika-Epreli kwaye ngenxa yoko ibeke ithoni kuyo yonke indices yeentengiso zentengiso kwindalo esingqongileyo. Ngayiphi na imeko, asinakulibala ukuba phezulu, ngaphezulu kwamanqaku ayi-13.000 ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi, iDax iya kuba nendlela yasimahla yokundwendwela ubuninzi bexesha lonke kumanqaku ayi-13.825. Oko kukuthi, ngesakhiwo esinyusayo esiphakathi kwaye ngakumbi ixesha elide.

Akumangalisi ukuba icandelo elilungileyo labatyali mali abancinci nabaphakathi bakhethe le ntengiso yamanye amazwe ukwenza ulondolozo lwabo lube nenzuzo. Ngenxa yokuthembeka okukhulu ekunikezelayo kuzo zonke iiarhente zezemali kwaye iguqulela kumthamo omkhulu weekhontrakthi kuzo zonke iiseshoni zokurhweba. Ingaphezulu kancinci kunezinye ii-indices, ezinje nge-IBEX 35 njengenye yezona zibalulekileyo kwi-EU. Apho yonke imihla izihloko ezingenakubalwa zitshintshiselana phakathi kwabatyali zimali kwihlabathi liphela, kokubini kwimisebenzi yokuthenga neyokuthengisa. Ke ngoko, yenye yeendlela abanokukhetha kuzo abatyali mali abancinci nabaphakathi ukusukela ngoku.

I-DAX: ibonelela ngantoni?

Kwi-DAX, i-DAX 30 okanye i-DAX Xetra zidityanisiwe zezona nkampani zibalulekileyo kwilizwekazi laseYurophu. Zonke zinemali enkulu kwaye ezivumela ukuba ixabiso lokuthenga okanye ukuthengisa lihlengahlengiswe ngokukhululeka okukhulu. Ngamanye amagama, akukho ngxaki ekusebenzeni kwezi asethi zemali. Ukuba akunjalo, ngokuchaseneyo, isikhundla sithathwa phantse kwangoko, nokuba uyaphi okanye ilizwe ohlala kulo. Ngelixa kwelinye icala, kuye kwafuneka kugxininiswe ukuba i-DAX yaseJamani sisalathiso ngaphakathi kwilizwekazi laseYurophu, ngakumbi kwezinye ii-indices zaseYurophu. Kwaye oko kunceda ivolumu yokuqesha ukuba ibe nkulu kunakwabanye.

Kananjalo asinakulibala ngeli xesha ukuba le index kwizabelo zamanye amazwe ithathwa ngokuba bhetyebhetye njengoko inamacandelo amaninzi oshishino. Ukusuka kweyona mveli iye kwezona zinto zintsha, ezinje ngezo zimelwe bubuchwephesha obutsha kwaye zibonelela ngokubaluleka kwintengiso yesitokhwe. Ewe kunjalo, enye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo ngokubhekisele kwilizwekazi elidala kwaye ke njengesalathiso kwiprofayili yaba batyali mali abancinci nabaphakathi. Hayi kangako ngokobungakanani, kodwa ewe ngokomgangatho. Ukuza kuthi ga kwinqanaba lokuba lelinye lamaziko amakhulu kurhwebo kweli nqanaba leeasethi zemali. Nangona ngaphandle kokulibala ukuba i-DAX njengesalathiso inokundwendwela amanqaku ayi-11.500 XNUMX ngexesha elide kakhulu.

Umahluko phakathi kokurhweba nokutyala imali kwi-DAX

Ukurhweba kunye notyalo-mali zibonelela ngeendlela ezimbini ezahlukileyo zokufumana ukubonwa kwi-DAX. Xa kuthengiswa, iimveliso zezemali zisetyenziselwa ukuqikelela ukunyuka kwamaxabiso ngaphandle kokuthenga amasheya okanye iimali. Ngokutyala imali, uthatha ubunini ngokuthe ngqo be-asethi enye okanye ezingaphezulu ezilandela ixabiso le-DAX.

Urhwebo ne-DAX. Xa uthengisa i-DAX, uhamba ixesha elide okanye elifutshane ekuhambeni kwamaxabiso usebenzisa iziphumo zezemali ezinje ngee-CFDs kunye nokusasaza ukubheja. Oku kuzisa izibonelelo ezininzi kubarhwebi bexesha elifutshane neliphakathi, kubandakanya amandla okunyusa - okuthetha ukuba kuya kufuneka ubeke isahlulo sobungakanani bakho obupheleleyo bezorhwebo ukuze uyivule.

Abaxhasi beentlobo ezahlukeneyo zotyalo-mali banokuthenga kwaye bathengise i-DAX iiyure ezingama-24 ngosuku ukusukela nge-11 ngokuhlwa ngeCawa ukuya nge-10 ngokuhlwa ngoLwesihlanu. Okanye, ungathatha ithuba ngeempelaveki ukuvula indawo ngoMgqibelo okanye ngeCawa. Ke ukuba ubona ithuba lokufumana inzuzo-okanye ufuna ukubiyela-ngaphandle kweeyure eziqhelekileyo zokurhweba, usenokuthatha inyathelo. Kwiqonga lokurhweba laba baqhubi, ungabona i-DAX eyaziwa njengeJamani 30 kwaye ke vula iakhawunti namhlanje ukuqala ukurhweba.

Iindlela zokusebenza ne-DAX

Zimbini iintlobo eziphambili ze-DAX CFDs kunye nokubheja okusasazwayo: iimarike zemali kunye nekamva.

Imilinganiselo yemali

Xa uvula isikhundla kwisalathiso semali, uthengisa ngexabiso lakho lendawo-kwinqanaba othengisa ngalo ngoku. Ukusasazeka kuncinci kwii-indices zemali, ezenza ukuba zithandwe ngabarhwebi bexesha elifutshane. I-DAX ye-IG isasazeka, umzekelo, qala kumanqaku ayi-1,2 kuphela. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ubambe indawo yenkcazo yemali evulekileyo ngaphezulu kosuku olunye lokurhweba, kuya kufuneka uhlawule imali yezemali ubusuku bonke.

Ixesha elizayo lesalathiso

Xa uvula isikhundla kwisalathiso sexesha elizayo, uyarhweba ngexabiso lakho elizayo - ixabiso ekuvunyelwene ngalo namhlanje ukuhanjiswa ngomhla ozayo. Ixesha elizayo lesalathiso lisasazeke ngokubanzi kunama-indices emali, kodwa ukusasazeka kubandakanya zonke iindleko zokuhlawulwa ebusuku. Ke ukuba ucwangcisa ukugcina urhwebo lwakho luvulekile kangangeentsuku ezininzi, ikamva lesalathiso linokubonelela ngexabiso elingcono.

Tyala imali kwi-DAX

Njengaso nasiphi na isalathiso sesitokhwe, awunakho ukutyala ngqo kwi-DAX. Nangona kunjalo, unokutyala imali kwiimali zotshintshiselwano eziyilelwe ukulandela ixabiso le-DAX. Okanye ungathenga izabelo kumashishini enza isalathiso.

Utyalo-mali lubandakanya ukukhetha iiasethi ukongeza kwipotifoliyo yakho, ngenjongo yokuyigcina kwixesha eliphakathi nelide, emva koko uzithengisele inzuzo. Unokufumana kwakhona kwisahlulo-ukuba ishishini elityalomali libuyisa isahlulo seenzuzo zalo kubanini zabelo.

Awuyi kuxhamla kwisibonelelo xa utyala imali, ke kuya kufuneka uhlawule ixabiso elipheleleyo lesikhundla sakho ngaphambili. Kuyenzeka ukuba uthathe indawo emfutshane- umzekelo, ngokubuyela umva kwi-ETFs - kodwa uninzi lwabatyali mali luhamba ixesha elide.

Yenza iakhawunti ukuqala ukwenza utyalomali kwii-ETFs

Iindlela zokutyala imali kwi-DAX. Zombini ezorhwebo zokulingana kunye nee-ETF zikuvumela ukuba utyale imali kwiinkampani ezinkulu zaseJamani, kodwa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo.

Ukurhweba ngamasheya

I-DAX iyehla isenyuka ngokusekwe kwixabiso lesabelo leenkampani ezenza isalathiso: njengeVolkswagen, iBayer kunye neDeutsche Bank. Ngokuthenga izabelo kwezi nkampani, unokufumana ukubonakaliswa okufanayo nokutyala imali kwi-DAX uqobo.

Ukwakha iphothifoliyo elandela ngokuthe ngqo intshukumo ye-DAX, kuya kufuneka uthenge zonke izinto ezingama-30 kwaye ubonakalise iikhrayitheriya zokulinganisa zesalathiso esisemthethweni, ngumsebenzi onzima lowo. Ke ngoko, uninzi lwabatyali mali luza kukhetha izitokhwe ezimbalwa kwipotifoliyo yazo kwaye zisebenzise ii-ETF endaweni yoko ukuba zifuna ukutyala imali kuyo yonke iDAX.

Ii-ETFs ezikhoyo kwimarike

Xa uthenga i-ETF ye-DAX, utyala imali kwingxowa-mali elandelela ixabiso lesalathiso uqobo. Ii-ETF ezininzi ze-DAX zikwenza oku ngokubamba izitokhwe ezenza isalathiso, ke xa uthenga utyalomali ngokufanelekileyo kuzo zonke iinkampani ezingama-30 ezinendawo enye.

Ii-ETF zithengwa kwaye zithengiswa kutshintshiselwano, njengamasheya. Ke unakho ukutyala imali kuzo usebenzisa umboneleli ofanayo omsebenzisela urhwebo lwesitokhwe.

Kodwa yintoni ehambisa ixabiso lesalathiso se-DAX? I-DAX ithambekele ekubeni nokungazinzi ngakumbi kunezinye ii-indices eziphambili, iyenza ukuba ibe sisalathiso esidumileyo phakathi kwabarhwebi. Nazi ezinye zezinto eziphambili eziqhuba inyathelo lexabiso le-DAX.

Ukukhutshwa kwezoqoqosho

Iinkampani zaseJamani zihlala zisebenza kakuhle xa uqoqosho luphela lukhula kwaye bayasokola kumaxesha okudodobala koqoqosho. Ke izikhombisi zoqoqosho zinokuba nefuthe elibonakalayo kwi-DAX.

Kule meko, ayinakulityalwa ukuba ekugqibeleni iJamani lelona qoqosho lukhulu kwi-European Union (i-EU), kwaye izinto ezininzi ze-DAX zithengiswa kuyo yonke iYurophu. Ke iintloko ezingalunganga ezijikeleze i-EU zinokudlala kwixabiso lazo.

Apho ezona nkampani zibalulekileyo eJamani ikakhulu zijolise ngaphandle: iBMW, iVolkswagen kunye neBayer, umzekelo, zixhomekeke kumazwe angaphandle ngeniso. Amandla e-euro angenza umohluko kwixabiso lesabelo sakho.

Iingxelo zomvuzo. Iingxelo ezifanelekileyo zokufumana umvuzo zingathumela i-DAX phezulu, ngelixa ezimbi zingayithumela. Isalathiso silinganiswe ngo-capitalisation, ke iinkampani ezinkulu ziya kuchaphazela inqanaba lazo ngakumbi.

Iingcebiso kunye neQhinga loRhwebo nge-DAX

Khetha isitayile sakho sokurhweba. Into ebalulekileyo ekufuneka uyiqwalasele ngaphambi kokuba uqale urhwebo kukuba ufuna ukuchitha ixesha elingakanani ujonga iimarike, kwaye ucwangcisa ixesha elingakanani ukugcina izikhundla zivulekile

Funda izikhombisi zakho zobugcisa. Abathengisi abaninzi basebenzisa izikhombisi ukunceda ekuchongeni amathuba amatsha kunye nexesha lomsebenzi wabo. Kungumbono olungileyo ukufunda ukusebenzisa i-RSI, ukuhambisa imilinganiselo kunye nokunye.

Nika ingqalelo kwimbali yexabiso. Intshukumo yamaxabiso angaphambi kwemarike inokunika imikhondo malunga nokuba iyaphi. Ukufunda ukufunda iitshathi ze-DAX kunceda kakhulu xa ujonga iindlela ezintsha

Hlala ubukele izibhengezo ezingabizi. Impilo yezoqoqosho yaseJamani, iYurophu nangaphaya iya kuba nefuthe kwixabiso le-DAX. Ke hlala ubukele iingxelo ezintsha malunga nokuhla kwamandla emali, ukukhula kwe-GDP kunye nengqesho

Sebenzisa izaziso zorhwebo. Izaziso zorhwebo zikwazisa xa iimeko ezithile kuhlangatyezwana nazo kwi-DAX. Ungaseta isilumkiso sokuthenga xa i-DAX idlula kwinqanaba elithile, umzekelo. Unokukhetha ukuba ufuna ukufumana i-imeyile, iSMS okanye isaziso sokutyhala

Yenza isicwangciso. Ukuseka isicwangciso ngaphambi kokuba uqale urhwebo oluyalela ukuba zeziphi iimarike ozithengisayo, umyinge womvuzo wakho wokufumana umngcipheko nokunye okunokuba yindlela eluncedo yokuthatha ulonwabo kwimisebenzi yakho yemihla ngemihla.

Qinisekisa ukuba uyaziqonda iziseko. Izixhobo ezinje nge-IG Academy zinokukunceda ekufundiseni yonke into oyifunayo malunga nokuthengisa isalathiso ngaphambi kokuba uqale.

Amaxabiso ahlanganisiweyo kwi-DAX

IJamani lelona qoqosho lukhulu eYurophu kwaye yeyesine emhlabeni. Iqhutywa yimveliso zorhwebo, ilizwe lithumela ngaphandle kakhulu kunalo naliphi na elinye ilizwe ngaphandle kwe China ne-US, kwaye intsalela yorhwebo lwayo ihlala ikhuphisana naleyo yase China. Ilizwe likwahlala uninzi lweenkampani ezithengisa esidlangalaleni ezingama-500, zisenza ilizwe elibalulekileyo kubatyali mali bamanye amazwe.

Iinkampani ezinkulu zaseJamani zikwisalathiso se-DAX 30, esifana nomndilili weDow Jones Industrial Average eUnited States. Iqulethe iinkampani ezingama-30 ezinkulu zaseJamani ngoqoqosho lwentengiso ezidweliswe kwiFrankfurt Stock Exchange. Isalathiso siqulethe amagama aqhelekileyo afana ne-Adidas AG, i-BASF SE, i-BMW AG, iBayer SE, i-Siemens AG, i-MAN SE kunye namanye amaninzi.

Ilizwe likwanazo noovimba bemithombo yendalo, kubandakanya i-uranium, ukhuni, ipotash, i-nickel, ubhedu kunye negesi yendalo. Ngokubhekisele kumandla ahlaziyekayo, ilizwe lelinye labavelisi abakhulu bezixhobo zomoya ehlabathini. Kwi-2019, amalahle avuselelweyo ashiye amalahle ukuze abe ngowona mthombo wamandla waseJamani. Ngo-2030, ilizwe liceba ukuvelisa amandla alo angama-65% kwizinto ezinokuhlaziywa.

Izibonelelo kunye nomngcipheko wotyalo-mali eJamani

IJamani inokuba noqoqosho olomeleleyo, kodwa imeko yayo eqhutywa kumazwe angaphandle iyenza ukuba ichaphazeleke kwimingcipheko yangaphandle. Umzekelo, ubulungu belizwe kwi-European Union buzise izibonelelo ezinkulu, kodwa kukho ezinye izinto ezingalunganga ngokuba yinxalenye yebhloko enkulu yezoqoqosho.

Izibonelelo zotyalo-mali eJamani zibandakanya: uqoqosho olomeleleyo: IJamani inelinye lawona mazwe anoqoqosho olomeleleyo kwihlabathi, zombini ngokobungakanani kunye nokuthumela kwelinye ilizwe. Kwi-2018, imveliso yelizwe epheleleyo (i-GDP) ifikelele kwi- $ 3,997 trillion.

Ubulungu beManyano yaseYurophu: IJamani ixhamle kakhulu ekubandakanyeni kwayo kwi-European Union, eyincedileyo ukuba ikhuphisane ngakumbi xa isiya kwamanye amazwe ahambele phambili kunye namanye amalungu e-euro zone.

Ezabasebenzi kunye neerhafu: Umsebenzi waseJamani ufundile kwaye, xa kuthelekiswa namanye amazwe aseYurophu, uya kugwayimbo rhoqo. Ikhowudi yerhafu emanyeneyo yelizwe kunye nemigaqo-nkqubo elungele ushishino nayo iyathandeka kwiinkampani ezithengisa esidlangalaleni.

Umngcipheko wotyalo-mali eJamani uquka:

I-European Union bailouts: IJamani izuzile ngokuba lilungu le-European Union, kodwa iingxaki zetyala elinamandla, ezinje ngengxaki yamatyala eYurophu ethe yaphakama phakathi kuka-2010 no-2012, bayinyanzela ukuba ithathe inxaxheba kwizibambiso.

Uhlaselo lwaseYurophu: Amazwe e-Union Union adityaniswe ngemicimbi emele yetyala. Ukungaphumeleli kwelizwe elinye ukuhlawula ityala lalo kungakhokelela abanye ukuba bajongane nemeko efanayo kwaye ekugqibeleni balimaze i-balance sheet yaseJamani (kunye nezo zeebhanki zaseJamani).

Inani labemi: IJamani inabantu abalupheleyo abanokubeka umthwalo okhulayo kwiinkqubo zayo zentlalontle. Ngomgangatho wokuchuma we-1,45 ngo-2010, ilizwe likhokela abanye abaninzi eNtshona, kodwa lisephantsi kwenqanaba lokutshintsha kwe-2,1. Nangona kunjalo, amazinga aphezulu okufudukela kwelinye ilizwe, afana nalawo eza nokuqala kwengxaki yokufuduka eYurophu ngo-2015, anokunceda ukuzinzisa ezi nkqubo.

Uqoqosho luyacotha: I-GDP yaseJamani yehle nge-0,1% kwikota yesibini yowama-2019. Kukho izizathu ezininzi ezenzekileyo, kubandakanya neenkxalabo kurhwebo lwehlabathi oluye lwacotha uqoqosho oluninzi, ngenxa yoko iJamani ayijongani nalo mngcipheko kuphela. Nangona kunjalo, ukuwa kwe-GDP kuhlala kungumngcipheko ofanele ukuphawulwa, kunye nokunyuka kweerhafu, ezinokuthi zibe nefuthe kwilizwe elinenqanaba eliphezulu lokuthumela ngaphandle.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.