Ikhontrakthi ye-Internship: iimpawu, ubude bexesha, umvuzo kunye nokunye

Ikhontrakthi yoqeqesho

Xa ugqiba isidanga sakho, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba ufumanise malunga namathuba okusebenza. Mhlawumbi uya kwenza ne-internship yoshishino. Kodwa, kule minyaka mithathu ilandelayo ungakhetha ikhontrakthi yoqeqesho.

Ngoku yintoni? Ikunika ziphi iimeko? Kuyanceda na ukukwamkela? Siza kuthetha nawe ngayo yonke le nto, kunye nezinye izinto ezimbalwa, ngokulandelayo.

Yintoni ikhontrakthi ye-internship?

Uxwebhu lokutyikitywa

Okokuqala, kufuneka uqonde ukuba yintoni isivumelwano se-internship. Luxwebhu lwabasebenzi olusayinwe yinkampani kunye nomsebenzi, lowo wokugqibela ogqiba okanye osandul’ ukuphumelela kwaye lowo, ngoko ke, engenawo nawaphi na amava omsebenzi. Ngamanye amazwi, Sisivumelwano ofuna ukusebenzisa ngaso uqeqesho olufumene kumsebenzi wakho kwilizwe lomsebenzi, ngenxa yolu ncedo lomqeshi ukuze aziqhelanise nendlela yokwenza umsebenzi wakhe.

Abaninzi bayibona njalo ithuba kunye nebhulorho ukwazi indlela yokusebenzisa olu lwazi lokwakha, ekubeni amaxesha amaninzi enye into iyithiyori ize enye ibe kukuqhelisela. Kwaye nangona ekuqeqesheni kuchazwe kakuhle into ekufuneka yenziwe, ngamanye amaxesha ekusebenzeni kuyimfuneko ukuthatha amanye amanyathelo okanye ukuqwalasela ezinye izinto eziza kuba nefuthe xa usenza kakuhle.

Iimpawu zekhontrakthi ye-internship

Olu hlobo lwekhontrakthi luhlala lwenziwa ngokubhaliweyo., apho ngaphezu kokubeka idigri onayo, ubeka ixesha lekhontrakthi, uhlobo lomsebenzi, iiyure zokusebenza kunye nokuba usuku lokusebenza luya kuba njani.

Enye ingongoma ebaluleke kakhulu kwabo basayina ikhontrakthi ye-internship ngumvuzo abaza kufunyanwa. Nangona iya kusekelwa kwinqanaba lezifundo kunye nesivumelwano esihlangeneyo, inyaniso kukuba ukuguqulwa kwabasebenzi kwe-2022 kwatshintsha oku kancinci.

Ngoku umvuzo kufuneka umiselwe kwisivumelwano esihlangeneyo okanye kweso seqela leengcali. Kwimeko apho ungazi, ngaphambili, i-60% yomvuzo osisigxina yanikwa umsebenzi okumsebenzi ofanayo kodwa ngaphandle kwekhontrakthi ye-internship (i-75% kwimeko yonyaka wesibini). Nangona kunjalo, okwangoku oku sele kulungisiwe.

I-internship ihlala ixesha elingakanani?

Ikhontrakthi ye-internship inobude obuncinci beenyanga ezi-6 kunye nobuninzi beenyanga ezili-12, kwaye ngeli xesha, njengoko besinichazile ngaphambili, umvuzo ufunyenwe. Ngaphambili, oku kunokuba ngaphantsi komvuzo omncinci we-interprofessional (kuba kwakukho intetho ye-60 okanye i-75%). Kodwa namhlanje iyaqinisekisa ukuba umntu oqeqeshwayo unomvuzo ubuncinane ophantsi woqeqesho.

Nangona kunjalo, ngeli xesha unezibonelelo kunye namalungelo afanayo nabanye abasebenzi benkampani.

Iimfuno zokusayina ikhontrakthi ye-internship

umntu osayina isivumelwano

Emva kokufunda ngakumbi malunga nekhontrakthi ye-internship, ungathanda ukwazi ukuba uyakufanelekela na ukunikezelwa? Gcina ukhumbula ukuba uhlaziyo lwezabasebenzi olwenziwe ngo-2022 luye lwatshintsha iimeko ezithile, kodwa uninzi lwazo zezi zilandelayo:

  • Yiba nesidanga saseyunivesithi okanye uqeqesho oluphakathi okanye oluphezulu, isatifikethi sobungcali okanye esilingana nayo kwiminyaka emithathu edlulileyo (emihlanu ukuba bakhubazekile).
  • Ukungabinaso isivumelwano soqeqesho kwinkampani ixesha elingaphezulu kweenyanga ezintathu (oku kukwenza ungasebenzi ekubeni usayine i-internship, ngaphandle kokuba ubungumfundi osafundayo).
  • Andizange ndibenaso isivumelwano sonyaka omnye sokufunda emsebenzini. Ngaphambili, ikhontrakthi ye-internship yayinokubanjelwa ubuninzi beminyaka emibini, kodwa ngohlaziyo olutsha oku kwafinyezwa kwaye ukuba sele unonyaka omnye wolu hlobo lwekhontrakthi, awukwazi ukubhiyozela omnye. Nokuba unayo encinci, banokukwenza ube mnye kuphela unobude bexesha elipheleleyo lonyaka omnye.

Iphelelwa nini isivumelwano soqeqesho lomsebenzi?

Ukupheliswa kwekhontrakthi ye-internship kungenzeka ngenxa yeemeko ezimbini:

  • Ixesha lovavanyo aligqithiswanga, oko kukuthi, inyanga enye ukususela ekusayinwe kwekhontrakthi (ngaphandle kokuba kuchazwe ngenye indlela ngesivumelwano esihlangeneyo).
  • Kukho ukugxothwa koluleko.
  • Kukho ukugxothwa ngenxa yezizathu ezicacileyo.
  • Elona xesha liphezulu lekhontrakthi ye-internship lizalisekile, ngoku ingunyaka omnye.

Kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba, ngaphandle kokugxothwa ngenxa yezizathu ezicacileyo, Awunalungelo lokufumana imbuyekezo ngokuphulukana nomsebenzi wakho. Kuloo meko kuphela apho iintsuku ezingama-20 zomvuzo ziya kuhlawulwa ngonyaka osetyenziweyo.

Kanye Nje ukuba isivumelwano siphelile, inkampani kufuneka inike umqeshwa isatifikethi se-internship echaza ixesha loqeqesho, isikhundla somsebenzi kunye nemisebenzi eyenziweyo kwaye, ngamanye amaxesha, inkcazo malunga nezakhono ezifunyenwe ngumsebenzi (uhlobo lwesincomo).

Izibonelelo zekhontrakthi ye-internship

Umntu oqeshelwe ukuqala umsebenzi

Ngoku kucaca ngakumbi kuwe ukuba injani na ikhontrakthi ye-internshipNgaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba zeziphi iingenelo enazo? Inyaniso kukuba kukho zombini umqeshi kunye nomsebenzi.

Ngokucacileyo, ezona ziphambili inazo zezi zilandelayo:

  • Inkampani inokuxhamla kwi-50% yokunciphisa iminikelo yoKhuseleko lweNtlalo (ngeemeko eziqhelekileyo) kwimeko yokuqesha abantu abakhubazekileyo abalingana okanye ngaphezulu kwe-30%. Kwimeko apho bengaqeshwanga kwiCEE baya kuba ne-100% yegalelo leshishini elixhaswayo.
  • Kunokubakho iibhonasi xa uguqulela isivumelwano se-internship kwi-indeterminate. Oku kuya kufumaneka kuphela kwiinkampani ezinabasebenzi abangaphantsi kwama-50. Ukuba kunjalo, ngokuguqula ikhontrakthi ye-internship ibe yinto engapheliyo, ukuba yindoda ufumana ibhonasi ye-500 ye-euro ngonyaka, kunye ne-700 kwimeko yabasetyhini.
  • Fumana uqhagamshelo kumsebenzi woqeqesho alufumeneyo kunye nesenzo kwimarike yabasebenzi ukusisebenzisa. Nangona ekuqaleni enolwazi oluyimfuneko lokuziqhelanisa nomsebenzi, akumele ilityalwe ukuba “ungumfundi” yaye ngenxa yoko, kufuneka abe nomntu wokumcacisela aze amncede azi indlela yokwenza umsebenzi.

Njengoko ubona, ikhontrakthi ye-internship inokuba yindlela yokuqala kwimarike yabasebenzi eyenzeka xa umsebenzi uphela okanye usandul 'ukuphela. Ngale ndlela, linyathelo eliphakathi ukukwazi ukusebenzisa ulwazi olufunyenwe kuqeqesho lokuziqhelanisa, usazi ukuba kukho umntu oza kukunceda wazi into omawuyenze. Ngaba ukhe waba nekhontrakthi ye-internship?


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