Momwe mungasinthire mtundu kapena lingaliro

zovomerezeka

Pokhapokha potengera malingaliro anu mutha kupeza yekha ufulu za izi. Ndicholinga choti patent lingaliro Muyenera kukonzekera zikalata zingapo, kutsatira momwe oyang'anira amagwirira ntchito. Lingaliro lanu lidzakhala lovomerezeka pokhapokha likakwaniritsa zolemba zoyenera komanso likukwaniritsa zofunikira zachilendo, zoyambira komanso kugwiritsa ntchito mafakitale.

Zovomerezeka zimadziwika kuti ufulu wapaderadera omwe ali ndi lingaliro kotero ayenera kutetezedwa ndikulembetsa patent m'maiko onse omwe akufuna chitetezo. Nthawi zambiri, umwini umasinthidwa pamtundu wadziko lonse ndipo umakwezedwa kutengera kupambana pamalonda komwe lingalirolo limakwaniritsa.

Zomwe anthu amadabwa nthawi zambiri zimakhalandingathe bwanji kupanga patent lingaliroTiyenera kukhala omveka bwino, sizinthu zonse zopangidwa, malingaliro kapena zatsopano zomwe zili zovomerezeka kuti zikhale ndi setifiketi popeza kuti wopanga kuti akhale ndi ufulu wotetezedwa ngati Patent, ayenera kukwaniritsa izi:

  • Njira yoyambira: yankho laukadaulo silingakhale lowonekeratu.
  • Zachilendo: kupangidwaku kuyenera kukhala kwatsopano.
  • Ntchito yamagetsi: iyenera kukhala yotsika mtengo kuti ipangidwe.

Kuti tidziwe ngati zomwe tapanga zikukwaniritsa zofunikira zam'mbuyomu, tiyenera kutenga gawo loyamba la kufufuza. Gawo ili lili ndi fufuzani ndi kufufuza ngati pali zikalata zomwe zilipo kale, zokhudzana munjira iliyonse yayikulu pakupanga kwathu. Zolembazi zitha kupezeka pofunsa masitayelo ovomerezeka a anthu, ena mwa awa ndi OEPM, EPO, USPTO pakati pa ena, zomwe zingapereke chidziwitso chofunikira pakukonzekera kwatsopano ndi zochitika za malingaliro athu.

Pambuyo pa kafukufuku yemwe wachitika, titha kudzipeza tokha munthawi zosiyanasiyana: chimodzi ndikuti zonse zakwaniritsidwa zofunikira ndipo titha kufunsa Patent polipira zolipira, china ndichoti sichikukwaniritsa zofunikira ndipo lingalirolo liyenera kuchotsedwa, ndipo pamapeto pake lingakwaniritse, koma zopangidwa zathu ziyenera kutetezedwa ndi Utility Model m'malo mongokhala Patent.

eni luso

Gawo lachiwiri pakupanga patent luso ndikupanga pasadakhale ndikulemba a kukumbukira kukumbukira, zomwe zimagwirizana ndi magawo omwe akhazikitsidwa mu Malamulo a Patent. Ripotili liyenera kukhala ndi kufotokozera momveka bwino kuti zopangidwazo ndi zovomerezeka, kuwonetsa zachilendo komanso zatsopano za lingaliro kapena chinthucho. Kukumbukira kumeneku kuyenera kukhala zojambulidwa potengera Lamulo Laposachedwa la Patent. Mwinamwake mukudabwa momwe kukumbukira kumapangidwira, ndiye kumafotokozedwa mwatsatanetsatane.

Ripotilo lapangidwa ndi magawo awa:

  • Descripción
  • Chidule
  • Zithunzi
  • Zodzinenera

Kamodzi kulembedwa kwa kukumbukira kukumbukira za lingaliroli, tidzakhala okonzeka kupita ku gawo lachitatu komanso lomaliza, Processing. Izi zimakhala ndi yambitsani ndikukonzekera mafomu ofunsira patent, kulipira mabungwe ovomerezeka ndikupereka zolemba zonse kwa Ofesi yaku Spain yovomerezeka ndi mtundu (OEPM) ndi malo ku Madrid, kutha kuchita pa intaneti komanso satifiketi yogwiritsira ntchito digito. Zikangotumizidwa zonse zomwe zidafunsidwa, pamapeto pake tidzapeza yathu nambala ya patent, kupeza kuchokera nthawi imeneyo, ufulu wokhala wokha komanso kukhala ndi chinsinsi pazotengera, kapena lingaliro lomwe lili ndi setifiketi.

Mwachidule, muyenera tanthauzirani mtunduwo ndi chithunzi chomwe mungafune kuti mugwiritse ntchito chosiyana, kenako pitilizani kudziwa msika womwe mukufuna kuti mugwire, monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, ziyenera kutsimikiziridwa mwalamulo kuti chizindikiritso chomwe mukufuna kulembetsa ndikugwiritsa ntchito, sichinalembedwepo ndi aliyense m'misika yomwe mwakusangalatsani. Kuphatikiza apo, ndikofunikira kutsimikizira kudzera m'malemba otsimikizira kuti chizindikirocho sichipezeka mu iliyonse ya Kuletsa kwathunthu kugwiritsa ntchito zomwe zidapangidwa m'derali pomwe ilipo ndipo mwachiwonekere kuti ilibe tanthauzo loipa.

Mfundo yofunika kuikumbukira ndikuti ma patentensi ndiufulu wamadera ndipo zopangidwazo zidzatetezedwa mdziko momwe adalembetsedwera, koma kuyambira pomwe tapeza tsiku lathu lofunsira, pali nyengo ya miyezi 12 kuti tiwonjezere kutetezedwa kwa lingaliro kapena kupangidwa kudziko lina lililonse.

Kodi ufulu wanga wamaofesi akampani ndikutetezedwa ndi setifiketi?

patent

Chofunikira kwambiri ndikuti mupite kwa akatswiri kapena akatswiri, omwe amakuthandizani makamaka pamtunduwu; Muthanso kupita molunjika ku Spanish Patent ndi Ofesi Zamalonda ku Madrid, komwe mungalandire zambiri zamtundu womwe muli nawo pakupanga malingaliro anu kwanuko.

Kodi ndizokwera mtengo kulembetsa chizindikiritso ndi setifiketi ya malonda?

Nthawi yomwe zidatengera komanso mtengo wake zithandizira kudera kapena kuchuluka kwa mayiko osiyanasiyana omwe amapezeka kuti angalembetse, koma titha kukhazikitsa nthawi yapakati pazizindikiro za miyezi 12 mpaka 18, pomwe kuli ndi patenti iyi nthawi ikhoza kuwirikiza.

Ponena za mtengo womwe ntchito yolemba Muyeneranso kusiyanitsa pakati pa chizindikiritso ndi zovomerezeka, koposa zonse, madera kapena mayiko omwe mukufuna kulembetsa.

Mwachitsanzo, chizindikiritso ku Spain chitha kulipira mozungulira ma 500 euros ndi patent pakati pa mayuro 2.000, inde ndi mtengo wake waupangiri wa akatswiri. Mitengo yonseyi ndi yotsika mtengo ngati tikuganiza pang'ono kuti kulembetsa kumatanthauza kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kuzunza, ngati chizindikiritso chidzakhala chosazolowereka ndipo ngati chilolezo chimakhala zaka 20, kupitilizabe kulipira chindapusa pachaka.

Mutadziwa mitengo yomwe mwina mukudabwa:

Chifukwa chiyani ndiyenera kupanga patent lingaliro langa, ngati ndingathe kugulitsa zinthu zanga popanda kulembetsa chizindikiro?

La mpikisano omwe amapereka kulembetsa chizindikiro chanu, chomwe chimachokera ku ufulu wokha womwe dziko limalembetsa. Ikugwiranso ntchito ngati chosiyanitsa Zogulitsa zake ndi ntchito zake ndipo amadzisiyanitsa yekha ndi mpikisano powupatsa kufunikira y zotsutsana ndi msika, kulembetsa chizindikiritso chimathandizanso, kuti athe kuthamangitsa kwa omwe akutsanzira ndi omwe amakopera zinthu kapena ntchito zomwe mwalembetsa, kuti athe Awasumire iwo ndi ufulu wathunthu, apo ayi, mpikisano ukhoza kulembetsa malonda anu ngati sali ndipo kuba lingaliro lanu labwino.

Mwanjira imeneyi, ziyenera kudziwikiratu kuti kulembetsa zovomerezeka kapena zovomerezeka ndi njira yokhayo yomwe ingakhale nayo, kuwonetsa umwini wa lingaliro kapena lingaliro logwiritsa ntchito mafakitale ndi malonda. Patenti mwachidule ndiudindo wa malo ndipo potero amalola wopanga kuti azikambirana moyenera potengera gawo lazachinyengo pamalingaliro akuti patentiyo ikuteteza.

Ku Spain pali mitundu iwiri ya Zopempha momwe mungatetezere malingaliro anu: Mitundu yothandiza ndi Zovomerezeka Nazi kusiyana kwakukulu:

Zitsanzo Zothandiza:

zovomerezeka ndi zizindikilo

Mitundu yazinthu zofunikira zimafunikira zofanana zofananira ndi ma patent, koma zochepa pang'ono, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kutetezera zopangidwa zazigawo zochepa. Izi zimawerengedwa kuti ndizoyenera makamaka ma SME omwe nthawi zonse amasintha pang'ono pazomwe zilipo. Njira za Utility Models ndizothamanga kwambiri ndipo siziphatikiza kukonzekera malipoti ena.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mtundu wothandiza?

Pempho liyenera kupangidwa kudzera mwa chikalata chaukadaulo kapena kukumbukira zomwe zidapangidwa, zomwe ziyenera kutsagana ndi mafomu ofunsira ndi chindapusa chofananira. Mosakayikira, kulembedwa kwa chikumbukiro chakapangidwe kuyenera kuperekedwa kwa akatswiri akatswiri m'munda omwe amatha kufotokozera lingaliro kapena chinthucho momveka bwino kuti alembetse.

Amapereka chitetezo cha zaka 10 komanso chaka choyamba cha chitetezo chamayiko onse, chomwe chitha kupitilizidwa kwa miyezi 18 yowonjezera, pogwiritsa ntchito PCT.

Maluso:

malonda

Pogwiritsa ntchito patent, njira yatsopano, chinthu chatsopano, chida chatsopano kapena kukonza chimodzi mwazomwe zitha kutetezedwa. Njira zovomerezekazo zikuphatikiza kumalizidwa kwa lipoti lofufuzira mwatsatanetsatane m'mabuku azovomerezeka omwe alipo kale padziko lapansi otchedwa: Malipoti azikhalidwe.

Zovomerezeka zimapereka chitetezo ku lingalirolo kwa zaka 20 ndi chaka choyamba cha chitetezo chamayiko onse chomwe chitha kupitilizidwa kwa miyezi 18 yowonjezera, pogwiritsa ntchito PCT.

Kodi kugwiritsa ntchito mafoni kungakhale ndi setifiketi?

ndi ntchito mafoni lotchedwa mapulogalamu, ndi pulogalamu yamakompyuta yomwe imaphatikizapo zolengedwa zingapo zosiyanasiyana monga: mafanizo, nyimbo ndipo nthawi zambiri: dzina kapena dzina lamalonda.

Zojambulazi ziyenera kutetezedwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana kuti zitetezedwe kwathunthu.

Intaneti ndi chida chothandiza kwambiri, ndichifukwa chake makampani ambiri amapereka makina osakira kuti apeze mwachangu ngati mtundu kapena lingaliro lalembetsedwa kumayiko ena. Pansipa ndikusiyirani ena.

Google Patent: Makina osakira patent operekedwa ndi Google.

Latipat: injini zakusaka kuti zikhale zovomerezeka mu Spanish

ZamgululiWopeza Patent Wovomerezeka wa European Patent Office.

Achinyamata: makina osakira ma patenti olembetsedwa a Office of Patent and Spain.

 


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