Kodi misonkho ndi chiyani?

malo okwera msonkho Ngati pali nkhani yotopetsa pagulu, ndiye kuti ndi misonkho. Makamaka, kuchokera pakuwona kwa msonkho lomwe ndi lomwe limakhudza kwambiri okhometsa misonkho. Chifukwa koposa zonse ndikuwonetseratu mgwirizano ndipo zomwe zili ndi gawo lochepa pagulu ngati omwe akutsogolera izi sizabwino kwenikweni. Chifukwa, kumbali inayo, sitiyenera kuiwala kuti palibe msonkho umodzi, koma zochulukirapo kuposa zomwe malingaliro amtundu wa anthu amaganiza.

Kuti mumvetsetse nkhani yovuta ya misonkho iyi, palibe chabwino kuposa kudziwa mozama tanthauzo lake. Inde, malo amisonkho ndimtundu kapena malo omwe amadziwika kuti ndi ochepa kapena makamaka msonkho wotsika. Ndi kuti amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi gawo la anthu omwe akufuna kuti awononge misonkho yomwe amayenera kulipira malinga ndi lamulo la mayiko awo. Ndikokwanira kukumbukira kuti malinga ndi mabungwe osiyanasiyana apadziko lonse lapansi pali malo 50 amisonkho omwe amafalikira padziko lonse lapansi, ngakhale m'maiko omwe owerenga samayembekezera.

Zina mwazinthu zomwe misonkho ili nazo zomwe zimamveka bwino kwa ogwiritsa ntchito ndikuti ndi madera omwe ali ndi malamulo amisonkho koma ndiopepuka kwa wogwiritsa ntchito. msonkho weniweni. Komwe itha kukhazikitsidwa ngati nyumba yovomerezeka ya anthu achilengedwe kapena ovomerezeka. Ndi cholinga chokhacho chokhoma misonkho yocheperako, zomwe ndizofunika kwambiri. Ichi ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe ili nkhani yotsutsana ngati ena ochepa. Chifukwa, kuwonjezera apo, ndalama zambiri zimakhala pachiwopsezo m'malo otchedwa misonkho. Umene ndi mutu womwe ukukambirana pakadali pano. Kupitilira pazoganiza zina mwalamulo komanso ngakhale pamalingaliro.

Malo amisonkho: mukuyang'ana chiyani?

Pali chinthu chimodzi chodziwika bwino mkati mwa malo apaderadera ndikuti zomwe zimafunikira koposa zonse ndikulipira ndalama zochepa kuposa momwe muyenera kupanga malamulo m'dziko lanu. Kaya izi ndi ziti, zimakhudza mayiko onse padziko lapansi ndipo zimatha kukhudza nzika zaku Spain, America, Japan kapena dziko lina lililonse. Kuchokera pazochitikazi, pali chinthu chomwe muyenera kuganizira kuyambira pano. Izi ndi zomwe zikunena za kusalangidwa komwe machitidwe osayenerera omwe anthu ena amasankha pakufuna kwawo kuti apulumutse ndalama zambiri mumaakaunti awo kapena mabanja.

Mbali inayi, momwe zimakhudzira nkhani zambiri zadziko. Mpaka osakweza mamiliyoni ndi mamiliyoni a mayuro chaka chilichonse. Ndizowonadi zomwe zimawululidwa, mwatsoka, chaka chilichonse. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti ndichowonadi chosatsutsika chomwe chitha kuwoneka tsiku ndi tsiku. Kuchokera pazovuta izi zomwe zachitika m'maiko onse padziko lapansi. Chifukwa sichoyang'anira dziko limodzi, koma m'malo mwake, mwamtheradi zonse. Kuyambira olemera mpaka ocheperako padziko lonse lapansi.

Kodi malo amisonkho awa ndi ati?

msonkho Pakadali pano pamabwera mutu womwe owerenga onse amayembekezera ndipo si wina koma mayiko kapena madera omwe amawerengedwa kuti ndi misonkho. Popeza tidaneneratu kale kuti amafikira malo opitilira 50, alipo ena onyanyala kuposa ena ndipo kuti angakudabwitseni mwapadera kuyambira pano.

Chifukwa kwenikweni, kumapeto kwa 2017 nduna za Economy and Finance za European Union zakhazikitsa mndandanda wakuda wa misonkho womwe uli wopangidwa ndi mayiko 17, yomwe ndi Panama, Tunisia, South Korea, United Arab Emirates kapena Mongolia, ena mwazofunikira kwambiri. Spain, Komano, ili ndi mndandanda wake, wovuta kwambiri momwe umaphatikizira mayiko ena. Makamaka, mndandanda uli ndi mayiko a 48 ndipo lero gawo labwino la iwo akupitilizabe izi. Mulimonsemo, Andorra, Netherlands Antilles, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, United Arab Emirates, Jamaica, Malta, Trinidad ndi Tobago, Panama, San Marino ndi Singapore atuluka.

Ma paradiso ngati malo osangalatsa

Mulimonsemo, mbali imodzi yomwe ili yochititsa chidwi kwambiri ndikuti amatchula malo ena osowa omwe amadziwika kuti ndi misonkho yayikulu pakadali pano. Zachidziwikire, mayina awo ali pakamwa pa aliyense ndipo sizovuta kudziwa chiyani Fiji, Solomon Islands, Jersey kapena Isle of Man awa ndi ena mwa ma paradiso omwe akubwera mkati mwa mndandanda wovutawu wamalo opita kukazemba msonkho. Nthawi zambiri kudzera pamakampani ena, koma omwe atha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ndi anthu omwe ali ndi chuma chambiri.

Mbali inayi, ndikosavuta kuti mudziwe kuti malinga ndi lipoti lomwe bungwe la NGO Intermon Oxfam likuwonetsa likuwonetsa kuti ndalama zomwe zidasinthidwa kupita kumalo awa zakula mzaka zaposachedwa Ma euro 24 thililiyoni. Chiwerengero chodabwitsa ichi chikutsimikizira kuti malo omwe amatchedwa misonkho amasunthira pafupifupi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a World Domestic Product (GDP). Ndalama, ndiye, zomwe sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kumapeto kwa kafukufuku, zachitukuko, zaumoyo kapena madera ena ofunikira kwambiri kwa okhometsa misonkho mzigawo zilizonse zomwe zakhudzidwa ndi vuto lazachuma.

Kodi malo awa amapereka chiyani?

luxembourg Palibe kukayika kuti malowa amapereka yankho ku mavuto amisonkho a anthu omwe ali ndi mphamvu zambiri zogulira mumaakaunti awo. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti iyi ndi njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kukopa ndalama za omwe ali ndi chuma champhamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi. Kuchokera pazochitika zonsezi, malo amisonkho mosakayikira amapereka njira yotetezeka kwambiri yawo njira zopangira misonkho. Zoyendetsedwa bwino kudzera munjira za alangizi ena osayenerera azachuma. Mpaka pomwe amalangiza makasitomala awo kuti apite kumadera awa apadziko lonse lapansi kumene msonkho wamisonkho ndi wotsika kwambiri. Kapenanso ndizokhutiritsa kwathunthu kuteteza zachuma chanu.

Kumbali inayi, njira yofala kwambiri yogwiritsa ntchito njirayi ndi omwe amadziwika kuti makampani akunyanja. Zomwe zimaloleza kuti zofunikira kuti zikhazikitsidwe m'maola ochepa kuti athe kulandira msonkho wabwino kuyambira pano. Ndipo akugwira ntchito kulikonse padziko lapansi, kuphatikiza Spain. Ndizochulukirapo, kapena zochulukirapo, ndalama zomwe zimapita pamapulatifomu awa ndi cholinga cha kulipira ndalama zochepa kwambiri mpaka pano. Mwanjira imeneyi, zina mwawailesi yakanema zimaloza ku chuma chochuluka chomwe chasankha njirayi. Ndi mayina ofunikira kwambiri omwe ali pamilomo ya owerenga onse.

Kusiyana pakati pa mayiko awa

Mulimonsemo, palibe kukayika kuti si malo onse amisonkho omwe amafanana. Osatinso zochepa popeza pali kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pawo. Mpaka pomwe amapikisana kuti akope gawo labwino kwambiri likulu lochokera padziko lonse lapansi. Komwe malo ena omwe amakhazikika pamisonkho yamabizinesi amawonekera pakufunika kwawo, monga Jersey, Panama kapena Liberia. Ngakhale zili choncho, pali ena omwe amapereka mitundu yotchedwa yosakanikirana komanso yomwe pachilumba chake monga Cayman. Ngakhale zili choncho mndandanda ungakhale wautali kwambiri komanso owerenga osasangalatsa chifukwa cha kutalika kwake.

Komanso malo okhala kubanki sangayiwalike, monga momwe zimakhalira ku Luxembourg kapena Switzerland, zomwe zimapangidwira mabizinesi osiyanasiyana kapena magulu a anthu. Ngakhale zichokera m'malo omwe ali mkati mwa European Union, ngakhale atukwanidwa ndi anthu osiyanasiyana. Mbali inayi, izo ali olakwa pamakhalidwe, ngakhale gawo labwino pamachitidwe ake ndi zochitika zake ndizovomerezeka kuyambira pachiyambi. Mukukhala umodzi mwamikangano yayikulu mzaka zaposachedwa. Ndili ndi mbiri yoyipa yomwe misonkho ili nayo pakadali pano.

Nanga bwanji makampani aku Spain?

nkhumba Pomaliza, chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe chidwi cha okhometsa misonkho ku Spain ndizomwe zimakhudza makampani omwe adalembedwa pamisika yachuma. Mwakutero, malinga ndi Observatory of Corporate Udindo, 86% yamakampani 35 akulu kwambiri aku Spain, omwe adalembedwa pamndandanda wosankha, a Ibex 35, ali ndi mtundu wina wothandizirana nawo pamalo amisonkho. China chake chomwe amachita kuchokera munjira zawo zamabizinesi ndipo izi ndizomwe zimapezeka kwa okhometsa misonkho onse, ngakhale kukana ambiri aiwo. Mulimonsemo, malo amisonkho ndiimodzi mwazinthu zotentha kwambiri pamilomo ya anthu ambiri. Kupitilira mndandanda wina wamaganizidwe.


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