Kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kasamalidwe ka Ngongole

magawanidwe a ngongole

M'dongosolo lazachuma lomwe likupezeka masiku ano, pali zida zambiri zogwiritsira ntchito mabizinesi amitundu yonse komanso mabizinesi padziko lonse lapansi. Komabe, kukweza kuchokera kubizinesi yaying'ono, kuonetsetsa kuti kampani yayiphatikizidwa kale, Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti tiphunzire kugwiritsa ntchito bwino zida izi, kuti zitilolere kuwonetsetsa kuti kampani yathu ndi bizinesi yathu ikugwira bwino ntchito.

Kwa anthu omwe amadziwa zamutuwu, palibe amene angalephere kuti tithandizire kwambiri kasamalidwe ka ngongole, chidziwitso chofunikira pakuchita bizinesi iliyonse.

Kodi chiŵerengero cha ngongole ndi chiyani?

Chiwongola dzanja cha ngongole ndi imodzi mwamagawo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri masiku ano. Cholinga chake ndichakuti ndichimodzi mwazida zomwe zimaloleza kupeza chidziwitso chofunikira kwambiri kuti athe kuyeza ndikuwunika momwe kampani ilili. Kwenikweni, kuchuluka kwa ngongole amatilola kuyeza kuchuluka kwa ndalama, ndiye kuti, kuchuluka kwakukulu kwa ngongole zomwe kampani inayake ingathe kuthana nayo. Mwanjira ina, kuchuluka kwachuma kumawonetsa ndalama zakunja zomwe kampaniyo ili nazo.

Kukhala ndi lingaliro labwino pazomwe kuchuluka kwa ngongole kumatanthauza, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti ngakhale ngongole ikayesedwa, titero, kuchokera pakudalira kwa kampaniyo kwa ena, kuchuluka kwa ngongole kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kufotokozera kuti kampaniyo imadalira pamlingo wanji pazinthu zosiyanasiyana zachuma, monga mabungwe amabanki, magulu olowa nawo kapena makampani ena.

Njira ina yodziwira lingaliro lazachuma ili kuchokera pamafotokozedwe otsatirawa.

Choyamba muyenera kulingalira zomwe malingaliro ena ofunikira amatanthauza, monga: katundu, ngongole, kapena ndalama.

Katundu ndiye mtengo wathunthu wazinthu zonse zomwe kampani kapena bizinesi imagwirizana; Mwanjira ina, ndiye mtengo waukulu womwe kampaniyo ingakhale nawo kudzera pazinthu zambiri komanso ufulu womwe ili nawo, womwe ungasinthidwe kukhala ndalama kapena njira zina zofananira, zomwe zimapatsa kampani phindu. Ngongole, kumbali inayo, zikuyimira zonse zakunja zomwe zitha kupezeka kudzera m'malo osiyanasiyana, ndiye kuti ndalama zawo.

Mwanjira imeneyi, zitha kunenedwa kuti ngakhale ngongole zimakhala ndi chuma ndi ufulu wazachuma, ngongole zimapangidwa ndi ngongole, ndiye kuti, ngongole ndi zolipira zomwe ziyenera kulipidwa, mwina pangongole zomwe zalandiridwa ndi mabungwe amabanki kapena zinthu zomwe zidagulidwa. ndi ogulitsa osiyanasiyana.

mayina

Mwachidule, ngongolezo zimaimira zonse zomwe kampani imakhala ndi anthu ena, monga mabanki, misonkho, malipiro, othandizira, ndi zina zambiri. Pomaliza tili nawo ukonde wa kampaniyo, kuti, monga dzina lake lingatanthauzire, ndiye chuma chonse chomwe kampani ili nacho, ndikuchotsa mtengo wazobwereketsa, ndiye kuti, ndi chuma chomwe chimachotsa mtengo wa ngongole zonse zomwe ziyenera kulipidwa, zomwe kampani yonse imapezeka pochotsa ngongolezo. Mwachitsanzo, ngati kampani ili ndi chuma chamtengo wa mayuro 10 miliyoni, koma ngongole zake zimapezeka pafupifupi ma euro mamiliyoni awiri, ndiye kuti zitha kunenedwa kuti ukonde wake wonse ndi mamiliyoni 8 miliyoni.

Tikadziwa matanthauzo ena ofunikira kuzungulira kuchuluka kwa ngongole, Pambuyo pake, titha kudziwa kale kuti nthawi zambiri, makampani ambiri amatenga ndalama zakunja, ndiye kuti, amagwiritsa ntchito ngongole ndi mbiri yayikulu akakhala kuti akukula kwambiri kapena akakhala ndi mabizinesi osiyanasiyana, mwachitsanzo: kulipira ndalama kapena kulipira zolipirira zina; chifukwa chomwe amayenera kudalira ngongole ndi mabungwe osiyanasiyana azachuma, ogulitsa ndi makampani ena.

Mwa njira iyi, kuchuluka kwa ngongole kumatha kumveka ngati kusiyana pakati pa ndalama zakunja ndi zomwe kampaniyo ili nazo, kotero kuti zidziwike ngati ngongole yomwe munachita ndi kampaniyo ikhoza kupitilizidwa kudzera muzinthu zomwe ili nazo. Ikazindikira kuti kampaniyo ilibe njira yothetsera ngongole inayake, ndiye kuti imasiya njira yobwerekera, kuti isakhale ndi mavuto ndi zomwe zidzachitike mtsogolo. Umu ndi momwe chiŵerengero cha ngongole chingakhalire chida chothandiza kwambiri, chomwe ngati chigwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera komanso mwanzeru, chimathandiza kupewa masoka azachuma omwe angayambitse kampani kapena bizinesi.

Kodi kuchuluka kwa ngongole kumatanthauziridwa bwanji?

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito izi chida chachuma, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti izi zikutiuza kuchuluka kwa mayuro akunja omwe kampani ili nawo pa yuro iliyonse yofanana muyenera kukwaniritsa maudindo anu osiyanasiyana azachuma. Mwanjira ina, zikuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa kuchuluka kwa ngongole zonse zakampaniyo, poyerekeza ndi zomwe ziyenera kubweza.

Mwanjira iyi, ngati tili kuchuluka kwa ngongole ya 0.50, izi zikuwonetsa kuti chuma chakunja, ndiye kuti, ndalama zogulira ngongole ndi ngongole ndi 50% yazachuma cha kampaniyo. Mwanjira ina, ngati ngongole yangongole ndi 0.50, zikutanthauza kuti pamayuro 50 aliwonse akunja, kampaniyo ili ndi mayuro pafupifupi 100.

Pochita, kuchuluka kwa ngongole Zimatengera mtundu wamakampani, malingaliro azachuma omwe amayang'anira, kukula kwake ndi zonse zomwe ali nazo kuti athe kuthana ndi vuto lililonse. Komabe, nthawi zambiri mulingo wovomerezeka wokhala ndi ngongole zimakhala pakati pa 0.40 ndi 0.60. Mwanjira imeneyi, olimbikitsidwa kwambiri ndi akatswiri azachuma ndikuti ngongole zamakampani zimaimira pakati pa 40% ndi 60% yazomwe chuma chonse chikuyimira. Pachifukwa ichi, akuti chiwongola dzanja chachikulu kuposa 0.60 chimatanthauza kuti kampaniyo ili ndi ngongole zambiri, pomwe imodzi yomwe ili pansi pa 0.40 ikutanthauza kuti kampaniyo ili ndi zinthu zambiri zomwe sizikugwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera kuti ziwonjezeke.

Kodi ngongole ya ngongole imapezeka bwanji?

Chiwerengero cha ngongole chitha kuwerengedwa kuchokera pa ngongole zonse zomwe mwalandira, munthawi yochepa komanso nthawi yayitali. Mukakhala ndi chidziwitsochi, chimagawidwa ndi ngongole zonse, zomwe zimapezeka powonjezera ukondewo kuphatikiza ngongole zomwe zilipo pakali pano komanso zomwe sizilipo (zomwe zimadziwikanso kuti chilungamo) Pambuyo pake, zotsatira zake ziyenera kuchulukitsidwa ndi zana, kuti mupeze motere kuchuluka kwa ngongole yomwe kampani ili nayo. Njira yowerengetsera ndi iyi:

kuchuluka kwa ngongole

Chiwerengero cha ngongole yayifupi komanso yayitali

Mwachikhazikitso, alipo njira ziwiri zazikulu zakulipirira ngongole, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kutengera nthawi yomwe ngongole ili ndi kampaniyo. Choyamba ndi cha ndalama zakunja kapena ngongole yayifupi (RECP). Enanso ndi ndalama zakunja kapena ngongole yayitali (RELP).

RECP ndi njira yomwe ili ndi udindo woyesa ngongole zazifupi kapena ngongole zomwe zilipo pano, Zomwe zimagawidwa ndi mtengo wathunthu. Kumbali inayi, chiwongola dzanja chanthawi yayitali chimapezeka pogawa ngongole kapena ngongole zomwe zapezeka pakapita nthawi, ndi phindu lonse.

 

chilinganizo cha ngongole

 

kuvomereza kwamtundu wautali

 

Nthawi zambiri, malingaliro omwe makampani ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito ndi omwe amapeza ndalama zakunja kwakanthawi, chifukwa izi zimawalola kuthana ndi ngongoleyi kwakanthawi, chifukwa chake, kukulitsa zomwe ali nazo kuti apange zokolola zambiri ndikukwaniritsa popanda mavuto ndi kudzipereka kwachuma komwe kwapezeka.

Pomaliza

Monga taonera m'nkhaniyi, kuchuluka kwa ngongole pakampani kumafanana ndi chida chabwino kwambiri chandalama, chomwe, mukachigwira bwino komanso moyeneraZitha kuyimira chida choyenera pakuwongolera chuma komanso kusungitsa ndalama kwakampani pakapita nthawi. Zimatithandizanso kupeza njira zopangira ngongole ndi ngongole zanthawi yayitali, kuchokera kumabungwe osiyanasiyana azachuma, kuti tikulitse mabizinesiwa mwachangu, ndikukhala ndi mtendere wamumtima kuti zolipira ndi ngongole za ngongole Kupanda vuto lililonse, chifukwa ndizo zomwe timachita kuti tizitha kudziwa kuchuluka kwa ngongole zomwe kampani yathu kapena bizinesi yathu ili nazo.

Mwachidule, ndi Njira yoyang'anira ngongole, ngongole ndi ngongole, monga zinthu zomwe zingathe kuthetsedwa munthawi inayake, zomwe zimatilola kupanga bizinesi popanda chopinga chosowa ndalama, ndikukhala ndi chitsimikizo kuti zopereka zonse zachuma zomwe zapezeka zitha kulipidwa, popanda zopinga zomwe zingakhudze kukhazikika kapena ndalama thanzi la kampaniyo.


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