Zuba jari a cikin zinare dangane da hauhawar farashi da samar da kuɗi

Zuba jari a cikin zinare yana taimakawa kare mu daga hauhawar farashi da rashin tabbas na tattalin arziki na ɗan lokaci

Yawancin fihirisan hannayen jari a duk duniya sun murmure gaba ɗaya ko ɓangare, wasu ma saitin bayanan kwanan nan. Babban dalilan da suka zo mana sune hasashen ci gaban GDP gabaɗaya tsakanin ƙasashe, gami da allurar rigakafi, saurin murmurewa, dangantakar kasuwanci tsakanin ƙasashe zata inganta, da sauransu. Koyaya, ya daina samun fa'ida kuma shine lokacin saka hannun jari a cikin zinare da ya gabata?

Daya daga cikin shahararrun ginshikan da nake dasu game da zinare shine mafaka ce mai kyau daga hauhawar farashi. Yayin da takunkumin ya kasance, yawancin masu saka hannun jari da manajoji sunyi tunanin game da hauhawar farashin da zai zo nan gaba ya kuma bayar da bayanansu game da tashin zinariya. Wasu suna ci gaba da kare shi, kodayake ya rasa sama da 10% daga manyan halayensa. Shin sunyi kuskure ko kuwa wani lamari ne wanda zai dauki tsawon lokaci kafin ya isa? Ko ta yaya, samun hannun riga a sama ba mummunan ra'ayi bane, kuma mun ga motsi zuwa zinariya ta hannun masu saka hannun jari duk mun sani har ma da wasu da ba za su taɓa saka hannun jari a ciki ba.

Zuba jari a cikin zinare, matsalar dangantaka

yadda za a san yaushe ne mafi kyawun lokacin saka hannun jari a cikin zinare

Sau dayawa naji mutane dayawa suna danganta gwal da hauhawar farashi. Wasu mutane suna ɗora halayensu akan na kasuwa. Akwai wadanda ke kare cewa zinare yana nuna akasin kimanta farashin dala. A taƙaice, kodayake ba haka yake ba kwata-kwata, gaskiyar ita ce duk waɗannan mutanen da na ji sun yi daidai kuma ba a lokaci ɗaya ba.

Kammalawar da zan iya zana da kaina shine duk yanayin da aka ambata a baya suna haɗuwa a lokaci guda. Don haka zinare, da ke fuskantar lokutan rashin tabbas, rikici, ko hauhawar farashi (amma ba koyaushe ba) don ganin an canza farashinsa. Bayyana abin da masu saka hannun jari, cibiyoyi da bankuna za su yi sha'awar wannan ƙarfe.

Don yin wannan, zamu ga manyan abubuwan da zasu iya shafar farashin ku.

Zinare da hauhawar farashi

Shafin hauhawar farashin kaya a Amurka na karnin da ya gabata. Hauhawar farashi na shekaru 100 da suka gabata

Kafin sanya ginshiƙi na zinare, Ina so in ba da fifiko ga hauhawar farashi a Amurka. Kamar yadda muke gani, muna da wasu abubuwan da suka dace. Wannan lambar na gaba shine don kiyaye ku.

  1. Bayarwa Kwalin rawaya. Shekarun shekarun 20 zuwa 30. A tsakanin wannan tazarar, zamu iya lura da yadda kariya ta bayyana.
  2. Hauhawar farashin sama da 10%. Koren kwalaye. Muna da lokaci 3. Jaddada lokutan tun daga farkon da ƙarshen shekarun tare da manyan kololuwa.
  3. Hauhawar farashin da bai wuce 5% ba. Muna da manyan kwari guda uku. Na farkonsu yana daga batun farko, na Tsayawa.

Menene ya faru lokacin da aka daidaita farashin zinare don hauhawar farashi?

Taswirar zinariya mai daidaita kumbura. Mafi kyawun lokuta don saka hannun jari a cikin zinare

Bayanai daga sabara.ir

Saboda hauhawar farashi, farashin duk wata kadara yakan hauhawa cikin dogon lokaci. Gold ba banda bane, kuma saboda wannan ainihin dalilin wannan hoton da ke sama an daidaita shi don kumbura. Wato, menene darajar yawan oza na zinariya a da a ƙimar dalar ta yau. Idan yanzu zamu kalli jadawalin al'ada na zinare (ba a fallasa shi don kar ya wuce gona da iri), zamu ga babban rashi akan sa. Zamu kimanta mafi mahimman bayanai game dashi.

  • Lokacin hauhawar farashin kaya. Lokaci gabanin fatarar kuɗi na tsarin da aka yarda a Bretton Woods, zinariya tana nuna ragi a cikin ƙimarta ta asali lokacin da hauhawar farashi yake. Koyaya, Tare da tsarin tattalin arziki na canjin canjin canji, hauhawar farashi ya daidaita da darajar zinariya. Hakanan ya kamata a kara cewa tsarin Bretton Woods ya karye ta babban buga dala don daukar nauyin yakin Vietnam. Biyo bayan buƙatun daga Faransa da Burtaniya don canza ajiyar dalarsu zuwa zinare wanda hakan ya rage yawan gwal na Amurka. Yanayin, wanda shine komai, ya bambanta da na yanzu.
  • Lokacin kariya. A waɗannan lokutan zinare ya ƙaru da daraja. Koyaya, bayan rikicin tattalin arziki wanda ya faɗo daga rushewar Lehman Brothers akwai ɗan gajeren lokaci wanda deflation ya bayyana kuma zinare ya ƙaru da daraja. Koyaya, dalilin wannan tashi ya fi dacewa da cewa rikicin tattalin arziki ne ya haifar da rashin yarda da tsarin banki fiye da tawayen kanta.
  • Lokatan matsakaicin hauhawar farashin kaya. Bayan da dot-com kumfa ya fashe, zinare ya yi kyau, amma bai yi rawar gani ba a cikin shekarun da suka gabata. Wannan dalilin yana iya yuwuwa wajen neman zinariya azaman amintaccen mafaka.

Arshen zinariya tare da hauhawar farashi

Idan farashin gwal ya karu a cikin adadin da yake sama da hauhawar farashi, yana da ribar saka hannun jari a ciki (wannan bayanin "tare da hanzaki"!) Duk da yake gaskiya ne cewa shi kaɗai a matsayin mafaka yana da kyau a cikin dogon lokaci, burin mai saka jari bazai yi nisa ba cikin lokaci. Sabili da haka, saka hannun jari a cikin zinare a lokacin lokutan canje-canje masu ƙarfi zaɓi ne mai kyau. Idan ku ma kuna fahimta lokacin da waɗannan canje-canje zasu faru kuma ku saka hannun jari a baya, dawowar da za a iya samu suna da gamsarwa sosai.

Conclusionarshe shi ne cewa a yayin fuskantar hauhawar farashi mai yawa, zinariya na iya zama kyakkyawan mafaka. Kari kan haka, yanayin da tattalin arzikin duniya yake a ciki ya fi nuna matukar sha'awarta. A halin yanzu Ba mu fuskantar mawuyacin yanayi na hauhawar farashi, amma muna fuskantar halin tattalin arziki mara tabbas game da sakamakon ƙarshen matsalar da ke akwai.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Rabin Azurfa na Zinare

Taimakon Kuɗi Wace rawa kuka haɓaka don saka hannun jari a cikin zinare?

Jimlar wadatar kuɗi a daloli ya karu da rakodi a cikin 2020

Bayanai daga fred.stlouisfed.org

Isar da kuɗi, a cikin tattalin arziƙin tattalin arziƙi, shine yawan kuɗin da ake samu don siyan kaya, sabis ko amintattun tanadi. Ana samu ta hanyar ƙara tsabar kuɗi a hannun jama'a ba tare da shigar da bankuna (takardar kuɗi da tsabar kuɗi) da ajiyar banki ba. Adadin waɗannan abubuwa biyu shine tushen kuɗi (zamuyi magana anan gaba). Asusun Kuɗi da aka ninka ta hanyar ninki na kuɗi shi ne Mass ɗin Kuɗi.

A cikin jadawalin farko zaku ga yadda Haɗin Kuɗi ya karu sosai. A watan Janairun 2020 dala tiriliyan 15 ce, a halin yanzu wannan adadi ya karu zuwa dala tiriliyan 3. Matsakaicin Kuɗi a daloli ya karu da tiriliyan 3 a shekarar 8, ma'ana, 2020%!

Dangane da dangantaka da hauhawar farashi, manufofin masu ba da izini suna riƙe da cewa akwai hanyar haɗi tsakanin adadin kuɗi a wurare dabam dabam da farashi a cikin tattalin arziki. A gefe guda kuma, ka’idar Keynesian ta ce babu wata alaka tsakanin hauhawar farashin kaya da samar da kudi, musamman idan tattalin arziki ya bunkasa. Don haka ƙoƙarin gano wani abu dabam, bari mu bincika alaƙar da tushen kuɗi.

Goldimar Zinare tare da Tashin Kuɗi

tushen kuɗi bai daina ƙaruwa ba a cikin shekaru 13 da suka gabata

Bayanai daga fred.stlouisfed.org

Muna iya ganin yadda Asusun Kuɗi ya sami ci gaba mai yawa. Yawanci sakamakon manufofin "kuɗin helikofta".

Lokacin da kuka ga wannan jadawalin ku san cewa yana da wahala a ci gaba da wannan tsawon lokaci ba tare da canje-canje ba. Ko wataƙila ma an ga abubuwan ban mamaki. A saboda wannan dalili, idan ba a sami ƙarin farashi ba sannan kuma bayan an kasa samun abubuwa da yawa tare da alaƙar zinare tare da hauhawar farashi, ƙila neman dangantaka da tushen kuɗi ba zai zama rashin hankali ba. (Ganin cewa ba za mu iya ƙulla dangantaka tsakanin hauhawar farashi da tushen kuɗi ba, kamar yadda Keynes ya yi jayayya).

Ana sa ran zane mai zuwa zai zama mai bayyanawa. Yana nuna mana rabo tsakanin gwal da tushen kuɗi.

Shafin gwargwadon darajar kuɗin gwal don sanin ko an rage darajar gwal ko a'a

Shafi da aka samo daga macrotrends.net

Da dama maki za a iya alama:

  1. Kamar yadda kake gani, babban bugun kuɗi ya sa ragin ya ragu da yawa tsakanin 1960 da 1970 (saboda Yaƙin Vietnam, kamar yadda aka tattauna a baya).
  2. Hauhawar farashi ya kori farashin zinare a cikin shekaru masu zuwa, amma Rashin tabbas ya tuka kuma ya kara taimakawa tashin farashin sa, kai babban matsayi mafi girma a cikin rabo. (Zai zama dole ayi ninka x10 da ƙari farashin zinare na yanzu don samun rabo na 5 kamar yadda ya isa).
  3. Theara yawan kuɗin kuɗi tun lokacin da rikicin kuɗi ya samo asali (kuma runaway) raguwa a cikin rabo wanda ba a taɓa gani ba.
  4. A yanzu, sayar da mafi girman gwargwadon gwal zuwa asalin kuɗi, mafi riba ya kasance. Hakanan, saka hannun jari a cikin gwal ƙananan ƙimar, amfanin da ya samu a nan gaba.

Kammalawar gwal tare da tushen kuɗi

Sai kawai idan an sake darajar zinariya daga matakan yanzu don dacewa da tushen kuɗin da ake ciki, hanyar da za ta sama zai kasance fiye da 100%. Idan Ratio ya zama 1, ko dai saboda tsoron hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, rikice-rikice masu ƙarfi tare da lokacin rashin tabbas, da sauransu, zamu sami kanmu gabanin yanayin da aka rage darajar zinariya. Abune mai rikitarwa saboda farashinsa ya kai kowane lokaci mafi tsayi kwanan nan, amma haka ma tushen kuɗi.

Concarshen ƙarshe akan ko yana da kyau zaɓi don saka hannun jari a cikin zinare

Babu samfurin ma'auni guda don ƙayyade ainihin lokacin saka hannun jari a cikin zinare. Koyaya, mun sami damar gano yadda hauhawar farashi, tushen kuɗi da rikice rikice a cikin. Dukkan mahallin, a takaice. Kari kan haka, tattalin arziki na halayya ne, kuma mai kyau mai saka jari yanzu ya kamata ya tambayi kansa ina muke. Hakanan cewa shine mafi kusantar faruwa.


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