Amazwe eCommonwealth: kuyini futhi obani abakwenzayo

Indlunkulu lapho amazwe e-Commonwealth ahlangana khona

Wake wezwa ngeCommonwealth? Uyazi ukuthi yimaphi amazwe eCommonwealth ajoyine? Futhi ngeyani?

Ungakhathazeki, namuhla sizokutshela konke okudingeka ukwazi ngale nhlangano, umlando wayo kanye nomlando wayo amazwe ahlanganisayo. Kwenze?

Yini i-Commonwealth

Ifulegi lase-United Kingdom

Ngaphambi kokuqhubeka nokukhuluma ngamazwe eCommonwealth, kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi sikhuluma ngani ngaleli gama. I-Commonwealth, ebizwa nangokuthi I-Commonwealth of Nations, i-Commonwealth of Nations, empeleni iqoqo lamazwe angama-54 esewonke abahlanganyela ngandlela thize, izibopho zomlando nezwe labo eliyinhloko, kulokhu i-United Kingdom.

Kungani e-UK? ngoba lo mfelandawonye ivela kude futhi ihlobene eduze nomlando we-United Kingdom ngokwayo. Noma ikakhulukazi, uMbuso WaseBrithani.

Ukwazi umlando weCommonwealth kumele siye kuwo 1884 lapho iNkosi Rosebery yasebenzisa igama elithi "umphakathi wezizwe" ukubhekisela kulawo makoloni ayeqala ukuzimela kodwa, ngesikhathi esifanayo, baphinde baba nobudlelwano noMbuso WaseBrithani.

Ngemva kweminyaka embalwa, ngo-1921, igama elithi "British Commonwealth of Nations" lasetshenziswa, ngeSpanishi «British Commonwealth of Nations». Eqinisweni, ibhalwe embhalweni osayinwe ePhalamende lase-Irish Free State.

Ngokushesha ngemva kwalolo suku, ngo-1926, kwaba neNgqungquthela Yombuso lapho kwamenyezelwa khona ukuthi iBrithani nemibuso yayo inezikhundla ezilinganayo, kodwa bonke babehlanganiswe ukwethembeka kuBukhosi futhi yingakho bahlanganiswa eqenjini, i-Commonwealth.

Lapho kugqashuka iMpi Yezwe II, uMbuso WaseBrithani wahlaselwa kanzima. baze bamhlinza. Kodwa noma kunjalo, amazwe amaningi ayingxenye yalo mbuthano womphakathi, futhi nangaphezulu ajoyine (nabanye, njenge-Ireland, bazihlukanisile).

Kunjalo, inhlangano yamanje kanye nendala azifani. Ngo-1947, i-India yafuna ukuzimela futhi ibe yiriphabhulikhi. Kodwa abengakufuni wukulahlekelwa isabelo sakhe kuCommonwealth.

Ngalokho, e 1949, kusiMemezelo saseLondon, ukungena emazweni kwalungiswa, kwatholakala ukuthi noma iyiphi i-republic kanye/noma izwe lingaba ingxenye yeCommonwealth. Abalingisi kudale ukuthi amazwe amaningi azimele anqume ukuthatha lesi sinyathelo futhi acele ukufakwa kuleli qembu.

Ithini indima yeCommonwealth

Lesi yisikhungo se-Commonwealth

Singasho ukuthi, ngokujwayelekile, ukubambisana nokusebenzisana phakathi kwawo wonke amazwe eNhlangano Yezizwekokubili emikhakheni yezepolitiki nezomnotho. Nakuba lapha lingekho izwe eligqama ukwedlula elinye, ngoba njengoba sesibonile zonke ziyefana, kuyiqiniso ukuthi I-UK 'inendawo ekhethekile', ikakhulukazi ngoba kunjalo INdlovukazi u-Elizabeth II oyinhloko enhlanganweni, nasemazweni amaningi (16) zimbheka njengenkosi yazo.

Lo mphakathi uneSimemezelo Sezimiso esisebenza njengoMthethosisekelo. Yasayinwa ngo-1971 eSingapore futhi ngo-1991 yavunyelwa. Iyakufakazela lokho Intando yeningi, ukuhlonishwa kwamalungelo kanye nemithetho yabantu, ukulingana kanye nokuthuthukiswa komnotho kumele kube khona.

Ukuze igcinwe, izwe ngalinye linikela ngenani ngokusekelwe kuGDP kanye nenani labantu. Ngaleyo mali, wonke umsebenzi abawenzayo ku-Commonwealth uyaphathwa.

Amazwe eCommonwealth

Indawo yomhlangano weCommonwealth

Futhi manje, ake sikhulume ngamazwe e-Commonwealth. Obani abawaqambayo?

Kufanele ukwazi lokho yakhiwe amazwe angama-54 emhlabeni jikelele. Eqinisweni, ezwenikazi ngalinye kunamazwe athile ayingxenye yalo.

Ukuze wazi nje, bangaba:

  • E-Afrika: Botswana, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, neZambia.
  • EMelika: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  • Asia: Bangladesh, Brunei, India, Malaysia, Maldives, Pakistan, Singapore naseSri Lanka.
  • Europa: I-United Kingdom, i-Malta ne-Cyprus.
  • Oceania: I-Australia, iFiji, iKiribati, iNauru, iNew Zealand, iPapua New Guinea, iSolomon Islands, iSamoa, iTonga, iTuvalu, neVanuatu.

Futhi yebo, njengoba uqinisekisile, ISpain ayiyona ingxenye yalo mhlangano.

Ngaphandle kwalawa mazwe, kufanele ukwazi lokho kukhona ababili abebeyingxenye yeCommonwealth kodwa bagcine behoxile Nakanjani. Sesiyishilo eyokuqala, yi-Ireland lapho ngo-1949 yanquma ukushiya lo mbuso.

Eyesibili kwaba yiZimbabwe, eyamiswa ngokungahambisani nemigomoNgo-2003, lapho ukumiswa kwakhe kuphela, wanquma ukuhoxa ngokuphelele.

Abanye abaningi, njengeNigeria, Fiji, Maldives, Pakistan... baye bamiswa okwesikhashana noma bahoxiswa imali, kodwa namuhla bayingxenye ye-Commonwealth.

Amazwe ahlangana kangaki?

Njengoba sikutshelile ngaphambili, kusukela ngo-1952, iNdlovukazi u-Elizabeth II uye wahola i-Commonwealth. Y kusukela ngo-2018, yiNkosana uCharles ozoyihola. Kodwa hhayi ngoba kushona unina, kodwa ngoba amazwe angamalungu ngokwawo labo abanqumayo ukuthi ngubani ozokwengamela. Futhi kusukela ngo-1952 ukwethenjwa bekulokhu kuyiNdlovukazi u-Elizabeth II.

Imihlangano yala mazwe iyabanjwa njalo ngemva kweminyaka emibili lapho bexoxa ngezindaba ezingase ziphazamise inhlangano noma ezithinta umhlaba wonke. Lena okuthiwa yi-Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings, I-CHOGM, ngamafuphi.

Ingabe iSpain ingaba yingxenye yeCommonwealth?

Iqiniso yilokho asitholanga siphazamiso ukuze iSpain ibe yingxenye, nanoma yiliphi elinye izwe. Okuwukuphela kwento okufanele uyenze ukuyicela futhi uthobele Isimemezelo Sezimiso lokho kubusa zonke uma ungafuni ukumiswa.

Kuzodingeka futhi ukuhlola ukuthi i-quota izoba yini futhi uma kufaneleka ngempela ukuba izwe libe kuleli qembu ukuthi, uma ungazi, inani eliphelele lawo wonke amazwe lisho ingxenye yesithathu yabakhileyo emhlabeni. , njengoba besuka emazweni anabantu abaningi baye kwabanye Abanabemi abayizi-10.000. Ngamanye amazwi, yazi izinzuzo kanye nobubi obungaletha ezweni.

Manje sekuyacaca kinina nobabili ukuthi uyini lo mphakathi kanye namazwe eCommonwealth awakhayo. Ingabe unokungabaza? Sibuze.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.