Yintoni i-inventri

Umfanekiso we-Inventory

Ukuba unenkampani, nokuba inkulu okanye yosapho, apho uthengisa iimveliso kunye/okanye iinkonzo, ngokuqinisekileyo uyazi ukuba yintoni na uluhlu lwempahla. Inyaniso, yinto ekufuneka wonke umntu abenayo, nditsho nasemakhaya, kodwa ekungekabikho mntu ukhuphe kuyo yonke into enokwenziwa ngayo.

Ngesi sizathu, kwesi sihlandlo, asiyi kukuxelela kuphela ukuba yintoni uluhlu, kodwa siya kukuxelela malunga neentlobo ezikhoyo, imisebenzi abanokuthi bayenze kunye nenye idatha ebalulekileyo. Ziphose kuyo?

Yintoni i-inventri

uluhlu lwempahla

Ngokutsho kweRAE, uluhlu lwempahla lu:

"Ukuhlaliswa kwempahla kunye nezinye izinto zomntu okanye uluntu, zenziwe ngocwangco kunye ngokuchanekileyo."

Ngenene luxwebhu, nokuba lolwenyama okanye lwenyani, apho inkampani kufuneka irekhode nganye yee-asethi eziphathekayo zenkampani. Ngamanye amazwi, zizo zonke izinto eziphathekayo inkampani enazo kwaye kufuneka izilawule, ukuze uphephe ukulahlekelwa yimali ngokunyamalala kwayo, nokuphepha ukuthenga engakumbi xa ungayidingi.

Makhe sithathe umzekelo. Khawufane ucinge ukuba unevenkile yezihlangu. Kuyo uya kuba neentlobo ezininzi zezihlangu kunye ne-brand nganye, iimodeli ezininzi. Ngamnye kubo, amanani ahlukeneyo.

Ukuba umxhasi ungena kwivenkile yakho kwaye akubuze inombolo ye-39 yemodeli yohlobo oluthile, ngaba uyazi ukuba unayo kwivenkile yakho? Eyona nto ikhuselekileyo kukuba uya kudibana nesitokhwe kwikhompyuter. Njengokuba, luluhlu lwezinto.

Ngoku khawufane ucinge ukuba unevenkile yezihlangu apho abasebenzi abaninzi basebenza khona. Omnye wabo ukrazule ihempe yenkampani yakhe, waza wacela entsha enobungakanani obuthile. Uza kuya evenkileni ukuze ubone ukuba kukho naziphi na ezishiyekileyo kwaye ukuba kunjalo, kufuneka ubhale phantsi ukuba uthathe enye yezo hempe xa kufuneka uyibuyisele kubungakanani obusanda kuyithatha.

Ngokwenyani, uluhlu lwempahla alukho malunga nenkampani enayo kuphela, kodwa kunye nento eyithengisayo kubathengi. Oko kukuthi, unokwenza uluhlu lwayo yonke into inkampani enayo kunye nolunye apho uphonononga isitokhwe sempahla oza kuyithengisa.

Ukususela nini uluhlu lwempahla?

Ngaba wakha wazibuza ukuba i-inventri yaqala nini ukusetyenziswa? Kulungile kufuneka wazi ukuba kukho iirekhodi ukuba eYiputa yamandulo zazisele zisetyenziswa. Kule meko, bayisebenzisela ukutya ngendlela yokuba babe noluhlu lokutya ukuze, ngamaxesha okunqongophala, bazi oko banokukubala baze basasaze ngendlela ebhetele.

Ngokutsho kophando, zazisetyenziselwa izityalo kwimpucuko yangaphambi kwe-Hispanic.

Iintlobo zoluhlu lwempahla

ibhokisi yempahla

Ukuthetha nawe malunga neentlobo ze-inventri kunokuba sisihloko eside kwaye sidinayo. Kwaye kukho iintlobo ezininzi zazo. Ngokuxhomekeke kwifom, ukusetyenziswa, isigaba, njl. uya kuba nodidi olunye okanye olunye. Ezona zaziwa kakhulu nezisetyenziswa kumaxesha amaninzi ziinkampani zezi zilandelayo:

Físicos

Zezo ziprintiweyo kwaye zinento ephathekayo. Ezi zisetyenziswa kancinci kwaye zincinci ngenxa yokuba uluhlu lwempahla lunokutshintsha ngokukhawuleza (namaxesha amaninzi ngemini) kwaye oku kuya kwenza ukuba uxwebhu oluphathekayo luphelelwe lixesha kwisithuba seeyure.

Enye indlela yokubajonga kukurekhoda zonke ii-asethi eziphathekayo zenkampani, okanye zeshishini ngokubhekiselele kwiimveliso eziza kuthengiswa.

Izinto ezingabonakaliyo

Ukuba ngaphambili yayiluxwebhu olubambekayo, kulo mzekelo sithetha ngakumbi malunga noxwebhu lwenyani, kwikhompyutheni okanye kwithebhulethi, apho irekhodi yemihla ngemihla yolu luhlu lwenziwa.

Enye inketho kukuba ibe luluhlu lwee-asethi ezingaphathekiyo zenkampani, ezirekhodwe kolu luhlu.

Imizekelo yolu hlobo ingaba yi-copyright, iilayisensi zesoftware, njl.

Ngokutsho kweemveliso

Uluhlu

Ngokusekwe kuhlobo lweemveliso, okanye izigaba zeemveliso ezihamba ngazo, sinokuthi kukho uluhlu lwezinto ezininzi, ezinje:

  • ukwenzela izinto ekrwada. Oko kukuthi, ukwenza uluhlu lwezo zinto zifunekayo ukwenza iimveliso ezithengiswa yinkampani.
  • Kwiimveliso kwinkqubo yokuvelisa. Ngamanye amazwi, iziqwenga eziye zadityaniswa kodwa ezo, ngokwazo, azizomveliso ezinokuthengiswa kodwa kusafuneka ziveliswe kwaye zidityaniswe nezinye iziqwenga ukuze zithathwe njengezigqityiweyo.
  • yeemveliso ezigqityiweyo. Ukulungele ukuthengiswa, ngaba ezo mveliso sele zithengiswe ngokuthe ngqo, mhlawumbi ngenxa yokuba zigqibile ukuvelisa, okanye ngenxa yokuba zithengiwe zigqityiwe.
  • kwizibonelelo zefektri. Sinokuthi ziyafana nezo zemathiriyeli ekrwada, kodwa kule meko azinakulinganiswa, kuba zinokusetyenziswa kwizinto ezininzi (umzekelo, ipeyinti, okanye isikere).

Ngokomsebenzi wayo

Enye indlela yokuhlela uluhlu lweempahla inento yokwenza nomsebenzi wezinto. Ngaloo ndlela, uya kufumana:

  • Uluhlu lwezinto zokhuseleko. Ikwabizwa ngokuba nguvimba. Zezo apho izinto eziya kufunwa kwimeko yokunyuka kwemfuno okanye ukunqongophala zigcinwa kwaye zidweliswe.
  • ukudibanisa. Luluhlu lwezixhobo kunye/okanye iimveliso ezihambelanayo (imveliso ayinakugqitywa ngaphandle kwazo) kodwa kwangaxeshanye ayidityaniswanga enye kwenye (umzekelo, ukuba yinxalenye yemveliso kodwa isigaba sokuqala asikwazi ukubekwa).
  • Trafiki. Ziingceba ezicwangcisiweyo kodwa azikafiki. Zibalwa ngenxa yokuba zihlawulwe, kodwa anikabi nazo kuni.
  • Ixesha lonyaka. Ezi zibhekiselele kwiimveliso eziye zibe "ngaphakathi" ngexesha elithile lonyaka kwaye zidlule kuhlobo lwemfuno ephantsi. Ngokuqhelekileyo zigcinwa ukusuka komnye unyaka ukuya kolandelayo ngenjongo yokungaphulukani nemali (ukuba nje zinokugcinwa, kunjalo).

ngokolungiselelo

Okokugqibela, siya kuba noluhlu lwempahla ngokolungiselelo. Mhlawumbi yenye yezona ziyaziwa kakhulu, kodwa azikho iinkampani ezininzi eziyisebenzisayo ukuhlela iimpahla zazo. Kule meko ungafumana:

  • kwimibhobho. Oko kukuthi, uluhlu lwempahla olutshintsha kakhulu oluchaphazela amanqanaba ahlukeneyo okanye amasebe.
  • ngentelekelelo. Ziyimveliso ezigcinwe "kwimeko". Injongo kukuba zifumaneke xa kukho imfuneko yazo yaye ngaloo ndlela zikwazi ukuhlangabezana naloo ntswelo.
  • umjikelo uluhlu. Apha sinokubeka ezo mveliso zaziwa ukuba ziyafuneka ngamaxesha athile onyaka. Umzekelo, i-sunscreen, i-swimsuits, iimbadada ...
  • Yokhuseleko. Kuyafana noqikelelo, kodwa injongo kukuhlala unobuncinane bezinto onokuzifumana ngokukhawuleza xa kuyimfuneko.
  • Iimveliso sele ziphelelwe lixesha, zophukile, zilahlekile... Sinokuthi "ziyilahleko" kwinkampani kuba ezi mveliso azizange zithengiswe kwaye zimele utyalo-mali olungafunyanwanga yinkampani.

Njengoko ubona, ngaphandle kokwazi ukuba yintoni i-inventri, kufuneka kwakhona ulawule iindidi ezikhoyo. Kodwa, ngokubanzi, into omawuyigcine kukuba oku kunokukunceda wenze uluhlu oluhlaziyiweyo lwento onayo, nokuba kukwinkampani okanye ekhaya, kwaye ngoko ulindele ukuthenga kwakho ngokusekelwe kwinto echithwe kakhulu. eyona nto unempahla eninzi). Ngaba ukhe wenza uluhlu lwempahla?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
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