Yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo

Imarike eqhubekayo yimarike yaseSpain

Kwimarike yemasheya, ilizwe ngalinye lineentengiso zalo ezenziwa ziinkampani zikazwelonke. Apha, eSpain, sinento ekuthiwa yimarike eqhubekayo ebandakanya iinkampani ezingama-130 zase-Iberia. Kodwa yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo? Ingaba isebenza kanjani? Kwimeko apho ungena kwihlabathi lezoqoqosho kunye nezemali, le yinto ebalulekileyo kuwe.

Asiyi kuphendula kuphela umbuzo omkhulu onika eli nqaku isihloko sayo, kodwa siza kuchaza nokuba isebenza njani imarike eqhubekayo, zithini iiyure zokuthengisa kunye neenkampani ezenzayo.

Yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo kwaye isebenza njani?

Imakethi eqhubekayo ibandakanya amacandelo aliqela

Ukuba uqala ukutyala imali kwimarike yemasheya, okanye ubuncinci ukuzazisa ngesihloko, lixesha lokuba ufumane ukuba yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo. Yinkqubo edibanisa ukutshintshiselana kwezabelo ezine eSpain kwimarike yestokhwe esinye. Ngale ndlela, izabelo zinokudweliswa ngaxeshanye kwi-stock exchange yaseBarcelona, ​​eBilbao, eMadrid naseValencia. Ukwenza lo msebenzi, kukho iqonga elektroniki elibizwa ngokuba yiNkqubo yokuQhagamshelwa kweStock yaseSpain (SIBE). Eli qonga livumela ukutshintshiselana kwezabelo zaseSpain ukuba zisebenze ngokungathi ziyimarike enye yesitokhwe. Ukongeza, idibanisa uthethathethwano olunokwenzeka, ETFs, isitokhwe kunye nezinye iimveliso zotyalo-mali.

Kwakungo-1989 xa iSpain yaqala ukurhweba ngezabelo ngenkqubo ye-elektroniki. Ngelo xesha, intengiso eqhubekayo yavela ngexabiso leempahla ezisixhenxe, akukho nto iyenye. Namhlanje zingaphezulu kwe-130 iinkampani ezidweliswe kuyo. Ngaphakathi kuyo, kukho ukhuseleko oludweliswe kwi-IBEX 35, esisalathiso esidibanisa iinkampani kunye nemali ephezulu yentengiso.

Owongamele ukongamela intengiso eqhubekayo yi-CNMV (iKhomishini yeSizwe yoKhuseleko kwiMarike). Endaweni yoko, ibhunga elilawulayo yi-BME (iSpanish Stocks and Markets). Ngokuphathelele kwiziko elijongene nokucoca kunye nokuhlala, le yiIberclear, eyeBME.

Ukusebenza

Ngoku ekubeni sisazi ngakumbi okanye ngaphantsi ukuba yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo, siza kuchaza ukuba isebenza njani. Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, i-SIBE yenziwe ngokhuseleko olwahlukeneyo. Uninzi lwezi ziyinxalenye yokuqesha ngokubanzi. Oku, kwaye, kusekwe kwintengiso eqhubekayo eqhutywa ziiodolo ezahlukeneyo. Ithetha ntoni le nto? Kulungile yintoni Ixabiso lenziwa ukusuka emnqamlezweni phakathi kokuthengwa kunye nokunikezelwa kokuthengisa. Ngokumalunga neeyure zokuthengisa, siza kunika ingxelo ngayo kamva.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba sinokufumana amacandelo aliqela ngaphakathi kwe-SIBE. Siza kuphawula ngazo apha ngezantsi:

  • Icandelo lokuthengisa ngokubanzi: Le yeyona yaziwayo kwaye isetyenziswa kakhulu ngabatyali zimali zaseSpain.
  • I-MAB (enye yeNtengiso yeStock): Le ntengiso yenziwa ngo-2008 ukuze iinkampani ezinentengo enkulu yentengiso zincitshiswe okanye ezazikwinqanaba lokwandiswa nazo zinokudweliswa.
  • ILatibex: Imakethi yaseLatibex yagunyaziswa ngo-1999. Injongo yayo kukusebenza njengeqonga lokuhlala kunye nothethathethwano eYurophu lwezokhuseleko lweenkampani eziphambili eLatin America. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba ezi zixabiso li-euro.
  • Intengiso ye-ETF: Ii-ETFs zinokuqeshwa kweli candelo lemarike yaseSpain. Ezi zichazi zichaza ngokusisiseko imali yotyalo-mali.
  • Icandelo lokulungisa: Okokugqibela, kukho icandelo lokuLungisa. Oku kwenzelwe ukuba kukhuselwe amatyala abo aphantsi kwi-SIBE.

Ivula nini imakethi eqhubekayo?

Ngaphandle kokwazi ukuba yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba sizazi iishedyuli zayo ukuba sifuna ukuya esidlangalaleni. Iiyure zokurhweba zale ntengiso yaseSpain iqala ngentsimbi yethoba kusasa kwaye iphele ngentsimbi yesihlanu emva kwemini. Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka sithathele ingqalelo ifandesi yokuvula neyokuvala. Ithuba eliphakathi kweefandesi ezimbini libizwa ngokuba "yimarike evulekileyo".

Kodwa yintoni ifandesi? La maxesha exesha lokurhweba kwimarike yemasheya. Ngala maxesha, iiodolo zinokuguqulwa, zirhoxiswe kwaye zingeniswe, kodwa ngaphandle kokuba kwenziwe ezi zinto. Zisetyenziswa ngokusisiseko ukuseta amaxabiso okuvula nawokuvala kwaye ngaloo ndlela ulawule ukuguquguquka kwamaxabiso ngokugqithileyo.

Masishwankathele kwaye sizibone ngcono iishedyuli:

  • Ifandesi yokuvula: ukusuka ngo-8.30 ukuya ku-9.00 ekuseni.
  • Intengiso evulekileyo: ukusuka ngo-9.00 ukuya ku-17.30 ekuseni.
  • Ifandesi yokuvala: ukusuka ngo-17.30 ukuya ku-17.35 ekuseni.

Zeziphi iinkampani ezenza intengiso eqhubekayo?

Imarike eqhubekayo yenziwe ziinkampani ezili-130

Ukwazi ngokuthe ngqo ukuba yintoni intengiso eqhubekayo, akwanelanga ukwazi inkcazo okanye iishedyuli. Kuya kufuneka sazi nokuba zeziphi na iinkampani ezenzayo. Njengoko sele sichazile ngasentla, kukho i-130 xa lilonke, ezinye zazo zidume kakhulu. Siza kudwelisa apha ngezantsi:

  1. UAbengoa A
  2. UAbengoa B
  3. UAcciona
  4. I-Acciona Ener
  5. I-Acerinox
  6. ACS
  7. UAdolfo Dguez
  8. I-Aedas
  9. UAena
  10. I-Airbus SE
  11. Ezingasebenziyo
  12. Alantra
  13. UAlmirall
  14. Amadeus
  15. Ampere
  16. Ukudibana
  17. Iaperam
  18. Faka isicelo
  19. Arcelormit
  20. Arima
  21. I-Atresmedia
  22. Ukuhlaziywa kweAudax.
  23. Aux. Uloliwe
  24. Azkoyen
  25. B. Santander
  26. Ba. Sabadell
  27. Bankinter
  28. IBaron yoMthetho
  29. IBavaria
  30. BBVA
  31. Berkeley
  32. Bo. Riojanas
  33. Ibheji ye-Borges
  34. ICaixabank
  35. Cam
  36. imali
  37. CCEP
  38. Iseli
  39. Cevasa
  40. Cie Ngokuzenzekelayo.
  41. UCleop
  42. Ikhowudi
  43. I-Coemac
  44. Inkampani Alba
  45. Iankile
  46. D. Felguera
  47. IDeoleo
  48. Dia
  49. Imimandla
  50. Ukutya kwe-Ebro
  51. Isixhobo
  52. Imiphefumlo
  53. Elecnor
  54. IiEnagas
  55. Ence
  56. Endesa
  57. I-Ercros
  58. Ezentis
  59. Intlawulo Farma
  60. FCC
  61. Ukutya
  62. IFluidra
  63. IGAM
  64. Iimpawu zomzimba
  65. Umfundi C. Okwenzekileyo
  66. Utshani
  67. IGrifols Cl. A
  68. IGrifols Cl. B
  69. IAG
  70. Iberdrola
  71. Iberpapel
  72. Inditex
  73. Indra A
  74. Inm. Kwithanga
  75. Inm. ukusuka emazantsi
  76. Lar eSpain
  77. Inkululeko 7
  78. Umgca ngqo
  79. Ingots Esp.
  80. Umgcini wezinto
  81. Imephu
  82. I-Mediset
  83. Iihotele zeMelia
  84. merlin
  85. IMetrovacesa
  86. Iindleko zeMiquel.
  87. UMontebalito
  88. Naturgy
  89. Indawo yokuhlala
  90. I-Neinor
  91. Okulandelayo
  92. NH Ihotele
  93. UNico. umtya
  94. Nyesa
  95. Ohla
  96. Ukuhlanjululwa
  97. IOryzon
  98. I-Pescanova
  99. UFarma Mar
  100. Prim
  101. Ukukhawuleza
  102. I-Prosegur
  103. UKUQHUBEKA
  104. Realia
  105. UReig Jofre
  106. UReno M. S / A
  107. UReno M. Conv.
  108. Ingeniso ka-4
  109. Inkampani Renta Corp.
  110. Repsol
  111. Rovi
  112. Sacyr
  113. San Jose
  114. Inkonzo yePS
  115. Umdlalo weNokia
  116. Solaria
  117. Isolarack
  118. Isoltec
  119. UTalgo
  120. I-Reecidas
  121. Umnxeba
  122. Iifayile
  123. Iityhubhu zeReuni.
  124. Unicaja
  125. I-Urbas
  126. IVertex 360
  127. IVidrala
  128. Viscofan
  129. Vocento
  130. Zardoya otis

Ukuze ukwazi ukufunda iinkampani ngokusisiseko okanye ngobugcisa, ezi ziyafumaneka kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo. Kwiminyhadala efanelekileyo, indawo yokuqala ukuya kwiwebhusayithi ye-CNMV. Kukwakho nezinye ezigqibeleleyo ezinje ngokuTyala imali, iPcbolsa, infobolsa, njl. Ngapha koko, khumbula loo nto Isifundo esifanelekileyo sokuqala sentengiso kunye neenkampani ziya kukunceda uthathe isigqibo. 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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