Ungayiqinisekisa njani i-DNI

qinisekisa i-DNI

Incwadi Yesazisi Yesizwe ibalulekile Ukusuka kwiminyaka ethile kwaye njengamanye amaxwebhu, inokuqinisekiswa kwakhona.

Ngaphambi kokuba uthethe ungqinisisa njani i-DNI, siza kuqwalasela ukuba yintoni, yenzelwe ntoni kunye neminye iminqweno yencwadi yesazisi.

Yintoni i-DNI kwaye yenzelwe ntoni?

Uxwebhu lokuchonga kaZwelonke okanye eyaziwa ngcono ngegama lalo njenge-DNI yile isinceda ukuba sizazi, ukuxela ukuba ngubani yedwa kwaye sihlala phi. Nawuphi na ummi waseSpain ngaphezulu kweminyaka eyi-14 kufuneka ubenayo, Yiyo loo nto ibizwa ngokuba lolona xwebhu lubaluleke kakhulu ekufuneka silufumene kwaye kubalulekile ukuba uhlale usikhapha ukuze sikwazi ukuzazisa, esi sisigunyaziso somthetho, kuba ngokungathwali ngalo mzuzu ubalulekileyo okanye imeko usenokude atyholwe ngezityholo zolwaphulo-mthetho ngokungazisi, kuba kunjalo Ukuchongwa ngokusemthethweni lonto ithi ungubani.

Ngenxa yokubaluleka okukhulu okukubonayo, ngalo lonke ixesha ufuna njalo nayiphi na inkqubo yoxwebhu olusemthethweni, baya kuhlala bekucela ukuba ubonise isazisi sakho Ukuze bakuchonge ngokuchanekileyo, ngale ndlela, baqinisekisa ukuba nguwe umntu owenza inkqubo kwaye nayiphi na ingxaki iya kuchongwa ngokupheleleyo.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Kufuneka wenze ntoni ukuba isazisi sakho sibiwe

I-DNI sisicwangciso samazwe amaninziNangona kwezinye iindawo linelinye igama, ikhadi lihlala linomsebenzi ofanayo kwaye sisicwangciso esenziweyo ukuze uluntu lukhuseleke ngakumbi kwaye lukhuselwe ngokukwazi ukuqinisekisa ubungqina bethu maxa onke ngaphandle kwengxaki.

Ke ukuba awukwenzi oko Iqhubekeke nesazisi sakho kwaye sele ubudala obumiselweyo, sukulinda ixesha elide ukuyicubungula, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba unayo, kuba uya kuyidinga ngokoqobo kuyo yonke into.

Kutheni kubalulekile ukuqinisekisa i-DNI?

Lo msebenzi, owenziwa kunye neNcwadi yeSazisi sikaZwelonke (i-DNI), ubaluleke kakhulu yonyusa imisebenzi ethile ezenziwa kubomi bemihla ngemihla babasebenzisi. Kungenxa yokuba, ukungqinisisa i-DNI kuthetha ukuba kuya kufuneka uqinisekise isazisi sakho kuzo zonke iinjongo. Ayothusi into yokuba luxwebhu olusemthethweni ekunceda ukuba urhoxe imali kwiakhawunti yakho yokutshekisha, utyelele phesheya nokuba wenze ikhontrakthi yengqesho ngokusemthethweni kwiinkampani. Oko kukuthi, phantse yonke into kwaye yiyo loo nto kubaluleke kakhulu ukwenza lo msebenzi kwi ulawulo lwezolawulo.

Kufuneka nini ukuqinisekisa olu xwebhu? Njengoko uza kwazi ngamava akho, kuqhelekile ukuba iNcwadi yeSazisi yeSizwe icelwe ku phuhlisa intengiselwano okanye nawuphina omnye umsebenzi wolawulo okanye wezezimali. Kodwa njengoko kusengqiqweni ukucinga, awungekhe ushiye, okanye wenze ikopi kuba ingekho semthethweni. Ngenxa yezi zenzo, awuzukukhetha ngaphandle kokwenza ifotokopi eqinisekisiweyo, oku kuthetha ukuba luhlobo lokuqinisekisa okanye ukuvumela ukuba ikopi ithelekiswe ihambelane neyantlandlolo kwaye oku kuvunywa yeyona kufanelekileyo ukuyithetha ukuba le kopi ikopi ethembekileyo yekhadi lakho. Iya kuba sisisombululo kwiingxaki ezininzi ezivela ngoku.

Ngayiphi na imeko, kuya kuba bubulumko kakhulu ukuba olu lawulo aluqhubekeki naphi na, kwaye nangaphantsi kokufumana iziqinisekiso eziyimfuneko. Ngokuchasene noko, kufuneka kwenziwe ngumntu oqeqeshiweyo kwaye onazo zonke iimvume kunye nolwazi ukuze abenako ukufumanisa ubunyani boxwebhu lweSazisi. Oko kukuthi, uya kunyanzelwa ukuba uqinisekise olu xwebhu kwindawo ethembekileyo neqinisekisiweyo yalo msebenzi. Kude kube iya kukunceda ukuba uzazise ngokusemthethweni ngokusemthethweni, Ngenxa yoku kufuneka uphande iindawo ezikunika le nkonzo kwaye eziqeqeshwe ngokukodwa kwaye zivunyelwe ukwenza njalo.

Akufuneki ukuba sithi, asinako sinike ikhadi lethu lokuzazisa, kwiindawo ezingayiceliyo kwaye bayishiye apho ukuze baqhubeke nokuthengiselana esikwenzayo, kuba siya kuyidinga kuzo zonke iindawo ekufuneka sizenzile ezisemthethweni okanye zomthetho, asinakho ukuthatha ikopi ye-photostatic , kuba ayililo igosa, ngenxa yeeforikhi ezininzi ezenzekileyo kusetyenziswa iinkqubo zekhompyuter ukutshintsha isazisi. Isisombululo kukwenza ifotokopi eqinisekisiweyo, oku kuthetha ukuba luhlobo lokuqinisekisa okanye ukuvumela ukuba ikopi ithelekisiwe ifanisiwe neyantlandlolo kwaye oku kuvunywa yeyona kufanelekileyo ukuba ithi le ikopi yinyani yekhadi lakho.

I-DNI eqinisekisiweyo

Kodwa kufuneka ulumke, olu tshekisho alwenziwa naphina, okanye nangubani na, kufuneka lwenziwe ngumntu oqeqeshiweyo kwaye onazo zonke iimvume kunye nolwazi ukuze abenako ukuqonda ubuxoki be-DNI.

Ukuba ufuna isazisi sakho ngayo nayiphi na inkqubo, nokuba yeyokubhalisa esikolweni, ukuqala umsebenzi, ukuvula iakhawunti yebhanki, ukucela imali-mboleko, ukuthenga okanye ukuqeshisa ipropathi, ukufaka isicelo somsebenzi okanye naluphi na uhlobo lwenkqubo esemthethweni, uya kuyidinga Ukuqinisekisa i-DNI, yintoni kukunceda ukuba uzazise ngokupheleleyo ngokusemthethweni, Ngenxa yoku kufuneka uphande iindawo ezikunika le nkonzo kwaye eziqeqeshwe ngokukodwa kwaye zivunyelwe ukwenza oko.

Ngubani onokuqinisekisa amaxwebhu?

Kuphela ligosa lebhunga lesixeko okanye i-notary elinokuqinisekisa amaxwebhu, njenge-DNI. Nguye kuphela onolwazi oluyimfuneko lokukwenza ngaphandle kokuba uthathe umngcipheko.

Yintoni endiyidingayo ukuqinisekisa isazisi sam?

Kungumsebenzi wolawulo ekulula ukuwugqiba kwaye ufumaneke kubo bonke abasebenzisi. Akumangalisi ukuba ibe inkqubo ekhawulezayo kakhulu ungayenza ibe semthethweni ngexesha elifutshane kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo kuyakufuneka unike uluhlu lwamaxwebhu ukuze ugqitywe. Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba ziyintoni kanye kanye? Ewe, nikela ingqalelo encinci ukuze ungabinangxaki engaphaya kuphuhliso lwalo msebenzi ofunwa ngakumbi ngabemi.

Yintoni oya kuyidinga Ukucwangciswa kwekopi eqinisekisiweyo kulula kakhulu, ukongeza ekubeni yinkqubo ekhawulezayo, ke ukuba ucinga ukuyiqhuba, uyakufuna oku kulandelayo:

  • I-ID yakho
  • Ikopi yakho yesazisi.
  • Ipesenti yokuqokelelwa kwale nkqubo.
  • Kwaye konke oku, kwindawo emiselweyo negunyazisiweyo yokwenza kwaye ungafumana kufutshane kakhulu nekhaya lakho.

Njengoko sele ubonile, akuyi kuba nzima kakhulu kuwe ukungqina olu xwebhu lubalulekileyo. Ukuba akunjalo, ngokuchaseneyo, unokunyusa ngexesha elifunekayo lesi satifikethi. Ukuze uye nayo ebhankini, kwiqumrhu elisemthethweni okanye nakweyiphi na enye indawo okanye indawo apho kufuneka ube unesazisi esiqinisekisiweyo. Kuba, iya kuqinisekiswa ngokupheleleyo ukuze uqinisekise ubungqina bakho bokwenene. Ngaphaya kwezinye izinto ekusetyenzisweni.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Kufuneka wenze ntoni ukuba isazisi sakho sibiwe

Uphi ukungqinisisa i-DNI?

Ungayenza nakweyiphi na kwezi ndawo:

  • IHolo yaseKapa
  • Amapolisa, uMkhosi woLuntu
  • Kungenziwa nokuba ngumnxibelelanisi

Makhe sibone ngokweenkcukacha ukuba kwenziwa njani.

Qulunqa i-DNI ngokuya kwiholo ledolophu.

Enye ye Olona khetho lufanelekileyo lokuqinisekisa i-DNI kukuya eholweni ledolophu, kuba ilula kakhulu kwaye ayibizi, nangona zikhona ezinye iindawo, le yeyona nto icetyiswayo (kodwa kuya kufuneka uphande ukuba iyenziwa na kwisixeko sakho, kwezinye iidolophu akukho nkonzo injalo) Sichaza amanyathelo ekufuneka elandelwe:

I-DNI eqinisekisiweyo

  1. Kuya kufuneka uye kwiholo ledolophu uzise ikopi yakho yesazisi, ukongeza kwikopi yayo.
  2. Umntu ogunyazisiweyo uza kuya kuwe kwaye enze inkqubo yokuqinisekisa ngaphandle kwengxaki okanye amaphepha ongezelelweyo, kwimizuzu nje embalwa.
  3. Baza kukuhlawulisa phakathi kwe-1 ukuya kwi-3 ye-euro (andidlali lixabiso lokomfuziselo ngokubaluleka kwento emelwe yinkqubo). Kwezinye iiholo zedolophu le nkonzo ayihlawulelwa, ngenxa yoko sicebisa ukuba wenze uphando ngaphambi kokuba uphephe nantoni na.
  4. Ngamanye amaxesha abayeki ukuba ujonge, kuya kufuneka wenze oku kulandelayo:

Isinyanzelo se-DNI ngamapolisa okanye ngoKhuseleko loLuntu?

Ukwanazo nezinye iindlela ezinomdla kakhulu ukuhlangabezana nale mfuno. Njengomzekelo ngemikhosi yezokhuseleko yaseburhulumenteni. Phakathi kwabo, amapolisa esizwe okanye unogada woluntu. Kuzo zombini iimeko, bagunyazisiwe ukuba bafeze olu lawulo ngexesha olithathela ingqalelo njengesiqinisekiso sesiqinisekiso. Nangona kunjalo, uza kuyigcina imali yolawulo kuba ihlala isebenza simahla kwaye awuzukufumana ezinye iindleko kulawulo lwayo.

Eli tyala lelabantu abathi ngenxa yezizathu ezithile zomthetho bayaliwe okanye banembali engacacanga ngokupheleleyo.

Qulunqa i-DNI ngokusebenzisa i-notary?

Kwimeko apho ukhetho lwangaphambili lungakhange lusisebenze, kuhlala kukho enye indlela onokuyenza kule meko sinenye indlela yokuqinisekisa, oko kukuthi, yiya kugunyaziwe:

Singatsho ukuba ukuya kummeli-notary kuya kuba lelokugqibela kufuneka siqinisekise ikhadi lakho.

Uya kuwadibanisa la maxwebhu aze atywine ikopi, ngaloo ndlela egunyazisa ukusetyenziswa kwawo kunye nokuvuma ukuba semthethweni kwawo, ewe, uya kukuhlawulisa ngale nkqubo kwaye iya kuba lixabiso elimiselwe nguye, kuba uhlawulisa iinkonzo zakhe, kodwa ukuba unolu khetho kuphela lokuqinisekisa, kuya kufaneleka. Fumana i-notary oyithembileyo kwaye ubuze malunga nemirhumo abayicelayo ngokwenza olu hlobo lomsebenzi.

Ndiyingqinisisa njani i-DNI yam?

El Inkqubo yokuqinisekisa i-ID yakho Yindlela elula kakhulu, ingxaki kukuba ayinguye wonke umntu onokuyenza, kodwa amanyathelo ekufuneka elandelwe alula ngokwenyani, ke ayizukuthatha nto ukwenza inkqubo kwaye kwimizuzu embalwa iya kuba ilungile, siya kuthi ndikuxelele inyathelo ngenyathelo kule nkqubo yokujonga iquka:

  • Kuqala kufuneka ujonge ikopi ye-ID yakho yoqobo kwaye ubone ngokweenkcukacha ukuba iyafana.
  • Nje ukuba iphononongwe kwaye kufikelelwe kwisigqibo sokuba iyafana, kufuneka kongezwe itywina kwikopi echaziweyo, oko kuthetha ukuba ukuqinisekiswa okuthethelela ubunikazi bendalo, oko kukuthi, bonke ubunyani besazisi sakho banikwa uqobo.
  • Ilungile, ukusukela ngalo mzuzu, ikopi yakho eqinisekisiweyo ingasetyenziswa kwaye iya kunikwa ubunyani obufanayo nekhadi lakho lokuchonga kwinkqubo ofuna ukuyenza okanye ukuba ubuyidinga into ethile.

Njengoko ubona, Ukuqinisekisa i-DNI yinto elula kakhulu ukuyenza, Kuya kufuneka ufumane abantu abagunyazisiweyo ukuyenza okanye uye kwiholo ledolophu apho baya kukunceda kwaye ngexabiso elibaluleke ngokwenene.

Kubalulekile ukuba ukhumbule ukuba le nkqubo ayiqhutywa kubo bonke oomasipala, ke kuya kufuneka uye kowakho ngakumbi kwaye uphande ukuba ngaba oku kuqinisekisa kuyenziwa kwisixeko sakho, ukuba akunjalo, ungakhathazeki, uya kuhlala unazo ezinye iindlela ukuba sinike izimvo, ukuze sibabambe.

Kutheni ufuna ukungqinisisa i-DNI?

Ikopi eqinisekisiweyo ye-DNI

Yinkqubo engekho nto ebaluleke kakhulu kwezinye iimeko. Umzekelo, kwezi meko zilandelayo sikubhengeza ngezantsi.

  1. Ngalo mzuzu kanye bhalisa ukwenza nayiphi na idigri yaseyunivesithi. Apho kuyakufuneka ngokupheleleyo ukuba ubonise le nkxaso yolwazi, kunye nezatifikethi zemfundo.
  2. Ukuba unalo naluphi na uhlobo lwe ukukhubazeka  kwaye ufuna ukuxhamla kuhlobo oluthile lwesibonelelo soncedo. Kuba ngokwenyani, baya kufuna ukuba olu xwebhu, kunye nesiqinisekiso sokukhubazeka esihlaziywe ngokupheleleyo.
  3. Kwinkqubo yokugweba apho amagqwetha okanye amagqwetha azokumela. Elinye lawona matyala aqhelekileyo zizenzo zoxolelwaniso ngaphambi kwesikhalazo emsebenzini. Enye yeemfuno ezisisiseko kukuba uneNcwadi yeSazisi eqinisekisiweyo. Ngale ndlela, akufuneki wenze nayiphi na impazamo enokonakalisa iminqweno yakho kwisimangalo esisiwe enkundleni. Kananjalo ngokwahlukana, uqhawulo-mtshato okanye iinkqubo zolwaphulo-mthetho. Apho ubukho bakho abuyi kuba yimfuneko kuba uya kumelwa ligqwetha lakho.

Ngubani oqeqeshelwe ukuqinisekisa?

lawulo

Ulawulo lukarhulumente luya kuhlala ingoyena mntu uphambili ophetheyo kwaye akwazi ukwenza inkqubo yokuqinisekisa amaxwebhu, anje ngezikolo kunye neengcali apho unikwe isidanga; okoko unobhala weziko lokufunda elinalo uqeqesho lokuqinisekisa iikopi zeedigri okanye ukuqinisekiswa kwamabanga. Eyona nto intle kukuba uyayenza inkqubo yokuqinisekisa iikopi, kwindawo apho bakunike khona uxwebhu lwantlandlolo, kodwa ukuba akunjalo, sele sikunike ezinye iindlela zokuya.

El qinisekisa isazisi sakho Ibe sisicwangciso esiqhubekayo esiphindaphindayo kunye nemfuno yokuba babuza iinkqubo ezithile rhoqo, ke siyacebisa ukuba uyenze le nkqubo njengoko ubona kulula kakhulu ukuyenza kwaye ayibandakanyi ixesha elininzi elityaliweyo, Ukongeza kumaxabiso afikeleleka kakhulu xa kuthelekiswa nazo zonke izibonelelo eziza kusinika zona.

Sele iyinto eqhelekileyo nephindaphindayo kwiinkqubo ezininzi zolawulo nezoluntu, ukongeza kwi-DNI, amaxwebhu amaninzi anokucelwa ngale ndlela inye kwaye nenkqubo yokuziqinisekisa iyafana, iyimfuneko eqhubeka rhoqo kuyo yonke into enayo. ukwenza namaxwebhu asemthethweni, ngumcimbi nje wokwenza uluhlu lwamaxwebhu abawacelayo kunye nokwenza inkqubo elula kakhulu kwaye ekhawulezayo. Kuya kufuneka ufumane indawo apho bagunyaziswe khona kwaye baqeqeshelwa ukuqinisekisa amaxwebhu.

Ukubaluleka kwalo msebenzi

lawulo

Ngayiphi na imeko, kuya kuba bubulumko kakhulu ukuba olu lawulo aluqhubekeki naphi na, kwaye nangaphantsi kokufumana iziqinisekiso eziyimfuneko. Ngokuchasene noko, kufuneka yenziwe ngumntu oqeqeshiweyo kwaye unazo zonke iimvume kunye nolwazi ukuze abe nakho qaphela iifake yeNcwadi yeSazisi yeSizwe. Esinye seziphumo zalo eziphambili kukuba lo msebenzi wezolawulo uya kunika ubunyani obupheleleyo kwi-DNI. Kwelinye icala, et iya kuhlala isebenza njengendawo yempepha yoqobo. Zombini iihambo zaphesheya kunye nolunye uhlobo lomsebenzi kubudlelwane bakho namaziko emali kunye nemibutho yoluntu.

Kwelinye icala, awungekhe ulibale kula maxesha ukuba ukuqinisekiswa kweNcwadi yeSazisi sikaZwelonke kuya kukunceda uphume ngaphezulu kwengxaki enye kubomi bakho bemihla ngemihla. Oko kukuthi, phantse yonke into kwaye yiyo loo nto kubaluleke kakhulu ukwenza lo msebenzi kulawulo lolawulo. Kodwa ukuba nje yenziwa phantsi kokuzithemba okupheleleyo ukusukela ukuba bekungekho ngale ndlela, ubuya kuba nengxaki kuyo qinisekisa ngokuchanekileyo isazisi sakho. Kuba ayifani ukwenza isiqinisekiso kukwenza ikopi yolu xwebhu.

Ayothusi into yokuba iifotokopi zeSazisi sikaZwelonke azifani. Ziinkqubo ezahlukeneyo ngokupheleleyo kwaye baya kukumangalela kwiimeko ezahlukeneyo ngokupheleleyo. Ukuya kwinqanaba lokuba unokudala ngaphezulu kwesiphithiphithi esiya kuthi sikhokelele ekubeni ungathathi manyathelo afanelekileyo kwimeko nganye. Le yinto ekufuneka uyenzile ukuze ekugqibeleni ukwazi ukwenza zonke iinkqubo ngendlela echanekileyo, efanelekileyo nenengqiqo. Oko kukuthi, emva kwayo yonke loo nto, yintoni ebandakanyekayo kwezi meko. Ngaphezulu kokuthathelwa ingqalelo kobuchwephesha okungaphezulu okanye okuncinci kwaye oko kuya kusingathwa kwamanye amanqaku athile kwimfuno yamaxwebhu.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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