Uxhomekeke oziqeshileyo, ngaba kusemthethweni?

Uxhomekeke oziqeshileyo, ngaba kusemthethweni?

Ngokuqinisekileyo ngaphezu kwesihlandlo esinye uye wabona ukunikezelwa kwemisebenzi apho eyona mfuneko iphambili yayikukuzisebenzela. Mhlawumbi kudliwano-ndlebe bakucele ukuba uziqeshe ukuze uqalise ukusebenza enkampanini. Kodwa Kwezi meko ubuya kuxhomekeka kukuzisebenza, ngaba kusemthethweni oko? Ngaba kuvumelekile ukuba uzisebenze kwaye usebenze ngokungathi ungumsebenzi enkampanini?

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba semthethweni kwalo mzobo, ubuhle kunye nokubi kunye nezinye iinkcukacha ezibalulekileyo, nikela ingqalelo kwizinto esiziqulunqileyo. Ngaba siya kuqala?

Yintoni umntu ozisebenzelayo oxhomekeke kuye?

umfazi ozimeleyo

Ngokutsho kwe UMphathiswa wezabaSebenzi kunye nokuFudukela, uMthetho wama-20/2007, kuMthetho wokuziQeqesha, kukho i inani elibizwa ngokuba ngumsebenzi oziqeshileyo ngokwezoqoqosho. Yaye ikuchaza njengomntu ozimeleyo owenza umsebenzi wakhe kwinkampani okanye kumxhasi ekuxhomekeke kuye i-75% yomvuzo wabo.

Ngamanye amazwi, kubantu abazisebenzelayo, umxhasi abamsebenzelayo ngoyena ubalulekileyo kuba nguye obanika i-75% yengeniso yabo yenyanga.

Ngokusekelwe kule nkcazo, sinokufumana iimpawu ezicacileyo malunga nomntu oxhomekeke ekuqeshweni:

  • Ine a umxhasi ophambili onegalelo lama-75% engeniso yakhe. Oku akuthethi ukuba akanabo abanye abathengi.
  • Ubudlelwane bakho naloo mthengi buphantsi kwesivumelwano sengqesho apho umvuzo, ikhefu lomsebenzi (ngenxa yokuba zinekhefu neentsuku zokuphumla), ubude bexesha lekhontrakthi, imbuyekezo yokungathotyelwa kwayo kufuneka ibonakaliswe...
  • Nguye ukuzimela ogqiba ukuba ihlelwe njani, hayi umxhasi. Oko kukuthi, akufuneki usebenze iishifti efanayo nomsebenzi oqhelekileyo.

Uxhomekeke oziqeshileyo vs oziqeshileyo ngobuxoki

Xa sithetha ngokuzisebenzela ngokuxhomekeke kuwe, akunakuphepheka ukucinga ngabaziqeshileyo bobuxoki. Oko kukuthi, abo basebenzi bekufanele ukuba baqeshwe yinkampani kodwa ngabo abathatha zonke iindleko kwaye abanawo nawaphi na amalungelo omsebenzi.

El umntu oziqeshileyo ongeyonyani kufuneka asebenze ngokweshedyuli yomxhasi kwaye ngokomvuzo, kodwa ngaphandle kokuba umntu ozisebenzelayo akwazi ukufuna ukuphumla, iiholide, umvuzo othe chatha, njl.

Ngaba inani labantu abaxhomekeke kuwe abaziqeshileyo ngokwasemthethweni?

umfazi ucinga ngencwadana

Ngayo yonke into esiyibonileyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku unokufumana umbono wempendulo kumbuzo oqale inqaku. Umntu oxhomekeke kuye oziqeshileyo usemthethweni. Ibandakanyiwe kumthetho kwaye ingumzobo owamkelwayo ukuba nje iimfuno eziza kuqwalaselwa zifezekisiwe.

Ngoku, Iinkampani ezininzi zisebenzisa eli nani ukunqanda iindleko zokuqesha umsebenzi, kwaye bakhetha i-freelancer engabahlawulisi kwanto. Ingxaki kukuba kukho umgca ocacileyo phakathi kokuxhomekeka ekuziqeshweni kunye nokuzisebenzela ngobuxoki. Kwaye amaxesha amaninzi inqumla indawo yokuba nabasebenzi abazisebenzelayo basebenze ngokungathi bangabasebenzi, kodwa ngaphandle kokubahlawula okanye ukubanika iiholide, intlawulo eyongezelelweyo, ukukhubazeka kwexeshana...

Ifomu kunye nomxholo wekhontrakthi exhomekeke ekuziqesheleni

Njengoko besinixelele ngaphambili, umntu oxhomekeke kuye oziqeshileyo ufuna ikontrakthi esayiniweyo nenkampani ukuze akwazi ukwenza umsebenzi ngolo hlobo.

Kukho inani le amacandelo abalulekileyo kule khontrakthi, ngaphaya kokuchongwa kwamaqela kunye nenjongo olugqitywe ngayo olo xwebhu. Umzekelo:

  • Yazi xa iiholide, iiholide zeveki kunye neeholide ziya kuba.
  • Yazi ubude bexesha losuku. Lumka, kuba akukho malunga nokuseka ishedyuli, kodwa kunokuba ingakanani i-freelancer eya kumsebenzela loo mxumi, kodwa kunye ne-freelancer ehleliweyo.
  • Ukuba imeko yokuxhomekeka kwezoqoqosho irekhodwa. Ukongezelela, isibhengezo sokuthotyelwa kwazo zonke iimfuno zomthetho kufuneka zongezwe (ngokweRoyal Decree 197/2009).

Amalungelo abantu abaxhomekeke kubo abaziqeshileyo

Kukho umahluko omkhulu phakathi komntu oziqeshileyo kunye nomntu oziqeshileyo wobuxoki. Kodwa nabaxhomekeke baziqeshileyo. Kwaye ezi zine a uluhlu lwamalungelo ekufuneka inkampani iwanelise. Yeyiphi? Ezilandelayo:

  • Yiba nekhontrakthi ebhaliweyo ebhaliswe kwiNkonzo yezeNgqesho kaRhulumente.
  • Yiba ubuncinane neentsuku zokusebenza ezili-18 zokuphumla ngonyaka.
  • Ukuba kubuyekezwe umonakalo ukuba ikhontrakthi yophulwe ngokungafanelekanga.
  • Khetha abameli bakho phambi kwenkampani.
  • Ukufikelela kulawulo loluntu.
  • Ukutyikitya izivumelwano zomdla wobuchule.

Iinzuzo kunye neengozi zokuxhomekeka ekubeni uziqeshe

umfazi kunye nelaptop

Kucacile ukuba umzobo womntu oxhomekeke kuye oziqeshileyo uneengenelo ezithile ezongezelelekileyo angenazo umntu ozisebenzelayo, ezinje ngokuba nekhefu (ekumele ukuba lihlawulwe) ukuze abuyekezwe ukuba kukho ukungathobeli. yinkampani. Kodwa, Ngaba uye wema wacinga ukuba kungcono ukuzisebenza okanye ukuxhomekeka ekubeni uzisebenze?

Izinto eziluncedo xa uxhomekeke ekubeni uzisebenzele

Masiqale ngezinto eziluncedo zokuba ngumntu oxhomekeke oziqeshileyo. Enye yezona ziphambili yi uzinzo kuqoqosho. Inyani yokuba nomxhasi osele esinika i-75% yengeniso njengento ezinzileyo isinika ukhuseleko kunye noxolo lwengqondo.

Enye into ebalulekileyo yileyo usebenza kancinci. Ngokufumana lo mxhasi, ukukhangela ingeniso entsha okanye ngaphezulu ngamanye amaxesha akuyimfuneko njengakwamanye ama-freelancers, okuthetha ukuba akufuneki bachithe ixesha elininzi bekhangela ezintsha, ukuthetha-thethana, ukulawula iiprojekthi ezahlukeneyo, njl.

La ubudlelwane nalo mxhasi busondele, kwaye oko kunokunceda ukuphuhlisa ubudlelwane obuqinileyo kunye obuhlala buhleli, obuguqulela ekubeni ube noxolo lwengqondo ngakumbi ngenxa yokuba unozinzo (into engelula ukuyifezekisa kubantu abaqeshwe ngokuzimeleyo).

Iingxaki

Ububi bokuqala bomntu oxhomekeke kuye oziqeshileyo, ngokuchanekileyo, olo xhomekeko onalo kumxhasi. Ukuba i-75% yomvuzo wakho wenyanga ixhomekeke kumxhasi omnye ngumngcipheko ophezulu ngokufanelekileyo kuba, ukuba lo mxhasi uyawa, ekugqibeleni awukwazi ukuphila nge-25% kuphela yeshishini, kwaye ude ufumane abathengi abatsha unokuba nexesha elibi. .

Enye ingozi ebalulekileyo ekufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo yi ukhuseleko lwabasebenzi oluncinci. Ewe, kuyinyaniso ukuba banamalungelo athile, kodwa akufani nomsebenzi oqeshiweyo. Nangona abaninzi benza umsebenzi ofanayo nezi.

Njengabantu abazisebenzelayo, kufuneka banakekele ukuhlawula kwabo, iirhafu, i-inshurensi yentlalontle ... njengomntu oqhelekileyo oziqeshileyo, oko kuthetha ukuba kufuneka babe nolawulo olwaneleyo okanye ulwazi lokulawula le miba ngokufanelekileyo (okanye bajongene neentlawulo). ).

Okokugqibela, kwaye nangona siye sagxininisa ukuba umntu oxhomekeke ozisebenzelayo nguye oququzelela usuku lwakhe kunye nendlela yokusebenza, inyaniso kukuba abathengi ngabona badla ngokumisela iiyure apho loo mntu kufuneka asebenze kwaye njani. kufuneka asebenze. Ukongeza, ukwimeko embi kumxhasi kuba, usazi ukuba ngowona mthombo wakho wengeniso, uthethathethwano luhlala lujonge kwicala lakho.


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