Ikhefu lokudakumba: yintoni, iimfuno, indlela yokufaka isicelo

Iphantsi koxinzelelo ukuba yintoni, iimfuno, indlela yokufaka isicelo

Ngaba kunzima kuwe ukuya emsebenzini? Xa useofisini usoloko ukwimood embi? Ngaba utsiba ilize? Ngaba umphathi wakho wenza ukuba ube nomsindo xa ekufowunela okanye ekuthumelela imiyalezo? Ngaba iimpawu zokudakumba emsebenzini, kwaye ngaphambi kokuba le nto ingcono kakhulu kukucela ikhefu lokudakumba.

Kodwa yintoni olu hlobo oluphantsi? Unokubuza njani? Ihlala ixesha elingakanani? Ukuba unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi ngalo mbandela, ngoko silungiselele isikhokelo sokuba uqonde yonke into enxulumene neli khefu lokugula. Ngaba siza kuqala?

Yintoni ikhefu lokudakumba?

Ikhefu ngenxa yokudakumba kukungakwazi komsebenzi ukuqhubeka nesikhundla sakhe ngenxa yesi sigulo sengqondo. Ukudakumba ngokwasengqondweni kwenza loo mntu angakwazi ukwenza umsebenzi wesikhundla sakhe kwaye athathe naluphi na uxanduva.

Ngokutsho kwe-WHO (World Health Organization), ukudandatheka ngoyena nobangela wokukhubazeka kwiingcali ezininzi yaye yiyo loo nto namhlanje sithetha ngako.

Iimpawu zoxinzelelo

indawo yokusebenza enoxinzelelo

Zininzi iimpawu ezinokubangela ukudakumba. Kodwa ezona zixhaphakileyo zichaphazela abasebenzi zezi zilandelayo:

  • Uxinzelelo.
  • Ixhala
  • Iingxaki zomsebenzi: iingxabano nabalingane, ukulwa phakathi kwabaphathi, iingxaki zokuqhuba umsebenzi, njl.
  • Iingxaki zomntu.

Ngokuqhelekileyo, umntu onodandatheko uyayitshintsha indlela avakalelwa ngayo abe lusizi, acaphuke aze aphelelwe ngumdla kwizinto. Ukwanayo nengxaki yokugxila, ukungazithembi nokuba netyala ngokugqithiseleyo.

Ngubani onokushiya ngenxa yokudakumba

Kwimeko apho uthwaxwa zezo mpawu sikuxelele ngazo, okanye uvakalelwa kukuba kuya kusiba nzima ukuba uye emsebenzini kwaye awunaxesha limnandi apho, into yokuqala omawuyenze kukucela ikhefu. .

Oku kufuneka kuvunywe kwaye kuvunywe ngugqirha. Ngokukodwa, inokuba ngugqirha (okanye ugqirha wosapho) okanye yingcali yempilo yengqondo.

Kufuneka uyazi ukuba ilahleko ngenxa yokudakumba isenokungabonakali ngolu hlobo. Enyanisweni, kwinkampani akufuneki ukuba bazi izizathu, kuphela ugqirha, ehlala efihliweyo ukuphepha "oko baya kuthi" phakathi kwabasebenzi kunye nabaqeshi.

Ihlala ixesha elingakanani

Enye ingongoma ekufuneka uyigcine engqondweni kukuba ungaphuma ixesha elingakanani uphumile ngenxa yokudakumba. Ngaloo ndlela, i-low ingahlala iinyanga ezili-12. Nangona kunjalo, Ukuba ugqirha ucinga ukuba kukho izizathu ezivakalayo zokwandisa eli khefu, linokwandiswa kwezinye iinyanga ezi-6.

Kwimeko yokuba nasemva kweenyanga ezili-18 awukalulami, kuya kufuneka uye kwiNkundla yezoNyango, engumzimba onokuqinisekisa ukukhubazeka okusisigxina. Oku kuya kuba nezidanga ezahlukeneyo kwaye kuya kuthetha isifo esinganyangekiyo nesikhubazayo.

Ulicela njani ikhefu lokugula ngenxa yokudakumba

Abantu bayaxambulisana emsebenzini

Ukufaka isicelo sekhefu lokudakumba kulula ukwenza. Yiya nje kwagqirha ubuze. Oku kuya kuvavanya indlu yakho kwaye kuthathe isigqibo sokuba uyayifuna ngokwenene na okanye hayi. Into eqhelekileyo kukuba bakunika ikhefu leentsuku ezintathu lelomzuzwana Kwaye ukuba emva kwelo xesha awukho kwimeko yokubuyela emsebenzini, ikhefu ngenxa yokudakumba liyaqala.

Ngoku, Ukwenza oku, kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba:

  • Loo mntu ubhaliswe kuKhuseleko lweNtlalo. Ukuba uziqeshile, kuya kufuneka ube nolwazi malunga nokuhlawulwa kwemirhumo.
  • Ngokubhekiselele kwiimeko eziqhelekileyo, Kufuneka ube negalelo kuKhuseleko lweNtlalo ubuncinane iintsuku ze-180 kwiminyaka yamuva.
  • Ukuba konke oku kuzalisekile, akuyi kubakho ngxaki ekuqhubeni ukurhoxiswa.

Nje ukuba ugqirha akunike ikhefu, into yokuqala ekufuneka uyenzile kukwazisa inkampani kwaye uthumele, okanye uthathe, amaxwebhu ugqirha aya kube ekunike wona ukuze ukwazi ukunxibelelana oku kwiZiko leSizwe loKhuseleko lweNtlalo kwaye uqhoboshele iingxelo zonyango.

Ngalo lonke ixesha lekhefu, kuya kubakho iingxelo zonyango ekufuneka zithunyelwe kwinkampani.

Yimalini ehlawuliswa ikhefu lokudakumba

Amagqabi ngenxa yokudakumba anexabiso elifanayo njengakwezinye iimeko zokukhubazeka okwexeshana. Oko kukuthi:

  • Iintsuku ezintathu zokuqala (ikhefu lethutyana) azinakubizwa konke konke.
  • Ukususela ngomhla we-4 ukuya kwi-20, i-60% yesiseko sokulawula (oko kukuthi, ezongezelelweyo, iibhonasi kunye nabanye abangeni apha).
  • Ukusukela kwi-21st, i-75%.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ikhefu libangelwa iimeko ezinokuthi zenzeke kwaye zinikwe yi-mutual, i-75% ihlawuliswa ukususela ngosuku lwekhefu.

Ngubani ohlawula isibonelelo?

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi, Ngokuqhelekileyo, inkampani oyisebenzelayo ihlawula inzuzo yokukhubazeka kwexeshana ukusuka kwi-4 ukuya kwi-15.. Kodwa ukusuka kwi-16 yi-mutual, okanye i-Social Security eyinyamekelayo.

Izinto ongenakho ukuzenza xa ukwikhefu ngenxa yokudakumba

Umntu onoxinzelelo lomsebenzi

Xa umntu ecela ikhefu ngenxa yokudakumba, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukucinga ukuba abanakuphila ubomi obuqhelekileyo. Kodwa oko akuthethi ukuba awunakwenza nto.

Ngokubanzi, umsebenzi okwikhefu lokugula ngenxa yokudakumba akakwazi:

  • Phendula iminxeba, imiyalezo, ii-imeyile... eziye zanento yokwenza nenkampani. Ngamanye amazwi, ubudlelwane nenkampani buqhawulwe kuba oku kunokuba ngunobangela wokurhoxiswa. Ukuba akunjalo, unokuqhubeka nokugcina ikhonkco, kodwa ngaphandle kokusebenza.
  • Kananjalo akanakuqalisa omnye umsebenzi wezoqoqosho. Ngamanye amazwi, ukuba sekhefini akuthethi ukuba unokusebenza kwenye indawo okanye usete eyakho inkampani.
  • Ziveze kwinkcaso yoluntu. Abantu abasekhefini ngenxa yokudakumba abanako ukuya kwezi.

Ngoku, yintoni enokwenziwa? Ngekhefu lokudakumba unako:

Ukuphuma ukuya kudlala imidlalo, kuba i-WHO ngokwayo iye yacacisa ukuba ukuzivocavoca kunceda ukunciphisa iimpawu zokudakumba kunye nokuxhalaba.

  • Thatha iimvavanyo, okoko nje kukho ingxelo yezonyango exhasa ukuba ungayenza.
  • Ukuhamba, ngokude nje kukho ingxelo yezonyango exhasayo.
  • Ukuhlala nabahlobo. Kwakhona, okoko nje kukho ingxelo yezonyango.

Njengoko ubona, ukulahleka kokudakumba akwaziwa kakuhle, kwaye kunjalo inokunceda abasebenzi abaninzi ukuba baphumle, bafumane utshintsho lwendawo kwaye, ngaphezu kwako konke, baphucule imimoya yabo. Ngaba ukhe wacinga ngokucela olu hlobo lwekhefu? Ubusazi ukuba ikhona?


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