Yazi zonke iintlobo zokugxothwa ezikhoyo eSpain

Iintlobo zokugxothwa

Ikhontrakthi yengqesho ayisoloko iluxwebhu oluqinisekisa isikhundla sakho. Kukho amaxesha apho awukwazi ukunyamezela, okanye xa ungaziqhelani neso sikhundla kwaye kukho ukugxothwa. Kodwa, Zeziphi iintlobo zokugxothwa ezikhoyo eSpain?

Ukuba ufuna ukuzazi kwaye wazi ukuba zithini na kwaye zithetha ntoni na nganye yazo, siya kukucacisela ngezantsi.

Iintlobo zokugxothwa

Ukuba unesivumelwano sengqesho nenkampani okanye umqeshi, kufuneka wazi ukuba olu ayiloxwebhu oluqinisekisa ukuba uya kusebenza ngonaphakade. Enyanisweni, kunokubakho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zokugxothwa, njengale:

  • Ukugxothwa koluleko: Olu hlobo lokugxothwa luthetha ukuba umsebenzi wenze isiphoso esithile esimenza afanelwe kukugxothwa nokuba umqeshi uluphelisa ngoko nangoko ulwalamano lwengqesho olubamanyanisayo. Ezinye zeziphoso ezinokuthi zibandakanye ukusebenzisa olu hlobo inokuba kukungahambi emsebenzini, ukuxhatshazwa (naluphi na uhlobo), ubusela, ubundlobongela, ukungathobeli umsebenzi wakho okanye imigaqo ebekwe yinkampani, njl.
  • Ukugxothwa kwenjongo: Mhlawumbi yenye yezona zinto zintsonkothileyo ukuqondwa. Kodwa ukuba sikuxelela ukuba ukungabikho kokusebenza, ukungabikho kokulungelelanisa, utshintsho lobugcisa kwindawo yokusebenzela, umsebenzi oncitshisiweyo, njl. unokuyiqonda ngcono. Ngamanye amazwi, injongo kukubonisa ukuba unobangela unokumiselwa ngumsebenzi okanye ziimeko zenkampani.
  • Ingqokelela: Inikezelwa ngokuhlengahlengiswa kwabasebenzi okanye ukuncitshiswa kwabasebenzi ngenxa yezoqoqosho, ubugcisa, umbutho okanye izizathu zemveliso.
  • Ukugxothwa ngenxa yezizathu zangaphandle kwinkampani: Kwenzeka xa isizathu esingaphaya kolawulo lwenkampani, esifana nomlilo okanye isikhukhula, senza ukuba kube nzima ukuqhubeka nekhontrakthi yengqesho.
  • Ukugxothwa ngokuzithandela: Kwenzeka xa umsebenzi egqiba kwelokuba aphelise isivumelwano sakhe sengqesho nenkampani ngokuthanda kwakhe.

Nangona phantse kuzo zonke iimpapasho onokuzibona kwi-Intanethi zikhankanya iintlobo ezintathu zokuqala zokugxothwa, akufanele ilibaleke ukuba ezinye ezimbini zinokwenzeka kwaye zisagxothwa.

Siza kuzihlolisisa ngezantsi.

Ukugxothwa koluleko

indoda ilele emsebenzini

Siqala ngokugxothwa koluleko, oko kukuthi, le yenzeka xa injalo inkampani ephelisa isivumelwano ngenxa yokuba kukho impazamo kwicala lomsebenzi. Ngamanye amazwi, umqeshi akasamthembi umsebenzi.

NgokoMthetho waBasebenzi, uthotho lweendlela zokuziphatha ezigqalwa njengezenzo zolwaphulo-mthetho ezinzulu ziyamiselwa, ezinje:

  • Ukuxhatshazwa emsebenzini (nangona apha singakwazi ukuthetha ngokuziphatha, ngokwesondo okanye ukuxhatshazwa ngokwasengqondweni).
  • Ukusela utywala okanye ukusebenzisa iziyobisi, ngakumbi emsebenzini. Kodwa isenokuba imeko yokuba eze emsebenzini ekweso sikhundla, ngoko ke unokugxothwa ngenxa yeso sizathu.
  • Ubundlobongela.
  • Ukubiwa kwezinto zenkampani.
  • Ukungazalisekisi izibophelelo zakho zomsebenzi.

Ngoku, awukwazi ukuthi ndlela-ntle ngolo hlobo, kodwa Ezinye iimfuno ezisemthethweni kufuneka zifezekiswe. Eyokuqala kuzo zonke kukuvula ifayile yoluleko, kwaye uxelele umntu, ukuze akwazi ukulungisa ukuziphatha kwakhe kwaye ngaloo ndlela aphephe ukugxothwa. Kwimeko apho ungayithobeli, okanye uhlale unjalo, inkampani Unokwazisa umsebenzi, ngeleta yokugxothwa, ngezizathu zokuba wenze eso sigqibo.

Kanjalo, Umsebenzi usenokucinga ukuba oko akuthetheleleki, kwaye kungaphakathi kwamalungelo abo, akwazi ukuya enkundleni ukucela umngeni ngokugxothwa. (kunye nokubanga imbuyekezo xa kuqwalaselwa ukugxothwa kwabo njengokungafanelekanga).

ukugxothwa ngenjongo

Kwimeko yokugxothwa kwenjongo, njengoko sesichazile, kwenzeka xa kukho isizathu esinenjongo, mhlawumbi ngenxa yokuba umsebenzi akafanelanga isikhundla, okanye ngenxa yeengxaki kwinkampani. Ezi zivumela ubudlelwane bezengqesho ukuba buqhubeke, betyhola olu hlobo lokugxothwa.

Kwakhona, ngokoMthetho waBasebenzi, ezi zizathu zingaba:

  • Oonobangela bezoqoqosho:  oko kukuthi, kutyholwa ukuba kukho ilahleko okanye ukuncipha komsebenzi, oko kuthetha ukuba umsebenzi akayimfuneko.
  • Oonobangela bobugcisa: Kwimeko apho kukho utshintsho kwiindlela zokuvelisa kwaye, ngoko ke, umsebenzi uphelelwa lixesha.
  • Izizathu zombutho: Xa kukho utshintsho kwintlangano yenkampani ethetha ukuhlengahlengiswa kwemisebenzi.
  • Izinto ezibangela imveliso: Ngokuqhelekileyo ngenxa yemfuno yemarike, echaphazela ukuhla komsebenzi wenkampani.

Njengokugxothwa koluleko, nakwinjongo kufuneka ulandele inkqubo. Ukwenza oku, inkampani inesibophelelo sokwazisa umsebenzi ngesigqibo sokuphelisa isivumelwano ngokungenanjongo, ngokubhaliweyo kwaye ubuncinane iintsuku ezili-15 kwangaphambili. Imbuyekezo iya kuba ziintsuku ezingama-20 ngonyaka kusetyenzwe, kunye nobuninzi beentlawulo zenyanga ezili-12.

Ukugxothwa ngokudibeneyo

ukugxothwa ngokubambisana

Olunye uhlobo lokugxothwa onokulufumana kukugxothwa ngokubambisana, okwabizwa ngokuba yifayile yommiselo wengqesho (ERE). Kwenzeka xa inkampani ithatha isigqibo sokuziphelisa iikhontrakthi zengqesho ngaxeshanye nokuchaphazela inani elikhulu labasebenzi. Koko kukuthi, Ayingomsebenzi omnye kuphela, kodwa inani elibalulekileyo labasebenzi bakho.

Kule meko, ngaphambi kokuba iqhutywe, kuyimfuneko ukuba nentlanganiso kunye nabameli babasebenzi ukuze bakwazi ukuxoxisana nesicwangciso sokuhambelana nentlalontle esibandakanya imilinganiselo efana nokufuduka, ukuqeqeshwa, umhlala-phantsi kwangaphambili okanye ukuhlawulwa kwentlawulo yokuyeka. Kunye nesi sicelo sentlanganiso, ileta ithunyelwa kwiCandelo loLawulo Jikelele lezaBasebenzi okanye kugunyaziwe wezabasebenzi wommandla ohambelana nawo. Isicelo apho izizathu zokuba ufuna ukuqhubeka nokugxothwa ngokuhlangeneyo ziyathetheleleka. Emva kokuyinikezela, ixesha lokubonisana nabameli babasebenzi liyavulwa, kwaye kwenziwa iinzame zokufikelela kwisivumelwano kuyo yomibini imilinganiselo kunye nembuyekezo yabasebenzi.

Ukuba akukho sivumelwano, inokuba ligunya lezabasebenzi elinobuchule eligunyazisayo, okanye hayi, ukugxothwa, ukumisela amanyathelo.

Ukugxothwa ngenxa yezizathu ezingaphandle kwenkampani

Ukugxothwa ngenxa yezizathu zangaphandle kwinkampani, ebizwa ngokuba kukugxothwa ngenxa ye-force majeure, ilawulwa kwinqaku le-51 loMthetho waBasebenzi. Kwenzeka xa imeko engaphaya kolawulo lwenkampani yenza kube nzima ukuqhubeka nekhontrakthi yengqesho, ngaphandle kwalo naluphi na uxanduva kwicala lomqeshi. Sithetha, umzekelo, ngomlilo oye washiya iiofisi ezingasetyenziswanga, inyikima, umkhukula, njl.

Inkampani kufuneka yazise umqeshwa ngokugxothwa kwangoko, kuba yimeko ethintela ukuqhubeka kwesivumelwano sengqesho. Noko ke, kunyanzelekile ukuba kunikwe omnye umsebenzi ukuba kukho izithuba, mhlawumbi kweso sixeko okanye kwezinye apho umsebenzi anokukhetha khona. Kwicala lakhe, umsebenzi unokucela ukuqokelela ukungaqeshwa (ukuba unelungelo lokuyifumana).

ukugxothwa ngokuzithandela

umntu otyikitya isaziso sokugxothwa

Ukugxothwa ngokuzithandela, okwakwaziwa njengokurhoxa okanye ukurhoxa, zezo meko apho ngumsebenzi ophelisa ubudlelwane bakhe bengqesho nenkampani ngokuthanda kwakhe. Koko kukuthi, umsebenzi usenokugqiba kwelokuba awuyeke umsebenzi wakhe ngaphandle kokubonisa ukuba kukho isizathu esibambekayo sokwenjenjalo.

Ukuze enze oku, umsebenzi ufanele abhale phantsi anxibelelane nomphathi wakhe okanye umalathisi wenkampani ngomnqweno wakhe wokuyeka umsebenzi. Kakade ke, kufuneka uyenze kwiintsuku ezili-15 kwangaphambili (ngaphezulu ukuba isekwe ngesivumelwano esihlangeneyo). Ebudeni belo xesha kufuneka afumaneke ukuze afundise umntu obambeleyo okanye ashiye yonke imisebenzi yesikhundla sakhe ecacisiweyo.

Ngoku ufanele ukwazi oko Ukuba wenza njalo, awunalo ilungelo lokufumana imbuyekezo kwinkampani, ngaphandle kokuba bekuvunyelwene ngaphambili kwikhontrakthi okanye kwisivumelwano esihlangeneyo.. Ukongeza, awuyi kuba nelungelo lokufumana izibonelelo zokungaphangeli, ngaphandle kwakwiimeko ezikhethekileyo apho kuqwalaselwa ukuba ukurhoxa kuye kwenzeka ngenxa yezizathu ezivakalayo.

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