Iimarike zesitokhwe ezikhulayo, ngaba lixesha lokutyala imali?

Iimarike ezisakhulayo njengenketho yotyalo mali

Iimarike zamasheya ezihlumayo yenye yeendlela onokuthi utyale ngazo kwaye uzenze zinenzuzo ngeyona mbuyekezo iphezulu kwimisebenzi oza kuyenza. Ezi ziindlela ezinobungozi obuphezulu ukuba kuphela iprofayili ekhethekileyo yabatyalomali abanokuxhasa ngeli xesha. Ngaba ityala lakho? Hayi ngelize, i umngcipheko isivumelwano sakho siphezulu ngokugqithileyo, ngaphezulu kwezo ziveliswe kwezinye iimarike zesitokhwe, nangona mzuzu bephinda beqala ukuya phezulu baya kuba ngabona baya kunika abagcini bonwabiso olukhulu.

Kuyangqinwa, njengoko kwiinyanga nje ezidlulileyo amaxabiso abo ahambile phantsi kwethamo elikhulu lokuhla kwamaxabiso abo, kunye ilawulwa kukungazinzi okugqithisileyo kunqabile kwiimarike zasekhaya. Bambalwa abathengisi abanobuganga bokuthatha isikhundla kwizitokhwe ezikhulayo zentengiso ngenxa yezi zizathu. Inzuzo inokunyuka, iyinyani, kodwa ilahleko azikho kude kubugqwirha babo.

Zithini iimarike ezisakhulayo?

IBrazil yenye yeemarike ezikhulayo apho ungasebenza khona

Ukusukela ekuqaleni, into yokuqala ekufuneka yenziwe kukuchonga iimarike ezisakhulayo, ebezinemfashini kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo, kwaye ngenxa yezizathu ezahlukeneyo. Ekuqaleni zinxulunyaniswa namazwe athile anobunzima obukhulu kuqoqosho lwehlabathi. Zibizwa ngokuba zii-BRICS, ezibandakanya iBrazil, iRussia, i-India, i-China kunye noMzantsi Afrika. Nangona into yokuqala iqatshelweyo kubo, kukuba abalingani kakhulu ngokubhekisele kumandla ohlaziyo abalubonisayo kwiimarike zezabelo.

Kule nto kufuneka kongezwe olunye uqoqosho olusakhulayo olungeyonxalenye yeli qela lamazwe. Kwaye apho amazwe aphambili kuMazantsi mpuma eAsia afakiwe, kwaye nkqu nalawo akhethekileyo avela kwi-bloc yangaphambili yeSoviet. Ngaphandle kokulibala-ewe, iimakethi ezinje ngeArgentina, iTurkey okanye iMexico. Isithembiso abakunika sona, kwaye njengoko ubona, sibanzi kakhulu, kodwa ukwahluka, okunokukunceda ukuhambisa umnqweno wakho wotyalo-mali nangaliphi na ixesha.

Ukuvela kwamaxabiso abo kwiimarike zezemali kuyadubula. Xa imeko yayo ngokubanzi ikwi-bullish, uninzi lweesitokhwe lonyuka kakhulu, kwaye ngokuchaseneyo. Ukusuka apho ubunzima obukhulu bokusebenza nabo. Ewe ayingomsebenzi olula, kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo unokukuzisela ingxaki engaphezulu kwesinye ukuba ukhetha enye yeemarike zesitokhwe sayo.

Zininzi izinto ezahlukileyo phakathi kweemalike ezinkulu ezihlumayo. Ukusuka kwabo babeke imeko ezantsi yokuqina okukhulu, njengakwimeko yaseRussia. Abanye abonwabela izindululo zabona babameli babalulekileyo kwiimarike zezemali, kwaye zikhokelwa yi-India. Ukutyhutyha uthotho lwezindululo ezibonisa ubunyani obahlukeneyo, kwezoqoqosho lwabo, kunye nokuvela kweefices zabo zesizwe. Kukho yonke into, njengoko ezinye iingcali zikhankanya kweli candelo lezabelo.

Usebenza njani kwezi marike?

Ifanele ukuba njani imisebenzi yakho kwiimarike ezisakhulayo?

Ukuba kwiinyanga ezizayo kuyinjongo yakho ukuthatha isikhundla nakweyiphi na kuzo, awuzukukhetha kodwa ukuba ube nendebe elungileyo ye-linden. Iimvakalelo ezinamandla ziya kubonakala ukuqalela kwixesha lokungena kwabo kwiimarike zabo. Zezi izenzo zakho kufuneka zilawulwe kakhulu, kunye nokulinganiselwa okukhethekileyo ngokwemirhumo yemali yee-odolo zakho zokuthenga. Ngaphandle kwama-25% exabiso lilonke le-equity ekhoyo kule misebenzi.

Ujongene nale meko inzima, awuzukukhetha ngaphandle kokwenza ngononophelo olukhethekileyo, uzama ukukhusela ngeyona ndlela ibalaseleyo yonke intshukumo oyiphuhlisayo kwii-equity equities. Ukuzama, nangayiphi na imeko, ukuba ukhethe ngokukhethekileyo ukuxhomekeka kula mazwe aneengxowa ezibonakala kakuhle kwezobuchwephesha. Kwaye ukuba kunokuba njalo ngokumisela iodolo yokunciphisa ilahleko, kungcono kakhulu. Uya kuqinisekisa ukuba awulahli ndawo ibaluleke kakhulu kwimpahla yakho yobuqu okanye yosapho.

Ngokukwanjalo, kuya kufuneka uyincedise le misebenzi ngeemarike eziqhelekileyo, eziya kuthi okungenani zibonise uzinzo olukhulu kuguquko lwee-indices zazo. Ayizukuba sisiqalo esibi sokusondela kwezi marike zezemali. Nokuba ukuvela kwayo kuyaphucuka kwiiseshoni ezilandelayo, inokuba yinto ecacileyo yokuhambisa imali oyigcinileyo.

Enye into oya kuthi ngokuqinisekileyo uvavanye kukuba kufuneka ngokwenene uthathe isikhundla kwezi marike ziyingozi. Ukuba impendulo ithi kulungile, zixhobe ngenkalipho kuba ukuzola akuyi kulawula imisebenzi yakho. Ngaphezulu, Kuya kufuneka ujonge kubo kwixesha elifutshane. Kwaye ukuba ufumana ngokukhawuleza inzuzo enkulu, ayizukukhathaza ukuhlengahlengisa izikhundla ngokukhawuleza.

Banikezela ntoni aba bakhulayo?

Iimarike ezihlumayo, nokuba kunzima ngakumbi ukusebenza nazo, zikunika izibonelelo ezingafanelekanga ukuba zithatyathwe kancinci, ngakumbi ukuba ungumtyali mali oqhele ukusebenza nezinye zeemarike zazo zesitokhwe. Kwaye oko kungashwankathelwa kwezi zenzo zilandelayo sikubhengeza kweli nqaku:

  • Unokuthatha ithuba lokuqina kokuqina kwezicatshulwa zabo, kwaye oko kwenza nokuba ukhuseleko lwabo luthambekele ngakumbi ekwenzeni imisebenzi kwangolo suku, bavune ngokukhawuleza izibonelelo zabo ezinokubakho.
  • Babonisa iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zamashishini kunezo onokuzifumana ngalo mzuzu kutshintshiselwano lwesitokhwe sikazwelonke, ngakumbi kubuchwephesha obutsha kunye nezinto zokwenza imveliso.
  • Uninzi lweeshedyuli ukuba ezinye zeemarike zenze ukuba utyalomali lwakho lungaze luphumle, kuba unokuyiphucula intshukumo nasebusuku, ukuba le yiminqweno yakho.
  • Nangona kunjalo iikhomishini zayo zibanzi ngakumbi, unokuhlawulwa ngenxa yokonyuka kwezivuno zomsebenzi kwingeniso eguquguqukayo, nje ukuba iimarike ezikhethiweyo emva kwesigqibo sakho zincede.
  • Banesithembiso esinamandlaKuba okwangoku unokukhetha amazwe amaninzi ahlangabezana nezi mpawu, kwaye ikwimephu yehlabathi, eneemodeli zoqoqosho ezahlukileyo.
  • Bayakuvumela ukuba wenze enye ipotifoliyo yotyalo mali encedisa lonke igalelo kwiimarike zezemali, nokwenza ukuba ulondolozo lube nenzuzo ngeyona ndlela ichanekileyo.

Iingozi zokuqesha kwakho

Nangona konke, eyona nto icetyiswayo kukuba nawe ucamngce ngazo zonke iingxaki oko kuyakuveliswa ngokuthatha kwakho inxaxheba kwezi marike. Ngaphezulu kunokuba unokucinga kwangaphambili. Kwaye kuyo nayiphi na imeko, baya kukubangela ngaphezulu kunokoyikisa, okuchaphazela ibhalansi yeakhawunti yakho yangoku, kwaye mhlawumbi kwanempilo yakho.

Ukukhusela iiasethi zeeakhawunti zakho zobuqu- kwaye ukuba umnqweno kukutyala imali kwiimarike ezisakhulayo-awuyi kuba nayo enye indlela ebhetele yokwenza ukubeka ityala lakho ezandleni zengcali yemali. Akukho mntu ulunge ngaphezu kwale ngcali (egunyazisiweyo kumashishini ebhanki njengenkonzo eyongezelelweyo njengomthengi oyiyo), ukuthatha isigqibo sokuba kulungile na kuwe ukuba uye kwezi ntengiso zikhethekileyo. Ngokuqinisekileyo banempendulo eqinisekileyo kwiimfuno zakho.

Enye into eyahlukileyo ekufuneka uyiqwalasele yile Kuya kufuneka unikezele ngokubeka esweni kwezi marike, nzulu kakhulu, kwaye rhoqo kunye noqeqesho. Ngale ndlela kuphela apho uya kuba nakho ukuqala ukusebenza. Ewe kunjalo, ukubabukela phantse yonke imihla. Ukuba akunjalo, unokuba nengxaki engaphezulu kwesinye ekunzima ukuyilungisa.

Ukuba usenenkani kwindlela yakho yoqobo, kungacetyiswa ngokwenene ukuba jonga kwimijikelo yenkomo ukuqala ukuthatha izikhundla (thenga), kwaye unokukhulisa iintshukumo eziphantsi kolawulo kumaxabiso abo. Kwaye xa ubuthathaka obuncinci, shiya izikhundla, ukwenzela ukuba ukwehla kungabi nzulu ngale ndlela. Leyo iya kuba yinjongo yakho kwasekuqaleni.

Ziimarike zithande ukuhla kakhulu kuqoqosho, ukuze xa befika, iibhegi zabo zibonise ukuwa okubonakalayo, ngamanye amaxesha ngendlela enoburharha kwaye engenangqondo. Kwaye naphantsi kwazo naziphi na iimeko akufuneki ukuba usebenze ngokusesikweni ngexesha lokungazinzi okukhulu.

Ukuxhomekeka kwayo kwiimarike zemali kuya kusiba lula, Ukuvela kwabo ngamanye amaxesha bekudibene kakhulu, ukuya kuthi ga kwinqanaba langaphambili abanokubeka izikhokelo zezenzo zabo kwiimarike zamasheya.

Ezinye iingcebiso zokurhweba kwezi marike

Iingcebiso zokufumana ngakumbi kwezi marike

Ubunzima bokusebenza kwayo, kwelinye icala, kufuna inyathelo elikhethekileyo kwicala labatyali mali abancinci nabaphakathi. Ukubanceda baphuhlise ezi ntshukumo, sibapha uthotho lwezikhokelo zokuziphatha eziza kuluncedo ukusukela ngoku ukuya phambili.

  • Akufanele bajonge kuphela kwiimarike ezikhulayo, kodwa ngokuchaseneyo, olu khetho kufuneka luqwalaselwe kuphela njengenye indlela yotyalo-mali. Akukho nto yimbi, yigcine engqondweni ukusukela ngoku.
  • Kuya kufuneka ukhethe kakhulu ekusebenzeni yenziwa, nalapho iya khona kwiimarike. Kuba ayizizo zonke iimakethi ezihlumayo ezifanayo, kwaye kuyakuhlala kunamathuba amaninzi oshishino kwezinye kunakwamanye.
  • Ukuba awuyazi imakethi oza kuyityala kuyo yonke imali oyongele ubomi bakho, uyakwenza ngcono ukuyeka ukuthatha isikhundla, ukukhetha abanye oqhelene nabo ngakumbi.
  • Olunye uqoqosho lwazo lulawulwa ziiparameter zokungazinzi okunzulu, kwaye ngenxa yoko, akufanelekile ukubanika ithemba lakho xa uhambisa utyalomali.
  • Bacetyiswa ngakumbi kolunye uthotho lweemveliso zemali, mhlawumbi inobundlongondlongo ngakumbi, kodwa okungenani ineendlela ezaneleyo ezibanzi zokubenza ukuba babe nenzuzo ngexesha elifutshane. Nokuba ukudibanisa nezinye iiasethi zemali, njengakwimeko ethile yeemali zotyalo-mali.
  • Kwaye ekugqibeleni, kuvavanye ngokwenene ukuba ngaba kukulungele na ukuthatha umngcipheko ukuba ukusebenza kwabo kubandakanya, kuba emva kokucamngca nzulu unokufikelela kwisigqibo sokuba ayisiyonto ilungele umdla wakho.

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