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Ukuhlaziya

Igama elithi reflation livela kuqoqosho kunye nexabiso lentengo

Sisebenzele ukuva imiqathango yezoqoqosho njengokunyuka kwamaxabiso, ukunyuka kwamaxabiso, ukwehla, njl. Isizathu sokuba ingaqhelekanga kangako ukuva ukuhla kwezinto kungenxa yokuba yinto ebangelwa kwaye ibisetyenziswa kunqabile kakhulu. Ukuvalelwa kubangele imeko engentle kwiimarike athe uqoqosho lwazo lwasokola. Ukusuka apha, oorhulumente, ngoncedo lweebhanki eziphambili, baqala ukukhuthaza uqoqosho. Le nto yinto eyaziwa ngokuba yi-reflation.

Iziphumo zoqoqosho zokuphindaphindeka ziyahluka ngokweemeko ezikhokelele ekuphunyezweni kwayo. Ngesi sizathu, asizukuchaza nje ukuba imalunga nantoni, kodwa siza kuchaza nokuba kutheni isenziwa namhlanje kwaye yeyiphi umahluko enayo nexesha elidlulileyo. Ukuba unomdla wokwazi ifuthe elinalo, qhubeka ufunda!

Yintoni ukubuyisela kwakhona?

Ukuhla kwezoqoqosho kuzama ukukhupha imali eninzi evelisa ukunyuka kwamaxabiso ngokucacileyo ukoyisa ukudodobala koqoqosho

Ukuhlaziya imeko apho urhulumente, ngokusebenzisa inkuthazo yemali, ijolise ekwenzeni ukunyuka kwamaxabiso ukunqanda ukuya kwi-spiral inkcazo. Nangona ayisiyiyo eyona meko intle, kungcono ngakumbi ukuhla ngokubanzi kumaxabiso ngawo wonke umonakalo oza kubangela ezoqoqosho. Ukuphuma kwi-deflationary spiral kunzima, njengoko inzuzo ephantsi inyanzela iinkampani ukuba zizifumane zikwimeko ezinzima kakhulu. Ukongeza, kunzima ukuhambisa kwakhona uqoqosho ukuba lubuyele kwindlela yokukhula.

Kwelinye icala, Sinyuke amaxabiso, kwaye ekugqibeleni, ngenxa yoko, ukudodobala koqoqosho. Ukwehla kwamandla emali kulindeleke ukuba kube okwethutyana, nokuba kunyuka amaxabiso ngokubanzi, ukukhula kungaphinda kunyuke. Ngapha koko, igama elithi reflation yindibaniselwano yokwehla kwamandla emali kunye nexabiso lentengo.

IPalladium sisinyithi seqela leplatinam
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
IPalladium: Ixabiseke ngakumbi kunegolide

Ukuhlaziya namhlanje

Ukutshixwa ngenxa yengxaki yangoku kuzise oomatshini abaninzi bezoqoqosho. Emva koko, amashishini kwaye phantse lonke icandelo leenkonzo liyekile. Oko kuguqulelwe kwilahleko enkulu, ukunqongophala kwengeniso, kunye nenjongo ngokubanzi yokonga ngenxa yokoyika ingxaki. Izalathiso eziphambili kuwo onke amazwe zaphazamiseka, kwaye kwiintsuku ezimbalwa iimarike zentengiso zehla ngexabiso elingabonwanga ngaphambili.

Oorhulumente kwihlabathi liphela baqala ukujova kakhulu imali kuqoqosho lwabo, i-USA ikhokele, ngo-Epreli 2020 kuphela ebesele ene-3 trillion. Iinjongo zale reflation yayikukuxhasa ngemali amazwe ngokufumana iibhondi, ke onke awanyusa amatyala abo, kunye nokunceda abemi ukunqanda iziphumo. Phakathi kwezona zixhaphakileyo eSpain, ii-ERTEs, kwelinye icala, uncedo kubantu abagqibe ukungasebenzi kwabo phakathi kokuvalelwa, njl. Ilizwe ngalinye likwamkele amanyathelo ezemali. Umzekelo, i-France yehlise iirhafu ezininzi, okanye imeko yase-Jamani apho i-75% yengeniso ihlawulwe kumashishini ekufuneka evaliwe ngumthetho.

I-United States ikhuphe isixa esikhulu semali kwaye yaya kwi-reflation

Umfanekiso othathwe kwi Wikimedia Commons

Yonke le ntshukumo ikhokelele kwi- ukhuseleko olukhulu olubonwa ngabemi, Kwakukwahamba nomnqweno wokuqhubeka kwakhona "nobomi obuqhelekileyo", ukusetyenziswa kunye namaqhina entlalontle. Oku kuthetha ukuba indawo enkulu yabemi inakho gcina ngaphezulu kwesiqhelo, eyaqala ukubangela ukwanda kweemfuno zempahla ethile, njengearhente yokuthengisa izindlu nomhlaba. Ixabiso lezindlu liqale ukunyuka okuphakathi komndilili kuwo onke amazwe, nakwinani elikhulu lokuthengwa kumacandelo ahlukeneyo. Yintoni ekugqibeleni namhlanje amaxabiso ngokubanzi anyukile. Konke oku ngaphandle kokuthetha ngengxaki yamandla yangoku echaphazela uninzi lwamazwe.

wazi ukuba leliphi elona xesha lilungileyo lokutyala igolide
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ukutyala kwigolide ngokunxulumene nokunyuka kwamaxabiso kunye nonikezelo lwemali

Iminqweno malunga nokuhlaziya

Ithiyori yoqoqosho lwakudala iyayixhasa loo nto Ukunyuka kwamaxabiso yinto yemali. Ukwanda kobungakanani kunokuhanjiswa kwimveliso enkulu kunye / okanye kubonelelo lweempahla. Yonke le mali ininzi inokubakho okanye ayinakuya kwimveliso. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba imveliso ayiphuculwanga, iya kuguqulela kokukhudlwana ukunyuka kwamaxabiso, njengoko kukho ibango elikhulu kunesikhundla semveliso. Le ngongoma yayiyeyona nto yenzekileyo emva kwengxaki yezempilo. Ngenxa yokuvalwa ngenkani kwemizi-mveliso, kusekho ukulibaziseka ekuhanjisweni nasekufezekiseni iimfuno ezikhoyo.

Ngapha koko, luloyiko lokonyuka kwamaxabiso kwaye akukho mveliso zexesha elizayo leKrisimesi eliye lavelisa ibhotile. Olo loyiko lokuba iimfuno zexesha elizayo azinakho ukuhlangatyezwa lubuyisela umva kwiluphu esele kunzima ukuphuma kuyo.

Uloyiko lokunyuka kwamaxabiso kukuqhubela phambili ukuthengwa kunye nokudala uxinzelelo olonyukayo kumaxabiso

Yintoni esinokuyilindela?

Kwinqanaba lokonyusa imali ukunyusa uqoqosho kunye nokunyusa amaxabiso, imeko enokwenzeka yile Oorhulumente baqala ngokuthe ngcembe bayirhoxisa inkuthazo. Oku kulindeleke "ukuthintela". Ngale nto, amaxabiso enzala aya kuqala ukunyuka, ekwayimfuneko. Iikhonkwane amaxabiso asezantsi kakhulu njengale ikhoyo ngoku inamaxabiso anyukayo ayinampilo. Nangona kunjalo, abanakho ukurhoxiswa ngesiquphe, njengoko kungenzelwanga ukudala ingxaki yamatyala nokuba, kuba amacandelo amaninzi namazwe sele enamatyala amakhulu.

Kwiimeko eziye zatshintshwa kwaye zatshintshwa, kukho enye Ukunyuka kwamaxabiso kunokuba yinto yethutyana. Nje ukuba iibhotile zingabikho, yonke into iya kubuyela "esiqhelweni". Kwelinye icala, kukho amazwi ngakumbi nangakumbi esithi Ukunyuka kwamaxabiso kuye kwahlala, ubuncinci ixesha elide. IBridgewater, ingxowa mali yotyalo mali ekhokelwa nguRay Dalio, ithi eli shumi leminyaka alizukufana nango-2010 ngokwexabiso lentengo. Amanani akhoyo ngoku axhasa le ngcamango, efikelele kwixabiso lokunyuka kwamaxabiso e-USA nase-Yurophu awazange abonwe ukusukela ngo-2008. Omabini la maxesha aphathwe ngendlela efanayo, ingxaki yezindlu neyezempilo, ngokwandiswa kwamanani azamile ukunqanda ukudodobala koqoqosho. Kodwa apho ixesha lokuqala lokunyuka kwamaxabiso kulindeleke ukuba lingafiki naphi na ukuza kuvela, ngeli xesha livele ngendlela eqhelekileyo.

Ihlabathi alikho mgca, kwaye okwangoku zinokubakho ithiyori kunye nemeko. Ngayiphi na imeko, ngoku uyazi ukuba kuthetha ntoni ukuphinda ubuye, kwaye unokukuqonda ngcono okwenzekayo emhlabeni namhlanje.


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