Ngawaphi amaziko amandla oqoqosho?

amandla

Ewe kunjalo, ukuba uza kutyala imali oyigcinileyo kwiimarike ze-equity, awuzukukhetha kodwa ukwazi amaziko lawo aphawula amandla ezoqoqosho kwihlabathi. Apho bonke abatyali mali bajolise amehlo abo ukuze bazi ukuba kufuneka benze ntoni ngalo lonke ixesha. Ewe iindawo ezivulekileyo kwii-asethi eziyimali okanye, ngokuchaseneyo, rhoxisa izikhundla zazo kwiimarike zemali. Ngoncedo lokuba la maziko emali aya kukunika isikhokelo malunga nokwenza kwinto oyenzayo kwimarike yemasheya.

Amaziko amandla oqoqosho awaninzi, kodwa ewe abaluleke kakhulu. Ukuya kuthi ga kwinqanaba lokumisela ukuvela kweemarike zezemali, ngandlel 'ithile, njengoko kuye kwenzeka kwiminyaka yakutshanje. Ayothusi into yokuba inokuba sisixhobo esinamandla sokufumana imali kuyo yonke imisebenzi oza kuyivula ukusukela ngoku. Okanye ubuncinci njengokukhuselwa kotyalo mali. Kuba awungekhe ulibale ukuba baya kukunika ulwazi oluxabisekileyo malunga nemeko yokwenene yelizwe lemali.

Ukuya kumaziko okwenyani amandla ezoqoqosho kuya kufuneka uye kwiindawo ezibonakalisayo njenge IWashington, iFrankfurt okanye iVienna. Awunakulibala ukuba ezi dolophu ngamaziko emibutho yezoqoqosho ebaluleke kakhulu. Apho kuvela ezona zigqibo zichaphazelekayo ezichaphazela ukuthengisa. Ngamanye amaxesha kukhutshwa ii-oscillations ezinamandla ezinokufikelela kwi-5% kwaye zilungele ukwenza imisebenzi yorhwebo okanye kwiseshoni enye yokuthengisa.

Amaziko amandla: kwicala lotshintshiselwano

kowethu

Okwangoku ungazibuza ukuba akuphi la maziko ezoqoqosho ehlabathi. Ngokukodwa, ukuze ube nokubazi kakhulu ukuhambisa imisebenzi yakho kwimarike yemasheya. Zisasazwe kwijografi yamanye amazwe, nokuba ngamazwekazi aseMelika nawaseYurophu apho amelwe ikakhulu. Ngamaziko asezindabeni zamazwe aphambili ehlabathini. Akumangalisi ukuba, ngokuyinxalenye, bathathe isigqibo malunga nobomi bakho bemali. Ukuya kwindawo apho zonke iiarhente zoqoqosho Bayazazi izigqibo zabo.

Ewe, elinye lamaziko abaluleke kakhulu kumandla ezoqoqosho alithandabuzeki ukuba sisixeko saseJamani iFrankfurt. Ayothusi into yokuba likomkhulu lendawo esisigxina ye KwiBhanki ePhambili yeYurophu (ECB) engoyena uchaza imigaqo-nkqubo yemali kwindawo ye-euro kwaye usihlalo wayo ingu-Italiya u-Mario Draghi. Inayo kwaye iyaqhubeka inefuthe elikhulu kwimarike yemasheya. Ukuya kwinqanaba lokuba inokwenza ukuba iimarike zezemali ziwe okanye zinyuke nanini na. Kungenxa yoko le nto kungamangalisi ukuba sisixhobo onokusebenzisa imisebenzi yakho kwintengiso yemasheya.

IVienna, ikomkhulu leoyile

Kufuphi nekomkhulu lezemali laseJamani ikomkhulu laseAustria, iVienna. Ibilikomkhulu iminyaka emininzi Umbutho waMazwe aThumela iiPetroli (OPEC). Apho izicwangciso zale asethi ebalulekileyo yezemali zenziweyo. Apho inokufaka khona ixabiso leoyile ekrwada ngokusekwe kwizigqibo ezenziwe ngabavelisi bale asethi yezemali. Ewe, iimarike zokulingana nazo ziyazi kakuhle into eyenziwayo kwezi ntlanganiso ngamanye awona mazwe anamandla emhlabeni.

Kwelinye icala, nasiphi na isigqibo esenziwe ngamalungu aso sinciphisa imveliso yabo kwaye ke ixabiso leoyile lonyuka kwiimarike zemali. Nokuba kukwenza izigqibo zotyalo-mali kwioyile okanye ngokuchaseneyo ngokwexabiso elinxulunyaniswe nale nto ikrwada kwaye zidweliswe kwimarike yemasheya. Esi sisicwangciso esiliqili sokulinganisa ukuba izithonga zizakuya phi kwezi veki zizayo kwaye ngale ndlela yenze ulondolozo olusebenzayo kulondolozo. Njengokuba kusenzeka kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo ngohlengahlengiso lwe-asethi yezemali eye yagqitha ekubalulekileyo amanqanaba eedola ezingama-70 umphanda.

IWashington okanye amandla edola

idola

Ikomkhulu laseMelika liyaqhubeka nokuba lelinye lamaziko emithambo-luvo ukulandela uqoqosho ngokwembono yotyalo-mali. Ayisiyiyo kuphela ngoba yindawo yokuhlala kamongameli welona lizwe lityebileyo emhlabeni. Kodwa kuba kulapho izigqibo zithathwa ngu Indawo yokuGcina waseMelika (FED). Kuyo yonke into enento yokwenza nexabiso lemali kunye nefuthe ngqo kuzo zonke iindawo zoqoqosho zehlabathi. Ukuza kuthi ga kwinqanaba lokuba indawo elungileyo yabatyali malijike amehlo abo kule nxalenye yomhlaba ukuze babumbe isicwangciso-mali sabo. Kuxhomekeke kwimigaqo-nkqubo yemali abayithathayo kulo mzimba ubaluleke ngokukodwa kwilizwe liphela.

Ukuthetha ngeWashington kukubhekisa kubudlelwane neemarike zezemali. Nangona ezi zibekwe eNew York, zimelwe kwi Idonga isitalato kulapho izigidi nezigidi zezihloko zitshintshiselana yonke imihla. Kwinto ethathwa njengenye yemvelaphi yongxowankulu bale mihla kwaye yindawo ekubhekiswa kuyo kwinxalenye enkulu yabatyali mali abancinci nabaphakathi kwihlabathi liphela. Ukuya kwinqanaba lokuba ii-indices eziphambili zesitokhwe zixhomekeke kwiintshukumo ezenzeka kule ndawo ibalulekileyo yehlabathi. Njengoko kuya kwenzeka kuwe ngaphezulu kwesihlandlo esinye xa usenza utyalomali kwaye uzama ukwenza iiasethi ezihlanganisiweyo zibe yinzuzo emva kweminyaka emininzi yomsebenzi.

Ikomkhulu leNgxowa-mali

Ngaphandle kokushiya indawo enye sifumana enye into ebalulekileyo enje  Fund International Fund (IMF). Okanye yintoni enye, apho ezona zigqibo zibaluleke kakhulu zenziwe ngekamva loqoqosho lomhlaba. Akumangalisi ukuba, ijolise ngakumbi ekukhuthazeni imigaqo-nkqubo yokwanda koqoqosho phakathi kwamazwe kunye nokuthanda ukusebenzisana kwezemali kwilizwe liphela. Ukuba lo mbutho wamanye amazwe ubonwa ngento ethile, kungenxa yokuba ithambekele ekulungiseni ukungalingani kwezoqoqosho kumazwe aphambili ehlabathi. Njengoko kwenzekile emva kwayo yonke into kwicandelo elilungileyo labo, kubandakanya neSpain.

Ewe, zonke iimarike zinovelwano kwiingxelo zazo, kwaye ngenxa yazo ii-indices ze-stock zihamba kwelinye icala okanye kwelinye ngamandla. Ukuza kuthi ga kwinqanaba lokubangela intshukumo eyomeleleyo kwiimarike zezemali. Umahluko obalulekileyo phakathi kwelona xabiso liphezulu kunye nelona lisezantsi lezokhuseleko kwaye ngamanye amaxesha unakho igqithe kumanqanaba ama-2% okanye ama-3%. Kakhulu ekuthandeni abatyali mali abacingelayo ababonayo ukuba ngexesha elifutshane banokufumana ipotifoliyo ebalulekileyo yenzuzo eyinkunzi. Soloko uyazi into enokuthethwa liNgxowa-mali yeHlabathi yezeMali nangaliphi na ixesha.

ISixeko yindawo yentengiso egqibeleleyo

london

Kwilizwekazi laseYurophu, Londres idlala indima ebaluleke kakhulu kwezemali zamanye amazwe. Ngaphezulu kweminye ingqukuva enobukho obukhethekileyo kubudlelwane bamanye amazwe. Akumangalisi ukuba ikomkhulu lase-Bhritane lithathwa njengelinye lawona mazwe mabalaseleyo okwenza utyalo-mali. Ayisiyiyo kuphela kwimarike yemasheya, kodwa kulo naluphi na uhlobo lweasethi eyimali. Izinto zokwenza imveliso, izinyithi ezixabisekileyo kunye neemvelaphi zezemali phakathi kwezinye zezona zinto zibaluleke kakhulu apho unokwenza khona imali ngokuzuza ukusukela ngoku. Yonke into iyathengwa kwaye iyathengiswa esiXekweni kwaye kuyenzeka ukuba ibe sisalathiso kuye nawuphi na umtyali mali. Kananjalo ayinakulityalwa ukuba icandelo elilungileyo labalamli bezezimali kwihlabathi liphela liyasekwa.

Yiparadigm yokudityaniswa kwehlabathi njengoko ikho kuyo yonke imimandla yezoqoqosho kwihlabathi kwaye njengoko bambalwa iimarike zezemali ezenzayo ngalo mzuzu kanye. Konke oku ngaphandle kokuzahlula nje kumaziko aseYurophu njengesiphumo se-brexit evunyiweyo kunyaka ophelileyo. Kodwa oko akuphazamisanga ekubalulekeni kwale ndawo yaseYurophu kwindlela entsha yezemali. Akumangalisi ukuba ii-equities zase-UK zezona zibaluleke kakhulu kwihlabathi. Ngevolumu yokurhweba ephezulu kakhulu kuzo zonke iimarike zentengiso zamanye amazwe.

Njengenyathelo lobuchule

Njengoko sele ubonile, kukho amaziko aliqela amandla oqoqosho apho unokufumana ireferensi yokuthatha isikhundla kwimarike yemasheya ukusukela ngoku. Ngeyona njongo iphambili yokuphucula iiasethi zakho. Kuba uya kuba nolwazi olungaphezulu nendlela oza kuyisebenzisa ngayo kwizigqibo oza kuzenza. Ayisiyiyo kuphela xa kufikwa kutyalomali ngqo kwimarike yemasheya. Ukuba akunjalo ngokuchaseneyo, khetha ezinye iindlela ezizezinye kude kube ngoku ubungayi kuqaphela ukwenza ulondolozo lube nenzuzo.

Ewe awungekhe ulibale ukuba la maziko emali anokuba sisisombululo sokukhuthaza isicwangciso esichazwe kakuhle sokutyala imali. Kuwo, ngaphezulu kwako konke, ukuba nezixhobo zohlalutyo lokwenza ezona zigqibo zibalulekileyo kubaluleke kakhulu. Ngaphezulu kokuthathelwa ingqalelo kobuchwephesha kwaye kwanakwindawo yokujonga ubuchule. Ukuze ngale ndlela ufezekise zonke iinjongo zakho kwicandelo lemarike yemasheya. Ngeziphumo ezingcono kwiakhawunti yakho yotyalo-mali.


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