Inkcazo ye-hyperinflation

Hyperinflation ibaluleke kakhulu kunokwehla kwamandla emali

Kukangaphi sisiva malunga nokuhla kwamandla emali, ubunzima, zibiza kangakanani yonke into, njl. Namhlanje abantu abaninzi bayayazi loo nto Ukunyuka kwamaxabiso kuhambelana nokunyuka kwamaxabisoKodwa xa sithetha nge-hyperinflation, sithetha ntoni? Ukucacisa lo mbuzo, sinikezele eli nqaku kwinkcazo ye-hyperinflation.

Ngaphandle kokuchaza ukuba yintoni le nto, siza kuphawula ukuba yenzeka nini kwaye ilawulwa njani. Ukuba unomdla kwisifundo kwaye ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi malunga ne-hyperinflation, ndincoma ukuba uqhubeke nokufunda.

Yintoni i-hyperinflation?

Iziganeko zangaphambili zale nkqubo yezoqoqosho ziyaqhubeka ukubuchaphazela kakhulu uqoqosho lwehlabathi

Ngaphambi kokukunika inkcazo ye-hyperinflation, masiqale sicacise umxholo wokunyuka kwamaxabiso okuqhelekileyo. Yinkqubo yezoqoqosho ebonakala xa kukho ukungalingani phakathi kwemfuno kunye nemveliso. Kule meko, amaxabiso emveliso kunye neenkonzo anyuka ngokuqhubekekayo ngelixa ixabiso lemali liyancipha, Oko kukuthi, amandla okuthenga anciphile.

Xa sithetha nge-hyperinflation sithetha ixesha elide kakhulu lokunyuka kwamaxabiso aphezulu apho imali ilahlekelwa lixabiso layo kunye namaxabiso aqhubeka nokunyuka ngokungalawulekiyo. Okwangoku ukonyuka okungalawulekiyo kunikezelo lwemali kunye nokungabikho komnqweno wabemi wokugcina imali exabisekileyo iyahambelana, le nkqubo yezoqoqosho ibonakala kakhulu. Ngokubanzi, xa ilizwe likule meko, abantu bakhetha ukutshintshiselana ngemali ngeeasethi okanye imali yelinye ilizwe ukuze bagcine into enexabiso. Nangona oku kuvakala kakubi, izinto zinokuya zisiba mbi. Ukuba ibhanki esembindini ayinakho ukurhoxisa imali ebixutywe ngexesha lobunzima, yonke le panorama iba mandundu.

Kwingxowa-mali yotyalo-mali, abathathi-nxaxheba abaliqela bayahlangana ukuze batyale imali yabo
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Yintoni imali yotyalo mali

Ngexesha le-XNUMX leminyaka, kwaye nanamhlanje, kuye kwakho amaxesha amaninzi okunyuka kwamaxabiso. Nangona beziziganeko ezigabadeleyo ngaphambili, ukuza kuthi ga kulo mhla basaqhubeka nokuchaphazela uqoqosho lwehlabathi. Ukutyhubela imbali, iziganeko ezithile ezinje ngengxaki yemali, intlalontle okanye ezopolitiko ukupheliswa kwelizwe okanye ukungqubana kwezomkhosi kunye neziphumo zazo zinxulumene kakhulu ne-hyperinflation.

Kuthi nini ukuba ne-hyperinflation?

I-Hyperinflation yenzeka xa ukunyuka kwamaxabiso ngenyanga kudlula i-50%

Ngo-1956, unjingalwazi wezoqoqosho kwiYunivesithi yaseColumbia uPhillip D. Cagan wacebisa ingcaciso ngexabiso lentengo. Ngokutsho kwakhe, le meko Kwenzeka xa ukunyuka kwamaxabiso ngenyanga kudlula kuma-50% kwaye kuphela xa eli zinga liwela ngaphantsi kwe-50% ubuncinane unyaka omnye ngokulandelelana.

Kukho enye inkcazo ye-hyperinflation eyamkelweyo kwilizwe liphela. Oku kunikwa liMigangatho yokuXelwa kwezeMali yeHlabathi (IFRS). Inxalenye yeBhodi ye-International Accounting Standard (i-IASB) kunye nabameli bayo ngabo bamisela imigaqo-nkqubo yokuphendula ngezimali kwilizwe jikelele (IAS). Ngokwabo, ilizwe lihamba nge-hyperinflation xa ukunyuka kwamaxabiso kukonyuka ngaphezulu kwe-100% kwisithuba seminyaka emithathu.

Kubomi bemihla ngemihla

Ngokuphathelele kubomi bemihla ngemihla, sinokuthi siqaphele ifuthe le-hyperinflation kwiimeko ezahlukeneyo okanye ngenxa yeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokuziphatha. Iivenkile, umzekelo, zinokutshintsha amaxabiso eemveliso abazithengisayo amaxesha ngamaxesha ngemini. Yintoni egqithisile, uluntu ngokubanzi luqala ukuchitha imali yazo kwiimpahla ngokukhawuleza, ukuze ungalahli amandla okuthenga. Kuqhelekile ukuba bathenge, umzekelo, izixhobo zasekhaya nokuba azizidingi.

Kukho amanyathelo aliqela ekufuneka siwalandele ngaphambi kokuthenga isitokhwe
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Ungazithenga njani izitokhwe

Esinye isiganeko esihlala senzeka kukuba ixabiso leemveliso liqala ukubalwa kwimali yelinye ilizwe elizinzileyo, kuba eyasekhaya ayinjalo. Kwezinye iimeko Ukwenziwa kweedola okuzenzekelayo kuyenziwa. Oko kukuthi: Abantu bakhetha ukugcina ulondolozo lwabo kwaye benza ukuthengiselana ngemali yelinye ilizwe xa kunokwenzeka.

Ulawulwa njani u-hyperinflation?

Kunzima ukuyeka okanye ukulawula i-hyperinflation

Ukulawula i-hyperinflation kunzima kwaye indawo enkulu yabemi ayinalo ixesha elihle ngalo lonke umcimbi. UJosé Guerra, isazi ngezoqoqosho kunye nosekela kwiNdlu yoWiso-mthetho, uchaze amanyathelo amahlanu anokuthathwa ukumisa le ntlekele yezoqoqosho, ngokwenkcazo yakhe ye-hyperinflation. Siza kuphawula ngazo apha ngezantsi:

  1. Ulawulo lwemali: Akufanele uchithe imali eninzi kunokuba uyimfuneko kwaye unciphise inkcitho engabalulekanga kwilizwe elichaphazelekayo.
  2. Musa ukukhupha imali engaphezulu. NgokukaJosé Guerra, "Yonke imali yebhanki kunye nemali kweli lizwe kufuneka ixhaswe yimveliso yesizwe ukuze izinze."
  3. Ukuphelisa ulawulo lotshintshiselwano. Ngaphandle kwayo, ukuhamba kwemali kunokuvunyelwa kwakhona.
  4. Lahla imiqobo ephazamisa utyalo-mali lwabucala. UJosé Guerra ukholelwa ukuba ukungenisa simahla kunye nokuthumela ngaphandle kufuneka kuvunyelwe kwaye ke kuqinisekiswe inkululeko yorhwebo.
  5. Phinda usebenze kumacandelo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba eli nqaku likuncedile ukuba uqonde ngcono ukuba yintoni i-hyperinflation kwaye isebenza njani. Ngokusisiseko kufana nokuhla kwamandla emali, kodwa ibaxiwe ngakumbi kwaye yandiswa. Ngophononongo olucokisekileyo ngezoqoqosho siyayibona isiza kwaye sizama ukuzilungiselela ngokufanelekileyo.


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