Iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo se-euro

Iingqekembe ezimbini ze-euro

Ukuqokelelwa kwezinto kuhlala kuyenye yezinto ezithandwayo ngokugqwesa, kodwa kwishishini elinokwenza ingeniso enkulu phakathi kwabantu abanamava ngakumbi kwesi sifundo. Ngaphakathi kweli hlabathi, enye yezona zinto zibalaseleyo zezona zibalulekileyo yile Ukuqokelelwa kwengqekembe yesikhumbuzo, ezinye zazo zithengiswe ngezigidi zeedola.

Kanjalo Akukho zininzi zemali ezinokufikelela kwixabiso elinje, kodwa akukho mathandabuzo ukuba zenza intengiso enkulu. Omnye wemizekelo ebalaseleyo kule meko yimeko ye Iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo se-euro.

Zithini ezi mali zimbini zesikhumbuzo ze-euro?

Ezi ngqekembe bezikho ishicilelwe ukusukela ngo-2004 kwaye zibonakaliswe ngenxa yokuba obunye bobuso beengqekembe zemali butshintshiwe sisikhumbuzo sesikhumbuzo, ngaloo ndlela kubhiyozelwa, amaxesha abalulekileyo kwimbali yelo lizwe okanye kwi-European Union.

Ezi ngqekembe zii-euro ezimbini kwaye zisemthethweni kuwo onke amazwe angamalungu e-eurozone. Ingqekembe yokuqala yesikhumbuzo yakhutshwa yiGrisi, kumnyhadala weMidlalo yeOlimpiki eAthene 2004.

Ewe, ezi ngqekembe zinexesha elithile elinomda, ngenxa yoko abahlali kwimarike ixesha elide, banesizathu esaneleyo sokwandisa ixabiso labo ngokuhamba kwexesha.

Kude kube nguDisemba 31, 2017, iyonke ingqekembe yemali yesikhumbuzo engama-295 ye-euro ezimbini sele yenziwe.

Ilungu ngalinye leLungu le-European Union linokukhumbula imali yalo yesikhumbuzo ye-euro ezimbini, nangona kunjalo, okwangoku, elona nani liphezulu leemali zesikhumbuzo elinokukhutshwa lilizwe ngalinye ziingqekembe ezimbini ngonyaka ubukhulu becala, okanye ezintathu kwimeko yokudibana kukhutshwe umanyano lwe-European Union, olwenziwa ngenjongo yokubhiyozela isikhumbuzo sokubaluleka okukhethekileyo kolu luntu lwezopolitiko, ngaphandle kokuboniswa izihlandlo ezine kuphela ukuza kuthi ga ngoku (2007, 2009, 2012 no-2015).

Njengolwakhiwo ngokubanzi lwe Zonke iingqekembe zemali ezenziweyo, zibonisa umxholo oqhelekileyo kwicala lesizwe, efanayo apho igama lelizwe elikhuphayo livela khona.

Ngokunjalo, uphawu lomsitho oza kukhunjulwa lukwaboniswa, ngolwimi okanye iilwimi ezahlukeneyo. Kufuneka iqatshelwe ukuba ngokungafaniyo nento eyenzekayo ngeemali, ii-euro zihlala ziluxanduva kwilizwe ngalinye hayi kwi-Central Bank yaseYurophu.

Iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo se-euro eSpain

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

Kunyaka omnye emva kokuba ikhutshiwe lUshicilelo lwesikhumbuzo sokuqala se-euro ezimbini eGrisi, Inguqulelo yokuqala yesikhumbuzo yale ngqekembe yasungulwa eSpain, kumsitho we Ikhulu leminyaka IV yohlelo lokuqala lwe "Hidalgo enobuchule uDon Quijote de la Mancha".

Ukusukela ngoko ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, iyonke I-16 yesikhumbuzo seemali ezimbini ze-euro eSpain, ezisebenze njengezikhumbuzo ezikhethekileyo zezikhumbuzo ezikwiimeko zembali ebalulekileyo kwimbali yaseSpain.

Apha ngezantsi sinokubona amahlelo ahlukeneyo athe asasazwa kwilizwe ukusukela kwinguqulelo yalo yokuqala eyadalwa ngo-2005.

 1.- Ikhulu leminyaka ye-IV yohlelo lokuqala lomsebenzi kaMiguel de Cervantes "I-hidalgo enobuchule uDon Quixote de la Mancha".

Le ngqekembe yasungulwa ngo-2005 ngesixa esipheleleyo seeyunithi ezizigidi ezisibhozo.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo seQuixote

2. Isikhumbuzo seminyaka engama-50 seSivumelwano saseRoma.

Le ngqekembe iye yasebenza njengeyona ngqekembe yokuqala yesikhumbuzo ekunikezelweni ngokudibeneyo namanye amazwe e-European Union, ngaloo ndlela kubhiyozelwa umhla obalulekileyo ngokufanayo kuwo onke amalungu ayo. Yayisungulwa ngo-2007, kwaye yayinenkxalabo yezigidi ezisibhozo zemali eSpain.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

3. Isikhumbuzo seminyaka eli-10 soMbutho wezoQoqosho nezeMali.

Le yayiyimali yesibini eyakhutshwa ngokudibeneyo phakathi kwamazwe e-European Union, kwiminyaka nje emibini emva kwengqekembe yesikhumbuzo seSivumelwano saseRoma. Yayisungulwa ngo-2009 ngesixa semali esisi-XNUMX sezigidi eSpain.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

 

4.- Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi-iZiko leMbali laseCórdoba.

Le yayiyimali yesibini eyenzelwe ngokukodwa iSpain. Yayilwa ngo-2010 ikhupha iikopi ezizigidi ezine.

zemali

5.- Ilifa leMveli lehlabathi-Patio de los Leones de Granada.

Kunyaka nje omnye emva koko, le ngqekembe yesikhumbuzo ilandelayo yeeyuro ezimbini yapeyiselwa iSpain, ngo-2011, kukhutshwa iingqekembe ezine ezizigidi ezine.

Iingqekembe ezimbini ze-euro

6.- Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi - iBurgos Cathedral.

Ingqekembe elandelayo yesikhumbuzo yaseSpain yasungulwa ngo-2012, ngokufanayo nangemeko yezigidi ezine zeemali.

Iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo se-euro

7.- Iminyaka elishumi ye-Euro.

Kumsitho wokubhiyoza, iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo zeyuro ezimbini zacwangciswa okokuqala eSpain, ngo-2012. Le nguqulo iyahambelana nengqekembe yesithathu eyasungulwa ngokudibeneyo ne-European Union.

  Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo zespain

8.- Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi-Monastery yaseSan Lorenzo del Escorial.

Kunyaka kamva, ngo-2013, enye ingqekembe yatywinwa eSpain, ikhutshwa ngesiqhelo iikopi ezizigidi ezine.

  Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo ze-euro

9. - Indawo yeLifa leMveli yeHlabathi - iPark Güell.

Kunyaka olandelayo, ngo-2014, kwaqulunqwa ingqekembe entsha yesikhumbuzo eSpain, kodwa ngeli xesha, kukhutshwe imali eziingqekembe ezingama-8.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

10. - Isibhengezo soKumkani uKumkani uFelipe VI.

Yayibhalwe ngo-2014 kwaye yayinomcimbi we-8, 100,000 zemali.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo zookumkani

11.- Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi - Umqolomba waseAltamira.

Le ngqekembe. Ngo-2015 iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo zasungulwa kwakhona. Oku kuyahambelana nale ndiyicwangcisele iSpain ngomcimbi weengqekembe ezingama-4.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

12.- XXX Isikhumbuzo seFlegi yaseYurophu.

Ngokukhutshwa kweengqekembe ezingama-4.300.000, le ngqekembe nayo yasungulwa ngo-2015 iyahambelana nenkupho yokugqibela ngokudibeneyo namazwe e-European Union.

  Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

13. - Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi-Umsele waseSegovia.

Le ngqekembe yenziwa ngo-2016, yaza yaziswa nge-3.400.000 yezigidi.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

14.- Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi- iBandla laseSanta María del Naranjo.

Ukubhiyozela lo msitho, kwaveliswa kuphela iingqekembe ezingama-500,000 ngo-2017, ezenza ukuba le nguqulo ibe yenye yezona zinqabileyo.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo zespain

15. - Ilifa leMveli leHlabathi-Idolophu yakudala yaseSantiago de Compostela.

Ngemicimbi engama-300,000 kulo nyaka, le ngqekembe yeyona inqabileyo kwiingqekembe zesikhumbuzo ezimbini ze-Euro ezikhutshwe yiSpain.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

Isikhumbuzo seminyaka engama-16 sikaKumkani Felipe VI

Le yeyona ngqekembe yesikhumbuzo yokugqibela eyenziwe kumhlaba waseSpain, kwaye ikwayenye yezona zinqabileyo njengoko inemicimbi engama-400,000.

   Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo sokukhusela

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo ze-Eurozone zikhutshwe ngokudibeneyo

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, zizonke iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo ezine zikhutshiwe kunye namazwe angamalungu e-European Union, akhutshwe ngale mihla ilandelayo:

 Imali edibeneyo yokukhutshwa ngo-2007

Inguqulelo yokuqala yesikhumbuzo iphela yasungulwa ngo-Matshi 2007, kumsitho we iminyaka engamashumi amahlanu yeSivumelwano saseRoma. Njengoko kusaziwa, iSivumelwano saseRoma yindlela ezaziwa ngayo izivumelwano ezibini ezasungula ukusekwa kwe-European Union ngo-1957. Amazwe okuqala angamalungu alo mbutho wezopolitiko yayingamazwe e-Federal Germany, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, I-Itali kunye neNetherlands. La malungu mathandathu okuqala enza isiseko sento eya kuthi kamva ibe liziko elikhulu lezopolitiko elinamazwe angamalungu angama-28.

Ngenxa yoko, ukutyikitywa kwamazwe ama-6 asisiseko seSivumelwano saseRoma kubonisiwe kumzobo wale ngqekembe. Ngasemva ungabona uyilo oluphefumlelweyo yipavumente yePazaz del Campidoglio eRoma. Ngenxa yokuba le mali ihambelana namazwe e-Eurozone, imodeli ingahluka kwigama nakulwimi lwelizwe apho ikhutshwe khona. Njengeenkcukacha ezongezelelweyo, iringi engaphandle yengqekembe ibonisa iinkwenkwezi ezilishumi elinambini ze-European Union.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo eYurophu

Imali edibeneyo yokukhutshwa ngo-2009

Le ngqekembe yakhutshwa njengenxalenye ye- Isikhumbuzo seminyaka eli-XNUMX seManyano yezeMali yaseYurophu, apho i-euro yavela njengemali yoluntu ekubhekiswa kuyo kunye ne-European Central Bank.

Uyilo lwale ngqekembe ungabona umntu ukuba usembindini, kwaye ingalo yakhe yasekhohlo yandiswa luphawu lwe-euro. Iinkwenkwezi ezilishumi elinambini ze-European Union zinokubonwa zijikeleze uyilo kwisithsaba esingaphandle setyhula yengqekembe.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

Imali edibeneyo yokukhutshwa ngo-2012

Le modeli yanikezelwa ukubhiyozela isikhumbuzo seminyaka eli-XNUMX ukujikelezwa kweemali ze-Euro kunye namanqaku. Uyilo lwayo lwanyulwa ngevoti, apho ophumeleleyo aya kukhutshwa kuwo onke amazwe ommandla we-euro.

Ngolu luyilo kuye kwafunwa ukubhiyozela kwaye kubonakalise indlela i-euro eye yaba ngumdlali weqonga lokwenyani ngokuba yinxalenye ebalulekileyo kubomi bemihla ngemihla babemi baseYurophu kunye nemisebenzi yabo eyahlukeneyo yezoqoqosho, yiyo loo nto imali wayefuna ukuyimela izinto ezinje ngosapho, urhwebo, ishishini kunye namandla, ngemifanekiso enjengamalungu osapho, inqanawa, umzi-mveliso kunye nezityalo zamandla omoya.

  Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

Imali edibeneyo yokukhutshwa ngo-2015

Ingqekembe yesine yemicimbi edityanisiweyo yaphehlelelwa njengesizathu seminyaka engamashumi amathathu ye-European Union kwaye oku kwafunwa ukuba kumelwe iflegi njengophawu lombono odibeneyo weenjongo kunye nenkcubeko yabantu baseYurophu kwiminqweno yabo yokuba ngcono ikamva.

Ngale ndlela, kwisithsaba setyhula sengqekembe ungabona iinkwenkwezi ezilishumi elinambini ze-European Union, ezimele iinjongo zobumbano, umanyano kunye nemvisiswano phakathi kwabantu baseYurophu.

Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo

Singathi…

Iingqekembe ezimbini zesikhumbuzo se-euro zizinto ezixabisekileyo zomqokeleli Banexabiso eliphezulu lemarike elinyuka imihla ngemihla, ke kuyacetyiswa kakhulu ukuba basebenzise ithuba elivelayo xa kusungulwa inguqulelo entsha yale ngqekembe kumsitho wesikhumbuzo somsitho obalulekileyo.

Nokuba yi Iingqekembe zesikhumbuzo saseSpain okanye ezo ziye zasungulwa ngokudibeneyo ne-European Union, Ezi zinto zixabiseke kakhulu kwaye azixabisekanga kungekuphela ngabaqokeleli bemali, kodwa nangaye nabani na oziva enxulumene nenkcubeko yakhe kunye neentlanga ezenza lonke ilizwekazi laseYurophu, kuba kule minyaka idlulileyo, la mazwe abenakho ukuwafumana umanyano nokuchongwa okungenakulinganiswa nakwezinye iindawo zehlabathi.


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