Tlaleho e ncha mabapi le tšusumetso ea Tumellano ea Khoebo ea Mahala ea EU-US (TTIP)

Ho ipelaetsa khahlanong le tumellano ea khoebo ea mahala ea EU-US

Tumellano ea Khoebo ea mahala ea European Union-United States, e ikemiselitseng ho kopanya moruo ka bobeli, e ntse e le teng ho buisana ka lekunutu, 'nete e bakileng tšabo le khalefo har'a baahi ba bangata, United States le Europe. Ho a tshaba mefuta e fapaneng ea hore molao sechaba se ka etsa liteko ka sepheo sa ho thusa phapanyetsano lipakeng tsa libaka tse peli. Ho tšaba hape hore ka lebaka leo, e tla eketseha sekhahla sa ho hloka mosebetsiKa lehlakoreng le leng, babuelli ba TTIP ba bolela esale pele ntlafatso ea boleng ba bophelo ba baahi ba Europe.

Ho fihlela hajoale, tlhaiso-leseling e ne e le ngata, bakeng sa le khahlano le ho hasana. Empa haufinyane, Jeromin capaldo, mofuputsi ea tsoang ho Univesithi ea Tufts  e hlahisitse leseli ntlheng ena.

Ka ho khetheha mosebetsi oa hae E bitsoa ka tsela e latelang: »Tumellano ea Khoebo le Matsete a Transatlantic: Ho qhalana ha European Union, Ho hloka mosebetsi le ho hloka botsitso».

Jeromin o bolela hore lithuto tseo European Union e sirelletsang boemo ba tsona ho tsona ke lithuto tse ipapisitseng le mohlala o sa lekaneng oa moruo. Ho fapana le mohlala o sebelisitsoeng phuputsong ena; Leano la Lefatše la Machaba a Kopaneng. 

Mosebetsi o bolela esale pele a bokamoso bo boputsoa bakeng sa baetsi ba melao ho European Union, ba tla tobana le tahlehelo ea hoo e ka bang Mesebetsi e 600.000 mmoho le tahlehelo e kholo ho Chelete ea basebetsi (Tabeng ea Fora, ba anngoeng haholo, e ka bang € 5.500 ka mosebeletsi).

Hlakola lintlha tse tsoang tlalehong

  • TTIP e ne e tla lebisa ho tahlehelo ea letlooa ho latela thepa e romelloang kantle ho naha ho fihlela lilemo tse leshome kamora ho amoheloa, ho bapisoa le boemo ba "no TTIP". Moruo oa Europe Leboea o tla ba le tahlehelo e kholo (2,7% ea GDP), e lateloe ke Fora (1,9%), Jeremane (1,4%) le United Kingdom (0,95%).
  • TTIP e ne e tla lebisa ho tahlehelo ea letlooa ho latela GDP. Joalo ka lipalo tsa thepa e romelloang kantle ho naha, linaha tsa Europe Leboea li tla ba le phokotso e kholo ho GDP (-0,50%) e lateloe ke France (-0,48%) le Jeremane (-0,29%).
  •  TTIP e ne e tla lebisa ho tahlehelo meputsong ea basebetsi. Fora e tla ameha ka ho fetisisa, ka tahlehelo ea € 5.500 ka mosebeletsi, e lateloe ke linaha tsa Europe Leboea (€ -4.800 mosebeletsi ka mong), United Kingdom (€ -4.200 mosebeletsi ka mong) le Jeremane (- € 3.400 mosebeletsi ka mong).
  • TTIP e ka lebisa ho lahleheloeng ke mesebetsi. Re hakanya hore mesebetsi e ka bang 600.000 e tla lahleha. Linaha tsa Europe Leboea li tla ameha haholo (-223.000 jobs), li lateloe ke Jeremane (-134.000 jobs), France (-130.000 jobs) le linaha tsa Southern Europe (-90.000 jobs).
  • TTIP e ne e tla lebisa ho phokotso ea karolo ea moputso ho GDP, ho matlafatsa tloaelo e tlatsetsang ho emeng ha joale. Molekane oa eona ke keketseho ea monehelo oa phaello le lekeno ho moputso o felletseng, ho bonts'a hore ho tla ba le phetiso ea lekeno ho tloha ho basebetsi ho ea ho capital. Liphetisetso tsa bohlokoahali li tla etsahala United Kingdom (7%), France (8%), Jeremane le Europe Leboea (4%).
  • TTIP e ne e tla lebisa ho tahlehelo ea lekhetho la sechaba la Linaha. Ho fetela ha makhetho a sa tobang (joalo ka Lekhetho la Boleng bo ekelitsoeng) ho lithuso ho tla fokotseha linaheng tsohle tsa EU, ha Fora e le tahlehelo e kholo ka ho fetisisa (0.64% ea GDP). Khaello ea sechaba e tla eketsa karolo ea bona ea GDP ea naha ka 'ngoe ea EU, e sutumelle lichelete tsa sechaba haufi le, kapa ho feta, meeli e behiloeng ke Tumellano ea Maastricht.
  • TTIP e ne e tla lebisa ho keketseho ea botsitso ba lichelete le ho bokella ho se lekalekane. Ka meputso e theohelang kantle ho naha, meputso e fokotsehang le lekeno le fokotsehang, tlhokeho e tla tlameha ho ts'ehetsoa ke phaello le matsete. Empa ka kholo e fokolang ea ts'ebeliso, melemo e ke ke ea lebelloa hore e ka tsoa ho thekiso e eketsehileng. Khopolo ea 'nete ke hore phaello le matsete (haholo-holo matlotlong a lichelete) a tla ts'ehetsoa ke litheko tse nyolohang tsa thepa. Monyetla oa ho se tsitse ha moruo o moholo oa tlhahiso ena o tsebahala ho bohle.

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.