Chii chinonzi mitero?

mvumo yemitero Kana paine chinyorwa chinopisa munharaunda, icho hachisi chimwe kunze kwenzvimbo dzemitero. Kunyanya, kubva pakuona kwe mutero inova ndiyo inobata vateresi zvakanyanya. Nekuti pamusoro pezvese chiito chekuratidzira chekubatana uye icho chine chikamu chidiki chemagariro sevanyaradzi veichi chiito sezvishoma zvisina kujairika. Nekuti kune rimwe divi, hatifanire kukanganwa kuti hapana imwe nzvimbo yemutero, asi yakawanda kupfuura izvo zvinofungwa neruzhinji pfungwa.

Kuti unzwisise nyaya yakaoma yemutero, hapana chinhu chiri nani pane kuziva mune zvese zvakadzama zvazvinoreva. Huye, nzvimbo dzemitero dzinonyanya kuve nyika kana nzvimbo yenzvimbo inomiririra kune yayo mashoma kana kunyanya kune yayo mutero wakaderera. Uye kuti ivo vanoshandiswa nechimwe chikamu chevanhu vanoda kuona iyo mitero yavanofanira kubhadhara yakadzikiswa zvinoenderana nemutemo wenyika dzavo. Izvo zvakaringana kurangarira kuti maererano nemasangano akasiyana epasirese pane parizvino pane makumi mashanu emitero nzvimbo dzakapararira pasirese, kunyangwe munyika dzisingafungidzirwe nevaverengi pachavo.

Imwe yedzinoreva nzvimbo dzemitero dzinogona kunzwisiswa zvirinani nevashandisi ndedzekuti inzvimbo dzine mitemo yemitero asi dzakareruka kumushandisi. chaiyo kubhadhara mutero. Iko kwainogona kutomisikidzwa senzvimbo yekugara zviri pamutemo kune vanhu venyama kana vepamutemo vanhu. Nechinangwa chega chekubhadhara mishoma mitero, zvinova ndizvo chaizvo zvazviri. Ichi ndicho chimwe chezvikonzero nei iri nyaya ine gakava sevamwe vashoma. Nekuti, pamusoro pezvo, mari zhinji iri panjodzi munzvimbo dzinonzi nzvimbo dzemitero. Ndeupi iwo musoro wenyaya uri kuitirwa nharo parizvino. Beyond kumwe kufunga kwepamutemo uye kunyangwe kubva kune ehunhu maonero ekuona.

Mitero yemitero: chii chauri kutsvaga?

Pane chinhu chimwe chiri pachena mukati meiyi nzvimbo dzakasarudzika uye kuti izvo zvinoteedzerwa kupfuura zvese kubhadhara mari shoma pane yaunofanirwa kurongedza munyika yako wega. Chero zvingave izvi, zvinokanganisa nyika dzese dzepasi uye zvinogona kukanganisa vagari veSpanish, America, maJapan kana chero imwe nyika Kubva pane akajairika mamiriro, pane chinhu chaunofanira kufunga nezvacho kubva zvino zvichienda mberi. Izvi ndizvo zvinoreva kusaremekedzwa uko tsika dzisina hunhu dzinosarudzwa nevamwe vanhu muchishuwo chavo chikuru chekuchengetedza mari yakawanda mumaakaundi avo emhuri kana emhuri.

Kune rimwe divi, kukanganisa kwazvinoita nhoroondo dzenyika. Kusvika padanho rekusakwidza mamirioni nemamirioni emauro gore rega. Icho chaichoicho chinoratidzwa, zvinosuwisa, gore rega. Hazvishamisi kuti ichokwadi chisingarambiki chinogona kuonekwa zuva nezuva. Kubva pane ino inoshungurudza mamiriro ayo anovandudzwa munyika dzese dzepasi. Nekuti haisi monopoli yenyika imwe chete, asi zvinopesana, zvachose zvese. Kubva pane yakapfuma kusvika kune mashoma akakwenenzverwa kune epasi rose jogirafi.

Ndezvipi izvi nzvimbo dzemitero?

mutero Panguva ino kunouya musoro wenyaya unotarisirwa nevaverengi vese uye hausi iwo mumwe kunze kwenyika kana nzvimbo dzenharaunda dzinoonekwa senzvimbo dzemutero. Zvakanaka, zvataurwa kare kuti vanosvika pamakumi mashanu ekuenda, ariko zvimwe zvinokatyamadza kupfuura zvimwe uye kuti vakushamise nenzira inokosha kubva zvino zvichienda mberi.

Nekuti zvirizvo, pakupera kwa2017 ivo makurukota eEconomy neMari eEuropean Union vakaisa runyorwa dema renzvimbo dzemitero iri inoumbwa nenyika 17, pakati padzo pane Panama, Tunisia, South Korea, United Arab Emirates kana Mongolia, pakati pezvimwe zvakakosha. Spain, kune rimwe divi, ine rondedzero yayo, yakaoma zvakanyanya iyo inosanganisira dzimwe nyika. Kunyanya, rondedzero ine nyika makumi mana neshanu uye nhasi chikamu chakanaka chavo chichienderera mune ino mamiriro. Chero zvazvingaitika, Andorra, Netherlands Antilles, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, United Arab Emirates, Jamaica, Malta, Trinidad neTobago, Panama, San Marino neSingapore vabuda.

Paradhiso senzvimbo dzekunze

Chero zvazvingaitika, chimwe chinhu chiri kunyanya kukatyamadza ndechekuti kune dzimwe nzvimbo dzekunze dzinoonekwa senzvimbo huru dzemitero panguva ino. Ehezve mazita avo ari pamiromo yemunhu wese uye hazvina kunyanya kuoma kuziva kuti chii Fiji, Solomon Islands, Jersey kana Isle of Man ndiwo mamwe eparadhiso dziri kubuda mukati meiyi rondedzero yakaoma yenzvimbo dzinoitirwa kunzvenga mutero. Kazhinji kuburikidza netiweki yemamwe makambani, asi ayo anogona zvakare kushandiswa nevanhu vane hombe hupfumi.

Kune rimwe divi, zviri nyore kwazvo kuti iwe uzive kuti maererano neshumo rakagadzirwa neNGO Intermon Oxfam inoratidza kuti mari inoendeswa kunzvimbo idzi yakakwira mumakore apfuura 24 trillion euros. Chiverengero chakakura ichi chinosimbisa kuti dzinonzi nzvimbo dzemitero dzinotamisa chinenge chikamu chimwe muzvitatu cheWorld Domestic Product (GDP). Mari, saka, iyo isingakwanise kushandiswa pakupedzisira kutsvagisa, zviwanikwa zvemagariro, hutano kana dzimwe nzvimbo dzakakosha kwazvo kune vanobhadhara mutero mune yega yega nyika dzakakanganiswa nedambudziko remari iri.

Chii chinopa nzvimbo idzi?

luxembourg Hapana mubvunzo kuti aya masayiti anopa mhinduro kumatambudziko emitero yevanhu vane simba rakakura rekutenga mumaakaundi avo. Hazvishamise kuti iyi ndiyo nzira inoshandiswa kukwezva mari yevanesimba kwazvo mune hupfumi pasi rose. Kubva pane ino mamiriro ese, nzvimbo dzemitero pasina mubvunzo dzinopa nzira yakachengeteka yavo nzira dzekuronga mutero. Yakaitwa nenzira kwayo kuburikidza nemazano evamwe vasina gwara mune zvemari vanachipangamazano. Kusvika padanho rekuti ivo vayambira vatengi vavo kuti vaende kunzvimbo idzi dzepasi uko mutero wemutero wakanyanya kuderera. Kana pane kudaro zvinogutsa zvachose kuchengetedza zvaunofarira zvemari.

Kune rimwe divi, nzira yakajairika yekushandisa zano iri ndiwo anonzi makambani ekumhiri kwemakungwa. Kunyangwe pavanobvumidza izvo zviri pamutemo zvinodiwa kuti zvigadziriswe mumaawa mashoma kwazvo kuve nerinani mutero kurapwa kubva ikozvino zvichienda mberi. Uye kuti vari kushanda kubva chero kupi pasi, kusanganisira zveshuwa Spain. Iyo yakawanda, kana kuti ndoda kuwedzeredza, iyo mari inoenda kumapuratifomu ane chinangwa che bvisa mari shoma kupfuura izvozvi. Mupfungwa iyi, rumwe ruzivo mune vezvenhau runonongedzera kune hupfumi hwakawanda hwakasarudza zano iri rekunzvenga. Nemazita akakodzera chaizvo ari pamiromo yevaverengi vese.

Musiyano uripakati penyika idzi

Chero zvazvingaitika, hapana mubvunzo kuti hadzisi dzose nzvimbo dzemitero dzakafanana. Hazvina kunyanya kushomeka sezvo paine misiyano yakakura pakati pavo. Kusvika pakuti ivo vanokwikwidza kukwezva chikamu chakanaka chevakuru capital kubva kumativi ese epasi. Iko kune dzimwe nzvimbo dzakasarudzika mubhizimusi mutero dzinoonekera nekuda kwekukosha kwadzo, senge Jersey, Panama kana Liberia. Nepo pane zvinopesana, kune vamwe vanopa mamodheru anonzi akasanganiswa uye ayo makuru sosi yekutsvaga chitsuwa chakadai seCayman. Kunyangwe, hongu, irwo runyorwa rwunogona kuve rwakareba uye rwunotinha vaverengi nekuda kwekureba kwaro.

Kana nzvimbo dzebhengi hadzigone kukanganwika, senge mune mamwe mamiriro eLuxembourg kana Switzerland, ayo anoitirwa mhando dzakasiyana dzemabhizinesi kana mapoka evanhu. Kunyangwe kana ichibva kunzvimbo dziri mukati meEuropean Union, kunyangwe ichishorwa nevamiriri vemagariro. Kune rimwe divi, izvo vane hunhu, kunyangwe hazvo chikamu chakanaka chekuita kwayo uye zviitiko zviri pamutemo kubva pakutanga. Mune yakave imwe yemakakatanwa makuru mumakore apfuura. Ndine chikwereti kune yakashata mukurumbira iyo nzvimbo dzemitero dzave nazvino.

Ko makambani eSpain?

ibex Chekupedzisira, chimwe chezvinhu chinonyanya kufarirwa nevateresi veSpanish mhedzisiro yazvinayo pamakambani akanyorwa pamisika yemari. Zvakanaka, mune iyi pfungwa, uye maererano neObservatory yeCorporate Responsibility, makumi masere neshanu ezviuru makumi matatu nemashanu emakambani makuru eSpain, akanyorwa mune yakasarudzika index yenyika. Ibex 35Ivo vane imwe yerudzi rwekutsigira munzvimbo dzemitero. Chinhu chavanoitisa kubva kune avo bhizinesi marongero uye icho ichokwadi icho chinowanikwa kune vese vanobhadhara mutero, kunyangwe nekurambwa kwevakawanda vavo. Chero zvazvingaitika, nzvimbo dzemitero ndeimwe yenyaya dzinotyisa pamiromo yenzanga zhinji. Beyond imwe nhevedzano yezvemagariro kufunga.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako