GDP deflator

Iyo GDP deflator indekisi ine chekuita neinflation uye deflation

Munyika yehupfumi uye zvemari kune akawanda akasiyana mazwi uye indices anotibatsira kunzwisisa zviri kuitika mumisika. Zvisinei, kune zvakawanda zvokuti dzimwe nguva zvinovhiringidza. Chinyorwa chanhasi chiri kuda kutsanangura chii chinonzi GDP deflator, ndeyei uye inoverengwa sei, sezvo inowanzokonzera kuvhiringidzika kukuru.

Semazuva ose, zvakakosha kunzwisisa dzimwe pfungwa kukwanisa kuita kuverenga kwema indices. Mhosva yeGDP deflator haisi iyo, sezvo yakanyatsobatana nekukwira kwemari uye deflation. Nokuda kwechikonzero ichi, tichatsanangurawo kuti mazwi aya ndeapi uye mamwe akawanda achatibatsira kunzwisisa kuti GDP deflator chii.

GDP Deflator: Mafungiro

Iyo GDP deflator chiratidzo chese chese inflation uye deflation mune hupfumi.

Tisati tatsanangura kuti chii chaizvo chinonzi GDP deflator, pane mamwe mazano atinofanira kuziva kuti tinzwisise zvakanaka. Hatizokwanisi kunzwisisa kubatsira kwatinopihwa iyi index kana tisingazive kuti ndezvipi zvimwe zvinhu zvinopesvedzera maverengerwo ayo. Pakati pavo pane mazwi e deflation, inflation, deflator uye GDP, Ehe saizvozvo.

Izwi rekuti deflator rinobva muchiLatin uye rinoturikira se "deflate". Indekisi inowanzoshandiswa kugadzirisa matambudziko ehupfumi ayo zvine chekuita nekufungidzira kwemamwe magitutu padanho rehupfumi. Munyika ino, basa rakaoma zvikuru nderokuongorora kuti hupfumi hunogona kukura zvakadini, ndiko kuti, kukosha kunogona kusvika kune zvinhu nemabasa. Nzira huru yekuyera kukura uku ndeye inflation, yatichatsanangura zvishoma gare gare.

Paunenge uchiongorora kuti kukura kwacho kungava chii uye kwete kukosha kwayo chete, zvakakosha kushandisa GDP chaiyo (gross domestic product). Iyi indekisi inongotarisa huwandu hwakanyatsogadzirwa. Kuti uite izvi, mhedzisiro yekuchinja kwemitengo inofanirwa kubviswa kubva kuequation. Nokudaro, kugadziriswa kunodiwa, iyo iyo deflator ine basa. Naizvozvo, deflator inonyanya kukosha mutengo. Inogona kuve yakasanganiswa kana nyore uye inobvumira kupatsanura pakati pehuwandu uye mutengo zvikamu.

Chii chinonzi GDP?

Ngatitsanangurei zvino kuti GDP chii. Aya acronyms anomirira "Gross Domestic Product." Zviri a macroeconomic magnitude inoratidza kukosha kwekugadzirwa kwezvinhu uye masevhisi pamwero wemari yenyika pane imwe nguva yenguva. Kazhinji, inowanzofungwa pamusoro pekota kana gore negore.

Zvakakosha kuti tizive siyanisa GDP yezita kubva kuGDP chaiyo. Yekutanga inoreva kuti kukosha kwayo kungava pamutengo wemusika. Mukuwedzera, izvi zvinowedzera mhedzisiro ye inflation. Kune rumwe rutivi, GDP chaiyo inoreva kukosha kwemitengo inogara iripo. Muchiitiko ichi, mhedzisiro ye inflation inobviswa.

Nyaya inoenderana:
Chii chinonzi GDP

Hatifanire kuvhiringa GDP ne IPC (Consumer Price Index). Ichi chiratidzo chine basa rekuyera iyo inowedzera mitengo yezvinhu zvakajairika. Aya ndiwo, ngatiti, avhareji tswanda yemhuri, chero chikamu.

inflation uye deflation

Zvino isu tinofanira chete kujekesa pfungwa dze inflation y deflation. Takatonzwa yekutanga miriyoni munhau, asi chii chaizvo? Naizvo, Kukwira kwemitengo (inflation) inzira yezvehupfumi inoitika nenzira yakatsiga uye yakajairika munyika kana mitengo yezvinhu nemasevhisi ichikwira.

Pane kudaro, deflation inoitika kana paine kuderera kwemitengo munyika, kazhinji kunokonzerwa nekuderedzwa kwemari. Kureva kuti: Mari iri mubvunzo inowedzera kukosha kwayo, iyo ine chikonzero chekuwedzera kwekukosha kwayo. kutenga simba.

Sezvatakambotaura, iyo GDP deflator inoyera shanduko dzinoitika mune iyi index. Naizvozvo, Zvinoratidza nenzira yakajairika zvese inflation uye deflation yehupfumi.

Chii chinonzi GDP deflator uye chinoshandiswa chii?

Iyo GDP deflator indekisi inoita kuverenga chaiko

Iye zvino zvatatsanangura pfungwa dzine chekuita neGDP deflator, tichazotaura kuti chii chaizvo indekisi iyi. Inonyanya kushandiswa verenga shanduko yemitengo inoitika mugross domestic product. Kureva kuti: The GDP deflator indekisi inotora avhareji kukosha kwemitengo inoitika munyika panguva yakatarwa. Izvi zvinotibatsira kuti tione kukura kwehupfumi hwenyika iri kutaurwa.

Zvakakosha kuziva kuti GDP deflator haishandisi mari yepakati chete, sezvinoitwa neCPI, asi inoshandisa mitengo yezvinhu zvose nemabasa. Nokuda kwechikonzero ichi tinogona kutaura izvozvo indekisi inoita kuverenga chaiko, nepo CPI inoshandisa nhamba yekuverenga.

Ko GDP deflator inoverengwa sei?

Mushure mekunzwisisa kuti GDP deflator chii, ngationei kuti inoverengwa sei. Zvechokwadi iwe unotoziva kuti basa guru reCentral Banks nderokuchengetedza kugadzikana kwehupfumi, kureva, yemitengo. Kuti vaite izvi, vanoisa chinangwa chekukwira kwemitengo, senge isingapfuuri 2%. Sezvo inflation ichikonzera kuwedzera kwemitengo, zvinodikanwa kuwana chiratidzo chinobvisa mhedzisiro inokonzerwa neichi chiitiko. Kana tikakwanisa kufuratira inflation, tichaziva kana hupfumi huri kukura chaizvo kana kuti huri kungowedzera mitengo. Izvi ndizvo zvatinoratidzwa neGDP deflator. Kuti tiverenge, isu tinongofanira kushandisa iyi fomula:

GDP deflator = (zita reGDP / chaiyo GDP) x 100

Mukupedzisa tinogona kutaura kuti GDP deflator haibatsiri kuyera kuti chii chingave hupenyu hwehupenyu hwenyika. Chinangwa cheindekisi iyi ndechekuti kuyera simba rekutenga renyika imwe chete iyoyo. Naizvozvo, indekisi yehunyanzvi kuverenga shanduko muGDP nemitengo, ingave tiri kuenda munguva yekukwira kwemitengo kana kuderera.


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako