Kodi kuchoka ku Great Britain kupita ku Spain kumakhudza bwanji? Makiyi asanu kuti mumvetsetse

Zotsatira za Brexit ku Spain Zambiri zikunenedwa masiku ano zakugwa modetsa nkhawa ku Spain chifukwa chalingaliro la Great Britain kuchoka ku European Union (EU). Koma osati zochuluka za zotsatira zowongoka komanso zosawonekera zomwe izi zidzachitike ku Spain ndi moyo waku Spain. China chake chachilendo padziko lonse lapansi monga momwe ziliri pakali pano, pomwe maubale amakonda kulumikizana pafupipafupi.

Pakadali pano, pali masauzande ndi masauzande osunga ndalama omwe asiya gawo labwino la likulu lomwe lidayendetsedwa muzinthu zachuma panjira. Osangokhala pamsika wamsika, komanso mwa zina zomwe zitha kuyiwalika, komanso kuti ngakhale mitu yake yayikulu mwina singadziwe zotulukapo zake. Sitikunena makamaka za ndalama zandalama, zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu aku Spain kuti azisunga ndalama zawo, potengera kusowa kwa njira zina zoperekedwa ndi zinthu zazikuluzikulu zosungira (nthawi, madipoziti aku banki, ndi zina zambiri). Ndipo chonsecho nthawi zambiri samapitirira malire a 0,50% omwe amapatsa omwe adzawafunse.

Ndondomeko za penshoni ndizomwe zimazunzidwa kwambiri zachinyengo pamsika wamsika waku Spain, ndikuwonjezeranso m'misika yaku Europe komanso yapadziko lonse lapansi. Zambiri mwazinthu zachuma zimakhazikitsa mbiri yawo pazachuma, makamaka mawonekedwe ankhanza kwambiri. Ndipo ngakhale mutakumana ndi zovuta izi, mudzawona momwe ndalama zanu zonse zimachepetsedwera monga kangapo. Nthawi zina mwanjira yoopsa, komanso yachilendo mulimonsemo. Zotsatira zake, osunga ndalama adzakhala ndi ndalama zochepa pazogulitsazi.

Zotsatira zachuma chonse

Pamlingo wapamwamba komanso wachangu, chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimakhudza kwambiri nzika ndi momwe aku Britain achoka m'mabungwe amtunduwu angawakhudze pamoyo wawo watsiku ndi tsiku. Lidzakhala limodzi lamalingaliro omwe muli nawo m'masiku ano. Osatinso malipoti owopsa omwe akuneneratu, koma zowonadi sangatulukire osakhudzidwa ndi ngozi iyi yadzikoli. Ndiye idzakhala ndi chiwonetsero chachikulu pantchito za zotsatira zomwe chisankho chotsutsachi chidzabweretsa mu referendum.

Pongoyambira, mabungwe angapo odziwika bwino achenjeza kale za Brexit zitanthauza kudula pafupifupi theka la peresenti pakukula kwachuma chaka chamawa. Pakadali pano zolosera zaboma zatha 2,7% zomwe ziwonetsa Gross Domestic Product (GDP) chaka chamawa chotsatira. Mulimonsemo, sizikhala ndi vuto lililonse, kapena sizikhala zochepa, chaka chino, monga wanena ndi Minister wa Chuma, a Luis de Guindos.

Kodi izi zikutanthauza chiyani? Zovuta zachuma ku Spain zitha kuonekera kwambiri chaka chamawa, kupatula zokopa alendo, monga mukuwonera mtsogolo muno. Kuchepetsa, ngakhale pang'ono, mu GDP kudzakhudza ntchito, ndalama zaboma, komanso ndondomeko yosinthira malipiro a ogwira ntchito. Ngakhale akatswiri onse azachuma akunena kuti kupatuka kwa theka la kukula sikukhudza kwambiri momwe kungakhudzire anthu m'njira yapadera kwambiri.

Zotsatira zake zidzakhala zokopa alendo

Palibe kukayika kuti zoyambira zomwe Britain adzakumane nazo zidzakhala zokopa alendo, komanso kuyambira nthawi yotentha. Cholinga chake ndikuti mapaundi aku Britain azitsika mtengo motsutsana ndi ndalama zathu, yuro. Zotsatira zake, kuyenda kwa alendo aku England kupita komwe tikupita kudzatsika kwambiri, komanso mwezi uno. Zomwe zaposachedwa kuchokera mgululi zikusonyeza kuti alendo mamiliyoni asanu ndi limodzi adayendera dziko lathu chaka chatha. Chifukwa chake, mamiliyoni a ma euro omwe amasonkhanitsidwa pamalingaliro awa adzakhala ochepa. Zokhudza makampani onse azigawo zokopa alendo (mahotela, malo odyera, malo omwera mowa, ma disco, kubwereka magalimoto, zosangalatsa, ndi zina zambiri).

Pakalibe makasitomala awa, ambiri mwa makampaniwa sangachitire mwina koma amachepetsa kupanga kwake, kuchepetsa ntchito, ndi zina, mpaka kutsekedwa kwa bizinesi (m'malo opita kunyanja kapena pachilumba). Ndipo zonsezi zitanthauza kuti pakufunika anthu ochepa ogwira ntchito, kotero kuti kulemba anthu ntchito mgululi kudzakhala kotsika kuyambira pano. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti izi zidzakhudza mwachindunji chiwonetsero cha ntchito, chomwe chidzagwetse magawo khumi chakhumi chifukwa chotsatira cha Brexit pazokopa alendo.

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti zokopa alendo ku Britain ndiye woyamba kupereka alendo ku Spain, malinga ndi zomwe zaposachedwa ndi Unduna wa Zachuma. Pamwamba pa French, Germany ndi Italiya. Malinga ndi izi, zidzakhudza kwambiri ntchito zachuma ku Spain. Kuphatikiza apo, Boma lisonkhanitsa ndalama zochepa pantchitoyi, zomwe zingakhudze zinthu zina zomwe zikupezeka mu Bajeti Ya General State.

Spain: zotumiza kunja

mabanki ena azikhala ovuta kwambiri Mmodzi mwa otayika akulu munkhondo yovuta yachuma iyi adzakhala makampani omwe ali ndi zokonda ku UK. Kumbali imodzi, kudzera kunja kwake, zomwe ziwonetsa zowonadi zatsopano pamapu apadziko lapansi. Kuthetsa anthu ogwira ntchito, kuchepetsedwa kwa maubwino awo ndikusintha kwakukulu pamabizinesi awo kudzakhala zotsatira zoyipa kwambiri pakukhazikitsa njirayi.

Makampani omwe adalembedwa mndandanda wazosankha ku Spain sadzakhala aulere, m'malo mwake. Omwe amadziwika kwambiri ndi chuma cha England ndi omwe adzalangidwa kwambiri ndi misika yazachuma, monga momwe adapangira patsiku la msika wamsika Lachisanu Lachisanu lapitali. Banco Santander, Sabadell, Ferrovial, Iberdrola kapena Telefónica ndi ena mwa omwe akhudzidwa kwambiri ndi mwambowu. Ndi zizolowezi pamtengo wake zoyipa kuposa anzawo pazachuma. Mulimonsemo, adzakhala oopsa kwambiri kutsegula malo m'misika kuyambira pano.

Atony pamsika wogulitsa nyumba

zomangamanga Gawo ili logwirizana kwambiri ndi njerwa lidzavutika ndi chisankho ichi. Pamene mapaundi ataya mphamvu poyerekeza ndi euro, ogwiritsa ntchito aku Britain ambiri amachepetsa malo awo pamsika wogulitsa nyumba, makamaka amene malo ake ogwiritsira ntchito ndi gawo la tchuthi. Musaiwale kuti msika waku England ndiye wogwira ntchito kwambiri kuti ayang'anire nyumba yanu yachiwiri ku Spain.

Zotsatira zake, sipadzakhala zochitika zochepa m'gululi. Zotsatira zake ndizowonekera bwino, ntchito zochepa komanso kuchepa kwa phindu lamakampani omwe adadzipereka pantchito yofunika iyi yazachuma. Ndipo mbali inayo, yolumikizidwa kwambiri ndikukula kwa Gross Domestic Product (GDP), zomwe zitha kugwa ndi magawo khumi mwa theka lachiwiri la 2016. Ichi ndichinthu china chomwe chingawononge chuma cha Spain kuchokera munjira izi.

Wonjezerani chiwongola dzanja

Vutoli limawoneka ngati layiwalika, koma Lachisanu lapitalo, kugwa kwankhanza m'misika yamalonda, chiwonjezeko cha chiwopsezo chidawonjezedwa. Kufikira magawo a mfundo 170, ndipo mulimonsemo, osawoneka mzaka ziwiri zapitazi. Izi zitha kukhala zowononga chuma cha dziko. Ndikwanira kuti tiwone zomwe zidachitika zaka zinayi zapitazo kuti tizindikire kukula kwa deta yachuma iyi yomwe ingawukenso.

Kukula kwake kungapangitse, pakati pazinthu zina, kuti zovuta zandalama ndizochulukirapo. Kapena mwanjira ina, amakhala ndi mtengo wovuta kwambiri pogwiritsa ntchito chiwongola dzanja chambiri. Izi zitha kukhudza momwe ndalama za boma zimagwirira ntchito, zomwe zikadakhala zochulukirapo. Ndikutheka kuti adadulidwa kuzinthu zina zolumikizidwa kwambiri ndi nzika: zaumoyo, zopindulitsa kapena zolipirira maphunziro.

Ngati kufalikira ndi mgwirizano wa ku Germany kukuwonjezeka, ndizomwe zimayambira pachiwopsezo, pangakhale chiwopsezo chokhomera misonkho. Mwina mwachindunji, kudzera mu VAT kapena misonkho yolengeza za anthu achilengedwe (IRPF), kapena ayi, kapena kutengera boma lomwe lidapangidwa zisankho zazikulu zisanachitike Lamlungu lino.

Mphamvu za Domino kumayiko ena

zochitika zina Komabe, chowopsa chachikulu pazofuna za Spain ndikuti njira yolekanayi ifikira mayiko ena: France, Denmark, Holland, Sweden kapena Italy. Potero, njira zakukulira ku Europe zitha kusokonekera. Ndipo ndi zowopsa kwa nzika zonse zaku Spain. Momwemonso, Spain itaya bwenzi lofunikira pankhani yokhazikitsa Pangano la Transatlantic la zamalonda ndi zamalonda, lodziwika ndi dzina lake: TTIP.

Ndipo pamapeto pake, gawo lowerengera ndalama, koma lofunikira pakukula kwa dziko. Si ina ayi koma ndalama zochepa zomwe European Union idzakhale nazo, ngati Britain kulibe, yomwe idzasamutsidwe ku zofuna zadziko, chifukwa ikadakhala yopanda thandizo pazinthu zingapo zopindulitsa, komanso yofunika kwambiri pakukula kwachuma.

Zinthu zonsezi zitha kupangitsa kuti msika wamsika waku Spain ubwererenso kutsika kwakukulu m'masiku akubwerawa. Ndipo izi zitha kupangika ndikuwonekera kwa zina zotsika kuposa zina pamitengo yomwe ingakope chidwi cha ogwiritsa ntchito msika. Mpaka kuwalimbikitsa kuti alowe m'misika, kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wotsika wamagawo.

Ngakhale kuti pomalizira pake tidzayenera kuyembekezera miyezi ingapo kuti tipeze zotsatira zomwe muyeso wovomerezedwa ndi anthu achingerezi udzakhale nawo Lachisanu lapitali. Osanena kuti mwina pangakhale zotsatira zake.


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