Wopanga maolivi wamkulu kwambiri

wopanga mafuta

Mafuta a azitona ndi golide waku Mediterranean, ndi gawo la chakudya chathu cha tsiku ndi tsiku, ndipo sitimayembekezera chakudya chilichonse popanda mafuta. Kodi mungaganizire buledi wopanda mafuta? Simuli inu kapena aliyense.

Ndipo kugwiritsidwanso ntchito sikumangokhala kudera la Mediterranean, ndi abale aku Italiya, Agiriki ndi Achifalansa, koma kagwiritsidwe kake kadzakhala kochulukirapo, ndipo mayiko omwe si gawo la chakudya chawo, ndi gawo lake kale.

Zachidziwikire, pamene yanu kumwa kumawonjezeka, imawonjezeranso kufunika kopanga mafuta azitona 'in situ', popewa kulowetsa mafuta ochulukirapo, mwachitsanzo, Italy, wogulitsa mafuta azitona padziko lonse lapansi.

Kugwiritsa ntchito kwakhala kukuwonjezeka chifukwa cha kusintha kwa zakudya za anthu mamiliyoni ambiri, omwe amafunafuna zakudya zabwino, ndi maolivi amapereka zabwino zambiri zathanzi, mosiyana ndi kanjedza, kokonati kapena mafuta oyeretsedwa, omwe amadya m'maiko ambiri padziko lapansi.

Izi zimatitsogolera ku funso:

Kodi ndi mafuta ati omwe amapanga mafuta ambiri padziko lonse lapansi?

Ndizovuta kunena, chifukwa monga china chilichonse, pali mayiko otsogola osiyanasiyana m'malo osiyanasiyana, ndipo ndibwino kudziwa panorama ya omwe amatulutsa, kutumiza kunja ndikuwononga kwambiri.

Nkhaniyi ndiwofufuza kuti mupeze omwe amapanga mafuta azitona padziko lonse lapansi.

Momwemonso mumadziwa kuchuluka kwake: pakati pa 2015 mpaka pano chaka chino, pafupifupi matani 2.6 miliyoni a maolivi agwiritsidwa kale ntchito padziko lapansi.

mafuta a azitona

1.- Spain

Sizingakudabwitseni kuti Spain ndiye yomwe imapanga mafuta azitona ambiri padziko lapansi. Timapanga mafuta okwana 45% omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi; kuchuluka kodabwitsa.

Dera lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi maekala miliyoni azitona.

Vuto ku Spain ndiloti ambiri amatumizidwa ku Italy, dziko lomwe amachiza, ndikuwatumiza ndi mafuta apamwamba kuposa mafuta aku Spain. Italy, imatumizanso kumayiko ena padziko lonse lapansi.

Ngakhale mafuta ochuluka kwambiri omwe dziko lathu limapanga, akuganiza kuti ndi 20% yokha yomwe ndi mafuta osakwanira.

Pachifukwachi, Spain ili ndi dzina ladziko lalikulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi lopanga maolivi padziko lonse lapansi, koma osati labwino kwambiri.

77% yamafuta azitona opangidwa ndi Spain amachokera ku AndalusiaNgakhale kuti mafutawa adakula kwambiri, Spain imagulitsa mafuta ochulukirapo ochuluka.

2.— Italy

Italy imapanga 25% yamafuta azitona zomwe zimadya padziko lapansi, ndipo mosiyana ndi Spain, ili ndi mbiri kapena mbiri, yopanga mafuta azitona abwino kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Chikhalidwe chachikulu cha mafuta azitona aku Italiya ndikuti ali ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mitundu ndi mitundu, yomwe, mwachitsanzo, dziko lathu lilibe. Akuyerekeza kuti Italy ili ndi gastronomy yake, mitundu 700 ya maolivi.

Ngakhale kuti Italy imatulutsa mafuta azitona opitilira theka la Spain, ndiye amagulitsa mafuta azitona padziko lonse lapansi, chifukwa amatumiza mafuta ochuluka kwambiri ochokera kumayiko ena monga Spain, makamaka, ndi Greece, ndipo amawachita kuti awapatse mitundu ina ndiye mutumize kunja.

Izi zimapangitsa Italy kukhala yotumiza kunja kwambiri, komanso mafuta azitona padziko lonse lapansi.

3.— Greece

Mulingo waukulu mwina sungakudabwitseni, koma ma nuances amapangitsa kuti zikhale zosiyana. Greece imapanga 20% yamafuta azitona zomwe zimadya padziko lapansi, kupikisana kwambiri ndi Italy.

Chifukwa cha mavuto azachuma komanso andale omwe akukhudza dzikolo, anthu ambiri apeza kuti mafuta azitona achi Greek ndiopadera, pazifukwa ziwiri:

  1. 70% yamafuta azitona opangidwa ndi Greece ndi mafuta owonjezera, osaposa dziko lililonse la maolivi padziko lapansi
  2. Greece ndiye dziko lomwe limadya mafuta ambiri padziko lonse lapansi, chifukwa cha zakudya zake komanso miyambo yazakachikwi

Kupanga kwake kumakhala mahekitala mamiliyoni atatu, ndipo pafupifupi makampani 3000 omwe amapangira mafuta a maolivi, ndikupanga mitundu 100 ya golide waku Mediterranean.

Mafuta a azitona amatchulidwa ndi Homer: kumwa kwake ndi nthano.

4. - Turkey

Turkey ndi dziko lina lomwe lili ndi miyambo yakale yodyetsa ndikupanga mafuta a maolivi. Kupanga kwake kumakonzedwa m'dera lozungulira Nyanja ya Aegean.

Udindo wake pakati pa Europe, Asia ndi Africa walola kuti ipange msika wolumikizana pakati pa mayiko m'makontinenti atatu, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale imodzi mwamagawo opanga mafuta azitona padziko lonse lapansi.

Chiwerengero cha mitengo ya azitona ku Turkey chikuyembekezeka kuwirikiza katatu kuchuluka kwake. Malinga ndi World Bank, mu 2013, ndi anthu 74,9 miliyoni. Pali mitengo ya maolivi pafupifupi 250 miliyoni m'dziko lonse la Turkey.

Pali mitundu yambiri ya mafuta a azitona ku TurkeyKoma choyamikiridwa kwambiri ndi chomwe chimapangidwa mdera la Ayvalik, pagombe la Nyanja ya Aegean; Kukoma kwake kumafanana kwambiri ndi mafuta a azitona omwe amapangidwa ku Tuscany yaku Italiya.

5. - Tunisia

Tunisia, ngakhale idalandidwa ndi uchigawenga, idaperekedwa daesh ndipo m'mbuyomu, chifukwa cha 'Arab masika', imapitilizabe kukula ndikupitilizabe kupereka cholemba.

Ena amamupatsa malo achinayi, ndipo mkhalidwe wake ndichinthu china. Tiyeni tiwone.

Kwa Tunisia, mafuta amaimira 40% ya zogulitsa kunja kwa dziko lonselo, ndikugulitsa ambiri kumayiko ngati United States, ndipo ngakhale zili choncho, Italy ndi Spain.

M'malo mwake, mu 2015, anali mtsogoleri wadziko lonse wogulitsa mafuta ku maolivi, kuposa Italy ndi Spain. Mayikowa adakolola koopsa kwambiri mzaka zambiri chifukwa cha nyengo yoipa komanso matenda.

Vuto ndilakuti Spain ndi Italy zidatumiza kunja, koma mafuta a maolivi m'mabotolo ndi awo ndipo Tunisia sinazindikiridwe kuti ndiopanga mafutawo, zomwe zimachitika ku Spain ndi mafuta omwe amatumiza ku Italy.

Chaka chomwecho, mafuta omwe amatumizidwa ku Spain adawirikiza kawiri, ndipo omwe amatumizidwa ku Italy amapitilira katatu.

Chifukwa chake, yayamba mkati Tunisia kampeni yotsekera mafuta mdziko lanu, ndikuti ali ndi dzina 'Made in Tunisia' (Wopangidwa ku Tunisia).

6.- Portugal

Dziko loyandikana nalonso ndi limodzi mwamphamvu kwambiri yopanga mafuta azitona, ndipo ngakhale lakhala likuvutikirapo chifukwa cha kunyalanyazidwa, likuyambiranso pang'onopang'ono. Pamodzi ndi Turkey ndi Greece, mafuta azitona ku Portugal ndi akale: Kupanga kwake kunayamba kuyambira nthawi ya Ufumu wa Roma, kulamulidwa ndi Aluya komanso masiku ano. Kuposa 50% ya mafuta ake ndi maolivi osapanganika.

7. - Siriya

Syria ikudutsa munthawi yovuta, nkhondo yapachiweniweni mbali zinayi kapena zisanu yalanga dzikolo, pomwe amakhulupirira kuti maolivi adabadwa. Sizingakhale nthano, chabwino mtundu woyamba wa maolivi, unapezeka ku Syria, ndi zaka 6.000 zakale, kufalikira ku Syria konse mpaka kukafika kugombe la Mediterranean. Mpaka nthawi yomwe nkhondo idayamba, Syria idapanga matani 165.000 a maolivi pachaka. Tikukhulupirira kuti zonse zibwerera mwakale kumeneko posachedwa.

Mayiko omwe amapanga mafuta abwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi

mafuta a azitona

Taziwona izi ngakhale Spain ndi dziko lomwe limapanga kwambiriSiomwe amatumiza kunja kwambiri, kapena omwe amapanga mafuta abwino kwambiri padziko lapansi. Tsopano, kuti mudziwe mafuta abwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi, pakhala mipikisano, ndipo yaposachedwa kwambiri komanso yofunikira inali kumayambiriro kwa chaka chino ku New York, komwe azitona, nthawi yokolola, komwe amadzinenera kuti ali, mulingo wa chiyero, ndi zina zambiri.

Monga momwe timadziwira komwe kuli vinyo wabwino kwambiri, timayesetsa kupeza komwe kuli mafuta abwino kwambiri padziko lapansi. Uwu ndiwo mulingo wa mpikisanowu:

5.— United States

Anthu a ku Spain adabweretsa mitengo ya azitona kumalo omwe kale anali New Spain, tsopano Mexico, pomwe adalanda America. Dziko lakumwera kwa United States, makamaka California, ndi lomwe limapanga mafuta ochulukirapo mdziko muno, dera lakale la Mexico.

4.— Greece

Ndi dziko lomwe tonse timayanjana ndi mafuta, chifukwa cha zolemba za Homer ndi nthano zachi Greek, ndipo zachidziwikire, chifukwa ndi gawo la gastronomy, abale aku Mediterranean, pambuyo pake.

Mwa maolivi 168, 19 anali ndi mendulo yagolide, ndipo 16 ya siliva.

3.- Portugal

Mu mpikisanowu, oyandikana nawo a Chipwitikizi adalandira mendulo zagolide 15 ndi mendulo za siliva 6, ndipo mitundu 12 yamafuta awo ndi imodzi mwamafuta abwino kwambiri mchaka cha 2015 ndi mabungwe osiyanasiyana.

2.— Italy

Italy, limodzi ndi Spain, Turkey ndi Greece ali ndi chizolowezi chopanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito maolivi. Mafuta aku Italiya, onse 99, adapambana mphotho 43. 9 mwa iwo omwe adatchedwa 'abwino', ndipo ena onse, mendulo zagolide.

1.- Spain

Inde, dziko lathu lilinso ndi mafuta abwino kwambiri padziko lapansi, ndipo Mabotolo 136 omwe adapita pampikisanowo, 73 adapatsidwa mphotho: zolemba 3 'zabwino kwambiri', mendulo zagolide 53 ndi siliva 17, ndiye kuti, 54% yamafuta aku Spain adapatsidwa.

Komanso mafuta azitona aku Spain adapambana mpikisanowu.


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  1.   chitonthozo anati

    Ndinkakonda mafuta a ku Syria ochokera ku Doly, koma sindikupezekanso….