Kodi ROA ndi chiyani?

roa Ndimawerengera roa

Zimachokera ku mawu achingerezi akuti "Bwezerani Chuma”, Imadziwikanso kuti "Kubwereranso ku Investment" o ROI. Ndi imodzi mwamagawo ofunikira kwambiri masiku ano, ikugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi makampani onse omwe akufuna kukhazikitsa phindu, The ROA, imakhala ndi kuwerengetsa la ubwenzi zomwe zilipo pakati pindula opezeka munthawi inayake ndi katundu kampani yapadziko lonse lapansi.

Kufunika kwake kumadalira makamaka chifukwa chimaloleza wolemba mwachindunji digiri ya bwino que kukhala nazo ndi katundu Chiwerengero a kampani, mosasamala mtundu wa ndalama zomwe agwiritsa ntchito, komanso katundu ndalama yadziko lomwe kampani imagwirira ntchito zake zamalonda. M'malo mwake, ROA imalola munthu woyang'anira zachuma kuyeza kuchuluka kwa katundu wa kampani ya kupanga renti ndi ellos momwemonso.

Momwe mungawerengere ROA?

Choyimira cha ROA chitha kuwerengedwa ndi njira zotsatirazi:

 ROA =         Phindu la EBIT

_________________

Chuma Consecho

Mwina zikuwoneka zovuta kumvetsetsa, chifukwa cha matchulidwe, kuti mufotokozere pang'ono kuzindikira kwake muyenera kumvetsetsa kuti phindu EBIT Kutchulidwa mu fomuyi kumatanthauza zabwino zomwe kampani imapeza kale de kuchotsera ndi zofunaa msonkho, ndi Kuchotsa ziphuphu.

Mu gawo lachiwiri la fomuyi akutchula Katundu Wonse, tanthauzo lake limafanana molunjika ndi katundu wamba de dos miyeso yotsatira.

Chifukwa chake EBIT imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati muyeso wowerengera ROA, m'malo mogwiritsa ntchito phindu pambuyo pa chiwongola dzanja ndi misonkho, makamaka chifukwa cha mbadwo wa ndalama que pitilizani wa katundu kwathunthu osadalira la katundu ndalama za phindu ndi komwe zimachokera ndalama zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, ndi zinthu zakunja.

Este chizindikiro zikuwonetsa kuti zosankha ali wathu kampani ndi katundu Mwinanso, ili ndi phindu lochuluka bwanji yuro muli ndi wobvomerezeka mmenemo, chomwe ndi chothandiza kwambiri mukafuna kufananitsa pakati pa zosiyanasiyana makampani, bola ngati ali mgawo lomwelo, popeza phindu lazogulitsa limasiyanasiyana kutengera gawo lomwe lili m'njira yayikulu kwambiri. Mwachidule, titha kunena kuti index ROA kuposa 5% Zatha kupanga imodzi phindu zofunikira.

Ndiye za kuwerengera kwa phindu Za kampani, entre zolemera zolemera.

Komwe pindula limatanthauza makamaka ku pindula ndapeza kale wa mtengo zachuma ndi zotsatira zake msonkho, pomwe chuma chimayenera kuwerengedwa m'miyezi iwiri yapitayo monga tanenera kale.

Chitsanzo chowerengera cha ROA

Chitsanzo choyamba ndi bizinesi yomwe imapanga magawo, ROA angakhale phindu lazachuma Zomwe zimapezeka pazochitikazo wogawika pakati katundu Za bizinesi, izi zitha kuchokera ku: malo, makina, ndalama, kapena masheya omwe amapezeka.

kuwerengera roa

Mwanjira ina njira zina mungapeze ROA pamwamba pamalire a malonda, bola ngati akuti:

ROA = Malire pamalonda  x  Katundu wopeza

Fomula momwe fayilo ya Malire pamalonda es igual :

            Pindulani

     ____________

              Kugulitsa

Ndipo kumene Katundu wopeza es igual a:

                     Kugulitsa

_________________

           Avereji ya chuma chonse

Kupitiliza ndi chitsanzo cha kampani yomwe imapanga magawo, pali mitundu iwiri yosiyana ya kuwerengetsa la phindu Za bizinesi, Izi ndi malonda athunthu y malire omwe amapezeka pamalonda aliwonse. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kukwaniritsa phindu la 10% Kwa kampani yamagulu, pali njira ziwiri zosiyana zakukwaniritsira izi.

Yoyamba ikugulitsa 10 mankhwala ndi phindu la 1% ndipo chachiwiri ndikugulitsa chidutswa chimodzi ndi phindu la 10%. Ndi imodzi mwanjira ziwirizi, zotsatira zomwezo zimapezeka, chofunikira ndikutanthauzira imodzi molunjika komwe bizinesi yanu ikupita, kutengera mtengo womwe mumapeza kuti mupeze zinthuzo, mwazinthu zina, ngati simutero khalani ndi mtengo wotsika kwambiri, mumapereka zabwino zonse ndi zolipiritsa, ngati mungakwanitse kugulitsa pamtengo wotsika muyenera kupeza malonda akulu osapindulitsa pang'ono, omwe palimodzi ayamba kupanga phindu lalikulu, bola mutakhala ndi malonda abwino gulu.

ROA imasiyanasiyana pakati pa mafakitale osiyanasiyana

Osatengera gawo lomwe kampaniyo ili, zabwino ROA Ndi amene mtengo wake umaposa 5%, ngakhale mtengo wake umasinthasintha kutengera gawo lamafakitale lomwe likuwunikidwa. Chifukwa zikuwonekeratu kuti kampani yochokera kuzitsulo zamagetsi siyofanana ndi malo odyera omwe ali pakatikati pa Madrid.

roa

Izi ndichifukwa choti ndalama zoyambirira zimayambira kuyambitsa bizinesi, popeza kukhala ndi kampani yomwe imakhala ndi ndalama zambiri koyambirira, kudzakhala ndi mwayi wambiri wogulitsa ndipo izitha kufikira makasitomala omwe amafuna zinthu zambiri.

M'malo mwake, ikayamba ndi chuma chochepa, kampaniyo iyenera kutero tengani izo mu malonda, kuti athe kugula pang'ono nthawi iliyonse, kutengera kufunikira kwake.

Mukakwanitsa kupeza chuma pamtengo wabwino kwambiri wamsika, pochotsa kapena kutulutsa, mumakhala ndi mwayi wowongolera kufunikira kwa malonda, zomwe sizoyenera momwe ndikuwonera, koma zomwe zimachitika ndi maulamuliro akulu ambiri.

ROA imathandizira kufananitsa pakati pa makampani

Chitsanzo chodziwikiratu cha momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito poyerekeza pakati pa makampani ndi, kampani yomwe yapempha ngongole kuti ipereke ndalama pamakina awo mdziko lomwe lili ndi msonkho waukulu kwambiri, izikhala ndi zomwezi ROA kuposa dziko lina lokhala ndi misonkho yocheperako, kapena lomwe lagwiritsa ntchito chuma chake pazachuma, koma limagulitsa chimodzimodzi. Kupanga kuthekera ndi izi, kufananiza pakati pa makampani omwe ali mgawo lomwelo, ngakhale atakhala kuti akugwira ntchito m'maiko osiyana siyana.

Chidziwitso chawo chimalola kuwonetsa zomwe kampani ingachite ndi katundu zomwe muli nazo; mwa kuyankhula kwina, ndi zochuluka motani phindu imapereka euro iliyonse yomwe yakhala ikugulitsidwa pakampani kapena pagulu. Mwachitsanzo, kampani yamafuta yomwe ili ndi ROA ndi 15% zikutanthauza kuti aliyense yuro yomwe idayikidwa kampani kuti ipeze ndalama zatsopano, ipanga 15 masenti de yuro Como pindula.

El cholinga Udindo waukulu wa oyang'anira ndalama pakampani iliyonse ndikuwongolera phindu zomwezo, makamaka ngati pali ndalama zopangidwa posachedwa, zotsatira zake zowonekera kwambiri zimafunikira kwa iwo. M'malo mwake, iyi ndiye tanthauzo yemweyo wa zachuma a kampaniMwa kuyankhula kwina, ndi mphamvu yomwe ili nayo yopanga ndalama zokwanira kukwaniritsa zolinga zomwe zakwaniritsidwa.

La phindu zomwe zili ndi katundu ikuyimira phindu zachuma kampani yomwe ili nayo, izi zikutanthauza kuti phindu lomwe lapezeka pagulu con la ndalama zachitika. Ndiye kuti, mtengo wathunthu kutengera zochitika wamba.

Mwachidule, ndi njira yomwe imawunikira momwe kampani ikugwirira ntchito bwino, ndipo imatipatsa chithunzithunzi cha zabwino zomwe kampaniyo imatha kupanga kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe zidasungidwa.

Kumasulira

Kutengera fomuyi kuti mupeze fayilo ya ROA zomwe zawonetsedwa kwa inu, titha kudziwa zomwe kampani ikuyenera kuchita kuti ikwaniritse ROA:

  • Lonjezani malire pamalonda, pochepetsa kupanga komanso kupanga ndalama kapena powonjezera mitengo yazinthu.
  • Lonjezerani kasinthasintha wa katundu, kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa malonda m'misika yatsopano kapena momwemonso kudzera muntchito zamalonda zomwe zimapindulitsa kutchuka ndi kugulitsa kampani.

Monga kusanthula, tili nawo dos Mitundu yosiyanasiyana kuti mupindule kwambiri pazinthu: mtundu woyamba ndi makampani omwe ali ndi phindu lochulukirapo monga zinthu zapamwamba, zopangidwa monga Apple, Rolex, Bentley, ndipo mbali inayo tili ndi mtundu wamakampani okhala ndi ma margins zochepa de phindu muzogulitsa zawo, koma ndi zazikulu kuzungulira wa katundu, monga: McDonald's, Burger King, Pizza Hut.

Kusiyana pakati pa ROE ndi ROA

Muyenera kufotokozera bwino fayilo ya ROA ndi ROE popeza, ngakhale nthawi zina nthawi zambiri amakhala ofanana, nthawi zina samakhala ofanana.

Ngati kampani ilibe ngongole yachuma, a ROA ndi ROE zifanana. Koma kampani ikakhala kuti ili ndi ngongole zamtundu uliwonse, ndiye kuti ROE nthawi zonse zidzakhala zapamwamba kuposa ROAIzi ndichifukwa cha kuchuluka komwe kumachitika mu ngongoleyo, popeza sizofunikira kwenikweni kuti zizichita bizinesi moyenera.

El ROE yesani kuthekera kuti kampani yomwe ikufunsidwa ili nayo, kuti kubwezera pachuma mpaka azimayi zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi izi, ngati zingakhudze ndalama ndi misonkho.

El ROA M'malo mwake, amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyesa momwe zinthu zonse za kampaniyo zikuyendera, mosasamala kanthu momwe amalandirira ndalama komanso malamulo amisonkho mdziko lomwe ntchito za kampaniyo zimachitika.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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