Mtengo wa ogula IPC, ndi chiyani ndipo chikuyambira bwanji?

kumwa

CPI kapena cholozera cha ogula ndi chisonyezo cha ndalama kudzera momwe kuwerengera mtengo wamitengo yamtundu wazinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri potengera basiketi yabanja kapena thumba la banja kumachitika, zomwe zimamaliza kuwerengera pafupifupi kwa banja kuchuluka kwa zomwe amakonda Pezani zogulitsa ndi kusiyanasiyana kwake pamtengo, kaya ndi zabwino kapena zoipa, kukulitsa kapena kuchotsera kuchuluka kutengera mlanduwo.

CPI ndiimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pachuma. Ili ndiudindo wopanga malire pamitengo ya zinthu mdziko muno, chifukwa chake kufunikira kodziwa ndikudziwa kuti ndizogwirizana kwambiri ndi ikukwera mitengo ya chakudya ndi zinthu zomwe timakonda kugula ndikumaziyerekeza ndi matikiti athu okongola komanso ngati zili zoyenera kwa awa.

Kuchuluka kwamitengo ya ogula sichinthu china koma chifukwa chakutha mphamvu yogula popeza zikuwonetsedwa kuthekera kochepa kogula katundu ndi ntchito ndi ndalama zofananira kale. Kukhala motere chifukwa CPI siyang'ana mitengo momwe ilili, kutanthauza kuti zomwe amachita ndikuti imawona kusintha kwa onse pamodzi mwezi ndi mwezi komanso chaka ndi chaka.

Mawu achidule komanso osavuta kumva IPC ndiye chisonyezero cha chuma zomwe zimatithandiza kumvetsetsa ndikudziwa momwe ndalama zikusinthira poyerekeza mwezi watha ndi mwezi wapitawu, koma zokhazokha zofunika ndikofunikira pamoyo watsiku ndi tsiku wabanja lililonse ndichifukwa chake zonse zimakhazikika mudengu lamabanja kapena dengu. Mwachidule, ndi chida chofunikira komanso chofunikira kwambiri chomwe chimasamalira komanso kuteteza kusiyanasiyana kwamitengo mwezi ndi mwezi motero chimayembekezera mavuto amtsogolo chifukwa cha kukwera kwamitengo.

Kodi kufufuma ndi chiyani?

Sitingathe kuyankhula CPI ngati sitikudziwa zomwe tikutanthauza ndi inflation, popeza ndi zinthu ziwiri zomwe zimagwirizana nthawi zonse. Chifukwa chake tikukufotokozerani mwachidule pansipa.

ipc

Kukwera kwamitengo ndiko kugwa kapena kutsika kwa ndalama poyerekeza ndi zomwe zingagulidwe mofananamo posinthana ndi ndalama zotere; Mwachitsanzo, ngati tigula chinthu tsiku ndi tsiku ndipo masiku akamadutsa, mtengo wake ukuwonjezeka, chifukwa tikukhudzidwa ndi kukwera kwamitengo, mwachidule, inflation ndiyo kukwera mtengo kwa zinthu zomwe timagula pafupipafupi, monganso ngati timalipira ntchito ndipo izi zimawonjezera mtengo wake chifukwa cha zomwe timachita kale, tsopano tikuyenera kulipira zochulukirapo.

Tsopano mutha kuona kuti ndikofunikira chifukwa zimatithandiza kutero kuyendetsa chuma cha dziko, chifukwa mavuto ena amayiko ena padziko lapansi amayamba chifukwa cha kuchepa kwakukulu kwa inflation. Chofunika kwambiri pachuma ndikuti mitengo ikwere pang'ono chifukwa kutsika kwamitengo sikuyenera kukhala kofanana pamayikidwe azachuma chifukwa izi zimadzetsa chidaliro chochulukirapo pazachuma komanso kuchedwetsa ntchito zawo, zomwe zimawapangitsa kuti asapange phindu ndipo mtsogolomo azitha , zomwe zimayambitsa ulova komanso zipwirikiti zachuma.

Para onetsetsani kukwera kwamitengo konseku Tiyenera kuyeza ndichifukwa chake basiketi iyi kapena dengu la banja limanyamulidwa.

Kodi ndingawerenge bwanji CPI?

Pali zinthu zambiri zogulitsa ndi ntchito zomwe tonsefe titha kugula ndipo sizingatheke kuti onse alembetse. Ichi ndichifukwa chake CPI imawerengedwa potengera kuyerekezera komwe timatcha dengu Umu ndi momwe amasankhira zinthu ndi ntchito zina ndikupanga magawo ndi magulu ndi magulu ang'onoang'ono motsatana. Dengu limapangidwa ndi zinthu zofala kwambiri komanso ntchito zofunika kwambiri komanso zodziwika bwino za banja labwinobwino lomwe lili ndi chuma chofananira komanso chofanana.

Ndondomeko yamitengo yaogula

Kuchita kuwerengera kwa CPI kuyerekezera kumachitika pakusintha mtengo kwa zinthu 489. Izi zimachitika kudzera m'mafukufuku omwe adachitika m'malo 30.000 m'matauni 177 aku Spain, ndiye kuti mitu 52 ndi 125 zomwe sizili mitu yayikulu; Kafukufukuyu amachitika kudzera pafoni, fakisi, imelo kapena pamasom'pamaso. Ndikofunikira kutsimikizira kuti kafukufukuyu sanaphatikizepo kugula kulikonse komwe kwakhala kukugulitsidwa kale, sikelo kapena malonda.

Tsopano tifotokoza momwe tingapangitsire kuwerengera komwe kuli kosavuta kwambiri ndipo mwachidule motere:

  • Mtengo watsopano wa chinthucho pamtengo wakale kuposa mtengo wakale wa chinthucho pamtengo wakale.
  • Ubwino wopezedwa ndi mitundu monga izi:
  • Zogulitsa zomwe zimapangidwa zokha, kulipira mwaulere, chakudya chaulere kapena cha bonasi, ndalama zomwe zimaperekedwa mukakhala nazo kapena zabwerekedwa, zaulere, ndi zina zambiri. Monga magulu osasintha ndi ma lottery.

Chifukwa chiyani CPI ndiyofunika kwambiri?

El CPI ndi imodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pakukhazikika pachuma za dziko momwe ziliri chida chachikulu chisonyezero cha momwe inflation ikusinthira. Kufunikaku ndikofunikira chifukwa ndichofunikira kwambiri pakuwunika ndi kuwerengera kuchuluka kwa malipiro, pakati pa ena monga ndalama zochokera kunyumba kapena malo ogulitsa.

IPC

Ichi ndichifukwa chake CPI imagwiritsidwa ntchito pamapangano osiyanasiyana ogwira ntchito omwe ndi maziko ozindikira kukwezedwa kwa malipiro kumayambiriro kwa chaka chilichonse kuti pafupifupi nthawi zonse gawo limodzi la mgwirizanowu limangokhala ndi zochulukirapo. Zimakhudzanso kubwereketsa kwapachaka kumawonjezeka kapena kuwerengera zomwe ziyenera kuperekedwa pothandizira chakudya, pakati pa ena.

Zinalinso zofunikira kutero kuchuluka kwa mapenshoni Kusintha kunachitika mu 2014 komwe kukuwonetsa kuti sadzalumikizidwanso pakuwerengera uku, ndiye kuti, zichitika pochita kachigawo kakang'ono kamene, kakuwerengedwa ndi zinthu zina, kadzatulutsa zotsatirazi. Komabe kutchulidwa kwa IPC idzakhala chofanizira popeza ngati ndi yocheperako poyerekeza ndi bar, kuyerekezera komwe kwakhazikitsidwa ndi IPC kuyenera kupangidwa.

CPI sichikhudza mtengo wazinthuzoZimangowongolera pomwe mtengo wawo ukukwera kapena kutsika ndikupanga kuchuluka komwe kumapita malinga ndi izi.
Pali njira zingapo zoperekera izi, koma chofala kwambiri ndikuchita zonse ziwiri kuti apange chiwonetsero ndi kusiyanasiyana kwake mwezi watha.

Kodi amawerengedwa nthawi yanji?

Amachitika mwezi uliwonse ndipo amafalitsidwa pakati pa mwezi womwe umatsatira mwezi womwe wawerengedwa kale. Kukhala otere kumakuthandizani kuwona momwe zachuma zikusinthira komanso kutsika kwake kwakanthawi. Kusintha kosalekeza kumeneku kumapereka kuthekera kolosera ndipo kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi boma kapena makampani kupanga zisankho pazomwe adzachite mtsogolo.

Kutsika kwachuma

Kutsika kwakukulu ndi chifukwa cha kuwonjezeka kwa CPI ndipo ikasankhana pakati pazogulitsa zamagetsi ndi zakudya zopangidwa kukhala iwo omwe ali ndi kusintha kosakhazikika pazifukwa zosiyanasiyana

Ndondomeko yamitengo yaogula

Zida zamagetsi: Gawoli limaphatikizapo mafuta monga gasi, mafuta, magetsi, ndi zina zambiri.
Zakudya zosinthidwa: Gawoli limaphatikizapo zipatso, chimanga, ndiwo zamasamba ndi zinthu zina mgululi.

Kutupa komwe kumayikidwa kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zida zazing'ono momwe katundu ndi ntchito zimasalidwa chifukwa cha zomwe sizakhazikika mwachilengedwe ndipo sizomwe zili mikhalidwe ina yonseyi, izi zimatipatsa kuzindikira kuti zomwe zanenedwa ndizotsika poyerekeza ndi zomwe zimakhudzana ndi kukwera kwamitengo.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndi chikhomo chosasinthika chomwe chimatithandiza kumvetsetsa kukwera kwamitengo ndi zomwe mabanki akusankha komanso zomwe zikuchitika pachuma padziko lonse lapansi.

Ndi chida chabwino kwambiri chomwe chimasinthira mitengo mosalakwitsa komanso kudzera munjira yosinthira ndi index ya mitengo ya ogula (CPI)

Njira yowerengera kutsika kwachuma ndikuchotsa magawo awiri azogulitsa (mphamvu ndi zopangidwa) kuti mupeze.

Kukwera kwamitengo kwakukulu kumalembedwa ndikuchotsedwa ku National Statistics Institute (INE) molumikizana ndi CPI komanso CPI yogwirizana.

Tikazindikira kuti CPI ndi chiyani komanso kufunika kwake pachuma chathu mdziko muno komanso padziko lonse lapansi, titha kuzindikira zabwino zomwe zimatibweretsera, chifukwa zimatithandiza kuzindikira ngati china chake chalakwika munjira yachuma chifukwa padzakhala kukwera mtengo kwa zinthu ndi ntchito zomwe zimakwaniritsa zosowa zathu za tsiku ndi tsiku.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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