Misa Yachikhalidwe

Kufotokozera za kuchuluka kwa makolo

Chuma chonse cha kampani chimatha kugawidwa m'magulu, m'magulu kutengera momwe ndalama zilili. Zonsezi magawo omwe amagawana zofananira Amatha kugawidwa m'magulu akulu amitundu, momwe muli magulu akulu atatu. Misa ikuluikulu itatu yomwe ilipo ndi ya chuma, ngongole, ndi ya Ndalama.

Munkhaniyi tiwona momwe magawo onsewa agawidwira. Chifukwa chake kuphatikiza zonse zomwe tili nazo, kudzatitsogolera kukhala ndi chiwongolero chachikulu podziwa zomwe ndalamazo zagwiritsidwira ntchito, maubwino omwe amapezeka, kapena ndalama zomwe zikuyembekezeredwa.

Katundu ndi Chuma chawo

Tsamba loyesera limayesa kufotokoza kufunika kwa kampani potengera zinthu zitatu zazikulu.

Katunduyu amayimira chuma chonse ndi ufulu womwe kampaniyo ili nawo, chilichonse chomwe chili nacho. Amayambira mipando yamaofesi, nthaka, ndalama kapena ndalama kubanki, ziphaso zogwiritsira ntchito, zovomerezeka kapena zida zamakompyuta. Mndandandawo ndi wautali, ndipo mkati mwazinthu zambiri zamtengo wapatali umagawika magawo awiri, chuma chamakono komanso chosakhala chamakono.

  • Zomwe zikugwira ntchito: Zomwe zimatchedwanso chuma chamakono, chuma chamakono ndi chimodzi mwazinthu ziwiri zomwe zili muzinthu zomwe zimakhala ndizomwe zimatsimikizira kuti kampaniyo imagwira ntchito tsiku ndi tsiku. Ndi achidule, ndipo malo ake ndi ochepera chaka chimodzi. Izi zikuyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito, ngati zopangira, kapena kugulitsidwa, ngati chinthu chomaliza. Izi ndalamazo zikugwira ntchito, ndipo katundu wapano akhoza kugawidwa m'mitundu itatu. Masheya, omwe amapezeka ndipo amapezeka.
  • Chuma Chosakhalitsa: Zomwe zimatchedwanso zakukhazikika, zomwe sizili pano zili m'manja mwa makolo omwe ali ndi zinthu zomwe zimasungidwa pakampani kwa nthawi yoposa chaka chimodzi. Mwa iwo titha kupeza zinthu zonse zomwe zimalola kampani kuti ikhalebe yogwira bwino ntchito. Palibe ndalama zomwe zikufuna kukhala zachikhalire, ndipo kugulitsa zinthu izi sikunaganiziridwe. Katundu wosakhala wagawika m'magulu atatu. Katundu wosagwirika, katundu, fakitole ndi zida komanso ndalama zazitali.

Ngongole ndi Katundu wawo

Ngongole ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zazikulu zitatu momwe ndalama zonse ndi ngongole zimaphatikizidwa. Ndiye kuti, ngati chuma chitha kumaliza kufotokozera kampaniyo za phindu lonse, zovuta zake ndizotsutsana. Nthawi zambiri ngongole izi zimakhala ndi ngongole zomwe zilipo pakadali pano komanso mtsogolo chifukwa chazachuma cham'mbuyomu. Kutengera mtundu wa chuma, chitha kugawidwa m'magulu ena awiri, ngongole zomwe zilipo pakali pano komanso zomwe sizili pano.

Mashi amtunduwu amayesa kuphatikiza magulu osiyanasiyana amakampani omwe amafanana komanso ofanana

  • Ngongole Zamakono: Zimaphatikizapo ngongole zonse kapena zolipira zomwe kampaniyo imayenera kukumana nazo mu nthawi yochepera chaka chimodzi. Amawerengedwanso kuti amalipira omwe amapereka, omwe amapereka ngongole, misonkho yochokera pantchitoyi.
  • Ngongole zomwe zilibe: Ngongole zonsezo kapena ngongole zonse zomwe tili nazo kukhwima kuposa chaka chimodzi. Nthawi zambiri zotsatira zakubzala ndikuwonjezera kapena kuyambitsa bizinesi. Malipiro kwa omwe amapereka omwe amakhala ndi nthawi yayitali yopitilira chaka chimodzi amathanso kulowa mu capital capital iyi.

Ndalama Zonse

Ndiponso amatchedwa ndalama zawo, wapangidwa ndi likulu loperekedwa ndi abwenzi ndi nkhokwe zomwe kampani yakhala ikudziunjikira pazaka zambiri. Ndi chinthu chomwe chili papepala chomwe chikuyimira zonse zomwe kampani ili nazo. Kuti muzitha kuwerengera, ndikwanira ndi chotsani ngongole zonse pazachuma cha kampani. Pambuyo pakupeza kusiyana, chuma chomaliza mwazinthu zitatu zazikulu zomwe kampani ikhoza kukhala nazo, zamtengo wapatali, zimapezeka.

Ngati mukufuna kupita mozama mu ukonde womwe uli wofunika, pali ulalo pomwe tangolankhula kumene kutalika ndi kutalika. Munkhaniyi mutha kupeza zambiri zakomwe chuma ndi ngongole zimakupatsani mwayi wodziwira momwe kampani ilili.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Equity, zonse momwe zimagwirira ntchito

Phukusi la Balance chifukwa cha Chuma

Tsamba loyeseralo ndiye chitsanzo cha momwe chuma chimakhalira pakampani inayake panthawi yake. Popeza kuti chuma ndi mtengowo zidzasinthasintha pakapita nthawi (komanso zochulukirapo pakapita nthawi), pepalalo likuyesa kufotokozera kuchuluka kwa kampaniyo patsiku lomwe lapatsidwa.

Katundu wamkulu ndi chuma, ngongole ndi mtengo wake.

Cholinga chake ndikupanga phindu la cholowa posiyanitsa ma Mass a Patrimonial. Amakonzedwa kuchokera pagulu lazidziwitso zamaakaunti munthawi yazachuma. Izi zimapezeka pazolemba zomwe zikugulitsidwa, zomwe ndi magazini komanso buku lalikulu.

Cholinga chotsatiridwa ndikutsimikizira kuti zinthu zonsezi zapangidwa.. Amakhala ndi magawo awiri, a ndalama kapena katundu, ndipo pamapeto pake amtengo wapatali kwambiri. Komabe, amagawidwa m'gulu lazinthu zazikulu zitatu zomwe zafotokozedwa pamwambapa, chuma, ngongole ndi phindu lonse.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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