Mgwirizano wogwira ntchito zachitsulo ku Spain

Mgwirizano wogwira ntchito zachitsulo ku Spain

Zokambirana zamgwirizano wamgwirizano lakhala vuto lofunika kulilingalira ndi ogwira ntchito omwe amasamalira izi mosiyanasiyana ntchito ndipo yatchuka chifukwa chakuti ndi zokambirana zomwe amakambirana kwambiri ndi omwe amakambiranawo ndipo amatenga nthawi yayitali kuti agwirizane, mpaka atasaina.

Ndi mapangano antchito Omwe amayang'anira kuyang'anira ndikugwiritsa ntchito chitsulo m'malo osiyanasiyana mdziko muno, zomwe zakonzedwa ndikukonzedwa ndi anthu ena ogwira ntchito kukambirana m'chigawochi ndikufikira mgwirizano pakati pa nthawi yodziwika.

El cholinga chachikulu ndi: chepetsani kukambirana m'magulu azitsulo, Cholinga chokhazikitsidwa ndi mabungwe ndi olemba anzawo ntchito, ndichifukwa chake adasaina mgwirizano womwe umadziwika kuti mgwirizano wazogulitsa zitsulo, chikalata chomwe chimaphatikizapo kukambirana pazinthu wamba kuti athetse zovuta zomwe zingachitike pantchito ndi kufanana pakati pa makampani, zomwe zatsala pakadali pano, kwa magawo azigawo, zina monga malipiro kapena bungwe logwirira ntchito.

Nchifukwa chiyani pali mgwirizano wothandizira kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu wamba?

Njira zogwirira ntchito, maola ogwira ntchito pachaka komanso mikhalidwe yofanana; Izi ndi zina mwa zinthu zomwe, kuyambira pano, amalonda azitsulo ndi mabungwe am'magulu azikambirana kamodzi kokha, poyerekeza ndi katatu m'mbuyomu: mu mgwirizano wa Huesca, Teruel ndi Zaragoza.

Izi zidzakuthandizani pewani ndi kuphatikiza mgwirizano wamgwirizano, popeza pazinthu izi anali wamba, ndipo kuwonjezera pokhala wamba sizomwe zimayambitsa mikangano, koma zinali zokambirana zamchigawo zamgwirizanowu.

Mgwirizano wogwira ntchito zachitsulo ku Spain

Nkhani monga malipiro kapena nthawi yowonjezerayi zimangokhala zachigawo chokha. Ndi mgwirizano wamgwirizano wa Makampani azitsulo a Aragon sitepe yoyamba yakutsogolo imadziwika, kotero kuti tsiku lina padzakhala mgwirizano umodzi m'deralo. Gawo lomwe limaphatikizapo makampani opanga magalimoto, oyambitsa maziko, oyikira mapaipi kapena okonzanso, ndipo limalemba ntchito anthu pafupifupi 40.000 m'deralo. Masamba akuwonjezeka pamgwirizanowu pang'ono ndi pang'ono kuti afotokoze mitu yofunika kwambiri.

Misonkhano yosiyanasiyana zomwe zapangidwa kuyang'anira ndikuwongolera zochitika zosiyanasiyana zokhudzana ndi kugwiritsa ntchito chitsulo m'malo osiyanasiyana, Abwera kudzagwira ntchito mwanjira yabwino komanso chifukwa chachikulu chokambirana komwe kumachitika pofuna kuwongolera ufulu wa akatswiri, komanso zomwe munthu ayenera kuchita kuti azigwira ntchito ndikusamalira zinthu monga chitsulo.

Mapangano osiyanasiyana zokhudzana ndi kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa chitsulo ngati chiwongolero chazomwe zingagwire ntchito zosiyanasiyana, monga ma plumbing, zida zamagetsi, zodzikongoletsera, kuyatsa, ndi zina zambiri.

Mwachiwonekere pali kufanana mu misonkhano yachitsulo yosiyanasiyana zomwe zasainidwa ndi omwe akukambirana, ndipo izi ndizofananira modabwitsa, koma tifunikanso kunena kuti kusiyana kuli kwakukulu pakati pa madera osiyanasiyana momwe mapanganowa adapangidwira ndikusainidwa.

Zomwe zimayendetsedwa bwino mkati mwamgwirizano wazitsulo?

Pali malamulo ndi mapangano osiyanasiyana omwe amakambidwa pazokambirana zaku mapangano onse, zomwe zimathandizira kuwongolera ndikuwongolera zochitika zomwe chitsulo chimagwira gawo lofunikira. Zomwe zimafunidwa makamaka ndikuwongolera kagwiritsidwe ntchito, momwe zinthu zikuchitidwira, zokolola komanso nthawi yopanga, zonsezi kuti wogwira ntchito azitsatira malamulowa kuti akhale otetezeka nthawi iliyonse yomwe achite ntchitoyo.

Ogwira ntchito ayenera kudziwa bwino izi mapangano, malamulo awo, kuvomerezeka ndi nthawi yomwe akuyenera kukwaniritsidwa. Mapangano osiyanasiyana ogwira ntchito amatanthauza zochitika zosiyanasiyana, kutengera dera kapena dera lomwe wogwirayo wagwirako, ntchito kapena mgwirizano wazantchito uzikhala wosiyana.

Mgwirizano woyamba waboma pamakampani, ukadaulo ndi ntchito zamagawo azitsulo ku Spain

Mgwirizano wogwira ntchito zachitsulo ku Spain

Adasainidwa pa mgwirizano woyamba waboma, zomwe zimathandiza kulimbikitsa kukambirana m'magawo osiyanasiyana mdziko muno.

Mapanganowa azikhala ndi ntchito zoyambirira, izi kupatula mgwirizano womwe ukuwonetsa kuti kupitiriza kwawo kuli ndi malire.
Ndi chithandizo chatsopano mgwirizano wagawo lazitsulo, Zikuonetsetsa kuti malipirowo agwirizana pamgwirizano uliwonse kutengera dera lomwe lasainidwa, izi ndizothandiza ngati mgwirizano uliwonse ungaleke kugwira ntchito ndikuti ntchito yake itha, motero antchito apitiliza kulandira malipiro awo popanda palibe vuto.

Izi zimathandiza Ogwira ntchito amatetezedwa ku tsankho lamtundu uliwonse Kukakhala kuti malipiro omwe adagwirizana kale sanaperekedwe, komanso thandizo kumakampani osiyanasiyana omwe amayang'anira ntchito zosiyanasiyana kwa makasitomala, mwayi wokambirana ndikukwaniritsa mapangano omwe amathandiza magulu onse kuti akhale okhutira ndi mapanganowo.

UGT ikunena kuti kusaina panganoli ndi kupambana kopambana ndipo akuwona ngati mbiri yofunikira mgwirizanowu, zomwe zingathandize ogwira ntchito kutukuka bwino munthawi yazitsulo.

UGT imanenanso kuti, "Zimaphatikizaponso zinthu zatsopano monga kuchita kopitilira muyeso kapena kuvomerezeka komwe kumavomerezedwa m'mapangano apansi, zomwe sizingalole mgwirizano uliwonse kutsika, kusiya zomwe zidavomerezedwa pakusintha ntchito."

Kodi CCOO imaganiza bwanji za izi?

CCOO yawonetsa kukhutira ndi mgwirizano watsopano. CCOO yakhala ikupanganso mgwirizano womwewo kwa nthawi yayitali, kuyang'ana madera ndi ogwira ntchito kuti atetezedwe m'njira zosiyanasiyana zokhudzana ndi kugwira ntchito ndikugwira ntchito m'makampani azitsulo ku Spain.

Zachidziwikire zatsopano msonkhano wachitsulo Ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri pamakampaniwa, ngakhale padakali njira yayitali, kuchokera pano timayamba kufikira zokambirana mtsogolo, ndipo izi ndi zomwe CCOO yazindikira ndizofunikira kuzindikira.

Mgwirizano wogwira ntchito zachitsulo ku Spain

Mfundo zina zofunika mkati mwa Mgwirizano wantchito.

Mgwirizano wakhazikitsidwa ndikusainidwa wokhudza malipiro ochepa ndi gawo lachigawo, Izi zikutanthauza mgwirizanowu m'chigawo chilichonse. Chofunikira apa ndikuti, ngakhale mgwirizano wamchigawo udakhudzidwa ndikutsimikizika kapena nthawi ya mgwirizano, apitiliza kupereka malipiro wamba kwa ogwira ntchito ndi azimayi ogwira ntchito m'derali, kuteteza anthu kuti asakhudzidwe ndi zina zoterezi chifukwa choti sazindikira kwenikweni zomwe zimayambitsa.

Malire okhwima adapangidwa pazinthu zina zomwe zidachitika chifukwa cha kusintha kwa ntchito ku 2012, mgwirizanowu umalepheretsa kuchuluka kwamgwirizano wamakampani ambiri.

Ena mwa maluso omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mgwirizano wothandizanaIzi zimathandizira mgwirizano wamgululi kuti ukhalebe wogwira ntchito.

Pakati pa mgwirizano mgwirizano umatsimikizika kwa onse ogwira nawo ntchito, mosasamala za kugonana, zaka, mtundu kapena fuko lomwe munthuyo ali. Njira zofunikira zimatengedwa kuti zikhalidwezi zikwaniritsidwe motsutsana ndi tsankho kwa anthu mosasamala kanthu kuti ndi ndani.

Zifukwa zomwe zinalepheretsa mgwirizano wamgwirizano

Zina mwazifukwa zazikulu zomwe zidapangitsa kuti kuchedwa kusaina mapanganowo zidathetsedwa nthawi yomweyo. Komabe, pali ena omwe anali ovuta kwambiri kukonza.

Mkangano unayambitsa chifukwa cha kusiyana kwa malipiro wamba chinali chimodzi mwazifukwa zofunikira kwambiri zomwe zidapangitsa kusamvana pamgwirizanowu, komanso kukhazikitsidwa kwa ukalamba, popeza kuyambira Januware 2015, 2007 panali zowonjezera zowonjezera ndipo zidavomerezedwa kuyambira pomwe chaka XNUMX.

Pambuyo pa chaka chimodzi ndi miyezi iwiri yokambirana ndi misonkhano ingapo, mgwirizano udakwaniritsidwa, womwe pambuyo pake umabweretsa kusaina kwa mgwirizano. Idasainidwa ndi mabungwe amakampani, kukhala oyenera ndi CCOO, omwe ali ndi 70% yamakambirano.

Pomaliza

 

Gawo lazitsulo lili ndi mgwirizano watsopanoAtasainidwa ndi mabungwe, mgwirizanowu udaphatikizapo kukweza malipiro kwa onse ogwira ntchito m'matauni kapena zigawo zosiyanasiyana zaku Spain, zomwe ndichinthu chodziwikiratu chomwe chakhala chosangalatsa kwambiri kwa anthu omwe amagwira ntchito pazitsulo.

El mgwirizano wamgwirizano wachitsulo zimakhudza anthu ambiri, antchito ambiri omwe akuchita Mgwirizano wogwira ntchito zachitsulo ku Spain Ntchito zosiyanasiyana mgawo lazitsulo, ndikuwonjezera kwa malipiro ndi kulemekeza ufulu wachibadwidwe, moyo wabwino watsimikiziridwa kwa ogwira ntchitowo kuyambira pomwe mapanganowo asainidwa.

Mgwirizanowu upangitsa kuti pakhale njira yabwino yobwezeretsanso malo abwino ogwirira ntchito kuti athe kutenga ma oda atsopano ndikuwonjezera kulipira. Mapanganowa akhazikitsa maziko azokambirana zatsopano mtsogolo.


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