Kuopa kwa Wuhan Coronavirus kumapita m'misika yazachuma

Coronavirus ndi ubale wake pakati pa kusinthanitsa masheya

Masiku apitawo, palibe amene amadziwa chomwe chinali, ndipo pakadali pano Wuhan Coronavirus imakhala imodzi mwamitu yayikulu patsikuli. Kuwoneka kwachilendo komanso kwadzidzidzi kwakhazikitsa olamulira aku China komanso dziko lonse lapansi. Mantha onsewa akhudza misika yamasheya padziko lonse lapansi, ndi nkhani iliyonse yomwe imawonekera. Kodi Coronavirus ndi Mliri Woopsa? Chifukwa chiyani masheya akukumana ndi kuchepa kwamasiku aposachedwa? Kodi madontho a zoperekazo akukhudzidwadi ndi matendawa?

Tonsefe tikudikirira kuti mliriwo usinthe, ndipo ndizomwezo kufalikira kwake ndikofulumira kwambiri. Ngakhale sizinadziwike zambiri za kapangidwe kake, olamulira apita kukagwira ntchito kuti aletse kupita kwawo patsogolo. Chifukwa chake, zizindikilo zoyambilira zikuyamba kuwoneka kuti zimamvetsetsa momwe zimagwirira ntchito, motero kuti athe kuyendetsa bwino. Mantha, koma, amabwera nthawi ino mikhalidwe yozungulira Coronavirus, ndipo koposa zonse kuchokera komwe idachitikira komanso mphindi yomwe Zimagwirizana ndi Chaka Chatsopano cha China cha Chaka Chatsopano. Ndi mphindi yokha pomwe kuli mamiliyoni ambiri osamukira kumayiko ena. Mliri wokhala ndi chikhalidwe chomwe chimapangitsa kukhala chosiyana nthawi ino.

Kodi Wuhan Coronavirus ndi chiyani?

Coronavirus imagwedeza mwamphamvu matumba omwe amadwala mwamphamvu

Wuhan Coronavirus ndi wa banja la Coronavirus, gulu lalikulu la ma virus a RNA okhala ndi emvulopu wamba. Mpaka pano pali mitundu 39 yosiyanasiyana ya Coronavirus, a mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya matenda kutengera ndi uti. Ena ali ndi zizindikiro zowopsa monga chimfine, ena monga bronchitis, bronchiolitis, chibayo, Middle East kupuma matenda (otchedwa MERS-CoV) kapena matenda oopsa a kupuma (SARS-CoV).

Wuhan Coronavirus (2019-nCoV), kukumbukira kwambiri mliri wa SARS wa 2002-2003. Arnau Fontanet, wamkulu wa department of epidemiology ku Pasteur Institute ku Paris, adati kachilombo katsopano ka 2019-nCoV ndi 80% kofanana ndi SARS. Kuyerekeza kumeneku kwapangitsa kuti pakhale lingaliro loti mwina kutha kusintha kwa SARS.

Kuphatikiza apo, zidanenedwa dzulo kuti zinali ndi mawonekedwe kuti amapatsirana ngakhale zizindikirozo zisanayambe kuwonekera. Komabe, adakana posachedwa, zomwe zimapereka chidziwitso chaumbuli wina ndikuphunzira mosalekeza kuti mumvetsetse momwe matendawa amagwirira ntchito.

Kusintha ndikukula kwa mliriwu

Chisinthiko ndikukula kwa wuhan coronavirus

Pali nkhawa kuti zitha kufalikira padziko lonse lapansi, kuti China ikhoza kukhala kuti ilibe kachilomboka ndikupangitsa mliri. Kuti mumvetse kukula kwa nkhaniyi, ingoyang'anani pa zomwe zimapezeka tsiku ndi tsiku. Mwa zina zofunika kwambiri, zotsatirazi ziyenera kufotokozedwa:

  • Chiwerengero cha milandu yotsimikizika chidachoka pa 220 mpaka 2.850 sabata limodzi. Kuchulukitsa ndi 13. Izi zidafika dzulo, Lolemba, Januware 27, pakadali pano lero, pa 28, panthawi yolemba mizereyi, pali kale 4.500 omwe ali ndi kachilomboka.
  • Chiwerengero cha omwalira omwe adalembetsa chidachoka pa 3 mpaka 81 sabata limodzi. Kuchulukitsa koposa 25. Izi pa Januware 27, lero Lachiwiri 28, chiwerengero cha anthu 106 akufa chidalengezedwa, 25 kuposa dzulo. Anthu omaliza kuchiritsidwa akhala 60.
  • WHO dzulo idakonza lipoti pomwe idakweza chiopsezo chamayiko kuchokera ku "zolimbitsa" mpaka "pamwamba". Pakati pa dziko la China, chiopsezo chake ndi "chachikulu kwambiri".
  • Pali milandu 44 yomwe idalembedwa kunja kwa China a anthu omwe atenga matendawa. Mwa mayiko osiyanasiyana timapeza Singapore, France, Germany, Australia, Thailand, Malaysia, South Korea, Japan, United States, Vietnam, Nepal ndi Canada.
  • Purezidenti wa USA, A Donald Trump adalemba pa tweet dzulo kuti thandizo likuperekedwa ku China kukhala ndi kachilomboka.

Ndi magulu ati omwe akuvulazidwa kwambiri?

imagwera m'misika yamasheya chifukwa cha coronavirus

Popeza njira zothanirana ndi mliriwu zomwe maboma akutenga, makampani osiyanasiyana ayamba kulembetsa kuchepa kwamphamvu kwama msika. Otsatsa, chifukwa chakuopa kusinthika komwe Wuhan Coronavirus atha kukhala nako, akutaya masheya mwachangu. Mwa magawo omwe akhudzidwa kwambiri timapeza ogulitsa, mahotela apamwamba, ndege, ndi zinthu zina zopangira. Ngati sichoncho, kuvutika konse kumachepa, odziwika kwambiri omwe tingawapeze pakati pa omwe atchulidwa kale.

Kutsika kwachuma komwe kwayamba kale kudziwika, kumasamutsidwa kumagawo awa. Meliá, ndi mahotela ake asanu omwe akugwira ntchito ku China, adawonetsa kuti akukhalamo ochepa, pomwe magawo ake adalembetsa kutsika kwa 5% dzulo. Mbali inayi, ndege zikupitilira lero ndikuchepa, pang'ono pang'ono poyerekeza ndi tsiku lakuda lomwe adakumana ndi dzulo. Makampani monga IAG amavomereza kuti apangitsa mitengo ya ndege zawo za Iberia kupita ku Shanghai kukhala zosinthika.

Zomwe mungayembekezere kuchokera pazovuta za Coronavirus m'misika?

zomwe muyenera kuyembekezera m'misika yamasheya pambuyo pa coronavirus

Akatswiri osiyanasiyana komanso akatswiri azachuma amafuna kutsimikizira izi zomwe zimakhudza chuma chadziko sizikudziwikabe. Osati pachifukwa ichi, pali zinthu zosiyanasiyana zomwe mwachilengedwe zimatha kugwira bwino ntchito, monga zamagetsi kapena zamagetsi. Komanso malo otetezeka, monga Golide ndi Siliva, akuwonjezeka chifukwa cha likulu lomwe likupeza phindu ndikubisalira. Ndipo ndichakuti sitiyenera kuyiwala izi pali chizolowezi chokwera kwambiri m'miyezi yaposachedwa, kumene misika imawoneka kuti ikukwera mopanda mantha chifukwa cha zovuta zilizonse pakampani. Msika pazokwera kwambiri ku USA kapena kukwera pachaka ku Europe.

Mulingo womwe mitengo idafika, ndikuchulukitsa kofunikira, ndiokwera mokwanira kuti chochitika chilichonse chikhudze misika mwanzeru.

Tiyenera kudikirira kuti tiwone chisinthiko komanso momwe matendawa akuyankhidwira. Kuyamba kutenga maudindo pa izi kumatha kukhala kogonjera, kenako mopupuluma. Kuyendetsa bwino pazinthu izi kumafunikira kuyembekezera kwakukulu komanso kuthekera kochita zinthu. Momwemonso, akatswiri osiyanasiyana komanso ofufuza adakumbukiranso momwe m'mbuyomu ma virus ena amawonekera, monga SARS, akawongoleredwa, panali zabwino pamsika wamsika. Pakadali pano, pobwezera, ena a iwo amakumbukiranso momwe masheya adagwa m'miyezi ingapo yotsatira.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
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