Phindu Lolephera ndi Kulepheretsa

Kusokoneza kampani

Zowonadi tidamva kale Kuchulukitsa phindu ndi kutha kwa makampani kapena mabizinesi Koma kodi kuphwanya kapena kufalikira ndi chiyani? Kodi zachokera pa chiyani? Kodi ndizofunikira pakampani? Kodi ingawerengedwe bwanji? Ndi chiyani? Ndiyenera kuchita nthawi yanji? Munkhani yonseyi tifotokoza pang'onopang'ono kuti kufunikira kwa kuwerengetsa uku, ndi kosavuta bwanji komanso phindu lomwe limabweretsa kumakampani kapena mabizinesi.

Zonse m'njira yomveka komanso yopanda zovuta zambiri kuti zikhale zosavuta kuzimvetsetsa ndikuchita, makamaka kwa anthu omwe akungoyamba kumene kapena akufuna kuyambitsa kampani kapena bizinesi.

Chifukwa chake osadukiza tiyeni tiyambe mvetsetsani mawu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri komanso kuwerengera ndi opindulitsa makampani.

M'makampani ambiri, mosasamala kanthu kuti ndi ochepa kapena apakatikati, mtengo umatsimikiziridwa kuti umadutsa kuwerengera kwa zinthu zomwe zilipo ndi kugulitsidwa, ndi izi, ndalama zomwe zidapangidwa zimalipira, ndiye kuti, zomwe zidapindidwa kale ndizomwe zimatchedwa kulephera kapena kuphwanya; Mwanjira ina, ndi kuchuluka kwa malonda omwe adapangidwa ndikuti mwanjira iyi kunalibe kutayika kapena phindu, ndiye kuti, zomwe zidalipo kale zidangopezeka.

Kusokoneza kapena kusweka Ndiye kuchuluka kwa zomwe mudalowetsa kapena kuchuluka kwa malonda komwe kumafanana ndi kuchuluka kwokhazikika; Pamwamba pa ndalamazo, ndalama zomwe zikubwerazi zikhala ndi mtengo wokwanira ndipo zotsalazo zipindulitsanso chimodzimodzi, ngati zili pansi pake, zidzasowetsa ndalama.

KODI KUFUNIKA KWAMBIRI KUMATANTHAUZA KAPENA KUFA KUMATANTHAUZA?

Mawuwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pazachuma malire opindulira, osalowerera ndale kapena osokonekera Zachokera pachidule chake mu Chingerezi BEP (Break Even Point) ndipo m'mawu osavuta ndiye kuchuluka kwa mayunitsi omwe agulitsidwa ku kampani yathu kumaliza phindu la zero. Mwanjira ina, ndipamene ndalama zonse zomwe zagwiritsidwa ntchito zikufanana ndi ndalama zonse zomwe zagulitsidwa.

malire opindulira

Ndi ndalama zochepa izi zogulitsa ndi zochepa idzakhala yopindulitsa pantchito, bola ngati zonse zomwe zapangidwa zizigulitsidwa; popeza ngati pali zokolola koma osagulitsa, zikuwonekeratu kuti sipadzakhala ndalama kubizinesi kapena kampani; Mwanjira ina, ndalama zosungira zokha ndizomwe zimapangidwe.

Kuti mugawane kampani yopindulitsa kapena yopanda phindu, kuchuluka kwa zinthu zomwe amagulitsa kuyenera kuwunikiridwa ndikuwona ngati zonsezo zimathandizira kupereka zabwino kudzera pakusiyanasiyana kwazomwe zimapangidwa. Kumbali inayi, ngati kampaniyo ikungofotokoza chinthu chimodzi kapena chinthu chimodzi, zimatsimikizika kuti zafika nthawi yopumira kapena vuto.

Mwanjira ina kuti mumvetse bwino; malire a phindu kapena kumapeto kwake ndi kuchuluka kwa zinthu kapena ntchito zomwe tiyenera kugulitsa kuti tithe kulipirira zonse zomwe tinasinthira kapena zosintha zomwe timagulitsa kuti tigulitse. Kufotokozedwanso mwanjira ina, ndi malire omwe timayamba kubwezera zomwe zidagulitsidwa mu bizinesi ndipo timayamba kupanga ndalama ndi zinthu zathu.

KODI MUNGAPINDULE KAPENA MAFUNSO ANU?

Mmodzi wa Ubwino wa nthawi yopuma kapena kusakhulupirika ndikupereka malipoti ku kampani za kapena kuchita bizinesi zakuopsa kapena zoopsa zake Izi zakhala zikupezeka pakusintha kwa kuchuluka; Kuphatikiza apo, zimathandizira kupereka chithunzi chokwanira komanso chowonekera bwino cha zomwe zimachitika pakuwonjezeka kwamtengo wokhazikika; Kuphatikiza apo, zimatithandiza kusankha zosintha zomwe zingachitike phindu lalikulu, monga kukwera mtengo kapena mtengo wazinthu zopangidwa.

ZOYENERA ZA KULIMBIKITSA KOPEREKA KAPENA KUKHALA OKUFA:

  • Kuzindikira kwa malonda sikuyendera limodzi, chifukwa chake wina akavutika wina ndi mnzake, izi zimakhudza mulingo wazomwe zilipo kale.
  • Kuchuluka kwa zinthu zomwe zagulitsidwa nthawi zonse kumadalira mtengo wogulitsa.
  • Mtengo wosinthika umatha kukula kapena kuchepa, chifukwa chake amayenera kugawidwa kutengera nthawi yomwe yakonzedwa.
  • Ngati kuchuluka kwakukula ndikochulukirapo, mtengo wake sudzakhalabe wokhazikika ndipo udzawonjezeka.

KODI NDIMAWERENGA BWANJI NTCHITO / MITU YA NKHANI YOTSATIRA?

Kuwerengetsa malire kapena phindu, malire a 3 okha ndi omwe amafunikira pakampani yathu:

Nthawi yakufa

1. Mtengo wathunthu wa kampani yathu kapena bizinesi.
2. Mitengo ya zinthu zomwe zikugulitsidwa.
3. Mtengo wosinthika wa gawo lililonse wagulitsidwa kale.

Mtengo wathunthu wa kampani yathu kapena bizinesi.

El Mtengo wokhazikika kapena mtengo wake ndi wazonse zomwe zidzagulitsidwe kapena kulipiridwa Chifukwa chake pakufunika kukonzekera zinthu zomwe mudzagulitse, monga renti ya malo, zolipirira antchito, magetsi, matelefoni, makampani a inshuwaransi, mayendedwe, mafuta oyendera, ndi zina zambiri. Ndikofunikira kulingalira za aliyense wa iwo kuti muwerengere mtengo wokwanira bwino.

Mitengo ya zinthu zogulitsa.

Mtengo wina wosinthika kapena mtengo ndi Mtengo wogulitsa womwe ungogulitsa chinthu chimodzi ndizosavuta chifukwa muyenera kukhazikitsa imodzi. Koma nthawi zambiri mitengo yosiyanasiyana imagwiridwa pachinthu chilichonse kapena chinthu chilichonse, chomwe chimatchedwa mtengo wapakatikati wogulitsa; komano ngati kampani yanu ili yayikulu kale ndikukhazikitsidwa ndipo ili ndi zinthu zingapo komanso zowonetsera izi, zimanenedwa za kuswa kapena kusokoneza ndipo kuwerengetsa kuyenera kupangidwa pamizere iliyonse yamabizinesi.

Mtengo wosinthika wagawo lililonse wagulitsidwa kale.

Mfundo yomaliza yomwe tikufunikira ndi kusinthasintha kwa gawo lililonse kapena mtengo wosinthika pano umalowetsa zonse zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu bizinesi, zopangira kupanga zomwe akupanga kapena kutengera kutengera kuchuluka komwe akupanga, ndi chifukwa Izi zimawerengedwa kuti ndizosintha mtengo chifukwa zidzadalira kuchuluka komwe kudzapangidwe, ndiye kuti, ngati titapanga zochulukirapo, kuchuluka kwake kudzakhala kokulirapo, koma ngati titapanga zochepa, kuchuluka kudzakhala kocheperako, ngakhale kupanga kutsitsa kapena kuchuluka; Zotsatira zowerengera zonsezi zidzakhala mfundo yachitatu itatu. Ndikofunikira kukumbukira kuti kuwerengetsa kumeneku kudzachitika kupatula magetsi, malipiro, inshuwaransi, lendi ya malo ndi zonse zomwe zatchulidwa kale m'ndime yoyamba yomwe timayika ngati ndalama zokhazikika.
Malire othandizira

ndale ndi pakhomo

Kuti tipeze malire a zoperekazo tiyenera kuwerengetsa izi:

Chotsani mtengo wa chinthu chogulitsidwa, kuchotsera, mtengo wosinthasintha wagawo lililonse.

Kuwerengera kwa phindu kapena malo okufa.

Kuti tiwerenge kuchuluka kwa phindu kapena malo okufa tiyenera kugawa, kuchuluka kwathunthu pakati pamalire a zopereka zomwe tafotokozazi; omwe ndi:

Kugawa mtengo wathunthu ndi gawo lazopereka kungabweretse phindu.

Iyi ndiye mfundo yomwe mungayambire kupanga phindu.

Chotsatira ichi chidzakhala malire opindulira kapena omaliza omwe tiyenera kuchita mwezi uliwonse, chaka kapena tsiku, (monga zabwino kapena zoyenera kampani) kuti tiyambe ndi phindu kapena phindu chifukwa tidzadziwa motsimikiza mtengo wonse komanso kusinthasintha kwa chinthu chilichonse chogulitsidwa, chomwe chidzatipatsa mphamvu zowongolera kukhala ndi maubwino akulu.

Kuwerengera uku ndi chimodzi mwazofunikira kwambiri kuchita; Chifukwa chake ngati mukufuna kukhazikitsa bizinesi kapena kampani ndikofunikira kwambiri kutero, mwanjira imeneyi mutha kukhazikitsa malo ogulitsa kuti athe kukwaniritsa izi posachedwa ndipo ndi imodzi mwazinthu zabwino kwambiri ndikofunikira kuti muyambe kukhazikitsa ndondomeko yothandiza zomwe muyenera kupita nazo kubanki.

Njira yomwe tafotokozayi ikuchitika ndi iyi:

Qc = CF / (PVu - Cvu)

CHITSANZO

Qc = Phindu lopindulira kapena kutchinga, ndilo kuchuluka kwa mayunitsi omwe amapangidwa ndikugulitsidwa kuti zitheke kupeza phindu.
CF = mtengo wokhazikika kapena mtengo wathunthu.
PVu = Mtengo wogulitsa wagawo.
CVT = Mtengo wosiyanasiyana.
CVu = Mtengo wosiyanasiyana wamagulu.
B ° = Phindu.
Ine = Ndalama.
C = Mtengo wonse.

Mwanjira yosavuta komanso momveka bwino tafotokozera kuti ndi chiyani Kuswa-ngakhale mfundo ndi kuletsa makampani kapena mabizinesi ndi phindu lawo. Chifukwa chake ndikungolinganiza, kukonzekera ndikuwonetseratu ndalama zonse zomwe zimachitika pakampani kapena bizinesi, ndikusunga mbiri yake kuti muzitha kuziwerenga tsiku lililonse, sabata iliyonse, pamwezi kapena pachaka malinga ndi zosowa ( ngakhale kuli kofunika kutero pamwezi).
Tikukhulupirira kuti nkhaniyi yakuthandizani komanso kukuthandizani.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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