Magazini

ogwira ntchito zaulimi

M'magawo odziwika bwino otchedwa Middle Ages, ambuye achipembedzo anali ndi chizolowezi cholemba anthu ntchito kuti azigwira nawo ntchito m'mashopu awo. Izi zimadziwika mchilankhulo cha Chifalansa monga Jorurée, ndichowchokera ku liwu lachi French lomwe mawu apano amachokera: Ogwira ntchito masana ndi usana, zomwe zitha kunenedwa m'mawu osavuta kuti ndi anthu omwe amagwira ntchito yolipira tsiku limodzi.

Malipiro ndi chiyani?

Mawu akuti malipiro Titha kumvetsetsa ngati malipiro omwe wogwira ntchito amalandila posinthana ndi tsiku la zochitika kapena ntchito; apo ayi itha kutanthauzidwanso ngati ntchito yomwe wothandizila amachita tsiku lililonse.

Chifukwa chake, titha kunena choncho malipiro ndi imodzi mwamaofesi omwe amapezeka kulipira ntchito Za wolembedwa ntchito, komabe, mawuwa achotsedwa pamalowo ndi zina zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri monga: malipiro, malipiro, kulipidwa, ndalama zolipiridwa, zolipirira, kapena chindapusa, pakati pa ena.

malipiro

El malipiro amakulitsa zovuta zakuyimira kwa malipiro, Popeza zimachotsera wogwira ntchito chilichonse chomwe chimamupangitsa kuti ayesetse kupititsa patsogolo ntchito yake, zimafunikanso kukhala tcheru, zomwe ziyenera kukhala zopitilira, chifukwa chake zimakhala zodula kwambiri ndipo zimabwera kudzapereka zotsatira zochepa, ndipo zimapangitsanso Ogwira ntchito ali kugwira ntchito mwa njira yofananira, kutanthauza kuti angapo ali ndi maudindo ofanana, khama lidzayendetsedwa ndi la ogwira ntchito omwe sachita khama pantchito yawo, izi zikutanthauza ulesi, malingaliro oyipa, kusachita bwino, munjira zina; Izi ndichifukwa choti kulipira pantchito yomwe ichitike kudzakhala yofanana kwa aliyense, chifukwa chake palibe chomwe chingalimbikitse kuti ntchitoyi ichitike mwanjira yabwinoko, koma potengera zochepa zomwe zikufunika ndikuti ntchito zomwe opatsidwawo azigwira zichitike. Ndi chifukwa cha izi zomwe zimatchedwa zomangira (ndiyo njira yomwe ilipo yolembedwa ntchito komwe wogwira ntchito amalipiritsa kuchokera pantchito yomwe yachitika, osati kuyambira nthawi yomwe wagwiritsa ntchito), Ndi m'malo omwe amapindulitsa tsikulo nthawi zambiri.

Tsopano tiyeni tipitirire kufotokoza wogwira ntchito tsiku limodzi, liwu lina lomwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito mofananirana limalembedwa, ndi munthu amene walemba ntchito yemwe amagwira ntchito posinthana ndi malipiro kapena zomwezo, malipiro a nthawi yakugwira ntchito; imagwiritsidwanso ntchito mochulukira kwambiri ngati liwu logwiritsidwa ntchito kwa ogwira ntchito zaulimi omwe alibe minda.

Tsopano, powonjezerapo tanthauzo la mawuwa wantchito, Itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito kwa ogwira ntchito kumunda omwe alibe minda yawo, ndiye kuti, sagwira ntchito yawo. Zomwe chiwonetserochi chikuyimiranso chimalumikizidwa kwambiri ndi madera akulu omwe ali kumwera kwa Spain, makamaka ku Andalusia. M'madera ena a Andalusia, ogwira ntchito masana omwe amalembedwa ntchito nthawi yobzala kapena gañanía amatchedwa gañanes.

Malipiro ndi malipiro ocheperako ochepa

malipiro ndi wantchito

M'gawo la Spain, malipiro ochepa (SMI) Ndiwo malipiro ochepa omwe munthu angalandire, ngakhale atakhala wodzipereka pantchito. SMI iyi imatha kufotokozedwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana, zonse kutengera ndalama; mwina patsiku, pamwezi kapena pachaka chantchito. SMI iyi imasindikizidwa chaka chilichonse ku BOE.

Kuti akhazikitse malipiro ochepa omwe amafanana ndi chaka chilichonse, Consumer Price Index (CPI) iyenera kuganiziridwa limodzi, komanso zomwe zikugwirizana ndi zokolola zapadziko lonse lapansi, komanso kuchuluka kwa ogwira nawo ntchito mokhudzana ndi ndalama zadziko ndipo ziyeneranso kukumbukiridwa pazachuma mkhalidwe wowunikidwa m'njira zambiri. Malipiro ocheperako amatha kusinthidwa theka pachaka ngati pangakhale kusiyanasiyana kwa bajeti yomwe idaperekedwa kwa omwe amalemba mitengo ya ogula (CPI).

Otsatirawa ndi awa zitsanzo zamakhalidwe azachuma m'zaka zaposachedwa. Kwa chaka cha 2013 idakhazikitsidwa ndi Royal Decree 1717/2012, patsiku la Disembala 28 ku 21,51 euros tsiku lililonse ndi ma 645,30 euros mwezi uliwonse, kuphatikiza kuphatikiza zolipira zodabwitsa za 2. Ngati malipirowa agawidwa m'malipiro 12, iliyonse yolingana ndi mwezi umodzi pachaka, popanda zowonjezera, zomwe zimalandila ndalama zochepa pamwezi zimakwana 752,85 euros. Chiwerengerochi chikuwerengedwa pamalipiro onse, omwe amafanana ndi zomwe zimatchedwa ntchito yanthawi zonse (yomwe, ku Spain, pantchito zambiri zimatanthawuza kugwira ntchito maola 40 pa sabata, ngati izi zagawidwa kuti zisiye ndandanda momwe masiku onse ogwira ntchito sabata ali ndi maola omwewo, omwe amafanana ndi maola 8 patsiku). Nthawi zambiri, ngati pazifukwa zina tsiku logwira ntchito lalifupi lachitika, chindapusa kapena gawo logwirizana ndi nthawi yomwe agwirayo lidzalandiridwa.

Malingana ndi gulu la akatswiri, komanso mapangano amabizinesi omwe akuchitika, ndalama zomwe zanenedwa zitha kukulitsidwa kapena zitha kuchepetsedwa ngati wogwira ntchito ali m'malo ena ophunzitsira. Maubale azantchito komanso zambiri zafotokozedwa mu Pangano la Ogwira Ntchito

Mu Disembala 2011 china chake chachilendo chidachitika, Boma la Mariano Rajoy lidaziziritsa Malipiro Ochepera, izi ndizofunikira kuwunikiranso chifukwa koyamba kuyambira kukhazikitsidwa kwa malipiro ochepa izi zidachitika. Pofika chaka cha 2012, boma la Popular Party lidachitanso chimodzimodzi, ndikunama malipiro ochepa. Mu 2014, zomwezi zidapezekanso, pomwe malipiro ochepa adazizidwa pa 645,30 euros pamwezi. Monga tanenera kale, mwa mgwirizano, mgwirizano uyenera kukhala ndi zolipira zina ziwiri, ndi motere, powonjezerapo magawo omwe amalipiritsa ofanana gawo limodzi pamwezi, malipiro ochepa ku Spain, ndiye kuti, pambuyo pa misonkho, kukhala mozungulira € 2 pamwezi.

wantchito

Tsopano tiyeni tikambirane zomwe zikuphatikizapo malipiro owerengera ndalama. Pakati pa malipiro apadera, pali mitundu inayi ya malipilo: yoyamba ndi malipiro ogulitsa, yachiwiri ikufanana ndi ndalama zolandila ndalama, mtundu wachitatu wamalipiro amatanthauza malipiro ogula, ndipo womaliza ndi malipiro. wapadera ndikulipira ndalama tsiku lililonse. Makampani omwe amagwiritsa ntchito limodzi kapena angapo amalandila amafalitsa zochitikazo. Nthawi zomwe malipirowo sakhala a mtundu uliwonse mwa mitundu inayi ya malipiro apadera, lZogulitsazo zizisindikizidwa mu magazini yayikulu, chifukwa magazini yonseyi imatha kusintha mtundu uliwonse wazogulitsa. Gawoli lilipo chifukwa njira yapadera imakhazikitsidwa kuti igwirizane ndi mitundu yazogulitsa zomwe ilipo.

Nthawi iliyonse yomwe kampani imalipira ndalama, kuti izitsatira, mbiri yazogulitsidwayo imasindikizidwa munyuzipepala yomwe imafanana ndi kulipira ndalama. Mu ichi Malipiro amaphatikizidwa ndi zonse zomwe zimaperekedwa pogwiritsa ntchito macheke, ndalama zolipirira ndalama ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zolipira zamagetsi momwe ndalama zimadutsira nthawi yomweyo kwa wogwira ntchito. Powerengera ndalama, nthawi iliyonse yomwe mumalipira ndalama mumakhala ndi akaunti ya ndalama. Zomwe zimachitika ndikuti "ndalama" ndi akaunti yachuma, ndipo maakaunti onsewa amakhala ndi ngongole yofananira. Ndalama izi zikuyimira ndalama zomwe kampaniyo ili nazo nthawi yomweyo, izi zikutanthauza kuti zinthu zina monga ndalama zomwe zasungidwa kapena maakaunti omwe amalipidwa sanaphatikizidwe munambala izi.

Pofuna kuti kuyang'anira malipiro kumachitika m'njira yabwinokoZogulitsa zonse zomwe zimachitika mkati mwa mwezi zinajambulidwa, kenako zigawo za malipiro zimawonjezeredwa. Mukamaliza kuchita pamwambapa, ndalama zonse zomwe kampani idapereka ndi mbiri yake ziyenera kukhala zofanana. Ngati izi sizikuchitika, ndi umboni kuti cholakwika kapena cholakwika chachitika panthawiyi. Pambuyo pake, chiwerengerocho chikakwaniritsidwa ndipo zina zatsimikiziridwa, zonse zomwe zikufanana ndi mzindawu zimalembedweratu, zomwe ndizolemba zomwe zimasungidwa kumaakaunti onse ndi sikelo yomwe kampaniyo ili nayo. Izi zonse zimachitika kuti kampaniyo ikhonza kukonza bwino maakaunti azomwe ali nazo, pankhani yolipira malipiro.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Matchuthi, maola ogwira ntchito ndi malipiro ku Europe

Njira zolipira zomwe makampani angasankhe

Makampani amatha kusankha kuwonanso owerenga anzawo m'njira zosiyanasiyana. Kuphatikiza apo, ena a iwo ali ndi mwayi wamsonkho kwa onse ogwira ntchito komanso kampani. Ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti dziko lirilonse limatha kulipira m'njira zosiyanasiyana, ndipo ngakhale kuti malipiro ochepa adakambidwa ku Spain, pali mayiko omwe kulipira kumeneku kulibe. Monga dziko lirilonse likulamulidwa pawokha, mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamabizinesi imabuka, komanso maufulu osiyanasiyana kwa ogwira ntchito. Kupatula ntchito zomwe wogwira ntchito angapereke ku kampani yomwe amagwirira ntchito, kampani iliyonse kutengera gawo, momwe imagwirira ntchito yake, komanso dziko lomwe kuli, atha kulipira malipiro awo mosiyanasiyana.

Kuti tichite izi, tiwona njira zina zingapo zomwe malipiro awa angalipiridwire.

Kupereka magawo a kampaniyo

Ndi mchitidwe zomwe zimachitika m'maiko a Anglo-Saxon, koma ku Spain akadali chinthu chochepa kwambiri. Njira yamalipiro imeneyi imakwaniritsa zolinga zosiyanasiyana. Kumbali imodzi, ngati magawo amaperekedwa kwaulere kapena pamtengo wotsika kuposa msika, wogwira ntchito atha kusiya kulipira msonkho bola mtengo wonsewo usamalize kupitilira € 12.000 pachaka.

imodzi mwanjira zodziwika bwino zolipira ndi kudzera mu magawo a kampani yomwe

Ubwino wina wa njira yolipirira ogwira ntchito ndikulumikiza zokonda zawo ndi za kampaniyo. Izi zimadalira kuti kampani ikamagwira ntchito bwino, magawo azikhala ofunika, chifukwa eni ake ndiomwe akutenga nawo mbali pakampaniyo akuchita bwino.

Kulipira matikiti odyera

Njira yolipirayi yayamba kale ku Spain konse. Ndiwo mtundu wamakhadi olipira kapena makuponi omwe angagwiritsidwe ntchito m'misika yogulitsira alendo ndi malo odyera omwe amawalandira (nthawi zambiri amakhala kale kale).

Kwa wogwira ntchito, € 11 yoyamba patsiku omwe amalandiridwa, m'masiku a bizinesi, Amasungidwa pamisonkho yomwe amalandila. Kampaniyo, ili ndi mwayi wokhala osapatsidwa msonkho wamakampani.

Ndi mapulani a penshoni yamakampani

Ndi zopereka zomwe makampani amapereka kuzinthu zachitetezo cha anthu, ndipo imodzi mwazo ndi mapulani a penshoni. Amakhala ndi mwayi wowonongera misonkho iwiri. Kwa makampani, zoperekazi zimachotsedwa pamisonkho yamakampani. Ponena za ogwira ntchito akhoza kuchotsera msonkho zopereka zonse ku mapenshoni amapita pa € ​​8.000 yocheperako ndi 30% yazopeza zanu.

Mayendedwe

Ndi njira yomwe kampani imatha kulipira kusamutsidwa kwa ogwira ntchito ndipo amapindula posayilipira. Wogwira ntchito sayenera kulipira mpaka € 1.500 pachaka ndi € 136'36 pamwezi.

Makampani amatha kusankha kulipira mayendedwe ngati njira yolipira komanso zolimbikitsira chuma

Tikhozanso kuphatikiza pano kuti kampaniyo imapereka galimoto yamakampani, chifukwa chake sangapereke 20% yamtengo wapatali wagalimoto yatsopanoyo.

Inshuwaransi yazaumoyo

Imeneyi ndi ntchito yofala pakati pa makampani akuluakulu. Onse ogwira ntchito komanso odzilemba okha € 500 pachaka akhoza kuchotsedwa ngati mutenga inshuwaransi yazaumoyo. Monga mwayi, inshuwaransi yamagulu ogwira ntchito kapena inshuwaransi ya ngozi yakuntchito nawonso salipira msonkho.

Macheke kusamalira ana

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe mungakonde kwa omwe ali ndi ana. Ma cheke osamalira ana masana amagwiritsidwa ntchito kulipira ndalama za ana azaka zapakati pa 0 ndi 3 omwe amapita kumalo osungira ana ndi malo ophunzitsira ana. Monga ndi matikiti odyera, awa ndi awa osaperekera msonkho ndipo ngati mwayi palibe malire pamwezi kapena pachaka pamacheke awa.

Maphunziro ndi maphunziro

La kawiri mwayi Kuti kulipira kwamaphunziro ndi maphunziro kwa wogwira ntchito komanso kampaniyo kumathandizira aliyense. Kumbali imodzi, kudzakhala kwaulere kuti wantchito alandire maphunziro awa omwe nawonso ndi omwe amagwirako ntchito. Mbali inayi, kuti kampani izitha kukhala ndi ogwira ntchito ophunzitsidwa bwino mmadera awo.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.