Ndalama zazikulu

likulu lokhazikika

Kodi capital capital ndi chiyani?

Mdziko lazachuma komanso bizinesi mawu oti "capital" amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazofunikira zonse zomwe zimathandizira kupanga katundu wambiri ndi ntchito, kuphatikiza ogwira ntchito, makina, malo ndi ena.

Malinga ndi akatswiri azachuma Ndi gulu lazogulitsa ndi zinthu zomwe zimatithandiza kupanga zochulukirapo. M'chilankhulo chachuma, ndizo zonse zomwe zimapezedwa mu ndalama zomwe sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi mwini wake, ndiye kuti zasungidwa ndikuikidwa mdziko lazachuma; Izi zitha kuchitika pogula masheya, katundu yemwe wapeza kapena ndalama zaboma, pakati pa ena, nthawi zonse ndi cholinga chodalirika chobwezera zochulukirapo kuposa zomwe zidasungidwa.

Kuyankhula mwalamulo ndiye gulu la ufulu ndi zinthu zomwe muli nazo kapena zovomerezeka.

Ndikofunika kutsimikizira kuti ndalama zitha kuperekedwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana monga ndalama ndikuyembekeza kuti popita nthawi zikhala zotheka kukhala ndi zochulukirapo, zopanga monga fakitale. Mulimonsemo, cholinga chachikulu cha likulu ndikusiya phindu

Nthambi zomwe likulu lagawidwa

Mawuwa ndi ogawidwa m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya capital.

magawo azachuma okhazikika

  • Ndalama zoperekedwa, zomwe kampani inayake yapereka monga gawo la magawo ake.
  • Kukhazikitsa Capital, ndiyomwe imafotokoza za zinthu zomwe makampani amakhala nazo monga gawo la kapangidwe kake, ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti katundu ameneyu sagwiritsidwa ntchito kwakanthawi kochepa chifukwa ndizopangira kapena ndizabwino.
  • Ntchito YachigawoNdizosiyana ndi zam'mbuyomu, ndiye kuti likulu lomwe lingagwiritsidwe ntchito popanga zinthu koma liyeneranso kubwezedwa munthawi yochepa.
  • Ndalama zosinthaIzi zikutanthauza za amene amalipidwa, monga ntchito mwanjira ina malipiro a wantchito.
  • Likulu Lonse: Limatanthauza likulu lomwe limayikidwa mu zida, makina ndi zinthu zina zomwe zikufunika kuti ntchitoyo ipangidwe.
  • Ndalama zachuma. Amawerengedwa kuti akuyimira mtengo wamtengo wapatali womwe umayimilidwa m'chuma chonse cha anthu.
  • Likulu labizinesi, amatchulapo mabungwe azinsinsi kapena anthu monga makampani, mabungwe ndipo kusiyana kwa izi ndikuti chigamulochi chimalumikizidwa ndi ochepa omwe akutenga nawo mbali kapena omwe ndi mamembala ake chifukwa chothandizira ndalama pazomwe zidapangidwa kapena momwemonso gawo lina lagulidwa momwemo ndioyenera kukhala ndi ufulu wokhoza kusankha komwe chisankho chikupita.
  • Chuma Chuma. Ndizo zonse zomwe zimatsogolera kumalo ndi zinthu zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zinthuzo.
  • Likulu Loyandama, Limatanthawuza zomwe zikufanana ndi zomwe zimayika mwaulere masheya popanda kuzisunga.
  • Mkulu wa anthu. Ndi chidziwitso chonse, maluso ndi maluso omwe anthu amakhala nawo ndipo zimawapangitsa kuti azitha kuchita zinthu zosiyanasiyana m'njira yopindulitsa ngakhale atakhala ovuta motani. Njira yomwe likulu likhoza kuwonjezeredwa pankhaniyi ndi kudzera pakuwonjezera ndalama, kaya akufunsidwa ndi wogwira ntchitoyo kapena powona kuthekera kwake, zimaperekedwa.
  • Venture CapitalAmatanthauzanso kuti kubweretsanso phindu lomwe limachokera kumagawo omwewo ndipo limadziwika kuti likulu lomwe lilibe phindu.
  • Zachuma. Ndizo zonse zolembedwera limodzi ndikuti m'kupita kwanthawi zimapindulitsa zomwe timadziwa kuti ndiosunga masheya.
  • Chuma ChachilengedweNdiwo maubwino omwe munthu amakhala nawo kuchokera panthaka kapena chilengedwe, momwe zimayikidwapo kotero kuti chilengedwe chimatipatsa zinthu zosiyanasiyana m'njira yoyendetsedwa kuti tiziteteze.
  • Likulu ZamadzimadziNdalama zamtunduwu zimatanthauza zabwino zonse zomwe kampani imapeza kapena ndalama zomwe zimachokera. LO zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ndi gawo lomwe limapezeka ngati phindu pazogulitsa. Ndiye kuti, imakupatsirani chuma kapena ndalama kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito pochita zomwe zikukuyenererani.
  • Ndalama Zachuma, Ndilo likulu la umunthu, zachilengedwe, chikhalidwe ndi kupanga
  • Chuma cholembetsedwa, ndalama zosintha zomwe eni masheya amavomereza kuti azipereka, zofananira ndi zam'mbuyomu, ndiye kuti, ndalama zimaperekedwa kuti apange capital.
  • Likulu la Dziko Lonse. Zimapangidwa ndi chilichonse chomwe chimapangidwa ndikuchitika mdziko muno ndipo chimaphatikizapo ndalama zonse zomwe zimayendamo, zinthu zakuthupi zopangidwa ndipo ndi njira yodziwira kuthekera kwa zipatso mdzikolo.

Lero tizingokambirana zakulankhula za ndalama zokha yomwe ndiyomwe imakhudza chilichonse chomwe chimapangidwa pakampani ndipo chimasokonekera mtsogolo, monga makina ogulitsa nyumba, makhazikitsidwe ndi zina.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu chilankhulo chazachuma cha European Account Systems (SEC) zomwe zanenedwa kale kuti zimayesa kupyolera mu ziwerengero zomwe nyumba ndi zinthu zina zamakampani ndi boma ndizofunika makamaka.

Mitundu yazachuma chokhazikika

Pali magulu angapo amakampani omwe asankhidwa ndi lamulo lalikulu la LGSM yamakampani ogulitsa momwe, mwachitsanzo, kampani yocheperako imatanthauza kuti ngongole zake ndizochepa ndi magawo ndi ena; amathanso kutenga mawonekedwe azachuma chosinthika.

Kupanga ndalama zonse

Kupanga ndalama zonse ikuphimba kukonzanso nthaka ndiye kuti, ngati maenje, amataya ndi kupanga mpanda makina amakampani, zida, nyumba, masukulu, misewu ndi ena ndi ena. Zachidziwikire kuti mwapatsidwa boma lomaliza lomwe lili ndi capital.

Izi capital capital akuti akuti imagawidwa m'magawo atatu kuti kufotokoza pansipa:

Makampani omwe ali ndi capital capital

Kupanga ndalama zonse

Izi ndizo chuma chomwe chimayikidwa pakupanga koposa chaka chimodzi.

Izi nazonso zagawidwa 2:

  1.  Kugwiritsa Ntchito Kukhazikika Kwachuma kuti ndikungowona kutsika kwa zinthu zomwe ali nazo chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mosavuta kapena kuwonongeka kapena ngati sizingatithandizenso; Izi zikutanthauza kuti pankhani yazachuma kuti gawo la zomwe zapangidwa zizigwiritsidwa ntchito mwachindunji pobzala ndi cholinga chopanga katundu ndi ntchito zochulukirapo, ngakhale pakadutsa miyezi kapena zaka, katundu ameneyu amataya phindu pamene akucheperachepera. ngati makina. Kenako kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa capital capital kudalira nthawi yowonongeka yomwe katunduyo akuphatikizira ndipo mwanjira imeneyi ndalama zonse zomwe zapangidwa zidzachepa.
  2. Kupanga ukonde kwa capital capital. Chidzakhala kuchotsera komwe kumachitika pochotsa zomwe zidagulitsidwazo. Mwanjira ina, kukhazikitsidwa kwakukulu kwa capital capital ndiko komwe kumatidziwitsa za kufunika kwa zinthu zofunika pakugulitsa; Mwanjira ina, imatiwuza za chuma chomwe chilipo pazomwe zasintha.
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Kodi katundu ndi ngongole ndi chiyani

Kusiyanasiyana kwama stock

Izi ziwerengedwa kuchokera pakusiyanitsa pakati pamtengo wazotumizidwa ndi zotuluka zomwe zilipo zomwe zimakwaniritsa nthawi yomwe yakhazikitsidwa ndipo zachepetsa kale zotayika pazinthu zomwe zilipo.

Ndi gawo la izi:

  • Zipangizo zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito.
  • Ntchito zosamalizidwa monga nyama zomwe ziyenera kugulitsidwa ngati ziweto ndi mbewu ndi zina zomwe zamalizidwa kale ndipo sizikusinthidwa.
  • Kugula ndi kugulitsa pokhapokha ngati agula kuti agulitsidwe mdziko lino.

Makamaka zomwe zilipo kale, kupatula ntchito yomwe sinamalizidwe: amapangidwa ndi mindandanda yazomwe zidzapezeke kwa nthawi yoposa chaka chimodzi pazantchito zomwe zachitika.

Kupeza zinthu zochepa. Ndiwo omwe alibe ndalama, ndiye kuti, ntchito yawo yayikulu siyopanga kapena samatsika pakapita nthawi.

Ndalama zoyendetsera ndalama zimachokera pakupereka ndalama posinthana ndi phindu

Omwe amaika ndalama zawo kuti apeze ndalama zowonjezerapo ndipo momwe zimakhalira poyerekeza, phindu lake lidzakhala lalikulu mtsogolo.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti tigogomeze kuti ndalama zikagwiritsidwa ntchito, zitha kukhala ndi phindu lalikulu koma momwemonso zitha kutsutsana nazo, chifukwa ndalama zomwe zili ndi chiwopsezo kuti pamapeto pake zitha kukhala zotheka komanso zopindulitsa pazachuma chathu, koma atha kuyimiranso kulephera posapanga phindu lopindulitsa.

Pazifukwa izi, mayendedwe onse akuyenera kuwunikidwa bwino kuti zisankho zaumwini ndi zophatikizika zikuyenda bwino momwe zingatithandizire kuti zisankho zathu zitheke, ndikuwasintha kukhala phindu lochulukirapo komanso phindu lalikulu.

Kumbukirani kuti a kampani kapena capital yomwe ili ndi zisankho zolondola komanso zowongoleredwa ndiyokopa m'maso mwa msika. Koma ngati izi zichitika, phindu limadulidwa ndi zisankho zoyipa zomwe zimapangidwa ndipo mwachilengedwe izi zimawonetsedwa msika wamsika usanachitike. Izi zazing'ono zimapangitsa kuti likulu lanu likhale lopambana ndipo mupeza zabwino zambiri pazogulitsa zomwe mukufuna kupanga.

Nkhani yowonjezera:
Kuyika ndalama pamsika wogulitsa pogwiritsa ntchito ndalama zokhazikika

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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