Phunzirani kuwerengera CIF

CIF

CIF imatanthauza Nambala yodziwitsa msonkho ndipo ndichinthu chodziwitsira cha kayendetsedwe kogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi makampani ndi mabungwe kuti azindikire magawo ndi maboma amisonkho omwe kampani iliyonse ili nawo.

Chiyambi cha malonda ndi kufotokozera dzina

Kuyamba tiyenera kuzindikira ndi kugawa dzina la misonkho ya dongosolo la TARIC, ndiye kuti kachitidwe kachitidwe kogwiritsidwa ntchito ku European Union.

Mutu wa msonkho ukugwira ntchito posonyeza kuchuluka kwa misonkho ndi VAT yomwe iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mulimonsemo, komanso zofunikira zomwe ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa, mwachitsanzo, kufunika kopereka ziphaso ndi zizindikilo zina zomwe zimafotokoza chiyambi chovomerezeka cha malonda ochokera kunja.

Mtengo wa msonkho Nthawi zambiri zimaperekedwa ndi wotumiza, koma nthawi zonse timalimbikitsa kuti olowa nawo awunikenso zidziwitso zawo ndi omwe amachita nawo zamalonda kuti apewe zovuta zamtsogolo.

CIF Code ili ndi manambala 9 ofananidwa nthawi zonse kutsatira izi:

T P P 0 0 0 0 0 C

Kumeneko:

  • T: Ili ndi kalata yamtundu wa Organisation, yomwe itha kukhala iyi:A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, U, V, W.
  • P: Ndondomeko zachigawo.
  • 0: Nambala zowerengera zomwe zikufanana nawo m'chigawochi.
  • C: Chongani manambala, nambala kapena kalata

Chiwerengero choyamba T Kalatayo ndi yomwe ikuwonetsa mtundu wa kampani yomwe tikugwira nayo ntchito ndipo itha kukhala ili ili:

  • Kampani ya Public - Limited.
  • B - Kampani yocheperako.
  • C - Mgwirizano wothandizana.
  • D - Mgwirizano wochepa.
  • E - Gulu lazachuma komanso cholowa.
  • F - Mgwirizano.
  • G - Mayanjano.
  • H - Gulu la eni pansi paulamuliro wanyumba.
  • J - Makampani Oyendetsa Boma, okhala ndi umunthu wovomerezeka kapena wopanda.
  • K - Mtundu wakale, wotsitsidwa.
  • L - Mtundu wakale, wotsitsidwa.
  • M - Mtundu wakale, wotsitsidwa.
  • N - Mabungwe akunja.
  • P - Kampani yakomweko.
  • Q - Thupi laboma.
  • R - Mipingo ndi Zipembedzo.
  • S - Mabungwe a State Administration ndi Autonomous Communities.
  • U - Mgwirizano wamakampani kwakanthawi.
  • V - Mitundu ina yamakampani omwe sanatchulidwe mu mafungulo ena onse.
  • W - Malo okhazikika azinthu zomwe sizikhala ku Spain.

Zosintha zomwe zidayambitsidwa zitha kufotokozedwa mwachidule motere:

Phunzirani kuwerengera CIF

Kalata yofunika G, yomwe idaperekedwa ku "mayanjano ndi mtundu wina wosadziwika", imakhala magulu anayi.

G: Izi zikuphatikiza mabungwe, zipani zandale, mabungwe ogula ndi ogwiritsa ntchito, komanso mabungwe amasewera. Mulinso maziko osapindulitsa komanso Mabanki Osungira.

Gawo lotsatila la fungulo ndikudziwika kwa zigawo zomwe zimakhala ndi manambala awiri oyamba omwe ali P ndi manambala 5 otsatira omwe ali 0, mchitsanzo cha CIF, pomwe awiri oyamba amafanana ndi dzina lachigawo chomwe bungweli lili ndipo manambala 5 otsatira ndi ofanana kapena olumikizana m'chigawo chomwecho.

  • 01 - Olava.
  • 02 - Chilaka.
  • 03, 53, 54 - Alicante.
  • 04 - Almeria.
  • 05 - Kaluwani.
  • 06 - Badajoz.
  • 07, 57 - Zilumba za Balearic.
  • 08, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64 - Barcelona.
  • 09 - Burgos.
  • 10 - Cáceres.
  • 11, 72 - Cádiz.
  • 12 - Castellón.
  • 13 - Ciudad Weniweni.
  • 14, 56 - Córdoba.
  • 15, 70 - A Coruña.
  • 16 - Cuenca.
  • 17, 55 - Girona.
  • 18 - Granada.
  • 19 - Guadalajara.
  • 20, 71 - Guipúzcoa.
  • 21 - Huelva.
  • 22 - Huesca.
  • 23 - Jaén.
  • 24 - Leon.
  • 25 - Lleida.
  • 26 - La Rioja.
  • 27 - Lugo.
  • 28, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85 - Madrid.
  • 29, 92, 93 - Malaga.
  • 30, 73 - Murcia.
  • 31 - Navarra.
  • 32 - Ourense.
  • 33, 74 - Asturias.
  • 34 - Palencia.
  • 35, 76 - Las Palmas.
  • 36, 94 - Pontevedra.
  • 37 - Salamanca.
  • 38, 75 - Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
  • 39 - Cantabria.
  • 40 - Segovia.
  • 41, 91 - Seville.
  • 42 - Soria.
  • 43, 77 - Tarragona.
  • 44 - Teruel.
  • 45 - Toledo.
  • 46, 96, 97, 98 - Valencia.
  • 47 - Valladolid.
  • 48, 95 - Vizcaya.
  • 49 - Zamora.
  • 50, 99 - Zaragoza.
  • 51 - Ceuta.
  • 52 - Melilla.

Kutsiriza ndikumvetsetsa kwa a CIF code muyenera kuzindikira manambala omaliza okhala ndi C, komwe mudzalembe nambala kapena kalata momwe zingakhalire:

Khalidwe Lovomerezeka Lamulo Loyenera kuti liphatikizidwe mu CIF:

Kwa Makampani Ogulitsa Nambala

B Makampani omwe ali ndi ngongole zochepa

C Chiwerengero cha mgwirizano

D Chiwerengero chamaubwenzi ochepa

E Madera azachuma komanso cholowa chonama Nambala

F Mabungwe Ogwirira Ntchito Nambala

Nambala Yamagulu

H Madera a eni Nambala

J Makampani aboma, omwe alibe kapena osavomerezeka Nambala

N Kalata Yachilendo

Kalata Yabungwe La P Local

Q Makalata aboma

R Mipingo ndi mabungwe azipembedzo Kalata

S Thupi la Kalata Yoyang'anira Boma

Nambala Yogwirizira Mabizinesi Kwanthawi Yochepa

V Mitundu ina yosafotokozedwera pamakiyi ena onse Nambala

W Kukhazikitsa zinthu zomwe sizikhala ku Spain Kalata

Momwe mungawerengere CIF

Kampani ya CIF

Zogulitsa zonse zomwe zimafika ku European Union kuchokera kumadera ena adziko lapansi, ziyenera kutumizidwa moyenera kuti athe kulowa mwalamulo ndikuvomerezedwa mwalamulo, ngakhale pali zina kusiyanasiyana kutengera cholinga chakutumiza, kapena boma, kuti iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kutengera milandu yosiyanasiyana yomwe ingabuke: mwachitsanzo, kukonza mkati kapena kunja, kulowetsa kwakanthawi kwakanthawi, pakati pa ena.

Chifukwa cha njirayi yolembetsa pamalonda, wolowetsa kunja azilipira misonkho: msonkho wa VAT ndi chilolezo chololeza kasitomu.  Kodi misonkhoyi imadziwika bwanji pamenepo?

Mtengo wamtengo wapatali kapena CIF mtengo wazogulitsa

Tikadziwa komwe malonda amapita komanso komwe akupita, ndiye kuti timazindikira kufunika kwa CIF, kuti titero timagwiritsa ntchito kuchuluka kwa msonkho, kuti tipeze mtengo wa Mtengo Wogulitsa Kunja.

Kenako, potengera ndalamazi, titha kuwerengera maziko a VAT, omwe amapangidwa ndi malingaliro azinthu izi:

  • Mtengo wamtundu
  • Ntchito yolowetsa kunja
  • Malipiro a doko omwe amadziwika ndi nambala (T3)
  • Kutulutsa ndi kusokoneza komwe kumadziwika ndi kiyi (THC)
  • Popeza tili ndi VAT base, titha kuyika kuchuluka kumeneko
  • Werengani VAT ndi Misonkho yolowera kunja

Kuti mfundoyi imveke bwino, tikuwonetsani chitsanzo cha kuwerengera msonkho polowetsa:

KUWERENGA Misonkho PA CHINA FCL MARITIME INPORT

CIF ndi chiyani

Tiyerekeze kuti kulowetsa panyanja kuchokera ku China, komwe ndalama zotsatirazi zachitika:

Ku China:

  • 450 USD: katundu wonyamula katundu kuchokera kukasungira katundu kukatsitsa chidebe pa sitimayo
  • 1000 USD: Nyanja yonyamula katundu

Zowonjezera ku Spain:

  • 170 EUR: Kutsitsa ndi kusamalira
  • EUR 50: Ndalama zapa Port
  • 200 EUR: Kutengera kuchokera ku chotengera kupita nacho kosungira katundu
  • 150 EUR: Zina zotsalira monga zolembedwa ndi zolembalemba.

Zambiri:

7.500 USD, mtengo wamalonda.

Malonda: mathalauza a denim

Woyang'anira kasitomala akutiuza kuti mutu woloza msonkho ndi 6103.4200 / 00, womwe umalumikizidwa ndi ntchito ya 12% pakubwera kuchokera ku China, ndi 21% VAT.

Muyenera kutembenukira ku EUR, ndipo chifukwa cha izi kusintha kwamalamulo komwe kumaperekedwa ndi Customs pamwezi kumayikidwa. Kwa zitsanzo zomwe titenge ngati mtengo wosinthira 1 USD ndiyofanana ndi 0,72 EUR.

Tiyeni tiwone kuwerengetsa kwa misonkho kuti mulowetse kunja muzochitika za FOB, kutengera zomwe zanenedwa kale:

 

Concepto Kuchuluka madola Mtengo Mumauro
Mtengo wamalonda $7.500,00 5.400,00 €
Mtengo wonyamula katundu $1.000,00 720,00 €
Inshuwaransi (3/1000) $22,50 16,20 €
Total 6.136,20 €

Tiyenera kugwiritsira ntchito kuchuluka kwa msonkho, kutengera mutu wa msonkho ndi komwe malonda amachokera:

Mtengo wamtundu 6.136,20 €
Udindo 12% 736,34 €
Total 6.872,54 €

Maziko a VAT amapezeka ndi malingaliro angapo ofunikira:

Mtengo wa kasitomala + Mtengo wamtundu wa 12% 6.872,54 €
THC 170,00 €
T3 50,00 €
Total 7.092,54 €

Ndipo pamaziko a VAT, titha kugwiritsa ntchito kuchuluka kwa VAT

VAT maziko 7.092,54 €
21% VAT 1.489,43 €

Zitha kunenedwa kuti misonkho yakutumizirayi idzakhala: 736,34 Euro ya Tariff, ndi 1.489,43 Euro ya VAT.

Ngati mutha kumvetsetsa bwino, njirayi ndi equation ndi zinthu ziwiri zosadziwika, momwe tiyenera kumvetsetsa bwino malingaliro oyambilira komanso zomwe zatengedwa potengera kuwerengera CIF Code, kuti tiwerenge molondola ndalama zomwe muyenera kulipira kuitanitsa malonda amtundu uliwonse, kudzakhala kokwanira kudziwa CIF yake kuti mugwiritse ntchito zomwe mwawerenga pano, yesetsani kuzitsatira pazitsanzo ndi matebulo kuti muyambe kuchita, simukuyenera kukhala katswiri wa masamu, wa equation ndi njira ina yosavuta kuthetsera koma muyenera kudziwa zoyambira zofunika poyamba


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.