Kutanthauzira

Kutsika ndikutsika kwakanthawi komanso kwakanthawi

Kutanthauzira ndikosiyana ndi zomwe kutsika kumakhala. Nkhaniyi iyesa kufotokoza zomwe zili, chifukwa chake ilipo, zabwino ndi zoyipa za deflation. Mosiyana ndi kutsutsana kwake komwe timadziwika bwino, kutsika kwachuma. Ngati inflation ndiyokwera pamitengo, deflation ndikuchepa kwamitengo. Komabe, ndichifukwa chiyani nthawi zina zimachitika, nthawi zina zimachitika, ndipo bwanji zikuchitika mwachitsanzo masiku ano?

Kodi pali njira yopezera phindu kuchokera pamenepo? Chowonadi ndichakuti zimachitika nthawi yapadera, sichinthu chofala ndipo nthawi zambiri sichimayembekezera tsogolo labwino Kuyankhula zachuma. Nthawi zambiri zimabwera pomwe chakudya chimapitilira kufunika, ndiye kuti, pomwe kumwa kumafa. Kupanga mopitilira muyeso kwa zinthu kapena zinthu kumatsagana ndi kutsika kwa mitengo, ndipo ndipamene deflation imayambira, makamaka ngati dontho ili likuchitika m'magulu osiyanasiyana.

Kodi deflation ndi chiyani?

Deflation itha kukhala yowopsa kuposa kupuma ngakhale

Deflation imadziwikanso kuti inflation yodziwika bwino. Kawirikawiri imakonzedwa ndi kuchuluka kopitilira muyeso zomwe "zimakakamiza" kumaliza kutsitsa mitengo yazinthu zomwe zingagulidwe. Kuchulukitsitsa kumeneku kumatha kukhala chifukwa chakulephera kupeza katunduyo ndi anthu, kapena chifukwa chosowa zolimbikitsira komanso / kapena zolimbikitsira kuti mukhale nazo. Nthawi zambiri zimalumikizidwa ndi mavuto azachuma, ndipo zitsanzo zabwino za izi zitha kukhala Kukhumudwa Kwakukulu komwe kudachitika mzaka za m'ma 1930 kapena mavuto azachuma a 2008. Zikatere, makampani, ofuna kuchotsa zokolola zawo osapeza ndalama, amakhala njira yotsirizira kutsitsa mitengo kuti malire awo azichepetsedwa.

Zomwe zimakhudza anthu nthawi zambiri zimakhudza mfundo monga kugawa chuma komanso kusalinganika pakati pa anthu. Izi zimachitika chifukwa choti omwe amabwereketsa ndalama amapindula kuposa omwe amakhala ndi ngongole, omwe amayenera kupitiliza kulipira.

Zomwe zimayambitsa, monga tawonera, nthawi zambiri zimakhala ziwiri, kuchuluka kapena kupezeka kwa kufunika. Ili ndi zabwino zochepa, komanso zovuta zingapo, zomwe tiwona pansipa.

Phindu

Akatswiri azachuma ku Austrian amati kuperewera kwa zinthu kumakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino. Ubwino wokha womwe ungapezeke pano ndikuti mitengo ikamatsika, mphamvu yogula kwa ogula ikachuluka, makamaka ya iwo omwe ali ndi ndalama. Komabe, malingaliro atsopanowa amaganiza kuti kuchepa kwamavuto kumabweretsa vuto pachuma kwakanthawi kochepa.

Deflation nthawi zambiri imathera mu mayankho olowera momwe zimakhala zovuta kutuluka

kuipa

Deflation ili ndi zovuta zambiri pazachuma zomwe tiona pansipa. Komabe, kupyola zowona zonse ndi zozizwitsa zomwe zimachitika chifukwa chake, kuopsa kwa kusokonekera kwa zinthu kumakhala kosavuta kugwera pagulu loyipa komanso momwe zimakhalira zovuta kutulukamo.

  • Ntchito zachuma zimachepetsedwa.
  • Kufunika kumachepetsedwa, mwina chifukwa chakuchulukitsa kapena mphamvu yogulira. Zogulitsa zambiri kuposa zomwe zikanakhala zofunikira paumoyo.
  • Kuchepetsa malire m'makampani.
  • Zimakhudza kusowa kwa ntchito zikatha kuwonjezeka.
  • Kusatsimikizika kwachuma kumafika pachimake.
  • Pangani chiwonjezeko cha chiwongola dzanja chenicheni.

Mutha kuwona momwe kulili kovuta kusiya kuyipa koopsa kumeneku. Ngati kufunika kumachepetsedwa, ndipo masamba amagwa, ulova umatha kuwonjezeka. Komanso, ngati ulova ukukwera, zofuna zitha kupitilirabe.

Zitsanzo zakusokonekera m'mbiri yonse

Tawona momwe deflation idagwera pambuyo pamavuto omwe adakumana nawo m'ma 1930 komanso mavuto azachuma mu 2008. Komabe, ngakhale chakhala chinthu chodziwika chokha komanso chosowa mzaka zapitazi zonse titha kupeza zitsanzo zamayiko omwe avutikapo ndi izi.

"Ku Japan" kwachuma nthawi zina kumatchulidwa kuti kufotokozera momwe ECB ikuchitira ndi chiwongola dzanja chochepa potengera machitidwe a Central Bank of Japan. Nthawi yakukhazikika pamitengo yotsika yotsika idaphatikizidwa ndi kuchepa kwa zinthu komwe kudayamba mzaka za m'ma 90 mpaka lero. Kutsika kwa mitengo yowonjezera ndi -25% kale.

Deflation nthawi zambiri imabweretsa kuchuluka kwa ulova

Ndi mavuto omwe alipo, chiwonetsero cha deflation chikuyandikira kwambiri, popeza mawonekedwe ake anali akuwopedwa kale. M'zaka zapitazi, mayiko otukuka akhala akutsitsa chiwongola dzanja chawo, ndipo tawona kulumikizana ndi mitengo yolakwika mobwerezabwereza, zomwe sizingaganizidwepo pakadali pano. Mwachitsanzo, patatsala chaka chimodzi kuti matenda ovutawa ayambe, mu February 2019, mayiko 37 otukuka onse anali atatsitsa kale chiwongola dzanja chawo. Deflation ndiwowopsa womwe ndi wovuta kuthana nawo ndipo chilimbikitso chopewa ndi champhamvu kwambiri.

Zotsatira zachuma chaku Spain

Deflation pankhani ya Spain imakhudzanso zoyipa zina. M'malo mwake, mwezi uno wa Julayi, CPI inali -0% kotero kuchuluka kwamkati kumakhalabe -0%, koma Ogasiti adatsagana ndi kuwonjezeka kwa 0% kuyika muyeso wamkati -1%. Kodi kusokonekera kuli ndi zotsatirapo zanji pachuma cha Spain? Kutsika kwakanthawi komanso kufalikira kwamitengo kumatha kupereka mphamvu zogulira kwa ogula. Komabe, phindu pamakampani limachepetsedwa.

Ngati ndalama za ogwira ntchito zimasungidwa ndikusowa ntchito kuli kwakukulu, monga ziliri ku Spain, malo ogulitsira owopsawa ndi owopsa, chifukwa ndi zochitika ziwiri zomwe zimadyetsana wina ndi mnzake. Kumbali imodzi, makampani amakakamizidwa kuti achepetse phindu lawo kuti akhalebe opikisana. Izi zimawalepheretsa kuti akwaniritse zomwe amafunikira pakampani, komanso kukhala ndi ndalama zambiri kuti apange ndalama. Izi zingayambitse kuzizira kapena kuchepetsa malipiro a ogwira ntchito, kugwiritsanso ntchito mowa chifukwa chosowa madzi. Ngati izi zikuwonjezeredwa kusowa kwa ndalama pabanja lililonse, ndizotheka kuti kuchuluka kwakanthawi kwakumwa kwamkati mdziko kungakulitse. Ndi kutsika kwa kutumizidwa kunja ndi kuwonjezeka kwa ngongole yaboma pambuyo pa zovuta, mawonekedwe a deflation atha kukhala ndi zaka zambiri zamtsogolo.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   rene anati

    Zimakhudzana kwambiri ndi zomwe zikuchitika mdziko lapansi komanso momwe mavutowa adakalibe, makamaka pano, ndi matenda atsopanowa.