Kukhululuka misonkho ku Spain

Kukhululuka misonkho ku Spain

Asanapangidwe Nthambi ya Tax, a Socialists anali kugwiritsa ntchito njira zina, ndipo posachedwapa zanenedwa za kukhazikika pamisonkho modabwitsa ndi zotsatira zake pamisonkho yokhoma msonkho kwa omwe amapereka.

Kuti ndiyankhule za kukhululuka misonkho ku Spain, choyamba m'pofunika kudziwa tanthauzo la mawu "kukhululuka" kuyambira pachiyambi. Lingaliro lake limati kukhululuka ndi pomwe Boma limakhululuka pazandale, kaya ndi ngongole kapena milandu.

Koma, kukhululuka misonkho Amadziwika ngati muyeso womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito, munthawi ina, kukhululukira iwo omwe samatsata misonkho yawo panthawiyo, izi pogwiritsa ntchito lamulo linalake lomwe limakamba zakusatsatira mu rostrum, monga kubisa ndalama zomwe si zawo ndikuzisunga. Wokhudzidwayo amapatsidwa khazikitsani nthawi yolipira ngongoleyo kuti mukhululukidwe.

Pali zilango zina zomwe zimaperekedwa kwa anthu omwe akakamizidwa kukhululuka chifukwa changongole ndikukhala ndi tsiku lotha ntchito. Izi zikutanthauza kuti munthu amene ali ndi ngongole amakhala ndi nthawi yomalizira kulipira katundu wobedwa.

Kenako tikambirana zambiri zakuti kukhululuka misonkho ndi chiyani, komanso za ena mawonekedwe ndi zotsatira zake zowonekera kwambiri.

Kukhululuka misonkho komanso zotsatirapo zake

Kukhululuka misonkho ku Spain

Ku Spain ena zamsonkho zamisonkho zamiyeso ndi zotsatirapo zake, monga odziwika bwino Chidziwitso Chapadera Cha Misonkho, yomwe imalankhula za katundu wolengezedwa pamodzi ndi ndalama zobisika m'malo obweza misonkho ndi ndalama. Pofuna kuti asapereke zilango, munthu amene amalipira ndalamazo amaperekedwa limodzi ndi 10% yowonjezera.

Kugwira ntchito yakhululuka misonkho

Itha kuonedwa ngati phindu kwa okhometsa misonkho popeza imakhululuka ngongole ndi zilango zandalama, ndipo kusinthaku kungachitike ku Spain m'mwezi wa Novembala 2012 ndi boma la Mariano Rajoy yemwe anali ndi theka la chaka ku La Moncloa, komwe kunali khazikitsani chuma chomwe sichinafotokozedwe pamtengo umodzi wa 10% yamakampani omwe abera Treasure mwanjira iliyonse.

Pazomwe zakhala zikuchitika muyenera kungolengeza chuma kapena ndalama zomwe sizinalengezedwepo kale ndipo mwachiwonekere sizinalembedwe kale; Pachifukwachi tiyenera kukumbukira kuti lamulo la zoperewera misonkho ndi zaka 4, ngakhale pankhani ya zolakwa za msonkho lamulo la zoperewera ndi zaka 5, ndipo milandu ikakhala yachilendo, lamulo la zoperewera limakhala zaka 10 .

Zimagwira bwanji ntchito?

Tiyerekeze kuti kusamutsa katundu mchaka cha 2000 ndipo gawo limodzi la ndalamazo linasonkhanitsidwa, lomwe linali mayuro miliyoni imodzi, omwe sanatchulidwe, ndalama zomwe zidasamutsidwira kubanki yakunja. Tsopano, poganizira izi, tiyeni tikumbukire kuti pakubweza misonkho modabwitsa komwe kumavomerezedwa mu Novembala 2012, 10% ya mayuro miliyoni sayenera kulowetsedwa, popeza kupezedwa kwa ndalamazo kunachitika mchaka cha 2000, chaka chomwe chikulamula kupeza ndalama.

Zowonadi, zomwe ziyenera kukhala adalengezedwa kuti ndi zokolola zomwe zidapezeka pa mayuro miliyoni mzaka zinayi zapitazi, limenelo linali lamulo loletsa malire.

Kukhululuka misonkho ku Spain

Ndizo ndendende momwe ziliri mankhwala; ndalama zomwe zidapangidwa mchaka cha 2000 zidalembedwa kale mchaka cha 2012. Vuto lokhalo pankhaniyi ndikuti athe kuwonetsa kuti zakhala ndalama zopangidwa mchaka cha 2000, komanso kuwonetsa kuti ndalama sizichokera kwenikweni kumtundu uliwonse wamilandu.

Chikhululukiro cha misonkho chimamasula wokhometsa misonkho ngati amachita, koma kokha ngati ikasinthitsa ngongole yamsonkho yomwe ikadatha, koma osatinso mulandu wina uliwonse wosakhoma misonkho monga kuwononga ndalama.

Pazomwe tafotokozazi, 10% ya akubwerera kwa zaka zinayi zapitazi mu mawonekedwe 750 a mwezi wa Novembala 2012 okhazikika pamisonkho ndipo, kuyambira 2013, mkati mwa fomu 720 yomwe imalankhula zakulengeza zakunja, zimangodziwitsidwa kuti muakaunti ya banki yomwe ili kunja kwa mayuro miliyoni asungidwa.

Mpaka pano tasintha kwathunthu ngongole yamsonkhoChifukwa chake, zikuwonekeratu kuti mtundu wa 750 wokhometsa misonkho ndi mtundu wa 720 pakulengeza zakunja sikofunikira nthawi zonse kuti zigwirizane ngati ndalama zomwe amafuna kulengeza panthawi ya 2012 zidalamulidwa kale chifukwa pamenepo zidalibe kuti alengezedwe.

Izi zatengedwa ngati mutu wazokambirana posachedwa, popeza ndi misonkho yapadera yowononga misonkho imapewa koma osati milandu yonse yomwe ikadachitika chifukwa cha zomwe zidalengezedwa m'masiku awo.

Zodandaula zoyambirira

Oyang'anira ena adaganiza kuti kukhululuka misonkho kungatanthauze kuti chikumbumtima cha okhometsa misonkho ena sichidzaphwanyidwa, ndikuti izi zingakhudze zosonkhanitsa munthawi zodzifunira.

Izi ndizomwe zimayambitsa zovuta zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikiza kuwonongeka kwa msonkho chikumbumtima za anthu wamba ndipo izi zidadzetsa madandaulo ena, popeza anthu ena amakonda kukhululuka, poganiza kuti milandu yawo yonse yamsonkho ikhululukidwa, adapezeka ali ndi zovuta zakuweruza panthawi yomwe zidadziwika kuti ndalama zomwe zidatulutsidwa chiyambi chaupandu.

Zokopa pamisonkho zosiyanasiyana komanso ukulu wawo

Zokopa zingapo zakhala zikuchitika mdziko la Spain, koma panthawiyi Treasure yadziwitsa kuti ngakhale milandu yokhudza misonkho ikhululukidwa, chiyambi cha ndalamazo chifufuzidwa mwanjira iliyonse, chifukwa ngati sichiloledwa, njira zina zitha kutengedwa.

Komabe, pankhani ya zokomera misonkho sikoyenera kuyang'ana komwe ndalama zimayambira, popeza Treasure imatha kufufuzira mkati mwazachuma osati zalamulo. Izi sizitanthauza kuti munthu akhoza kukhululukidwa mulimonse, popeza ngati ndalamazo sizinavomerezedwe, izi zitha kudziwikanso pambuyo pake chifukwa cha mitundu ina yazoyeserera, monga kufufuza milandu komwe kumapangitsa kuti makolo azisintha, kapena mtundu wina wa fyuluta.

Mu 2010, maakaunti ena osawoneka bwino ku HSBC adapezeka mdziko la Switzerland, pomwe a José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero anali olamulira. Kunali kukakamiza kwa boma kuti azisintha maakaunti osiyanasiyana omwe adatenga nawo gawo pankhondoyi. Poterepa, oyang'anira anali oimbira anzawo zamankhwala amtunduwu ngati chenjezo kwa achinyengo.

Pepani 2012

Kukhululuka misonkho ku Spain

Chikhululukiro cha msonkho chovomerezedwa ndi boma mu 2012 idalandila okhometsa misonkho ena 31.484 omwe adabisala ndikulemba ndalama. Ma euro opitilira 40.000 miliyoni adadziwika ndipo 1.200 miliyoni adasonkhanitsidwa kuboma.

Anthu ambiri odziwika adakhudzidwa ndi chikhululukiro cha misonkho chovomerezedwa mu 2012, pomwe tax Agency idalengeza kuti ena mwa okhometsa misonkho amafufuza mosamala za ndalamazo, popeza panali zisonyezo zakubera ndalama. Ena mwa omwe akhudzidwa ndi andale, oweruza, oyimira milandu ndi akazembe.

Kukhululuka misonkho lero

Chikhululukiro cha msonkho chisanachitike komanso chitatha ku Spain chidzalembedwa, chifukwa June 30, 2017 adzalembedwera komanso milandu yomaliza ya okhometsa misonkho ku chikhululukiro, momwe ndalama zomwe sizinafufuzidwebe ndi tax Agency ku Spain zabisika, milandu yomwe yachitika isanachitike Lamulo Lapadera la Misonkho mu June 2012.

Adalengezedwa kuti ngongole zomwe zimasunga ubale wamtundu wina ndi misonkho zitha kulowa zaka zinayi kuti mwina sananene zovomerezeka. Izi kupatula ngongole zazikulu kuposa ma 120.000 euros, omwe amawerengedwa kuti ndi msonkho ndipo amakhala ndi malire azaka zisanu. Dziwani kuti ikafika mayuro 600.000, nthawi yowonjezera imagwiritsidwa ntchito yomwe itha kukhala pafupifupi zaka 10.

Madeti akhazikitsidwanso kuti awulule ndalama zobisika kuyambira 2008 mpaka 2010.

Kenako, pofika Juni 30, 2017, okhometsa misonkho kukhululukidwa msonkho ayenera kuti anali atapereka kale 10% ya ndalama zobisika mzaka zomwe chikhululukiro cha misonkho sichinayambe kugwira ntchito (2008, 2009 ndi 2010). Zaka zambiri izi zisanalowemo mu chikhululukiro cha misonkho ndipo sizikugwiridwa ndi tax Agency.


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