Kodi msonkho wolembetsa ndi chiyani?

msonkho Mwa misonkho yosakhala yachindunji, imodzi mwa yotchuka kwambiri ndi yomwe imayitanitsa kulembetsa, mwa zifukwa zina chifukwa zimakhudza oyendetsa magalimoto onse mdziko lathu. Ndizolipira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito polembetsa koyambirira kwamagalimoto, atsopano kapena agwiritsidwe ntchito, bola ngati alipo okonzeka ndi galimoto poyendetsa bwino momwe imagwirira ntchito. Imawerengedwa kuti ndi msonkho wosakhazikika chifukwa sulunjika konse ogwiritsa ntchito. Ngati sichoncho ayi, kwa iwo omwe ali ndi galimoto yazinthu izi.

Mulimonsemo, yapezanso kufunikira kwapadera m'miyezi yaposachedwa ndikuti boma lomwe lilipoli laganiza zowonjezera ndalama zake, zomwe ndalama zambiri zimayenera kulipidwa kuyambira chaka chamawa. Ndi misonkho yomwe imakhoma misonkho kwa munthu amene ali ndi galimoto, popeza galimoto imamveka ngati galimoto iliyonse yomwe imayenda mwachangu, zilizonse zofananira. Mwanjira imeneyi, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti msonkho wolembetsa sizikukwaniritsa kwa zaka khumi.

Zina mwazikuluzikulu za msonkho wapaderawu ndikuti amatha kulumikizidwa ndi mitengo ina panthawi yolembetsa. Mwachitsanzo, pankhani ya VAT Chifukwa chake, imakhala ndi mphamvu yayikulu yosonkhanitsa kuposa misonkho ina, ngakhale osakhudza ogula onse, chifukwa ndizomveka kuwoneratu. Pakadali pano, ku Spain pali magalimoto okwana 30.366.603 omwe 22.787.719 anali magalimoto okwera, 2.747.177 SUVs, 2.383.049 zotengera zokopa alendo, ma voti 1.741.604 ndipo enawo anali magalimoto amitundumitundu, mabasi ndi makochi. Amakhala tcheru, mulimonsemo, pakulipiritsa kwa ndalama zosalunjika izi.

Misonkho yolembetsa

Chimodzi mwazinthu zoyambirira kudziwa pamisonkho yosakondwererayi ndikuti sizofanana nthawi zonse. Chifukwa chakuti, kuchuluka kwa msonkho wolembetsa kumadalira ngati galimotoyo ndiyatsopano kapena ayi dzanja lachiwiri. Komanso pazinthu zina zofunika kwambiri monga mawonekedwe ake ndi dera lodziyimira palokha pomwe adalembetsa. Chifukwa kuchuluka kwake sikungafanane ndi dziko la Basque monga zilumba za Balearic, kungotchulapo chitsanzo chimodzi. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti mabungwe abomawa ndi omwe akuyang'anira ntchitozi kuyambira 2008. Pachifukwa ichi, pali kusiyana kwakukulu kuchokera pagulu lodziyimira pawokha kupita kwina ndipo izi zitha kukupangitsani kuti mupite kudera lina kukalembetsa mayendedwe apaderawa.

Mbali inayi, sizingaiwalike kuti kulembetsa galimoto ku Spain kokha ziyenera kuchitika kamodzi pagalimoto. Ngakhale zimatha kusiyanasiyana pamayendedwe ake, monga zimachitikira nthawi zambiri. Ichi ndichinthu chomwe muyenera kukhala omveka bwino pakadali pano kuti mumve tanthauzo lenileni la misonkho yomwe idapangidwira madalaivala. Ponena za gawo lamagalimoto okwera, pali magalimoto pafupifupi 15 miliyoni omwe ali ndi zaka zopitilira 10, zomwe zikuyimira pakati pa 60% ndi 70% yamagalimoto ku Spain. Pomwe, m'malo mwake, pali magalimoto ochepera ochepera XNUMX miliyoni omwe adalembetsedwa mzaka khumi zapitazi.

Misonkho yobiriwira

zobiriwira Komabe, pali msonkho wina womwe umalumikizidwa kwambiri ndi kulembetsa ndipo cholinga chake chachikulu ndikusunga chilengedwe chonse. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti ndi ndalama zolembetsa zomwe cholinga chake chachikulu chimakhazikitsidwa sungani mpweya wa CO2 m'galimoto ku Spain. Kufikira kuti imakhoma misonkho yonse yamagalimoto kapena magalimoto omwe akuwononga kwambiri komanso omwe eni ake sangachitire mwina koma kulipira ndalama zambiri mumtunduwu wamisonkho. Kupitilira pazinthu zina zamakono ndipo zomwe zimakhudzana kwambiri ndi gulu loyendetsa.

Chofunikira kwambiri pamlingo womwe umatchedwa wobiriwira ndikuti wayamba kugwira ntchito kuyambira 2008 ndipo zimakhudza owerengeka ochepa amitundu ndi mitundu. Mwanjira imeneyi, singaiwalike ngakhale kuti misonkhoyi ikuwonetsa kusintha kwa njira yolipirira mphamvu yamphamvu kutulutsa mpweya woipitsa. Kuti muwone bwino, idzakhala ndi malire a 120 magalamu a CO2 pa kilomita. Mulimonsemo, ndi nkhani yokhotakhota mitundu yoyipitsa yoyendetsa ndipo, m'malo mwake, kuti mitundu yoyendetsa bwino zachilengedwe imakhala ndi mphotho inayake panthawi yokhazikitsa msonkho wawo.

Zimayendetsedwa bwanji?

Mulimonsemo, zidzafunika momwe izi zimakhazikitsidwira Misonkho ku Spain komwe eni magalimoto azikhalidwezi ayenera kulingalira. Muyenera kulipira kamodzi osati kangapo komanso pafupipafupi monga zimakhalira ndi misonkho yachindunji. Misonkho yolembetsa iyenera kuchitidwa panthawi yoyenera yolembetsa ndi kulembetsa galimoto ku Spain. Chifukwa chake, zimachitika kamodzi kokha ndipo simudzafunikanso kukonzanso malipiro anu.

Mwanjira ina, ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti mlingowu umaphatikizaponso kugula kwa magalimoto akunja. Ngati ndi choncho, mulibe yankho lina koposa kulembetsa galimoto ku Spain, kulipira msonkho walembetsa pokhapokha ngati ali ndi magalimoto owononga pang'ono, omwe sangaperekedwe. Kumbali inayi, ichi ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe muyenera kukumbukira mukamapereka ndalama zapaderazi: magalimoto otsika kwambiri. Osati pachabe, adzapatsidwa mphotho ya msonkho uwu.

Mumalipira ndalama zingati pamtengo?

kulipiraChimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pamisonkho yolembetsa ndi zomwe mudzalipire galimoto yanu. Mwakutero, mudzakhala ndi mikwingwirima inayi yomwe itengera zomwe zawonongeka komanso komwe magalimoto ambiri amapambana. Kulemekeza chilengedwe. China chake chomwe maboma onse a European Union akutenga njira yomwe yatanthauzidwa bwino malinga ndi malangizo ake. Kumene omwe akuwononga ochepera 120 magalamu a CO2 pa km, sangapezeke pamisonkho. Osati m'dziko lathu lokha, komanso mwa anzathu a EU, osasankha.

Magawo owonongera

Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, kuti mumvetsetse pang'ono momwe galimoto yanu imaphatikizidwira, padzakhala kudziwa tebulo lomwe malangizo awa amayendetsedwa. Ndipo ndi omwe timavumbulutsa pansipa mwatsatanetsatane.

  • 0%: magalimoto okhala ndi mpweya wochepera kapena wofanana ndi 120g / km wa CO2
  • 4,75%: magalimoto okhala ndi mpweya wopitilira 120 komanso ochepera 160 g / km a CO2
  • 9,75%: magalimoto okhala ndi mpweya woposa kapena wofanana ndi 160 komanso ochepera 200 g / km CO2
  • 14,75%: magalimoto okhala ndi mpweya woposa kapena wofanana ndi magalamu 200 pa kilomita ya CO2.

Komabe, pamtengo wokhometsa msonkho wa galimoto yanu chiwonetsero chazomwe chidzagwiritsidwe chomwe chingalumikizidwe mpaka kalekale ndiyeno kuchuluka komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kutengera mpweya wa zoyendetsa zapayekha. Zotsatira za ntchitoyi, mudzalandira ndalama zomaliza za msonkho. Komwe kuti ntchito yanu ikhale yosavuta, mawebusayiti ena amakhala ndi mapulogalamu amphamvu omwe amawerengera awa omwe atha kukhala ovuta kwa ogwiritsa ntchito osazindikira.

Ndani samasulidwa kulipira kwanu?

malipiro Mbali inayi, pali anthu angapo omwe angachotse misonkho iyi. Mwachitsanzo, anthu olumala pang'ono kapena omwe ali m'banja lalikulu. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti awa ndi omwe ali ndi ana anayi kapena kupitilira apo m'banja lawo. Koma magulu ena azikhalidwe atha kupindulanso ndi izi, monga zomwe zili pansipa:

  1. Madalaivala omwe ali ndi galimoto ndipo amapereka kuti adutsa zochepa zaka zinayi kuchokera kulembetsa yagalimoto ina yofanana.
  2. Kuti ntchitoyi siyimachitika pakapita zaka zinayi zitatha tsiku lolembetsa.

M'milandu yomwe tatchulayi, omwe adzapindule nawo sangaperekedwe. Monga m'mabizinesi angapo okhudzana ndi kuyendetsa, monga taxi, magalimoto oyendetsa, kapena magalimoto obwereka.

Mtengo wathunthu wakulembetsa kwanu

Ponena za zomwe misonkhoyi ingakulipireni, iphatikizidwa pamitundu kuyambira 21% mpaka 35%, kutengera mulimonsemo komanso dera lodziyimira pawokha momwe mungalembetsere galimotoyo. Ndi chizolowezi chomveka bwino chomwe chimakumana nawo nthawi zonse: komwe kukwera mafuta kwamagalimoto, kumakulitsanso ndalama zolipirira zomwe muyenera kulipira.

Njira yolimbikitsira kusunga ndalama izikhala posankha ma injini a dizilo, hybrids ndi magetsi. Mudzawona kuti dongosololi lingakhale lofunika kwambiri kuchokera pamisonkho. Ndichikhalidwe chowonekera bwino chomwe chimakumana nthawi zonse munthawi zonse.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.