Kodi chiwonjezeko chachikulu ndi chiyani?

Kodi capital capital ndi chiyani?

Tikamva kuti a kampaniyo yachita kapena ikufuna kuwonjezera ndalama, Timaganiza kuti kampani ili pa IBEX 35, kapena kampani yomwe yangoyamba kumene kugwira ntchito ku Stock Market, mdziko lililonse. Palibe china choposa icho. Koma sizili choncho. Kuti mumvetse zomwe zikutanthauza, bwanji komanso chifukwa chiyani kuchuluka kwa ndalama kumachitika, Tiyenera kumvetsetsa bwino tanthauzo la kuwonjezera.

Tikamakamba zakukula kwakukulu, timakambirana ndalama zonse zomwe kampani imagawana zidzawonjezeka, yomwe siyiyenera kukhala kampani yayikulu kuti ikhale nayo, makamaka, mabungwe onse ndi makampani omwe ali ndi zovuta zochepa amakhala ndi capital share yocheperako.

Kodi likulu lazachuma ndi chiyani?

Kampani ili ndi seti ya katundu yemwe amaipatsa mtengo. Zachuma wakhala seti ya katundu ndi ndalama zomwe kampani ili nayo, yomwe nthawi zambiri imayimilidwa mgawo, yomwe imalembedwa ngati katundu.

El Chuma chachitukuko chikuwonetsa kufunikira kwachuma ya kampani poyambitsa. Kukhala, ku Spain, kwa zochepa komanso zokhazokha za € 3005.60za makampani ochepa aboma ndi € 60.101.20 ogawidwa m'magawo amodzi.

Makampani ambiri amakwaniritsa zochepa zomwe zatchulidwa kuti ayambe bizinesi yawo, ndipo samazisuntha, koma Mtengo woyambirira ungasinthidwe mmwamba kapena pansi. Pambuyo pake tiwona momwe zachitidwira komanso chifukwa chake.

Chifukwa chake, aliyense amene ali ndi magawo kapena maudindo amatchedwa ogawana nawo kapena mnzake, yemwe amayimira katundu wa kampaniyo. Chifukwa chake, Munjira zowerengera ndalama, capital stock ndi ngongole yokhudza omwe amagwirizana nawo.

Omwe akuchita nawo kapena ogawana nawo akhoza kukhala amitundu yosiyanasiyana:

  • Othandizana nawo ambiri, omwe amatenga nawo mbali pazisankho za kampaniyo ndikuyika pachiwopsezo ndalama zawo phindu kapena kutayika kwa kampani
  • Omwe amakonda nawo, omwe amapereka ndalama, ndikupeza phindu / zotayika koma osachita nawo zisankho pakampani.

Chuma sichikhudzidwa ndi kutayika kwa kampani, koma chitha kuchepetsedwa kapena kukwera, tiwona zambiri za izi mtsogolo.

Kodi chiwonjezeko chachikulu ndi chiyani?

Kukhala omveka pazachuma chomwe tili nacho, titha kumvetsetsa kuti chiwonjezeko cha capital ndikuti chimapatsa kampaniyo phindu lochulukirapo. Pali njira zosiyanasiyana zochitira izi ndi maubwino omwe tiwona pansipa.

Pali njira ziwiri zomwe mungakulitsire kampani:

  • Perekani magawo atsopano kwa anzanu kapena abwenzi atsopano, kapena, kukulitsa mtengo wamagawo omwe atulutsidwa kale. Kutengera zolinga za kampaniyo, mumasankha njira imodzi: abwenzi atsopano nthawi zonse samafunidwa.
  • Kachiwiri, ndizosavuta kumakulitsa kuchuluka kwa magawoChifukwa chake, mtengo wamakampani umawonjezeka, popanda olowa nawo omwe adzagawane.

Funso ndilakuti: chifukwa chiyani bizinesi imafunika ndalama?

Momwe mungakulitsire ndalama zachitukuko

Kampani, yayikulu kapena yaying'ono, Zimakhudza kuchuluka kwa ndalama zomwe zimalowa ndikutuluka kwakanthawi, bola kulowa ndikoposa ndalama zotuluka. Kuti bizinesi igwire ntchito, pamafunika mipando, zida, ogwira ntchito, ndi zopangira kuti zigwire ntchito. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera omwe mumagawana nawo kapena othandizana nawo.

Kampaniyi ikuchita bwino kwambiri kotero kuti ikuyenera kutsegula nthambi mkati kapena kunja kwa Spain, kuti ipikisane ndikukweza phindu. Kutsegula bizinesi ina kumatanthauza kuwonongera nyumba, zida ndi zina zonse, chifukwa chake ndalama zimafunikira, nthawi zina ndalama zambiri.

Kampani ili ndi njira ziwiri: pemphani ngongole kubanki, ndi kulipira ndi zofuna zawo, kapena, kupeza ndalama kudzera pakuwonjezera ndalama, kutsegula chitseko kwa abwenzi atsopano omwe amasiya ndalama ku kampaniyo.

Njira yachiwiri ndi mtundu wa ngongoleMalinga ndi zowerengera ndalama, ndalama zonse zomwe tili nazo ndi ngongole kwa omwe amagwirizana nawo pakampaniyo. Imeneyi ndi njira yotsika mtengo poyerekeza ndi yobwereketsa kubanki, ndipo zimangodalira zoopsa zomwe kampaniyo ili nazo komanso mphamvu zokopa okopa anzawo.

Ubwino wokulitsa share share pakampani

bwanji kuonjezera capital social

Pezani ndalama popanda chiwongola dzanja
Tidanena kale izi: Kuchulukitsa ndalama kumalepheretsa kampani kulipira chiwongola dzanja komanso kubweza ngongole yanyumba. Ndi ndalama pa "zero mtengo". Sikuti kukulitsa bizinesiyo: mutha kuyiyika pamalonda otsatsa malonda, mwa anthu oyenerera bwino, pakupanga zinthu zatsopano kapena ntchito, kapena kungosintha zomwe muli nazo.

Lonjezani mtengo wamakampani
Osati kampani yokha yomwe Kuwonjezeka kwa ndalama kumakhala ndi ndalama zochulukirapo, koma kufunika kwake monga kampani kumawonjezeka. Izi zili ndi zotsatirapo osati pakulankhula mwamakhalidwe kokha, komanso kuyankhula zachuma mutha kupeza mwayi wochulukirapo wopeza ngongole, popeza mumakhala ndi thanzi labwino.

Kupereka chitsanzo: ndikosavuta kupeza ngongole ku kampani yomwe ili ndi share capital ya 150.000, kuposa yomwe imagwirizana ndi ma 60.000 € osachepera.

Ili ndi mbiri yabwino
Mosakayikira, kampani, yayikulu kapena yaying'ono, imatero Kukula kwa capital kumakulitsa kwambiri chithunzi chanu, mtundu wanu umakhala wamtengo wapatali pamaso pa ogulitsa komanso ngakhale ndi makasitomala.

Liti kuti muwonjezere ndalama?

Monga tanena kale, ma SME ambiri amakhazikitsidwa osavomerezeka mwalamulo, ndipo pang'ono ndi pang'ono amakulitsa capital, ngati ayi, popeza ndalama zoyambilira zikukhala zochepa ndi momwe kampani imagwirira ntchito.

Akatswiri akuti mabizinesi ambiri sadziwa nthawi yoti awonjezere, kapena ngakhale kuti kuyambitsa bizinesiyo movomerezeka ndizolakwika kale mu bizinesi, ndipo izizindikiritsa posachedwa.

Akatswiri azamalonda akutsimikizira kuti pali mphindi zosachepera zinayi zomwe chiwonjezeko cha share share chili chofunikira, chomwe ndi:

1. Pakakhala mwayi wokula. Pali mwayi wamabizinesi womwe sungagwiritsidwe ntchito chifukwa chosowa ndalama. Nthawi zambiri, palibe amene amatenga ngongole pamalonda ali ndi ziwopsezo zina, ndipo bizinesi imakhudzidwa kapena kuyima. Nthawi imeneyi ndi yabwino kuwonjezera phindu pakampani, osalipira chiwongola dzanja kubanki.
2. Mtengo ukakhala wolondola. Mungafunike upangiri pankhaniyi: ingoganizirani kuti mukufunika € 100.000 kuti mugayire kampani yanu, ndipo mtengo kuti mupeze ndi 20% ya kampani yanu. Mwina chaka chamawa, tengani 100, akuyimira 45% ya kampani yanu. Akatswiri amatsimikizira kuti nthawi yabwino ndi pamene chiwongola dzanja chikufanana ndi mtengo.
3. Kampani yanu ikafunika kugula nthawi. Akatswiri azachuma amawerengera kuti zaka zitatu zoyambirira zamakampani ambiri amataya ntchito, ndiye kuti ndi nthawi yomwe ndalama zimapezekanso ndipo ngongole zomwe zimapangidwa kuti kampaniyo iperekedwe. Ngati simukufuna kudikirira kwakanthawi, kapena bizinesi ikuchedwa, ndibwino kupeza anzanu kapena kuwonjezera likulu la kampaniyo ndikuchepetsa nthawiyo. Koma ziyenera kuchitika mosamala, chifukwa mumatha kulowa pachitsime chakuya ngati bizinesiyo yalephera.
4. Ngati pakufunika upangiri. Kutsegulira zitseko za kampani kwa anzanu atsopano sikungokhudza ndalama zokha. Nthawi zina, khomo limatsegulidwa kwa omwe amawagulitsa kapena anzawo chifukwa amabweretsa chidziwitso ndi mbiri yayikulu kuposa ya anzawo, zomwe zimawathandiza kupanga zisankho zabwino. Ndiwo "otsogolera" anzawo, m'malo mongogulitsa ndalama.

Kodi chiwonjezeko chachikulu chimachitika bwanji?

zikuluzikulu zikuyenda bwanji

Kukula kwakulu Ndikofunikira, imafunika kusintha malamulo amakampani, chifukwa chake njira zingapo ziyenera kutsatiridwa kuti zichitike, kuti perekani zitsimikizo kwa omwe mukugwirizana nawo komanso omwe mwabweza ngongole pakampaniyo.

Kunena zowona, zimachitika m'njira zitatu:

1. Mgwirizano wa Msonkhano Wonse wa kampaniyo
2. Kuphedwa
3. Lembetsani kuchuluka kwachuma

Choyamba, pempholo liyenera kupangidwa kuchokera kwa tcheyamani wa board of director kapena omwe akugawana nawo pazowonjezera, ndi zomwe zakonzedwa. Ngakhale aliyense ali ndi 5% yocheperako yamtengo wapatali wamsika.

Oposa theka la omwe ali ndi chuma chamakampani akuyenera kuvomereza kukweza kwakampani kudzera olowa abwenzi atsopano, ndikuwonjeza phindu lawo logawana kale.

Kenako, iyenera kulembedwa, ndi kulipidwa kwathunthu ngati kuli ndalama, ku Mercantile Registry ndi kufalitsa kwake ku BORME (Official Gazette of the Mercantile Registry), zomwe zili ngati BOE.

Kuopsa kwamadzimadzi

Chilichonse chimakhala ndi zoopsa, komanso kuwonjezeka kwa capital, komanso imodzi mwazomwe zimatchedwa "capital dilution". Zimatanthawuza kutayika kwa chuma cha m'modzi mwa omwe adagwirizana nawo polemekeza ena onse, posalembetsa kapena kugula magawo omwe ali ndi ufulu koma osapeza.

Ndikosavuta ndichitsanzo: Spain SA ili ndi zibwenzi 4 ndipo ma € 100.000, mofanana, ndiye kuti, € 25.000 iliyonse, m'magawo okhala ndi mtengo wa € 1 iliyonse.

Afuna kuwirikiza kawiri mtengo wa kampaniyo, mpaka € 200.000, ndikusankha kuti asakhale ndi zibwenzi zatsopano, koma pakati pawo. Zikupezeka kuti aliyense amafunika kuyikira € 25.000. Koma awiri alibe chuma, ndiye amasunga mtengo wawo wa 25.000, ndipo enanso awiri ndi € 50.000.

Awiri mwa omwe adagwirizana nawo adachepetsa umwini kuchokera ku 25% mpaka 12.5%, potero amachepetsa mphamvu zawo pazopeza ndi zisankho za kampaniyo.

Pomaliza

Makampani, popanda kupita ku kugulitsa magawo awo pa Stock Exchange, atha kupeza ndalama powonjezera ndalama zawo, ndipo potero mutha kuyika ndalama pazinthu zatsopano, ogwira ntchito kapena zida.

Ndikofunika kuzichita nthawi yoyenera, kuti kampaniyo isayime, ngakhale ikuyenera kuchitika mosamala, popeza pali chiopsezo chothetsera ndalama.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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