Kodi ROE ndi chiyani?

Bwererani pa Equity

ROENdi Chisipanishi: Bwererani pa Equity, yomwe imalandira dzina lachingerezi kuti, "Bwezerani Malipiro Anu ” Imagwira ngati chimodzi mwazida zazikulu zogwiritsira ntchito kusanthula chuma chomwe kampani ili nacho.

Ndi chiyani?

ROE ndi gawo lomwe ntchito yake ndikulemba magwiridwe ake wopezedwa ndi wogawana nawo ulemu ku ndalama zomwe muli nazo wobvomerezeka pagulu linalake. Apa ndikutanthauza kuti ROE imayesa zotheka kuthekera kuti kampani yomwe ikufunsidwa ili, kuti kubwezera pachuma mpaka azimayi kuti athandizane pa izi.

Ogawana akhoza sinkhasinkha Pogwiritsa ntchito gawo ili, ntchito ndi likulu zomwe adagwiritsa ntchito pobzala ndipo, mwanjira iyi, cheke la kuthekera kusunga ndalama zanu mu mgwirizano kapena kupuma pantchito sitima isaname.

Kodi mungawerenge bwanji ROE?

Bwererani pamalonda kapena ROE, imagwirizana mwachindunji ndi kuchuluka komwe kumapezeka pogawa phindu lonse pambuyo misonkho entre ndi ndalama zawo.

Phindu pambuyo pamisonkho

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Ndalama zanu

Fomuyi imathanso kumvedwa ngati chiyeso za momwe kampani inayake imagwiritsira ntchito ndalama zingapo kuti ipeze ndalama zoyenera.

El ROE Ili ndi ntchito m'magulu angapo, makampani onse akulu amagwiritsa ntchito ndipo imagwira ntchito bwino kutsimikizira kuti pali phindu pambuyo poti agulitsa ntchito.

Iwo akhoza chikoka zinthu zingapo panthawi ya kuwerengetsa mokwanira phindu ili, koma zazikulu ndi zosasunthika zowerengera zawonetsedwa kale kwa inu, muzigwiritsa ntchito ngati gawo losalephera kutsimikizira zomwe zikupezeka komanso zomwe zingachitike mtsogolo mwachuma chanu.

Ntchito zosiyanasiyana za ROE

ROE

El ROE itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuchokera dos malingaliro osiyanasiyana, a wogulitsa, ndi ya kampani mudzalandira zomwezi.

ROE kuchokera kwaogulitsa ndalama

El ROE Monga phindu pazopindulitsa, yakhala imodzi mwazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakusintha kwamakampani moyenera komanso moyenera. Kwa omwe ali ndi masheya ndikofunikira kuti ROE ikhale yayikulu kuposa kuti pakhale phindu lalikulu mokwanira.

Popeza ROE ndi chizindikiro kwambiri zothandiza, za kampani yomwe sungani ndalama ndi kuyang'anira y kupanga phindu ndi likulu lomwe liri zasungidwa mmenemo, chifukwa chake, ndi a chizindikiro zofunika kwambiri zomwe ziyenera kulingaliridwa popanda kukayika, ngati mukufuna kupanga ndalama pakatikati komanso kwakanthawi, kuti mupereke kufufuza y kutsimikizira kwa ndalama zanu.

ROE kuchokera pakuwona kwamakampani

Chifukwa chake Mtsogoleri momwe oyang'anira zachuma a kampani amagwiritsa ntchito ROE ndi dziwani muli bwanji kugwiritsa ntchito Las malonda ya othandizana nawo komanso momwe mungapangire bwino amapindula. Kuphatikiza apo, manambala abwino pamtunduwu, ikani kampani iliyonse pamalo zabwino pamaso pa msika wamayiko, kuyambira pomwe mkulu khalani ROE, apamwamba Idzakhala phindu kuti kampani ikhale nayo, kutengera ndi zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popezera ndalama.

Izi zikutanthauza kuti ROE imayika kampaniyo pamtundu wokhulupilira padziko lonse lapansi, momwe makampani omwe ali ndi ziphuphu zazikulu kwambiri ROE, apeze ndalama zazikulu kwambiri ndikugulitsa magawo awo bwino mitengo tsiku ndi tsiku, Komano ngati gawo ili likuchepa, the chidaliro wa akugulitsa, ikuphimbidwanso, kotero kuti kampaniyo igawane ndalama zawo, ndipo osunga ndalama omwe awalipira kwambiri, amataya ndalama. Chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuti cholozera ichi chizikhala chokhazikika ndikukwaniritsa mfundo zogwirira ntchito mwadongosolo.

SWR imagwiritsidwanso ntchito poyerekeza phindu Pakati pa makampani omwe ali mgawo lomweli, ziyenera kudziwika kuti kuyerekezera komwe kumachitika m'makampani osiyanasiyana kumatha kubweretsa zotsatira zoyipa, chifukwa kubweza ndalama zachuma nthawi zonse kumasiyana munthawi ndi mawonekedwe kutengera gawo lomwe akukhala.

Kuti muchite kafukufuku wamakampani, a ROE ndi gawo lomwe silinganyalanyazidwe, phindu lake limakhudza magawo ambiri ndi akatswiri, kufunikira kwa ROE Sizokayikitsa pakadali pano, kupezeka kwake kukuwonekera bwino, mtsogolomu momwe makampani amakono akhala ndi omwe akula modabwitsa mzaka zochepa, milandu monga Facebook, YouTube, Snapchat, pakati pa ena.

Tikawerengetsera KUKHALA kwa kampani yopatsidwa, zomwe tikuyeza kwenikweni ndikuthekera kwa anthu kuti apange phindu kwa omwe adzagawana nawo.

ROE imapatsa olowa nawo chida chowunikira phindu apeza kuchokera ku ndalama zomwe adasungitsa, chifukwa chake adzawunika ndi zotsatirazi ngati kuli kwanzeru kupitiriza ndi ndalamazo. Kuti athe kuzindikira kuti kampani ikuyenda bwino, ROE iyenera kupitirira phindu locheperako lomwe monga olowa nawo masheya amafunika kuti azichita bizinesi inayake.

Zimathandizanso kuyeza kuyendetsa bwino kwa bizinesi, ndiye kuti, phindu lomwe limapereka kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe zasungidwa. Mwachitsanzo, kampani yomwe ili ndi ROE ya 30%, chifukwa chake imapeza mayuro atsopano a 30, pamayuro 100 aliwonse omwe adayikapo ndalama.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kutsatira kusintha kwa kampani ndipo, kuwonjezera apo, amalola kufananitsa ziwerengero ndikuwonetsa momwe zida za kampani zikugwiritsidwira ntchito. Kukwera kwa ROE, kudzawonjezera mwachindunji phindu lomwe kampani ingapereke, chifukwa chake, lidzakhala losangalatsa kwa wochita malonda aliyense.

Njira ya Dupont

Donaldson Brown Ichi ndichifukwa chake mu 1912 mudadzifunsa funso lomwe mwina mukudzifunsa nthawi ino: Ngati ROE ya kampani ikukula kuchoka pa 8% kufika pa 12% ... chifukwa chiyani zachitika?, Chifukwa achulukitsa phindu ndi 20% kusunga ukonde ndikofunika nthawi zonse?

KODI ROE NDI CHIYANI?

Ichi ndichifukwa chake a Donaldson adayamba kuphwanya fomuyi kukhala magawo asanu.

Nazi zinthu zisanu za ROE malinga ndi njira ya Dupont

  1. [NI / EBT]: Ubale womwe unakhazikitsidwa pakati pa phindu ndi phindu mutangowonjezera misonkho. Zokhudzana ndi gawo lazachuma.
  2. [EBT / EBIT]: Chiyanjano pakati pa phindu kale de msonkho ndi phindu kale de zofuna. Zokhudzana ndi kuchuluka komwe kampaniyo ili nayo ngongole, komanso zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi iyo.
  3. [EBIT / Sales] Ili ndi udindo woyambitsa chibwenzicho entre Las malonda ndi zotsatira de Las ntchito. Kukhazikitsa phindu lazamalonda mu bizinesi.
  4. [Zogulitsa / Katundu] Ndi kuchuluka kwa malonda omwe amapanga ndalama zonse. Zomwe zikugwirizana ndi kuchuluka kwa mayanjano omwe kampaniyo ili nawo. Lingaliro lovuta kwambiri, koma kwakhala kubwerera kwa capital, ndiye kuti, zomwe mudayika zidapezedwanso munthawi ina.
  5. [Katundu / Ndalama]. Zimakhudzana mwachindunji ndi kuchuluka kwa nthawi chilungamo chimenecho chili ndi chuma. Ndizokhudzana ndi kuchuluka kwa ngongole zomwe kampaniyo ili nayo.

Kuti timveke bwino, tiyeni tiwone chitsanzo chongoyerekeza. Tiyerekeze kuti Juan ali ndi € 200.000. Ndi ma 200.000 amenewo amagula malo omwe amabwereka pa € ​​20.000 pambuyo pa misonkho. ROE ya Juan ndiye ndiye 10%.

Juan kenako aganiza zokhala ndi ngongole ndi nyumba zina ziwiri kuti azichita lendi pamtengo womwewo. Chifukwa chake, adzakhala ndi ngongole ya ma 400.000 euros, pomwe amayenera kulipira chiwongola dzanja cha 5%. Phindu lonselo lidzakhala 40.0000 [60.000 ya ndalama (ma euro 20.000 pa nyumba yobwereka) zochepa 20.000 euro za chiwongola dzanja].

ROE ya Juan yachoka pa 10% mpaka 20%.

Makhalidwe a chitsanzo: Ndikofunikira kulipira ngongole kuti mupende ROE.

Titha kumaliza kunena kuti ROE

Imagwira ngati chida chandalama komanso kuyerekezera koyerekeza amalonda ndi osunga ndalama, omwe chuma chawo chikuwonekera kutengera kuchuluka kwa ROE kuti izi, powonjezera ndalamazi, mwayi woti kampaniyo iwonekere pamsika wapadziko lonse nawonso ukuwonjezeka, chifukwa amadziyimira okha ngati kampani yodalirika, komwe ndalama zaogulitsa zitha kukhala omasuka komanso otetezeka, ndi chiopsezo chochepa.

El menor Zowopsa ndizomwe nthawi zonse amalonda amafunafuna, chifukwa chake ROE amalankhula m'makampani, osati kutsatsa kapena kugulitsa, ngati siwo makampani omwe akutsogola mtsogolo, komwe kuneneratu kutsogola kwachuma, ngati simukuyesera kuneneratu zomwe zichitike pamsika, mukhala sitepe Kubwerera kuchokera kwa enanso ogulitsa ndi makampani osinthidwa.

Imathandizanso kwambiri polimbikitsa mitengo yamasheya pakampani, ngati KUKHALA kwa kampani kumawonjezeka, imakulitsa gawo limodzi lazogulitsa zamagawo ake.

Mosakayikira ndichimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri kuti mudziwe zomwe mukugwiritsa ntchito potengera zomwe mwapeza, komanso kuyerekezera momwe kampani imodzi ndi ina, kapena kuti mupangire chithunzi chabwino ndikulimba mtima kuti mukope ndalama, Popeza muli nazo adaphunzira momwe ROE imagwiritsidwira ntchito, muwapindulitse poyambitsa bizinesi yanu kapena ndalama zanu.

 


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