Kodi a Spain timalipira misonkho ingati?

msonkho Misonkho ndi imodzi mwazinthu zomwe okhometsa misonkho amayenera kukumana nazo kuti azigwira bwino ntchito zachuma. Pali osati misonkho yachindunji, koma omwe amawerengedwa kuti ndi osalunjika, chifukwa mudzatha kutsimikizira m'nkhaniyi. Chifukwa misonkho ndi ndalama zomwe munthu aliyense, banja kapena kampani imachita Ayenera kulipira dziko kulipira zofunikira zonse, potero amapereka gawo la ndalama zawo. Mpaka pomwe amafunikira m'magulu a demokalase. Ngakhale zitha kukhala zopitilira chimodzi mutu m'mawu a okhometsa msonkho.

Pali chinthu chimodzi chomveka bwino ndikuti mukamapereka misonkho yambiri, mudzakhala ndi ndalama zochepa muakaunti yanu yowunika. China chake chomwe malingaliro owolowa manja azachuma akutsutsana nacho. Chifukwa zikutanthauza kuti okhometsa misonkho azikhala ndi ndalama zochepa zoti agwiritse ntchito kapena ntchito zina zachuma. Imene nkhani zonse za boma lililonse zimavutika chifukwa kuchepa kwachuma ndikotsika kwambiri. Pachifukwa ichi, pali zosiyana mafunde azachuma zomwe zili zabwino kapena osakweza kapena kuchepetsa msonkho kwa nzika.

Komano, sizingaiwalike kuti misonkho imatha kukonzedwanso pafupipafupi kutengera zosowa zachuma cha mayiko aliwonse. Kuchokera pazochitikazi, titha kunena kuti ndi zandalama izi ndi mayiko omwe amapeza chuma chokwanira kuchita zochita zawo. Pazinthu zosiyanasiyana monga kasamalidwe, zomangamanga kapenanso kupereka ntchito. Mwanjira ina, zigawozi zimadalira pamisonkho yomwe imatuluka mthumba mwa okhometsa misonkho.

Misonkho: yolunjika komanso yosakhala mwachindunji

kulunjika Kusiyanitsa koyamba pamitengo yonse imagawanika pakati pa misonkho yachindunji ndi yosadziwika. Kuchokera pamisonkhoyi, ndizo zomwe zimakonda kwambiri okhometsa misonkho chifukwa amayenera kuwalipira pamitundu yonse. Mwanjira ina, ali mitengo yotseguka kwa onse chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake apadera. Chifukwa kwenikweni, sizingakhudze okhometsa misonkho chimodzimodzi, monga momwe muwonera kuyambira pano.

Kumbali imodzi, pali zomwe zimatchedwa misonkho yachindunji, yomwe ndiyomwe imagwera molunjika pa munthu, gulu, kampani, ndi zina zambiri. Chifukwa zimakhazikitsidwa makamaka pa mphamvu zachuma za iwo omwe akhudzidwa. Ndiye kuti, kutengera chuma chawo komanso kuchuluka kwa ndalama. Zina mwazodziwika bwino komanso zomwe muyenera kukumana nazo ndizomwe zimakhudzana ndi msonkho wa eni, msonkho wamakampani kapena cholowa ndi msonkho wa mphatso. Komanso ana ena omwe sangadzamverenso pambuyo pake.

Misonkho yosadziwika

Mbali inayi, pali kalasi iyi yamalipiro yomwe ndiyofunikanso kwambiri pakupezera ndalama ndi mayiko osiyanasiyana padziko lapansi. Kusiyana kumodzi komwe kumawasiyanitsa ndi komwe kumakhalapo ndikuti misonkho imayikidwa pa katundu ndi ntchito osati kwa anthu monga zimakhalira misonkho yachindunji. Izi zikutanthauza kuti, mwachindunji monga dzina lake limatchulira. Anthu amadya chinthu kapena chinthu motero ayenera kulipira misonkho pazomwe amachita. Nthawi zina mozama kwambiri zikafika pamaperesenti omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kuchokera pazochitikazi, palibe kukayika kuti misonkhoyi imatha kukhala yolondola kuposa enawo. Kumene ena amapezeka komanso amadziwika kuti VAT, msonkho wosamutsa makolo kapena a misonkho yapadera ya zakumwa zoledzeretsa. Ziyenera kufotokozedwa kuti zina mwa zolipiritsa izi zimaperekedwa kutengera ngati mumadya mankhwala awo. Chifukwa, mulibe ubale uliwonse ndi iwo, simuyenera kuwalipira nthawi iliyonse, monga zimachitikira pakadali pano ndi misonkho ya mowa. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti amangogwiritsa ntchito kwa ogula osati kwa anthu ena monga tafotokozera kale.

Zofanana kapena zobwezeretsa mitengo

Gawo lina lomwe misonkho ingakhalepo ndi lomwe limayendetsedwa ndi magawo apaderawa. Komwe misonkho yolingana imangotanthauza gawo lokhazikika pomwe misonkho silingaganiziridwe konse. Mbali inayi, palinso misonkho achipembedzo monga opondereza ndipo ndi ziti zomwe phindu kapena phindu limakhala lokwera, zochulukirapo zidzakhala ndalama zomwe muyenera kulipira. Chimodzi mwazitsanzozi chitha kuyimilidwa ndi VAT pazinthu zoyambira, zomwe ndizofala kwambiri mu misonkho yapano ku Spain.

ndi mitengo yopita patsogolo atha kukhala onyalanyazidwa kwambiri, koma sadzakhala ocheperako kuchokera pakuwona kwachuma. Njira zake zamsonkho zimakhazikitsidwa pamalingaliro osavuta monga akuti phindu kapena renti zimakweza, kuchuluka kwa misonkho komwe kumayenera kulipira okhoma msonkho kumakweza. Chitsanzo chodziwikiratu cha misonkhoyi ndi yomwe imawonetsedwa ndi misonkho, imodzi mwazinthu zodziwika bwino kwambiri kalendala yazachuma ku Spain ndipo yakhala ikupita patsogolo kuyambira pomwe idapangidwa. Kufikira kuti zitha kuwononga misonkho yanu kutengera momwe mumapezera chaka chilichonse.

Misonkho yayikulu

alireza Ku Spain, pali mitengo zingapo zomwe zimawoneka bwino kuposa zina zonse ndipo ndi zomwe tikukufotokozerani mwatsatanetsatane. Amanena za zina zofunika kwambiri mu kalendala yazachuma yadziko lonse ndipo izi zimadziwika chifukwa chokhoza kuthekera kwa Autonomous Communities kapena Local Treasury, komanso ena omwe amayang'aniridwa ndi Boma.

Chimodzi mwazofunikira kwambiri ndi Misonkho Yomwe Mumalandira (IRPF). Ndi msonkho wa ndalama ndi msonkho womwe umaperekedwa pa phindu la anthu, makampani, kapena mabungwe ena azovomerezeka. Muyenera kuzisintha chaka chilichonse momwe ndalama zonse zochokera kuntchito ndi ndalama zimayenera kuganiziridwanso. Pafupifupi onse okhometsa misonkho amayenera kupanga izi, nthawi zina podziyesa kuti abwezere kapena kulipira. Sichiyenera kufotokozedwanso chifukwa chakudziwika kwake pakati pa okhometsa msonkho.

Misonkho Yampani (IS)

Zachidziwikire, misonkhoyi siyofanana kwambiri ndi yapita. Ndizosadabwitsa kuti msonkho wamakampani ndi womwe umatanthauza msonkho wa ndalama zamakampani, womwe ndi msonkho wachindunji, wamunthu payekha ndipo nthawi zambiri pamakhala msonkho umodzi, imagwera pazopeza zomwe makampani amapeza. Kumbali inayi, simungayiwale kuti kugwiritsa ntchito kwake kumachitika makamaka pamakampani osati kwa anthu, chifukwa kumangolepheretsa kwenikweni zotsatira zake.

Mulingo wina wazikhalidwezi ndi womwe umatanthauza Misonkho Yachuma, yomwe imadziwika bwino kuti msonkho wachuma kapena msonkho wamtengo wapatali. Ndi mulingo wofunikira womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito payekhapayekha, osati pazopeza kapena zochitika zapachaka, koma pazinthu zanu za anthu achilengedwe. Momwe zimakhalira chuma chenicheni cha anthu, pamlingo wokulirapo kapena wocheperako. Chifukwa chake, zimangolekera nzika zina kusiyanasiyana ndi ena wamba.

Mtengo Wowonjezera (VAT)

iva Ndi imodzi mwa misonkho yayikulu yomwe imayikidwa mu kalendala yadziko lonse ndipo imapereka kusiyanasiyana komwe kumatsimikizira kuti ndi mtengo wapadera. Kuchokera pano, VAT ndi msonkho womwe muyenera kuchita pagawo labwino la ntchito zamaluso ndi zamalonda. Kuti muwone bwino kuyambira tsopano muyenera kudziwa kuti VAT ndiwongolero wamsonkho, ndiye kuti, wolipiridwa ndi wogula ngati msonkho wobwezeretsa, wogwiritsidwa ntchito m'maiko ambiri komanso wofala ku European Union.

Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi magawo osiyanasiyana kutengera mitundu yambiri. Chifukwa chakuti, zimasiyanasiyana kutengera malonda kapena ntchito yomwe imagulidwa kapena kugulitsidwa, chifukwa chake pali mankhwala osiyanasiyana mu VAT. Monga zotsatirazi zomwe tikukufotokozerani pansipa.

  • VAT Yonse (21%)
  • Uwu ndiye mulingo wokhazikika wa VAT ndipo ugwiritsidwa ntchito pazogulitsa ndi ntchito zambiri: zovala, DIY, fodya, ntchito zapaupampu, kuchereza alendo, zida zapakhomo, ndi zina zambiri.
  • Kuchepetsa VAT (10%)
  • Zinthu zambiri zosiyanasiyana zimalowa mu mtundu uwu monga mukudziwa pofika pano. Odziwika kwambiri ndi monga zakudya, madzi, mankhwala.
  • VAT yochepetsedwa kwambiri (4%)
  • Mtengo wotsika kwambiri wa VAT imagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu ndi ntchito zomwe zimawonedwa kuti ndizofunikira. Monga pazinthu zotsatirazi zomwe timakufotokozerani:
    Zakudya zoyambira mudengu logulira (mkaka, mkate, mpunga, ndi zina zambiri).
    Mabuku ndi manyuzipepala (magazini ndi manyuzipepala)
    Mankhwala ogwiritsira ntchito anthu
    Ma Prosthetics, ma implants amkati, ma orthotic ndi magalimoto a anthu olumala.

Komanso sitingayiwale Misonkho Yogulitsa Malo, yomwe imadziwika bwino ndi dzina lake, IBI. Poterepa, mosiyana ndi enawo, ndi misonkho yakomweko yomwe imakhomera misonkho ndi ufulu weniweni womwe muli nawo pazogulitsa zilizonse.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Sindy Arriaga anati

    Misonkho ndi njira yoperekera ndalama zomwe nzika zimapereka kwa anthu a Boma kuti likwaniritse zomwe lapatsidwa. Vuto lomwe limachitika nthawi zambiri ndiloti timayika ntchito zambiri mu Boma ndipo ntchito zambiri zomwe timayika mu Boma, tiyenera kulipira misonkho yambiri.

    Ntchito zokha zomwe boma liyenera kukhala nazo ndi:
    - kuteteza moyo
    -kuteteza mapangano
    - kuteteza katundu wachinsinsi.

    ndipo monga tikudziwa pali mitundu iwiri ya misonkho:
    - Direct: zomwe zimakhudzana ndi malipiro a munthu. Lingaliro la msonkho uwu ndikuchepetsa kusiyana kwachuma. Chitsanzo cha msonkho ku Guatemala ukhoza kukhala ISR (msonkho)

    - Zosakhazikika: zomwe ndizomwe sizikugwirizana ndi zomwe munthu amapeza. Misonkhoyi imazikidwa pazomwe munthu amadya. chitsanzo cha msonkho ku Guatemala ukhoza kukhala VAT (msonkho wowonjezera)