Katundu kapena Zinthu: Mitengo, chikoka, kusintha mphamvu

Katundu kapena Katundu    Katundu kapena Katundu

Kodi tawerenga kapena kumva mawu  chofunika osazindikira ndendende zomwe zili? Ndi mawu ochokera ku Chingerezi, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu slang yachuma komanso padziko lonse lapansi nthawi zambiri monga ofanana ndi zopangira. Mawuwo mgwirizano wamtsogolo, imalumikizananso ndi zomwe zikukhudzana ndi mutu wankhani.

Ndi nkhani yosangalatsa yomwe ikuyenera kufufuzidwa ndikutsatira.

Mawu chofunika  imagwirizananso kwambiri ndi  Katundu. Ndikukula kwa matumba a zopangira, malingaliro atsopano okhudza mawuwa adawonekera.

Kupanga kwa zinthu zopangira kumatanthauzira kupeza chuma cha dziko kapena dera. Mwambiri, ndizo zinthu zomwe zimapezeka m'dera linalake osati mwa ena, zomwe zimabweretsa kusiyana pakati pa madera omwe ali nawo.

Komabe, pamene mtundu zimatengera kupanga zopangira  makamaka ngati gwero la ndalama pachuma chake, titha kutanthauziridwa kuti kubwerera m'mbuyo pachuma. Chuma cha dziko kuti chikhale cholimba chikufunikiranso kukhala ndiukadaulo pazinthu zopangidwa, gawo lazithandizo etc.

Zida zogwiritsira ntchito alibe phindu lowonjezera, amaperekanso a Kusasinthasintha kwakukulu kwa mitengo yanu, yoyambitsidwa ndi kusowa kwake komanso kudalira kapena kukhudzidwa ndi zinthu monga nyengo.

Tsogolo lazachuma Amalola chitetezo kutchinga kwamitengo. Omwe amapanga zinthu zopangira azitetezedwa ku kugwa kwamwadzidzidzi motere pakupanga mgwirizano wamtsogolo, Kuonetsetsa mitengo yake isanachitike. Zokambirana zamtunduwu zakhalapo kwazaka zopitilira zana.

M'misika yamalonda ndizotheka kuyika chuma chawo monga chuma china, popanda chifukwa chake ziyenera kukhala zawo. Zina mwazinthu zomwe zatchulidwa pamisika yazachumayi ndi gasi wachilengedwe, mafuta osakomoka, shuga, golide, tirigu, ndi zina zambiri.

Kuti likhalepo phindu pamene agwiritsidwa ntchitoOmwe amapanga zinthu izi amayenera kugwiritsa ntchito njira zina kuti akwaniritse izi. Ndalama zazikulu zoyambirira zimapangidwa kuti zithandizire kuwazunza.

Kufotokozera mawu akuti Katundu

Zopangira ndizabwino idzasinthidwa panthawi yopanga atsimikiza kuti asinthe kukhala ogula bwino, apo ayi sangagwiritsidwe ntchito mwachindunji.

Katundu kapena Katundu

Ndi zinthu zomwe zimayandikira kwambiri chilengedwe chawo zisanachitike. Amabwera kudzatenga sitepe yoyamba pakupanga maunyolo izi zipanga zolemba zogwiritsa ntchito.

Zachilengedwe monga mphamvu kapena nkhalango, zitha kuwerengedwa ngati zitsanzo za zopangira.

Mtundu wa mndandanda kusiyanitsa iwo akhoza kukhala malinga ndi chiyambi chake:

  • Masamba: Mbewu, zipatso ndi ndiwo zamasamba, nkhuni, mapadi, tirigu ndi zina.
  • Zakale: Mafuta ndi gasi.
  • Chinyama: Chikopa, ubweya, nyama.
  • Zocheperako: Mkuwa, chitsulo, chiguduli etc.

Pali mitundu ina yosiyanasiyana yamagulu.

Zomwe zimakhudza chuma cha mayiko

Kufunika kwakukulu komwe zinthuzi zitha kukhala nako paumoyo wachuma mdziko lapansi ndichodziwikiratu.

Tiyeni tiwone mtundu ngati chitsanzo: Argentina:

Ndi dziko lomwe lili ndi chuma chosafanana. Golide, mkuwa, siliva, lithiamu, potaziyamu, nkhuni, shuga, chimanga, tirigu, soya, zipatso, ma hydrocarboni.

Kuchuluka kwa GDP komwe gawo lazamalonda azachuma lidapanga mu 2015 linali 30%.

Zotsatira pamalingaliro adziko

Mitengo ya zopangira nthawi zambiri amathandizira kuti ndale zadziko. Zitha kufika poti munthu wofuna kukhala purezidenti kapena udindo wina wofunikira ayenera kumvetsera zomwe zikuchitika mgululi komanso zomwe akutumizidwa kudziko lake, chifukwa zitha kumuwononga kwambiri pakuyendetsa ndale.

Mwachitsanzo, ku Middle East, zopangira ndizomwe zimabweretsa ndalama kuboma. Chifukwa chake, polingalira izi, ntchito zandale zikukonzekera kuzungulira nkhaniyi, ndikulonjezedwa. Ngati mitengo ikugwa kapena kukwera kwambiri, chikoka chikhoza kukhala chachikulu.

Nchiyani chingasinthe mwayiwu?

Katundu kapena Katundu

Zinthu zachuma Nthawi zambiri zimakhudza kupezeka kwa zopangira. Momwemonso, zoyambitsa zina zenizeni zitha kupezeka.

Mwachitsanzo, mkuwa, chopangira choyenera, chakhudzidwa posachedwa ndi mavuto m'malo opezeka mozungulira padziko lonse lapansi. Zomwe zimayambitsa zakhala mikangano pakati pa opanga ndi mabungwe andale, kunyanyala komwe kwachitika, zochitika zanyengo, ndi zina zambiri. Zonsezi zoyambitsa Kuwonongeka kwakanthawi kopindulitsa, zomwe zimabweretsa mwachindunji kukwera kwa mtengo wazinthu zopangazi pamsika wapadziko lonse.

Kuwonetseranso: Ngati pazifukwa zachilengedwe China iganiza zochepetsa mitengo yazomera zomwe zimapanga miyala yachitsulo, vuto lomwe lingachitike, mtengo wake ungakhudzidwe ndi nkhani zamtunduwu.

Kuchuluka kwa mcherewu padziko lonse lapansi ndikwabwino, ndipo kufunsa kwake kapena kufunafuna kwake kukugwirizana kwambiri ndi ndalama zogwirira ntchito zazikulu ndi zomangamanga.

Mitengo ndi Investment

IMF mu lipoti lofananira ndi malingaliro aku Latin America (Epulo 2017) adati kulipo kufanana pakati pamayendedwe azachuma ndi mitengo yazinthu. Pomaliza izi, mayiko monga Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Colombia ndi Brazil adasanthulidwa.

Pakhala pali umboni kwa zaka zambiri kuti Kudalira pazida zopangira kumabweretsa chiopsezo chachikulu.  Kukwera kwamitengo yayikulu kumatha kuyambitsa zovuta zakunja ndipo mosemphanitsa.

IMF yati sikuti ndalama zomwe makampani amapanga amapangira zinthu zomwe zingakhudzidwe, zimakhudzanso ndalama m'mabizinesi monga zomangamanga, kayendetsedwe ka boma, malonda, mayendedwe, mwa ena. 

Kulingalira kwachuma ndi zopangira: Vutoli limakhudza motani?

Katundu kapena Katundu

Kufunika kwa zinthu zakula kwawonjezeredwa ndi thovu lokhazikika pazopangira. Izi zadzetsa kuchulukitsa kwaulimi, komanso migodi ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu.

Mwa zina zoyipa, kusakhazikika kwamitengo kwakhazikitsidwa ndi zinthu zomwe amakonda zomwe zikuwonetsedwa. Izi zakhudza madera azinthu ndi zinthu zina, zomwe zimabweretsa zosintha m'zinthu zachilengedwe,  kuyendetsa magiya othamanga ndikukhudza kusintha kwamagetsi.

Ndi chodabwitsa kumene ndi kusokoneza dziko lapansi. Amaika phindu lazachuma pamwambapa komanso patsogolo kwambiri kuposa zovuta zenizeni zomwe zingachitike. Mtundu umayendetsedwa kuti ukwaniritse zotsatira zachuma, zomwe sizingakhazikike.

Zogulitsa ndi dola

Zogulitsa ndi ubale womwe amawonetsa ndi kutanthauzira kwa banki yayikulu yaku America (FED) ndi za mtunduwu: Ngati mitengo ikwera, ndalama zomwe zida zamtengo wapatali zamtengo wapatali, zomwe ndi dola, zimakonda kulimba. Izi zizipanganso kugulitsa kwa omwe amagulitsa soya, mwachitsanzo.

Lero potengera

Akatswiri azachuma akuwonetsa kuti pambuyo pamavuto, kwa nthawi yoyamba a kukula kumagwirizanitsidwa chimodzimodzi padziko lonse lapansi.

Gulu la mayiko otukuka komanso chuma chomwe chikuwuka kwambiri chikukula nthawi imodzi. Nthawi yomaliza pomwe chiwonetserochi chidawoneka mu 2006.

Iron, aluminium, mkuwa, zinc ndi faifi tambala, zomwe ndizitsulo zogwiritsa ntchito m'mafakitale, m'makilomita asanu mwa asanu ndi limodzi omaliza inatsatira chizolowezi chokwera. China ikulimbikitsa chochitikachi poletsa zopereka kuti zizitha kuwongolera mphamvu zopindulitsa.

Mitengo yosakhazikika imawonedwa poyerekeza ndi chiyambi cha chaka chamakono 2017.

Kukhalapo kwa Mavuto azandale ku Venezuela, Saudi Arabia ndi Qatar, amasewera kwambiri. Washington nawonso ikukonzekera njira zodzitetezera.

Malinga ndi IMF, malingalirowa sadziwika, ngakhale alipo zoopsa zoyenerera.

Goldman Sachs adati pamapeto pake padzakhala magwero azinthu zatsopano zomwe zithandizira kubwerera. Mwachitsanzo, zitsulo zidatchulidwa pakupanga mabatire azombo zamagalimoto, popanga ma solar kapena ma module, makina oyendera mphepo, ndi zina zambiri. Zitsulo zofunikira zidzakhala zotayidwa, mkuwa, lithiamu, faifi tambala pakati pa ena.

Kwa zaka 15 tsopano, China yakhala ili wogula wamkulu wazitsulo zamakampani. Amagwiritsa ntchito theka lazopangidwazo malinga ndi kusanthula komwe kwatchulidwa. Kukula pang'ono pakufuna komanso kutsika mtengo kungayembekezeredwe chaka chamawa cha 2018, mothandizidwa ndi kuti China iyenera kusintha chuma chake kuti ikule kwambiri, pokhapokha ngati pali kuwonjezeka kwa kugwiritsidwa ntchito. zotchinga pakupanga.

Pankhani yamagetsi, kufunikirako kumakhala kolimba, koma kupezeka ndiko kusiyana. Panali mafuta okwanira komanso mafuta pamsika, chisangalalo chopezeka chimayika mitengo pamitengo ndikutsitsa mphamvu zamagetsi. Chilimwe cham'mbuyomu izi zidasintha. Mbiya yosakongola idawonetsa kuyamikira 40% kuyambira Julayi watha.

Pali zowerengera za 2018 kuti dziko lapansi liziuza zopanda pake ku United States. Ngakhale sizingatchulidwe ngati opanga m'dziko lino athe kukwaniritsa izi. Chiyerekezo ndikuti kuli kofunikira kulinganiza msika kuti zithandizire kupanga tsiku lililonse kuchokera kupitilira mamiliyoni asanu ndi limodzi mpaka mamiliyoni asanu ndi awiri.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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