GDP ndi dziko

GDP ndi dziko
Pali ambiri magwiridwe antchito achuma chamayiko. Mwa zonse, Zizindikiro zabwino kwambiri zimachokera pakupanga katundu ndi ntchito zonse pachaka yadziko ndi ntchito zachuma kapena, monga ena amatchulira, zake mankhwala anawonjezera.

Izi zimayezedwa ndi zokolola zapakhomo (GDP) kapena Mtengo wamsika wazogulitsa zonse zomaliza ndi ntchito zomwe zimapangidwa mdziko muno mchaka chimodzi. GDP imaphatikizapo katundu ndi ntchito zomwe zimapangidwa m'malire a dziko, ndi zinthu zoperekedwa ndi nzika zake.

Chifukwa chake, GDP yaku Spain sikuti imangophatikiza phindu lamagalimoto onse a Seat omwe amapangidwa mufakitore ya Martorell, komanso mafakitale a Renault, ngakhale chizindikirocho ndi Chifalansa ndi Chisipanishi, motsatana.

El GDP imayesa mtengo wamsika wazopanga pachaka, ndiye kuti, pamiyeso yake. Izi ziyenera kukhala choncho ngati tikufuna kuyerekezera katundu ndi ntchito zomwe zimapangidwa mzaka zosiyanasiyana ndikukhala ndi lingaliro lamtengo wake womwe uli ndi tanthauzo kwa onse.

Ngati dziko lipanga masofa atatu ndi makompyuta awiri mchaka 1, ndi malalanje awiri ndi maapulo atatu mchaka 2. Ndi ziti pazaka ziwiri zomwe zidapindulitsa kwambiri? Ndikofunikira kuyika phindu pamtengo uliwonse ndikuyerekeza phindu lake chaka chilichonse kuti tidziwe ngati GDP idachepa kapena idakula mchaka cha 2. Tiziwona izi pambuyo pake.

Kufunika kopewa kuwerengera ndalama zambiri mu GDP yamayiko

Kuti muyese molondola GDP yamayiko, ndikofunikira kuwerengera kamodzi katundu ndi ntchito zonse pachaka china.

Zida zambiri zimadutsa magawo angapo azopanga zisanafike kumsika. Pachifukwachi, zidutswa zina zitha kukhala ndiulendo, ndipo nthawi ina yasinthidwanso. Pofuna kupewa kubwereza kuwerengera kwa katundu ndi ntchito, GDP imangowerengera zomaliza ndikusiya zomwe zili pakatikati.

ndi Katundu womaliza ndi katundu ndi ntchito zomwe wogula amapeza kuti adzagwiritse ntchito pomaliza Osatinso kuti adzagulitsenso kapena kuwayika munjira zina zopangira kapena zopangira. Ndizinthu zomwe zimagulidwa kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito.

Katundu wothandizirana ndi katundu ndi ntchito zomwe wogula amapeza kuti aziyikamo kapena kuti agulitsidwe.

El Mtengo wazinthu zomaliza ndi zomwe zimawerengedwa mu GDP, pomwe katundu wapakatikati sachotsedwa pakuwerengera GDP yadzikolo. Chifukwa chiyani? Chifukwa mitengo yazinthu zapakatikati imaphatikizidwa kale mu mtengo wazabwino zomaliza. Akadapanda kupatula, akadatha kuwerengedwa kosaneneka, kukweza GDP, ndikupangitsa kuti kuwerengera kwake kukhale kopanda tanthauzo komanso kolondola.

Maonekedwe awiri a GDP yamayiko: ndalama ndi ndalama

GDP bank yadziko lonse

Tiyeni tiwone momwe Mtengo wamsika wazogulitsa zonse, kapena cholinga chathu, gawo limodzi la malonda. Tiyeni tikumbukire chitsanzo kuchokera m'ndime zingapo zapitazo: mumayeza bwanji phindu la kompyuta?

Titha kukhazikitsa momwe wogula kapena wotsiriza amalipira. Kapena titha kuwonjezera ndalama: malipiro, lendi, chiwongola dzanja ndi phindu lomwe limapangidwa panthawi yopanga kompyuta.

Njira zomalizira ndi zowonjezera ndi njira ziwiri zowonera chimodzimodzi. Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pogulitsa zimalandiridwa ngati ndalama ndi iwo omwe amathandizira pakupanga.

Mwachitsanzo, ngati € 350 itagwiritsidwa ntchito pakompyuta, kuchuluka kwa € 350 ndiye ndalama zonse zomwe zimapezeka pakupanga kwake. Chifukwa chake, ngati muwononga makampani omwe amapereka magawo ndi ntchito, kuphatikiza wopanga, ziwonjezera mpaka € 350.

Zachidziwikire, ngati mtengo womaliza wamakompyuta ndiwokwera kuposa omwe amawononga, pali phindu, ndipo ngati mtengowo uli wocheperako poyerekeza ndi zomwe amagwiritsa ntchito, pamakhala kutayika. Zomwezo zimachitika ndi GDP yamayiko: pali njira ziwiri zoyang'anira.

Imodzi ndikuwona ngati kuchuluka kwa zonse zomwe zinawonongedwa pazogulitsa zonse, zomwe zimadziwika kuti 'kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama'. Maganizo ena GDP potengera ndalama zomwe zimapezeka kapena kupangidwa kuchokera pakupanga katundu ndi ntchito, zomwe zimadziwika kuti 'njira yolipira kapena yolipirira', kapena 'njira yolandirira'.

Chabwino ndiye Titha kuyeza GDP yamayiko m'njira ziwiri: kuwonjezera chilichonse chomwe chagwiritsidwa ntchito kugula kompyuta, kapena kuwonjezera ndalama zonse zopezedwa ndi wogulitsa yemwe mudagula kompyuta, mwachitsanzo.

Koma zonsezi ndi gawo lofanana, ndiko kuti, Zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ndalama kwa iwo omwe apanga malonda, mwina ndi zothandizira anthu, malo ndi nyumba kapena capital capital.

Kuti akhale odalirika pamiyeso, mayiko amalandila zambiri kuchokera kuma bungwe owerengera amitundu, omwe amasonkhanitsa, kukonza ndi kuyeza chilichonse kuchokera kumagwero ambiri, kenako ndikuwerengera malinga ndi mayiko akunja.

Njira yapadziko lonse lapansi yoyezera GDP yamayiko ili mu System of National Accounts, lokonzedwa ndi International Monetary Fund, European Commission, ndi Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, United Nations Organisation ndi World Bank.

Ku Spain, yemwe amayang'anira kuyerekezera ndi GDP yeniyeni (mfundo yotsatira), ndiye Ziwerengero National Institute.

GDP yeniyeni yamayiko

Chinthu chimodzi chomwe anthu akufuna kudziwa pazachuma chawo ndikudziwa ngati GDP yakula kapena kuchepa. Koma chifukwa GDP imawerengedwa mwadzina, ndiye kuti, mumsika wapano, nthawi ziwiri sizingafanane popanda kusintha nthawi iliyonse. Kusintha kumeneku kumachitika ndi inflation.

GDP ndi magawidwe ake

Para kuwerengera "GDP" yeniyeni, mtengo wake wamba uyenera kusinthidwa poganizira zosintha kwamitengo kuti mudziwe ngati dziko lakula kapena ayi, komanso kuchuluka kwake. Chida kapena chida chogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi chomwe chimatchedwa 'price deflator', kuti musinthe fayilo ya GDP mwadzina pamitengo yokhazikika.

GDP yamayiko ndiyofunikira kwambiri, chifukwa imatipatsa zidziwitso pakukula kwachuma komanso momwe akuchitira. Kukula kwa GDP weniweni amagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi kuti adziwe zaumoyo wachuma mdziko muno. Nthawi zambiri, ngati GDP ikukula, amatanthauziridwa ngati chizindikiro kuti chuma cha dziko chikuyenda bwino.

Pamene GDP imakula kwambiri, ntchito zikuyenera kuchulukirachulukira chifukwa makampani amafunidwa kwambiri, akuyenera kupanga mafakitale ambiri komanso anthu ali ndi ndalama zambiri chifukwa ali ndi ntchito.

Kumbali ina, ngati Mapangano a GDP, Nthawi zambiri ntchito imatsika chifukwa makampani adzikoli amafunika kuchepetsa kugula. Nthawi zina, GDP ikukula, koma osati mwachangu kapena yolimba kuti ipange ntchito zokwanira kwa anthu omwe amaifunafuna, monga zikuchitikira m'dziko lathu lino.

Akatswiri ena azachuma akutsimikizira kuti GDP yeniyeni imayenda mozungulira pakapita nthawi: Chuma chikuyenda bwino, nthawi zina kukula kukucheperachepera, monga "kuchepa kwachuma" kotchuka komwe United States idakumana nako Iraq, ndipo kwa ena, kuchepa kwachuma kumachitika, komwe kumachitika GDP ikatha masemita awiri otsatizana .

Spain, mwachitsanzo, yakhala ndi nyengo zosiyanasiyana zakusokonekera kwachuma kuyambira kusintha:

  1. Kuyambira kotala lachiwiri la 1992, mpaka kotala lachitatu la 1993, pomwe idakula 0,9%
  2. Kuyambira kotala yoyamba ya 2008 mpaka kotala yoyamba ya 2010
  3. Kuyambira kotala yachiwiri ya 2011 mpaka kotala lachitatu la 2014, pomwe idakula 0,1%. Iyi yakhala nthawi yayitali kwambiri yazachuma ku Spain.

Zomwe GDP yamayiko siziuza ife

GDP ndi dziko

Pomaliza: ndikofunikira kudziwa zomwe GDP yamayiko sangatiuze. GDP siyomwe ili mulingo wa moyo kapena moyo wa dziko.

Ngakhale kusintha kwa Kupanga katundu ndi ntchito kwa munthu aliyense (GDP pamunthu) kumakonda kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati njira yoti nzika yadziko ikhala bwino kapena ayi, sichimagwira zinthu zomwe zimawonedwa ngati zofunika pamoyo wamba.

Mwachitsanzo: kuwonjezeka kwa GDP kungatanthauze kuchuluka kwa zoipitsa ndi kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe, kapena phokoso m'mizinda yamayiko, kuchepa kwa nthawi yopuma kapena kuthekera kophatikiza akatswiri ndi moyo wabanja, kutopa kwa zosapitsidwanso zachilengedwe, ndi zina.

Khalidwe la moyo limadaliranso momwe GDP imagawidwira mwa anthu okhala mdziko, osati pamlingo wamba.

Pofuna kusintha izi, United Nations imawerengera Human Development Index, yomwe imagawa mayiko osati kungotengera GDP, koma potengera: nthawi ya moyo, kuchuluka kwa kuwerenga, kufanana pakati pa abambo ndi amai, kuzunza ana, kusagwirizana kwa malipiro, ndi zina zambiri.

Pali ma indices ambiri oti athe kusintha zonsezi pamodzi ndi GDP, koma sizinatheke kukhazikitsa muyeso wovomerezeka padziko lonse lapansi.


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  1.   LUISITO anati

    Nchifukwa chiyani tsamba la wodwalayo lidatumizidwanso patsamba lino?

  2.   Oyendetsa B. anati

    Webusaitiyi ndi yosangalatsa kuposa amonke

  3.   Wochimwa wosauka anati

    Kodi mwaba ulalowu kuchokera kwa amonke odwala? Ndi zamphamvu bwanji!

  4.   Pépé anati

    Monk wagulitsa malowa, atachotsa kulowa dzulo.
    Akwiyitsidwa kuti sikuti aliyense amawombera zisankho zake.

    Nthawi imayika zinthu pamtengo.

  5.   Wochimwa wosauka anati

    Tsoka ilo, sewero lachiwonetsero laku Bulgaria linali pachimake! Adakhumudwa chifukwa adamuwuza kuti amukwatula, ndiye tsoka la anyamatawa

  6.   nsato anati

    Sindingatsegule blog kuti ndiwuze anthu kuti ndili ndi 150k kapena nthabwala, ndipo ngakhale pang'ono pang'ono ndikawuza komwe ndimakhala, dzina langa, ndi zina zambiri.
    Chosangalatsa ku Bulgaria

  7.   Luis M. anati

    Webusaitiyi sidawerengedwe ndi aliyense, palibe ndemanga ngakhale miyezi ingapo!

    Chosangalatsa ku Bulgaria

  8.   Jose anati

    Ndipo monk?

  9.   kutanthauzira anati

    Masamba osauka, tsopano ukhala msipu wa ma troll. Moyo pang'ono udatsalira

  10.   Jose anati

    Hei monk, ngati mwakhumudwa ndi ndemanga yanga dzulo yokhudzana ndi zomwe ndidakumana nazo ku Bulgaria, dziwani kuti sindimatanthauza kukukhumudwitsani.
    Ndatsala pang'ono kulemba nkhani yanga, kodi muli ndi chidwi chofalitsa?

    1.    Miguel anati

      Jose, ndiwe munthu wokongola womvera bulu. Chiwopsezo china kuchokera pagulu la amonke ndi mzimu wosamalira.

  11.   Lamonja anati

    Chabwino, tsopano titha kuyankhapo momasuka ndikuyankhula zamitengo yomwe idawonetsedwa pochotsera gawo lazandalama, mzaka zochepa mtengo wake wogula uzikhala wolakwika

    Tsopano tipita ku 13000? Mafuta ali ndi zaka 80?

  12.   Monk Wodwala anati

    Zoyendetsedwa?, Sindinagwiritsepo chilichonse, mitengo yanga yogula ndi yomwe ndimasindikiza nthawi zonse ndikuwonetsa mayendedwe anga posindikiza.

    Ndinawawuzanso kuti bwenzi langa ndi waku Bulgaria ndipo ali ndi nyumba mu fabela ya mtengo wachisanu wa paini kuti abwezeretse omwe salipira magetsi kapena madzi chifukwa ali ndi chilichonse chomwe chapachikidwa kwa oyandikana naye.

    Sindibisa kalikonse! Buluku langa lamkati ndilobiriwira pakadali pano, koposa kotani munthu angakhale wowona mtima?

    Koma ndawanama bwanji?

    1.    Lamonja anati

      Inde, mudawonetsa mayendedwe, koma pantchitoyo mwalemba zodzikongoletsera

      Uku ndiye kubera, choyamba mumapanga ndalama kenako mumachotsa pamtengo, potero mumapindula kawiri

      Zili ngati kuti ndimagula nyumba ndikubwereka, ndipo kuchokera pamtengo wogula ndimapuma zomwe ndimalipiritsa renti, m'zaka 10 mtengo wanga wogula ndiwolakwika?

      Mwa njira, kodi Mustang ikugwirizana bwanji ndi moyo wachipembedzo?

      Ndimagwiritsa ntchito mwayi uwu kunena kuti zonyoza zaumwini zimawoneka zoyipa kwa ine, ndimangopereka ndemanga pazachuma tsopano popeza palibe kafukufuku

  13.   Wakuba waku Bulgaria anati

    Amonkewa agwidwa ku Bulgaria. Tikufuna kuchitapo kanthu kuchokera ku BME kwa wowerenga aliyense kuti amasule kapena tichotse chigoba

  14.   Wochimwa wosauka anati

    Mukungobwera kudzatiuza zamawebusayiti abwino?

    1.    Wochimwa wosauka anati

      Moni ndine wochimwa Wosauka, inde ameneyo, wopusa wa nthabwala. Chowonadi ... Sindikudziwa yemwe tambala wanga amagwiritsira ntchito, koma ndizabwino kwa iwe, mzanga. Mukudziwa kuti ndayamba kunyowa kwambiri kuwona momwe mumandifunira zikafika pakusanzira mayina a anthu ena. Ndanyowa kwathunthu

  15.   ndi monk? anati

    Kodi pali amene amadziwa bwino zomwe zidachitika patsamba la amonke?

  16.   Wapolisi anati

    Amonaki adatifotokozera kale momwe tingapezere IF. Tsopano tikufunika kufotokozera ku Bulgaria.

  17.   anonymous anati

    Ndizovuta kusankha ngati mungasankhe pakati pa zoyipa ndi zomvetsa chisoni.
    Zinayenera kuchitika.

  18.   Jose anati

    Nanga bwanji monki? Izi zimayenera kutha molakwika, zambiri zazokha.

  19.   Oyendetsa B. anati

    Ndili mgulu lanu.
    Mwachiwonekere, wina adazindikira mkwatibwi mumsewu ndikunena kuti, si zoyipa kwenikweni.

  20.   nsato anati

    Kodi tikuseka ndani tsopano?

  21.   Luis M. anati

    Chibwenzi?, Chibugariya?. Koma monki sanali gay?

    Nthawi zonse amalankhula za "mnzake" ndipo amatanthauza.

    Moni kwa Alierta! 🙂

  22.   vane anati

    Brufau walamula kuti a Monk afufuzidwe ndi kutengedwa.

  23.   tarantino xxxd anati

    ichi chiyenera kukhala chinthu cha Brufau. Tisaiwale kuti monki anali mdani wake wamkulu

  24.   Chitseko anati

    Kulumikiza madontho ...
    Brufau ndi Chibugariya?

  25.   Anna anati

    M'mavuto pali mitundu iwiri ya anthu, omwe amalira komanso omwe amagulitsa mipango, ngakhale zili zowona Spain sichili munthawi yake yabwino ndipo achinyamata athu ambiri amapita kumalo ena, kuno kulidi, makamaka ngati ndi chithandizo ndi intaneti.