Chiwerengero cha Freelance

chindapusa chodziyimira pawokha

Wabizinesi wogwira ntchito muofesi

 

La Chiwerengero cha Freelancers ndi mutu kwa ambiri: kuti mumvetse, kuivomereza, kuilipira ndikuigwiritsa ntchito, ndipo pali zosiyanasiyananso, mikhalidwe, zopereka zothandizira komanso nthano zamatawuni za izi.

Tidzayesera kukuwuzani chilichonse chokhudza chindapusa chodziyimira pawokha komanso 'chindapusa' chotchuka komanso chokongola wa mayuro makumi asanu.

Mukayamba, kapena zilizonse, kuti mugwire ntchito nokha, muyenera 'kudziyimira pawokha' kuti muzitha kugwira ntchito mokomera Spain, kuti mupeze maubwino ndi maudindo ena.

Chofunika kwambiri ndi kulembetsa mu Special Scheme ya Ogwira Nawo Ntchito (RETA), yomwe imakhudza kulipira mwezi uliwonse kwa zolipiritsa zomwe timadziwa kuti ndi 'ndalama zodziyang'anira' zomwe zimasiyanasiyana chaka chilichonse.

Ndalama izi zimaperekedwa kuyambira tsiku loyamba la bizinesi yanu kapena kugwira ntchito yodziyimira panokha. Mutha kugwira ntchito ngati odziyimira pawokha kapena odziyimira pawokha. Apa tikambirana za odziyimira pawokha.

Oziyimira pawokha ayenera kulipira ndalama zomwe ananena ku General Social Security Treasury, posonyeza nambala ya akaunti, pomwe IBAN imaphatikizidwamo mosungira chuma, kukumbukira kuti ndalama kapena zolipiritsa pamwezi sizokhazo zomwe munthu wodziyang'anira ayenera kutsatira ndi.

La Chiwerengero chazokha Sizongowerengera chabe pamwezi zomwe zimawerengedwa potengera zopereka, kapena kunena, malipiro, zomwe wogwira ntchito amaganiza kuti azikhala nazo mwezi uliwonse, kukhala ndi gawo locheperako komanso lokwanira lomwe linakhazikitsidwa ndi Boma la Spain.

Maziko a mtengo udzakhala maziko (Pepani chifukwa cha kuchotsedwa ntchito) kuwerengera phindu la ulova, kunyamuka chifukwa cha ngozi kapena matenda, ndipo koposa zonse, kuti tiwerenge pantchito, monga tionera mtsogolo.

Zomwe amapereka ndizochepa, mu 2016, € 893,10 pamwezi, zomwe zimakhala zolipiritsa pamwezi pa € ​​267,04, ndipo kuchuluka kwake ndi € 3.642 pamwezi.

Muyenera kudziwa kuti 85% ya omwe amadzilembera okha pazomwe amapereka, mwina chifukwa ndalama zomwe amapeza sizokwanira, chifukwa chosatsimikizika kapena chifukwa chonyalanyaza, mwakufuna kwawo kapena ayi, pazosankha zoyambira pakati komanso zazitali tsogolo.

Mitundu ya chindapusa

Musanapitilize, muyenera kudziwa kuti palibe gawo limodzi laomwe amadzichitira okhaokha, popeza kutengera zaka, gawo la ntchito, kuwunikira kwa mwezi, ndi zina zambiri. Boma limakhazikitsa magawo osiyanasiyana:

Wabizinesi wogwira ntchito muofesi

  • Kuyimilira ndi zochitika zingapo

M'miyezi yoyambirira ya 18, amalipiritsa $ 133,52 pamwezi, kenako € 200,28 pamwezi.

  • Ozilemba okha ndi antchito 10

Ngati mu kampani yanu muli kapena muli ndi antchito 10 mu kampani yanu, ndalamazo ndi € 1,063.33 pamwezi. Mukangopereka pazinthu zochepa, zolipiritsa pamwezi ndi € 319,14.

  • Olemba okha ntchito azaka zosapitirira 47

Pali zikhalidwe zingapo kwaomwe amadzichitira okhaokha omwe ali ndi zaka 47 kapena kupitilira apo, awa ndi awa:

  1. Ngati chopereka chanu mu 2015 chinali chofanana kapena choposa 1.945,80, kapena ngati mwangolembetsa boma lodziyendetsa lokha, mutha kusankha kuchuluka pakati pazoyambira ndi zomwe boma likuloleza chaka chino.
  2. Ngati chopereka chanu chinali 1.945,80 kapena kuchepera, simungasankhe malo okwera kuposa € 1.964,70 pamwezi, pokhapokha mutanena izi Juni 30 isanachitike chaka chino, kapena ndinu wokwatirana naye (ndiye amene amatenga bizinesi ya mnzake pambuyo pake otsirizawa amwalira)
  • Wodzilemba okha zaka 48 kapena kupitilira apo

Anthu ogwira ntchito omwe ali ndi zaka 48 kapena kupitilira apo ayenera kusankha ma € 963,30 osachepera ndi € 1.964,70 pamwezi ngati chopereka, choncho ndalama zanu zodziyimira pawokha mwezi uliwonse zizikhala zosachepera 288,03 euros.

Ngati muli ndi zaka 50 kapena kupitilira apo, muyenera kukhazikitsa zopereka zanu zatsiku ndi tsiku malinga ndi zomwe mwachita mzaka zaposachedwa.

Mwambiri, awa ndi mitundu yamitundu yodziyimira pawokha yomwe ilipo ku Spain, ngakhale kuli zambiri malinga ndi zochitika zilizonse, zaka ndi mbiri ya munthu yemwe amalemba ngati wodzilemba ntchito, choncho muyenera kukhala osamala ndikupita kwa katswiri kuti akutsogolereni pankhaniyi.

Momwe ndalama zolipirira pawokha zimawerengedwera

Mukudziwa kale chinthu chofunikira kwambiri: pali ndalama zosiyanasiyana zochitira pawokha komanso kuti muyenera kuyamba kulipira kuyambira tsiku loyamba logwira ntchito mu bizinesi yanu, ndikuti, monga tawonera m'mbuyomu, pali zolipiritsa zosiyanasiyana, kutengera ntchito , zaka ndi zina. zinthu, mudzakhala ndi Malo ogwiritsira ntchito mawu omwe muyenera kusankhaKaya mukugwirizana ndi ndalamazo kapena ayi, mukudziwa, Boma limatumiza, mwachitsanzo, 2016 idakulitsidwa ndi 1% poyerekeza ndi 2015, ndipo ziwonjezeko zambiri zikuyembekezeka ku 2017.

gawo la anthu odzilemba okha

Kuphatikiza pa zonsezi, muyenera kudziwa kuti palinso zowonjezera, monga inshuwaransi iliyonse: kutengera kufotokozera komwe mwasankha, mudzalipira zochuluka kapena zochepa.

Izi ndizolemba zomwe mungasankhe pa pChitetezo muulamuliro wodziyimira pawokha:

  1. Zovuta wamba: Zimayimira 29,90%, ndipo zimakhudza zochitika zadzidzidzi kuphatikiza kuyamwitsa ndi kutenga pakati.
  2. Zadzidzidzi chifukwa chosiya ntchito: Zimayimira 31,5% yazopereka zomwe mwakhazikitsa tsiku ndi tsiku.
  3. Zadzidzidzi chifukwa cha ngozi kuntchito: Zimayimira 29,3% kuphatikiza kuchuluka malinga ndi nthambi yochita malinga ndi CNAE.
  4. Zadzidzidzi chifukwa cha ngozi zapantchito ndikutha ntchito: Ndi 31,5% kuphatikiza kuchuluka kwa zomwe zachitika, malinga ndi CNAE.

Ngati mungasankhe ndalama zochepa pamwezi, awa akhoza kukhala quotas malinga ndi vuto lililonse lomwe latchulidwa:

  • Zowopsa wamba: € 893,10 x 29,90% = € 267,04 pamwezi
  • Kutha kwa ntchito: € 893,10 x 31,6% = € 282,22 pamwezi
  • Zochitika ndi zochitika: € 893.10 x 29,3% +% CNAE = € 268,72 - € 325,53
  • Ndi ngozi yantchito ndikutha chifukwa cha ntchito: € 893,10 x 31,5% +% CNAE rate = € 289,36 - € 345,18

Kodi muyenera kulipira ndalama zanu zokha ngati simupita ku SMI?

Tsopano tikufuna kukuwonetsani vuto ku Spain posachedwa: ngati mungalembetse ngati anthu odzilemba okha ngati ndalama ndizochepa.

Tiyerekeze kuti mumapanga ndalama za € 300 pamwezi pantchito yanu, ngakhale mutakhala ojambula, omanga nyumba, omanga mapulani kapena aphunzitsi. Ndalama zodziyimira pawokha zimakusiyirani zero, Osanenapo misonkho ina yomwe anthu odzilemba okha amayenera kukumana nayo.

Ndipo chofunikira ndichakuti anthu ambiri ali ndi vutoli kuposa momwe mukuganizira, ndipo izi zimawatsogolera kuti asalembetse boma lodziyimira pawokha, chifukwa chake amapanga gawo lazachuma cham'dzikoli, zomwe zimayambitsa dzenje pazachuma chaka chilichonse, chofunikira mabiliyoni a mayuro.

Vuto ndi chiyani? Kusiyana kwamalamulo pankhaniyi: Lamulo silinena zoyenera kuchita ndi anthu omwe amalandila ndalama zochepa Malipiro Ochepera Ochepera.

ndalama zantchito

Ngati ndi choncho, ndipo mufunsana ndi a Ministry of Finance, akuwuzani kuti mulembetse ku Treasure, kuti ndalama zanu ziziyang'aniridwa ndi undunawu, kuti musayang'anire ndalama zakuda. Akuuzani kuti mulembe fomu 036 kapena 037, kuti muthe kupereka ma invoice kwa makasitomala anu.

Ngati mupita ku chitetezo chamtundu, adzakuwuzani kuti muyenera kulembetsa ngati munthu wodziyang'anira inde kapena inde, mosasamala kanthu kuti mumalandira mayuro khumi kapena zikwi ziwiri mwezi uliwonse. Muyenera kutsatira izi, ndi zomwe akukuuzani.

Ogwira ntchito zodziyimira pawokha asankha kulembetsa ndi omwe amapereka misonkho, kuti alengeze ndalama zawo, popanda kulembetsa ndi chitetezo cha anthu, pachiwopsezo kuti, pakudutsa deta, omaliza, omwe ndiwosamala kwambiri komanso okhwima, amakutumizirani chindapusa chodzinenera kuti simunalipire, kuphatikiza 20% yolipirira ndalama imeneyo.

Ngakhale pakhala pali milandu pamilandu iyi kuyambira 2007, ndiye kuti ambiri pawokha amalandila chilolezo, ndipo Khothi Lalikulu lawafafaniza akamvetsetsa kuti, ngati ndalama zochepa zoperekera ndalama kapena / kapena malipiridwe ochepera osakwaniritsidwa, pamenepo silikukakamizidwa kulipira ndalama zodzigwira ntchito.

Ngakhale simuyenera kuchita izi, kapena inu kapena wina aliyense, kutenga pachiwopsezo, ndibwino kufunafuna upangiri ndikupewa chindapusa chomwe chingakhalepo, ndipo ngakhale mutha kuyitanitsa, zolemba zonse ndi njira zake sizosangalatsa.

Gwiritsani ntchito mwayi wokhazikika pamalipiro aulere

Kaya vuto lanu ndiloti kapena ayi, muyenera kudziwa kuti Boma la Spain lavomereza ndalama zodziyimira pawokha kuyambira 2013, kumachepetsa mpaka € 50 pamwezi m'malo molipira zonse zomwe taziwona. Poyamba zinali za iwo omwe sanakwanitse zaka 30, koma mu 2015 adazisiyira aliyense.

Zimaphatikizapo kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa anthu osachepera ndipo pang'ono ndi pang'ono kufikira kulipira kwathunthu, kuti athane ndi chuma chapansi pantchito ndikulimbikitsa kudzipangira ntchito.

Umu ndi momwe mungalipire chindapusa chindapusa:

  1. € 50 pamwezi kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi yoyamba
  2. € 133 pamwezi kuyambira wachisanu ndi chiwiri mpaka mwezi wakhumi ndi chiwiri
  3. € 187 pamwezi kuyambira 13 mpaka 18 mwezi

Zofunikira kuti mupeze kuchuluka kwake:

  1. Osakhala olembetsa mu boma lodziyang'anira pazaka zisanu zapitazi
  2. Osakhala woyang'anira kampani yamalonda
  3. Osalandira bonasi yachitetezo chamtundu uliwonse, ayi, popanda nthawi
  4. Osakhala wothandizirana wodziyimira pawokha

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Ndemanga, siyani yanu

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa. Amafuna minda amalembedwa ndi *

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   gregory anati

    Muy bwino