Pehea ka hopena o ka haʻalele ʻana mai Pelekane Nui iā Sepania? ʻElima mau kī e maopopo ai

nā hopena o Brexit ma Sepania

Nui nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia i kēia mau lā e pili ana i ka heleleʻi o nā kaulike ma Sepania ma muli o ka hoʻoholo a Pelekane Nui e haʻalele i ka European Union (EU). Akā ʻaʻole nui e pili ana nā hopena pololei a pololei ʻole e loaʻa i kēia ana ma Sepania a me ke ola o ka Paniolo. Kekahi mea maʻamau loa i loko o ka honua globalized e like me ka mea o kēia manawa, kahi pili kaiāulu pili pinepine lākou i ka loulou.

I kēia manawa, aia he mau kaukani a me nā tausani mea mālama kālā i waiho i kahi ʻāpana maikaʻi o ke kapikala i hoʻopukapuka ʻia i nā huahana kālā e ke ala. ʻAʻole wale ma ka mākeke kūʻai, akā i nā mea ʻē aʻe e poina paha, a ʻaʻole paha i ʻike ʻia kāna mau poʻomanaʻo i kona hopena maoli. ʻAʻole mākou e kuhikuhi kikoʻī i nā kālā hoʻopukapuka, i hoʻohana ʻia e nā Sepania e noʻonoʻo i kā lākou mālama kālā, hāʻawi ʻia i ka nele o nā koho ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi ʻia e nā huahana mālama mālama nui (waihona manawa, nā leka hoʻolaha panakō, a pēlā aku.). A ma ke ʻano he mea āpau ʻaʻole lākou i ʻoi aku ma mua o ka pale 0,50% a lākou e hāʻawi ai i kā lākou mea noi.

ʻO nā hoʻolālā penihana nā mea i hōʻehaʻeha ʻia o kēia debacle ma ka mākeke kūʻai Sepania, a ma ka hoʻolōʻihi ʻia ma nā mākeke ʻEulopa a me ka honua. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau huahana kālā hoʻokumu i kā lākou waihona hoʻokomo kālā ma nā kaulike, ʻo ia hoʻi nā mana ʻoi aku ka hakakā. A i loko o kēia kūlana paʻakikī ʻike ʻoe i ka hopena o kāu mālama kālā e like me nā manawa liʻiliʻi. I kekahi mau hihia i kahi ala virulent, a ʻano ʻokoʻa i kēlā me kēia hihia. A ʻo kahi hopena, e loaʻa ka liʻiliʻi o ke kālā i nā mea mālama i kēia mau huahana.

Nā hopena i ka hoʻokele waiwai i ka nui

Ma kahi pae kiʻekiʻe a ʻoi loa, kekahi o nā hiʻohiʻona e hopohopo nui nei i nā kamaʻāina pehea ka hopena o ka British puka mai nā hui kaiāulu e pili iā lākou i ko lākou ola i kēlā me kēia lā. ʻO ia nō kekahi o kou mau manaʻo i loko o kēia mau lā. ʻAʻole like me ka wanana a kekahi mau hōʻike alarmist, akā ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole lākou e kū i ka makaʻu ʻole ʻia mai kēia ulia kaʻaahi ma ka ʻāina kahiko. Pela i ka mea e loaʻa i kāna exponent nui loa ma ka hana e pili ana i nā hopena a kēia hoʻoholo hoʻopaʻapaʻa e hoʻohua ai i ka referendum.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, ua hoʻolaha mua aku kekahi mau keʻena loiloi i mahalo nui ʻia iā Brexit e ʻoki ʻia ma kahi o ka hapalua hapa pākēneka e pili ana i ka ulu waiwai ʻana no kēia makahiki aʻe. I kēia manawa ua ʻoi aku ka wānana o ke aupuni ma kahi o 2,7% e hōʻike ana i ka Huahana Nui Kālā (GDP) no ka makahiki makahiki e hiki mai ana. I kekahi hihia, ʻaʻohe ona hopena, a e liʻiliʻi paha ia, no kēia makahiki e kū nei, e like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia e ke Kuhina Waiwai, ʻo Luis de Guindos.

He aha ka manaʻo o kēia? ʻĀ, e maʻalahi nā hopena ma ka hoʻokele waiwai Sepania mai ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, a koe wale nō ka mākaʻikaʻi, e like me kāu e ʻike ai ma hope ma kēia ʻatikala. Ka hopena, ʻoiai ka liʻiliʻi, i ka GDP kahi hopena i ka hana, kālā lehulehu, a ʻoiai i ke kulekele o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka uku o nā limahana. ʻOiai kuhikuhi nā mea ʻimi waiwai āpau i ka ʻokoʻa o ka hapalua kiko i ka ulu ʻana ʻaʻole ia he mea weliweli loa e pili ana i ka heluna kanaka i kahi ala kūikawā loa.

ʻO ka hopena mua e pili ana i ka hoʻokipa

ʻAʻohe kānalua ka hopena mua o ka haʻalele ʻana o Beritania i ka mākaʻikaʻi huakaʻi, a mai kēia kauwela. ʻO ke kumu no ka mea e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui ka paona Pelekane i kā mākou kālā, ka euro. A ʻo kahi hopena o kēia, e emi nui ke kahe o nā mea mākaʻikaʻi ʻEnelani i ko mākou mau wahi i lawe ʻia, a me kēia mahina. Hōʻike ka ʻikepili hou loa mai ka ʻāpana i kēlā ʻeono miliona mau mākaʻikaʻi i kipa mai i ko mākou ʻāina i ka makahiki i hala. No laila, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā miliona miliona i ʻohiʻohi ʻia no kēia manaʻo. Hoʻopilikia i nā ʻoihana āpau i ka mahele mākaʻikaʻi (nā hōkele, nā hale ʻaina, nā kaola, nā hale kalapu, ka hoʻolimalima kaʻa, ka leʻaleʻa, a pēlā aku.).

I ka nele o kēia mau mea kūʻai aku, ʻaʻohe koho o ka hapa nui o kēia mau ʻoihana hoʻemi i kāna hana, hoʻemi i nā lawelawe, a ma kekahi mau hihia ʻē aʻe, a hiki i ka pau ʻana o ka ʻoihana (i nā wahi mākaʻikaʻi kahakai a i ʻole mokupuni paha). A ʻo kēia mau mea he mea e pono ai ka liʻiliʻi o nā limahana, no laila e haʻahaʻa ana ka hoʻolimalima ʻana i kēia ʻāpana ʻoihana mai kēia manawa. ʻAʻole ia he mea kupanaha, he hopena pololei ia ma ka papa kuhikuhi hana, e hāʻule ana he mau hapaʻumi ma muli o ka hopena o ka hopena o Brexit i ka mākaʻikaʻi.

Pono e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia ka huakaʻi mākaʻikaʻi Pelekane ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopuka mua o nā mea kipa i Sepania, e like me ka ʻike hou i hāʻawi ʻia e ke Kuhina o ka Economy. Ma luna o Palani, Kelemania a me Italia. Mai kēia kuanaʻike, e loli nui ia i ka hana waiwai ma Sepania. Eia kekahi, e hōʻiliʻili ka Mokuʻāina i nā kālā liʻiliʻi no kēia hana, e hoʻopili ana i nā mea ʻē aʻe i komo i loko o nā Budget State State.

Sepania: hoʻihoʻi haʻahaʻa

ʻo kekahi panakō ka mea paʻakikī loa

ʻO kekahi o nā eo nui i kēia kaua kūpilikiʻi paʻakikī ka nā ʻoihana me nā hoihoi i ka UK. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ma o kāna lawe aku i waho, kahi e hōʻike ai i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo hou ma nā palapala ʻāina. ʻO ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā limahana, hōʻemi i kā lākou mau pono a me ka hoʻoponopono nui ʻana i kā lākou moʻohelu kālā kekahi o nā hopena pololei loa i ka hoʻokō ʻana o kēia ana.

ʻAʻole manuahi nā ʻoihana i helu ʻia i ka papa kuhikuhi wae Sepania. ʻO ka poʻe i hōʻike nui ʻia i ka hoʻokele waiwai ʻEnelani ka hoʻopaʻi nui ʻia e nā mākeke kālā, e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻia i ka lā o ka mākeke kūʻai i ka Pōʻalima ʻEleʻele. ʻO Banco Santander, Sabadell, Ferrovial, Iberdrola a i ʻole Telefónica kekahi o nā mea i hoʻopilikia ʻia e kēia hanana.. Me nā ʻano i ke kumu kūʻai ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o kona mau hoa i ka equities. A i kēlā me kēia hihia, ʻo lākou ka mea weliweli loa e wehe i nā kūlana ma nā mākeke mai kēia mua aku.

Atony i ka mākeke waiwai

kūkulu

Pili loa kēia ʻāpana i ka pōhaku lepo i nā hopena o kēia hoʻoholo. I ka lilo ʻana o ka paona i kāna kaulike kikoʻī e pili ana i ka euro, nui nā mea hoʻohana Pelekania e hōʻemi i ko lākou kūlana i ka mākeke waiwai, ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea nona ka helu kuhi. Mai poina i kēlā ʻo ka mākeke Pelekane ka hana nui e nānā no kou noho ʻana ma Sepania.

Ma ke ʻano he hopena o kēia ʻano, e emi ana ka hana ma ka ʻāpana. Maopopo loa nā hopena, liʻiliʻi ka hana a me ka hōʻemi o nā loaʻa o nā ʻoihana i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no kēia hana waiwai nui. A ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, pili pū ʻia me ka ulu ʻana o ka Huahana Nui Kālā (GDP), e hāʻule paha i kekahi mau hapaʻumi mai ka hapa lua o 2016. ʻO kēia kekahi mea i hiki ke hōʻino i ka hoʻokele waiwai Sepania mai kēia mau ala.

Hoʻonui i ka uku hōʻaiʻē

Me he mea lā ua poina kēia pilikia, akā i kēia Pōʻalima i hala iho nei, i ka hāʻule ʻino i nā mākeke kaulike, ua hoʻohui ʻia ka rebound i ka uku hoʻoweliweli. Loaʻa i nā pae o nā helu 170, a i kekahi hihia, ʻike ʻole ʻia i loko o nā makahiki ʻelua i hala. Hiki ke hōʻeha loa kēia ʻano i ka hoʻokele aupuni. Ua lawa kēia e nānā i nā mea i hana ʻia i ʻehā mau makahiki i hala e ʻike ai i ke ʻano koʻikoʻi o kēia ʻikepili macroeconomic koʻikoʻi.

ʻO kāna worsening e hoʻohua, ma waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā pilikia i ke kālā iā ia iho. A i ʻole i nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, e loaʻa iā lākou kahi kumukūʻai koi aku e ka noi ʻana i kahi helu uku pane kiʻekiʻe. He hopena pololei kēia hopena i nā lilo o ka Mokuʻāina, kahi e hoʻonui nui ʻia. Me ka hiki ke ʻoki ʻia mai nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā kamaʻāina: ke olakino, nā pono kaiāulu a i ʻole nā ​​lilo aʻo.

Inā piʻi ka pālahalaha ʻana me ka palapala Kelemania, ʻo ia ke kikoʻī o ka uku makaʻu, aia nō ka pilikia o ka hāpai ʻana i ka ʻauhau. Ma o ka pololei, ma o ka VAT a i ʻole ka ʻauhau e pili ana i ka haʻi ʻana o nā kanaka kūlohelohe (IRPF), a i ʻole ʻole, a kaukaʻi ʻia i ke aupuni i hoʻokumu ʻia ma hope o nā koho balota nui i mālama ʻia i kēia Lāpule.

Ka hopena Domino i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe

nā hanana i koe

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka makaʻu nui loa no nā pono o Sepania ʻo kēia hana o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana e hiki aku i nā lāhui kaiāulu ʻē aʻe: Palani, Denmark, Holland, Suède a i ʻole ʻItalia. A i kēlā hihia, hāʻule maoli ke kaʻina o ka hoʻonui ʻana o ʻEulopa. A me nā hopena weliweli no nā kamaʻāina Sepania āpau. Pēlā nō, e nalowale ana ʻo Sepania i kahi mea pili nui e pili ana i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ke Kuʻikahi Transatlantic no ke kālepa ʻana a me ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana, i ʻike ʻia e kāna acronym: TTIP.

A ʻo ka mea hope loa, kahi ʻano moʻohelu moʻohelu kālā wale nō, akā no ka pili nui no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ʻāina. ʻAʻole ia he mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka liʻiliʻi o ke kālā i loaʻa i ka European Union, i ka nele o Britain, e hoʻoili ʻia i nā pono aupuni, no ka mea, he kōkua iki ia i nā hana huahana like ʻole, a he mea nui no ka ulu waiwai.

Hiki i kēia mau mea āpau ke alakaʻi i ka mākeke kūʻai Sepania e hoʻi i nā hoʻēmi nui i nā lā e hiki mai ana. A hiki ke hoʻomohala me ka hiohiona o kekahi rebound ma mua o kekahi i nā kumukūʻai e hiki ai ke hoʻohihi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai kūʻai. I ke kiko o ka paipai ʻana iā lākou e komo i nā mākeke, e hoʻohana ana i ke kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa o nā kaʻana like ʻole.

ʻOiai ma ka hihia hope e kali mākou a hala kekahi mau mahina e hoʻoponopono i nā hopena i ʻae ʻia e kēia poʻe e ka poʻe Pelekania i ka Pōʻalima i hala. ʻAʻole hoʻoholo i kekahi hiki e pili ana i kāna hopena.


E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.