ʻO Oligopoly

oligopoly

ʻO kekahi o nā huaʻōlelo i loko o ka hoʻokele waiwai e pono e hoʻomaopopo pono ʻia o ka oligopoly, no ka mea hiki ke kōkua iā ʻoe e hoʻomaopopo i nā mea e pili ana i kahi mākeke. Inā komo ʻoe i loko o kahi ʻoihana, he mea nui kēia manaʻo iā ʻoe, keu hoʻi ke kaupaona ʻoe i nā manaʻo e pili ana i ka mea e hana ai.

Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike he aha ka oligopoly, he aha nā ʻano ona, nā laʻana o ka oligopoly a me nā manaʻo ʻē aʻe e pili ana iā ia, ma aneʻi ua hoʻomākaukau mākou i kahi hōʻuluʻulu i hiki ai iā ʻoe ke hele mua i kēia mau mea āpau.

He aha kahi oligopoly

He aha kahi oligopoly

ʻO ka mea mua āu e maopopo ai ka mea a mākou e ʻōlelo ai e oligopoly. Pili ia a ke ʻano o ka mākeke kahi liʻiliʻi loa nā mea kūʻai aku a huahana paha, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka poʻe kūʻai a me nā mea koi.

Kāhea ʻia kēia mau mea kūʻai aku a mea hana paha '' bidder '; ʻoiai, ʻo nā mea kūʻai aku a mea kūʻai mai paha nā 'hoʻopiʻi'. Hiki iā mākou ke noʻonoʻo i ka mea like me nā mea hoʻokūkū, a ʻo kēia mea he mea liʻiliʻi kekahi.

He aha ka mea i pili i kēia ʻōnaehana? ʻĀ, nā mea kūʻai mai, he kakaikahi wale nō, a kiʻekiʻe ke koi, he mana ko lākou e hoʻohuli ai i ka huahana a lākou e hana ai. I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, ʻo lākou ka mea e kaohi i ke kumukūʻai a me ka nui o nā huahana i kau ʻia ma ka mākeke. Me ke koi kiʻekiʻe, ʻoi aku ka pipiʻi o ke kumukūʻai no ka mea ʻike ʻia hiki i kekahi poʻe ke kūʻai aku no ka mea he mea a lākou e makemake ai / pono.

ʻOiai he mau mea kūʻai aku a mea hana paha, maopopo ia e hana lākou i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ke ʻike ʻia aia ka manipula e kekahi hui oligopoly, he mea maʻamau ia no nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hoʻopaʻi kūʻē i kekahi. A ʻo ia nō, ʻoiai he poʻe hoʻokūkū lākou i waena o lākou iho, he mākeke liʻiliʻi kēia, hiki ke kiʻekiʻe nā loaʻa kālā a aia kekahi mea e like me ka rula kākau ʻole e loaʻa ai nā pōmaikaʻi āpau (ʻo kahi mea ʻē aʻe ka mea maoli.

ʻO ke ala e hoʻokaʻawale ai i nā huahana ma waena o nā mea hoʻokūkū, ma mua o nā mea āpau, me ka maikaʻi a me ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o lākou. Hana lākou i ka mea like, ʻoiai ke hana nei lākou ma ka mākeke like, akā kēlā me kēia i kāna ala ponoʻī.

ʻO Oligopoly a me ka monopoly

I nā manawa he nui, huikau kēia mau huaʻōlelo ʻelua me kekahi. He mau kumuhana ʻokoʻa ʻelua lākou, a me nā ʻano ʻokoʻa, pono ʻoe e noʻonoʻo. E maʻalahi ai e hoʻomaopopo:

  • ʻO kahi oligopoly kahi mākeke kahi e loaʻa ai nā mea hoʻolako (ʻoihana) me nā huahana kiʻekiʻe loa. homogeneous, ʻoiai he ʻokoʻa paha kekahi. He mana kāu ma luna o ke kumukūʻai (inā ʻaʻole nā ​​mea āpau). ʻO kahi laʻana? ʻO kahi laʻana, ka hana ʻana o nā kaʻa. Nui nā hui akā aia lākou āpau i kahi oligopoly i mea e hoʻokūkū ʻole ai kekahi i kekahi a hana i nā huahana like like inā aia kekahi mau ʻano ʻokoʻa).
  • He mākeke kahi monopoli kahi wale nō kahi mea hoʻolako (ʻoihana) a ʻaʻohe huahana e pani i nā mea i kūʻai ʻia e kēlā ʻoihana. I kēia ala, kaohi piha ʻia ke kumukūʻai e ka ʻoihana, ʻo ia ka mea e hoʻoholo i ka nui o ke kūʻai. ʻO kahi laʻana o kēia ka lawelawe wai inu.

Nā ʻano Oligopoly

Nā ʻano Oligopoly

Ma hope o nā mea āpau a mākou i kūkākūkā ai, maopopo leʻa he ʻano ʻokoʻa kā ka oligopoly āu e pono ai e noʻonoʻo (a kōkua ia iā ʻoe e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai nā kiʻi ʻē aʻe). Eia nā:

  • ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo aia ka liʻiliʻi o nā mea kūʻai aku. ʻAe kēia iā ʻoe e hoʻonohonoho i ke kumukūʻai a me ka nui i kūʻai ʻia.
  • Loaʻa i kahi huahana homogeneous i waena o nā mea āpau. ʻO ia, nā huahana like i waena o nā ʻoihana āpau, ma ke ʻano he mea ʻole inā kūʻai ʻia mai kekahi a i ʻole nā ​​mea ʻē aʻe no ka mea he huahana like ia. ʻO ka mea wale nō e hana ʻia ia ma kekahi ʻano.
  • Loaʻa ke kūʻokoʻa ma waena o nā ʻoihana, akā he ʻaelike ko lākou ma waena o lākou e loaʻa kahi pilina ʻoihana maikaʻi. I kēia hihia, hiki i nā ʻaelike ke non-collusive (i mea e hoʻokūkū ʻole ai kekahi i kekahi a hoʻokō i nā kūlana strateke e hōʻeha ʻole i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe), a i ʻole collusive (ke loaʻa nā ʻaelike e pili ana i nā kumukūʻai, ka nui a me ka hāʻawi ʻana o ka mākeke kahi hana lākou).
  • Aia nā pale i ke komo ʻana. Ke kaupalena ʻia nei i kahi helu liʻiliʻi, ʻo kēlā mau hui e makemake ana e hana like e kāohi ʻia e kēia "hui" e pale i ka "ʻoihana" mai ka nui ʻana.

No ke aha nā pale komo

No ke aha e hoʻokau ai i nā pale komo i loko o kahi oligopoly?

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ʻo kekahi o nā ʻano o nā oligopolies he mau ālai ko lākou. Hana kēia mau mea i hiki ʻole i nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ke komo i kāu mākeke, ʻoiai, inā lākou e hana, ʻaʻole mahalo paha lākou i nā ʻaelike i loaʻa iā lākou. A i ʻole ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, hoʻokūkū me lākou a hoʻopau i ka kaʻana like ʻana i nā pōmaikaʻi i waena o nā ʻoihana hou aku (me lākou e hoʻopili liʻiliʻi ai i kēlā me kēia).

Akā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he nui kekahi nā kumu o ka oligopoly, e kia ana i kēlā mau pale, ʻo ia:

  • Nā hoʻoponopono waiwai. ʻO kēia no ka palena o ka helu o nā ʻoihana i ʻāpana o kēlā mākeke. No ke aha mai? ʻĀ, no ka mea inā nui loa, ʻaʻole ia he oligopoly e like me ka helu o nā mea hoʻolako me ka helu o nā mea koi, a hōʻino ia i ke kumu kūʻai, loaʻa kālā, a pēlā aku.
  • Kaulana. He mea nui nui ia no kēia mau ʻoihana no ka mea ke liʻiliʻi lākou, mālama lākou āpau i kahi kūlana kiʻekiʻe loa. Ke makemake nā hui hou e komo, hiki i kēlā kūlana a me ka inoa i hana ʻia ke hoʻopili, maikaʻi a maikaʻi ʻole paha, akā e loaʻa nā hopena a ʻo ia ke kumu e makemake ai ka hapa nui ʻaʻole e makaʻu i ka lilo o ka mea i loaʻa iā lākou.
  • Nā pale kū kānāwai. E pili ana i nā kuleana kope, nā palapala hoʻoholo, a pēlā aku.
  • Nā pale ālaʻi. Inā he ʻaelike ko kēia mau ʻoihana me nā mea kūʻai aku, a komo nā mea hou i ka mākeke, hiki iā ia ke hōʻoki i kēlā mau ʻaelike, a i ʻole e hoʻopau ʻia me nā hui ʻē aʻe, a laila lilo ka hapa o ko lākou ikaika ma ke ʻano he oligopoly.

Nā hiʻohiʻona

E like me kā mākou e ʻike nei i kekahi manawa paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo pono i ka manaʻo, eia kekahi mau laʻana o ka oligopoly.

  • Hana hana kaʻa: hana nā māka kaʻa ma lalo o kahi oligopoly, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua.
  • Nā huahana kemika: Ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i ka hana ʻana i nā kemika. Ua like lākou āpau, ʻo ka brand wale nō e kūʻai aku ana iā lākou ka loli. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, aia nā huahana me nā ʻokoʻa, ʻoiaʻiʻo, akā he mau manawa like ke kumu.
  • Nā mea lawe wahie: E like me Repsol, Campsa, Petronor ... ʻO lākou āpau nā mea e "hoʻomalu" i ka mākeke, a ʻo kēia ke kumu no ka paʻakikī e kū mai kekahi ʻoihana hou e makemake / hiki ke hana i ka mea like.

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.