ʻO nā kālā aupuni: he aha lākou, ʻehia ka nui, nā pono a me nā pōʻino

Nā kālā aupuni

Ua lohe paha ʻoe i nā kālā waiwai aupuni? Maopopo pono iā ʻoe ke ʻano o kēia huaʻōlelo? ʻO ia kekahi o nā mea nui loa ma ka ʻāina, akā naʻe, ʻaʻole nui ka poʻe i manaʻo e pili ana iā lākou.

No laila, ma lalo mākou e hāʻawi aku iā ʻoe i nā kī i hoʻomaopopo ʻoe i ke ʻano o ke kālā aupuni, he aha nā ʻano a me nā kikoʻī hou aʻe āu e noʻonoʻo ai. E hoʻomaka kākou?

ʻO ka manaʻo o nā kālā aupuni

ke kūʻai kālā

ʻO ka mea mua āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i ke kālā aupuni ʻo kā lākou manaʻo. A penei keia:

"He mau kālā hoʻopukapuka e pili ana i ke kālā i loaʻa i kahi Moku'āina (a i ʻole ʻāina)."

ʻO ia hoʻi, ʻo ke kālā aupuni ke kālā o ka Mokuʻāina a he ʻāpana o kāna waiwai. ʻAʻole naʻe kekahi ʻāina. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo nā ʻāina waiwai loa ka mea e hoʻolaha nei i kēia mau kālā.

Kūkākūkā mākou, no ka laʻana, e pili ana nā ʻāina i loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi nui mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i kā lākou waiwai kūlohelohe, mai ka aila mai, ʻoiai nā kumu waiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻohua mai iā lākou.

ʻO kekahi inoa i ʻike ʻia ai lākou (a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau) ʻo ia ka sovereign wealth fund, ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania, e unuhi maoli ʻia ʻo ia ʻo: sovereign wealth fund. ʻO ka pōkole wale nō, ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ʻo ke kālā aupuni.

ʻO ke kumu o nā kālā aupuni

Pono ʻoe e ʻike ʻaʻole he manaʻo kahiko loa ke kālā aupuni. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i iwakālua mau makahiki (e like me ka manawa i paʻi ʻia ai kēia ʻatikala).

A ʻo ka manawa mua i haku ʻia ai ka huaʻōlelo, ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania, i ka makahiki 2005.

I kēia manawa, ʻike ʻia kēia manaʻo a pehea e mālama ʻia ai, hoʻonohonoho ʻia, etc. ua hoʻomaka ʻia mai ka makahiki 50. ʻOiaʻiʻo, Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo Kuwait Investment Authority ʻo ia ka waihona aupuni mua i loaʻa (ʻo kāna pahuhopu ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i ka waiwai i hana ʻia e ka lawe ʻana i ka ʻaila).

Mai ia manawa a hiki i kēia manawa, ua nui nā holomua, a i kēia manawa aia he 70 mau ʻāina me nā kālā aupuni. ʻO lākou ka mea nui loa: ka Middle East, Kina, ka ʻaoʻao hema o Asia a me Norewai. ʻO ka hope ka mea i loaʻa ka waiwai nui.

Pehea e hana ai ke kālā aupuni

ʻO ke kālā a me ka mākeke waiwai

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe i ke ʻano o ke kālā waiwai aliʻi, ʻo ka hana aʻe e hoʻomaopopo i kā lākou hana. ʻO ia hoʻi, he aha nā ʻanuʻu i hana ʻia.

I kēia hihia, Ke hana nei lākou ma o nā hoʻopukapuka kālā ma ka mākeke kūʻai. Ma ke ʻano kikoʻī, loaʻa nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a me nā ʻaiʻē lehulehu, akā ʻaʻole wale i ka ʻāina, hiki i nā ʻāina ʻē ke komo pū i kēia mau kālā aupuni.

ʻO nā ʻano hoʻopukapuka e hiki ke hana ʻia he ʻehā ʻano: kālā a me nā mea like; nā hōʻailona kālā paʻa; Nā hana; a i ʻole nā ​​hoʻopukapuka ʻē aʻe.

I ka huli ʻana, loaʻa i nā hoʻopukapuka ka mea nui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma nā koho ʻekolu: hoʻonui i ke kapikala; hoʻopaʻa i ʻole he pilikia o loko a i waho paha; a i ʻole e hoʻomohala i ka ʻoihana i mea e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka ʻāina.

A ma muli o kēlā mau mea nui, e loaʻa iā mākou ʻelima ʻano kālā aupuni:

  • Hoʻokūpaʻa.
  • Hoʻokohu a me nā hanauna e hiki mai ana.
  • Nā kālā mālama penikala a me nā aie e hiki mai ana.
  • Hoʻokaʻawale mālama.
  • Hoʻolālā hoʻolālā.

ʻO nā ʻano kālā aupuni

ʻOiai ua ʻike mākou i nā ʻano ʻelima o ke kālā aupuni e like me nā mea nui i hāʻawi ʻia iā lākou, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole ʻo ia wale nō ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia.

Aia kekahi, ma muli o ke kumu o ke kapikala. A waiho kēia iā mākou me ʻelua ʻano kālā:

  • Mea maka, ʻo ia ka manaʻo o kēia huaʻōlelo. ʻO ia hoʻi, ʻo ka mea i loaʻa ma o nā pōmaikaʻi i loaʻa mai nā mea maka i loaʻa i ka ʻāina (e like me ka ʻaila, nā metala makamae ...).
  • Mai nā mea waiwai ʻole, kahi, ma kahi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea maka, hoʻohana ʻia nā waihona kālā o nā ʻāina ʻē mai nā koena kālā o kēia manawa.

ʻO nā pono a me nā pōʻino o ke kālā aupuni

ka hana ma ka makeke

No ka hoʻopau ʻana i ke kumuhana, ua ʻike paha ʻoe i ka maikaʻi a me ka maikaʻi ʻole o kēia mau hoʻopukapuka kālā ma nā ʻāina. A i ʻole ua ʻike paha ʻoe i ka maikaʻi.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia huaʻōlelo e kōkua i ka ʻāina e hoʻopaʻa, hoʻomaikaʻi iā ia a i ʻole e loaʻa i ka mea i loaʻa. A ʻO kēia kekahi o nā pono nui loa e kū nei.

Akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi nā mea a pau. ʻOiaʻiʻo, hiki ke lilo i pilikia koʻikoʻi. A, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai iā ʻoe ma mua, hiki i ka ʻāina, akā nā ʻāina ʻē hoʻi, ke hoʻopukapuka kālā i nā kālā aupuni. A he manaʻo paha ia i kēia mau ʻāina i ka mana ma luna o nā hui, nā panakō, etc. ikaika loa i ka hopena o ka mana o ka Moku'āina e hāʻawi ʻia i kahi lua (a laila lilo kona ʻano ʻano he ʻāina kūʻokoʻa).

Ua ʻike paha ʻoe e pili ana i ke kālā aupuni? ʻOiai aia he 70 i kēia manawa ma ka honua, ʻaʻole ia he manaʻo i ka wā e hiki mai ana he nui a nui aʻe paha. He kanalua paha kou? E nīnau iā mākou ma nā ʻōlelo a e hoʻāʻo mākou e hoʻoponopono.


E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.