ʻO ka VAT ma ʻEulopa

ka pahu

ʻAʻohe mea e hoʻokuke i ka ʻauhau… ʻae, ʻaʻohe mea pono. He ʻāpana lākou o kēlā me kēia ola o kēlā me kēia, a uku mākou i nā ʻauhau ʻoiai ʻaʻole mākou e ʻike i ka hana ʻana pēlā. ʻO kēia ka hihia o ka VAT.

ʻO ka VAT ma ʻEulopa uku mākou āpau no ia mea, ʻoiai ke hoʻololi wale nei nā pākēneka a me ke ala e loaʻa ai i kēlā me kēia ʻāina i ka European Union.

No ke aha he mea nui ka VAT ma ʻEulopa? ʻAʻole wale ma ʻEulopa, ma ka hapa nui o nā ʻāina o ka honua, ʻo VAT kahi kī nui o ke kālā kālā o nā ʻāina, ʻoiai, e like me kā mākou e ʻike ai ma hope, lawelawe ia i ʻauhau i ka lawe ʻana i nā waiwai a me nā lawelawe a hōʻike i ka mea nui loa. loaʻa ma ke ʻano ʻauhau.

ʻAe, ʻo ia ke kumu ke loaʻa kahi pilikia, a pono ke aupuni i ka loaʻa kālā, ʻo ka ʻauhau mua a lākou e noʻonoʻo ai no ka hoʻopā ʻana, a i ʻole ka mea e pale nui ai i ka poʻe kūʻē, he VAT mau ia, ʻoiai ʻo ia ka mea e hoʻopili i ka hapa nui o ka lehulehu, a no ka mea ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻana, a ʻo kahi pākēneka paha, hōʻike ia i ke komo ʻana o He mea nui ke kālā i ka waihona kālā o ka mokuʻāina.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ma kēia ʻatikala, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka VAT ma ʻEulopa: nā kālā ma ka ʻāina, pehea e loaʻa ai, nā mea e hoʻopili ai ... akā, ʻo ka mea mua, pono e wehewehe i ka VAT.

He aha ka VAT

Kūlike ʻole mākou e hoʻopiʻi āpau, i kekahi manawa, e pili ana i ka nui o kā mākou uku no ka VAT ma ʻEulopa, a inā ʻoe e nīnau mai iā mākou, malia paha he kakaikahi ka poʻe hiki ke e wehewehe a wehewehe i ka VAT e haʻalele iā mākou me ka huhū nui.

VAT, ma mua o ka ʻeli ʻana i kahi liʻiliʻi, he ʻauhau kūlokoʻO ia, ke uku ʻoe, no ka laʻana, he kīwī, ke uku nei ʻoe i ka ʻauhau i ka Mokuʻāina, ʻoiai inā ʻo ia ka ʻoihana ʻona nāna e hoʻopihapiha i ka palapala uku i ka ʻauhau ʻauhau, ʻaʻole ʻo ʻoe.

ʻO ka inoa o ka VAT ʻo "Tax i hoʻohui ʻia a i hoʻohui ʻia" ... akā he aha ka mea i hoʻohui ʻia a i hoʻohui ʻia i ka waiwai? ʻO ia ka waiwai i hoʻohui ʻia i nā huahana a me nā lawelawe i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻāina.

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ʻO ka waiwai i hoʻohui ʻia ka waiwai i hoʻohui ʻia i kekahi mea. ʻO kahi laʻana, e noʻonoʻo ʻoe he ʻoihana kāu e kūʻai aku ana i nā mīkini home, a kūʻai aku ʻoe i SmartTV mai Samsung, ma € 450, akā kau ʻoe i kahi kumukūʻai kūʻai he 700 €, a kūʻai aku ʻoe iā ia. Ua hoʻohui ʻoe i kahi waiwai i ke kīwī o € 250.

Hana ʻia ka mea like inā ʻoe he kanaka hana i nā mea, a hāʻawi i nā lawelawe. ʻO nā kānaka āpau a me nā ʻoihana e hoʻohui i ka waiwai i kahi maikaʻi a lawelawe paha e pili ana i ka ʻauhau hoʻohui waiwai.

No laila, Uku ʻia ka VAT, a i ʻole uku mākou āpauKe hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou kahi maikaʻi a lawelawe paha, ʻo mākou ka mea nāna e hoʻolaha, ʻo ia ka mea nona ka ʻoihana.

Ehia ka nui o ka VAT ma ʻEulopa

Aia nā ʻano like ʻole o ka VAT ma ʻEulopa a ma Sepania: ma ka meaʻai, ka lāʻau lapaʻau, ka moʻomeheu, nā mea waiwai, a pēlā aku. Akā aia kahi uku VAT a uku paha i loaʻa i nā ʻāina āpau.

Ma Sepania ka VAT i hoʻokumu ʻia he 21%, akā ua ʻae nā lālā lālā o ka European Union i ka pae palena iki o ka VAT ke komo i loko o ʻEulopa ma kahi o 15%, ʻoiai ma hope o ka pilikia i hōʻea i 2008, kokoke i nā ʻāina āpau i hoʻonui i nā uku, e like me hana ʻia i ko mākou ʻāina, a piʻi aʻe mai 16 a 21%.

Eia nō naʻe, aia ʻo Sepania ma lalo o ka awelika VAT ʻEulopa, kahi e pili ana, ma ka awelika, 21,48%, i mea kikoʻī loa, aia ia ma kahi o 12 ma ka pākaukau VAT ma ʻEulopa.

No laila e ʻike ʻoi aku ai ʻoe, ʻo kēia ka VAT ma ʻEulopa, i kēlā me kēia ʻāina.

 

Alemania 19%
ʻAukekulia 20%
Pelekania 21%
Pulukalia 20%
ʻO Cyprus 19%
Croacia 25%
ʻO Denmark 25%
'O Slovakia 20%
España 21%
Finland 24%
France 20%
Greece 23%
Hungary 27%
Aialani 23%
Italia 22%
Latvia 21%
Luxembourg 15%
Malta 18%
Poland 23%
Pokukala 20%
ʻO United Kingdom 20%
Czech Republic 20%
Romania 24%
Suecia 25%

 

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, ʻaʻole loa ʻo Sepania ka ʻāina nona ka VAT kiʻekiʻe loa ma ʻEulopa, ʻoiai kokoke ia i ka awelika, me ka ʻole o 25% o nā ʻāina e like me Suedena a i ʻole 27% a Hungary i noi ai i kāna poʻe kamaʻāina.

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā ʻāina i ka VAT ma ʻEulopa

ʻAe, manaʻoʻiʻo paha ʻaʻole paha, aia kekahi mau panalāʻau e koi ʻole ʻia e uku i ka VAT ma ʻEulopa, a loaʻa kahi mālama kūikawā no ka pili ʻana i nā ʻāina ʻEulopa, a i ʻole no ka pilina kūikawā me ka European Union.

ʻO ka VAT ma ʻEulopa

ʻO kēlā mau nā teritori a uku paha i kahi ʻauhau e like me VAT, emi ma mua o kēia, a i ʻole ʻaʻole uku lākou i nā ʻauhau e like me ka VAT. ʻO kēia nā ʻāina kūikawā:

KAHIKAI TERITORE
Alemania Helgoland ʻAilana a me ka Teritori ʻo Büsigen
España Ceuta, Melilla a me nā mokupuni ʻo Canary
France ʻO Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique a me Reunion
Italia ʻO Livingo, Campione dʻItalia a me nā Wai ʻItalia o Lake Lugano
Greece Mauna Athos
ʻAukekulia ʻO Jungholz lāua ʻo Mittelberg
ʻO Denmark Teritori o Greenland a me Teritori o nā mokupuni ʻo Faroe
Finland ʻAilana Aland
ʻO United Kingdom Nā Mokupuni ʻo Channel a me Gibraltar

 

I kēia papa inoa pono mākou e hoʻohui i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe i loaʻa kahi lapaʻau kūikawā, a i ʻole nā ​​helu kūikawā, a pili ʻia e Pokukala, me ka Mokupuni ʻo Madeira, Palani me ka mokupuni ʻo Corsica, a i ʻole Helene me nā mokupuni aia i ke kai Aegean.

He aha ka mea i hoʻemi ʻia a hōʻemi nui ʻia i ka VAT

Aia he ʻokoʻa Nā helu helu VAT ma ʻEulopa a ma kēlā me kēia ʻāina, ʻoiai i hoʻolako ʻia e mahalo ʻia nā alakaʻi i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka European Union mai Brussels.

ʻO kekahi o nā ʻano o ka VAT e hoʻomalu i ke ola o ko ʻEulopa ka mea i kapa ʻia 'Hoʻoemi VAT', ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka helu VAT ma lalo o ka mea nui, i noi ʻia i kekahi huahana a lawelawe paha i manaʻo ʻia he kumu, e like me ka meaʻai, nā lāʻau a lawelawe paha e like me ka mālama mua olakino, kōkua kaiāulu, a me nā hoʻololi i kēlā me kēia ʻāina.

Hoʻohana kekahi mau ʻāina, e like me kā mākou, i kekahi ʻano o ka VAT i kapa ʻia ʻo super i hoʻemi ʻia i nā ʻano huahana a me nā lawelawe.

Ua hoʻonui ke aupuni i alakaʻi ʻia e Mariano Rajoy Brey nā VAT tranks, no laila koe ma 10% a me 4%, , ʻo ka VAT i hoʻemi ʻia a me ka mea i hoʻemi ʻia kekahi.

ʻAuhau VAT

Hoʻonohonoho ka ʻaelike o nā ʻāina āpau o ka European Union i ka emi o ka VAT ma lalo o 10%, a ʻo ka super super diminished, me ka loaʻa ʻole o ka palena iki i hoʻokumu ʻia, hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia i kekahi ʻano huahana a me nā lawelawe.

ʻO Bulgaria a me Denmark wale nō nā ʻāina i kēia manawa i hōʻemi ʻole a hōʻemi nui ʻia i ka VAT i hoʻokumu ʻia, e noi ana i ka VAT ākea i kā lākou huahana a me nā lawelawe.

Pili nā koena o nā ʻāina i nā ʻano ʻelua o ka VAT, a aia ma kahi o 10% ka maʻamau, a aia kekahi e hoʻopili ana i ka palena haʻahaʻa i hoʻemi ʻia o 0%, e like me ʻIlani, Latvia a i ʻole ke Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka hoʻololi VAT ma ʻEulopa

E like me ka mea i hana ʻia ma nā wahi he nui, ʻo nā aupuni, a ʻo ka mea ʻEulopa kekahi mea ʻokoʻa, lohi loa lākou i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā manawa hou, a lohi lākou i hope o ka lohi e hōʻike ana iā lākou, a ʻaʻole he malihini ka VAT ma ʻEulopa i kēia.

Nui nā mea Nā hakahaka VAT a me nā wahi ʻaʻole i hiki iā ia ke homogenize, no ka laʻana, hoʻemi ʻia ka VAT e pili ana i nā puke kino, akā ʻauhau ʻia kahi puke kikoʻī me ka VAT nui, ma Sepania, no ka laʻana, manaʻo ʻia ua ʻauhau ʻia kekahi ma 4% a ʻo kekahi ma 21. %.

ʻIke ka poʻe loea i kahi loli nui, a ua hoʻomākaukau ka Parliament of Europe i kekahi mau loli, no laila ʻaʻole maʻalahi ke alo o ka VAT, a ʻaʻole e nalowale ka European Union i kēlā mau mea, ʻoi aku a i ʻole emi paha, kanalima biliona kālā i komo ʻole i nā pahu o aupuni.

Eia nā hoʻololi i manaʻo ʻia.

E uku ʻia ka VAT ma ka ʻāina pae

A hiki i kēia manawa, ke kūʻai ʻia kekahi huahana i kekahi ʻāina ʻē, ua uku ʻia ia i ka ʻāina hānau, no ka laʻana, inā ʻoe i Sepania i kūʻai i kahi huahana ma Hungary, i ka ʻōlelo a ka mea nona ka hoʻokumu, e kau ka VAT ma 27% o Hungary, a na ke aupuni Sepania e hoʻouna aku iā ia i ke aupuni Hungarian.

He ʻōnaehana paʻakikī ia, akā e hoʻopili ʻia paha ia i kekahi mau makahiki.

VAT ma ke kālepa uila

I kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei, inā he nui ke kūʻai aku i kāu hale kūʻai pūnaewele, no ka laʻana, ma Palani, ua ʻoi aku ia i kekahi nui o ka neʻe ʻana, pono ʻoe e haʻi i ka uku o ka VAT ma Palani, a pēlā nō i kēlā me kēia ʻāina kahi e kūʻai aku ai. e hoʻonui ʻia ka leo ma luna o ka palena iki o kēlā me kēia ʻāina.

ʻAʻole kēia ka hihia hou, a he ʻōnaehana like loa ia me ka mea ma mua, i kēia manawa e puʻunaue ʻia ka uku o ka VAT mai ka ʻāina i hānau ʻia i nā ʻāina kūpale, e hōʻalo ana i ka hana pilikino a me nā ʻoihana e hana i nā ʻōlelo i nā ʻāina ʻokoʻa.

ʻO ka loiloi o ka VAT hoʻemi a hōʻemi loa ʻia

ʻO kahi kumu no Brexit ʻaʻole hiki i kahi puke e-ʻoi aku ka nui o ka VAT ma mua o kahi puke kino, a i ʻole i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā tampons a i ʻole nā ​​pads i loko o ka VAT i hōʻemi loa ʻia, a he hoʻopiʻi nui ia ma ʻEulopa.

Kuhi ʻia kahi loiloi pinepine o nā huahana a i ʻole nā ​​lawelawe o kēia VAT e hōʻalo i nā āpau i nā huahana e like me nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna.

Aia nā hoʻololi hou aʻe, akā manaʻoʻiʻo mākou, me kēia mau mea āpau, he manaʻo ākea kou no ka VAT a pehea e hana ai ka VAT ma ʻEulopa a me nā loli e ʻike ʻole ʻia.

 


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.