Menene hauhawar farashin kaya?

inflation Hauhawar farashi yana ɗaya daga cikin mahimman canje-canje a cikin ɓangaren tattalin arziki har zuwa matakin yanke hukunci don yanke shawara da yawa a cikin wannan fannin horo. Ana iya cewa hauhawar farashi na iya yin tasiri ga yawancin ayyukanku na yau da kullun kuma ta yaya zai zama ƙasa da aljihun ku. Daga wannan yanayin, ana iya cewa hauhawar farashi tsari ne na tattalin arziki wanda ya haifar da rashin daidaituwa tsakanin samarwa da buƙata. Sakamakon wannan lamarin, zai iya haifar da hauhawar ci gaba a farashin yawancin samfuran da sabis. Kuma ta yaya zai zama ƙasa da asarar ƙimar dinero domin samun su ko kuma yin amfani da shi. Tare da sayan kayan kayan hade.

Idan hauhawar farashi ya bambanta da abu guda, to saboda tasirin sa sosai akan aljihun masu amfani. Ba abin mamaki bane, hauhawar farashi sigogi ne na dacewar musamman don ƙayyade ma'aikata albashi ko ma don sabunta yarjejeniyoyin sassan daban daban a duniyar aiki. A gefe guda, shi ma yana yin bitar kwangilar haya na ƙasa. Don haka idan hauhawar farashi ya yi yawa a wancan lokacin, za a lura a cikin kuɗin da masu haya za su biya daga wannan lokacin.

Babban abin da ke damun gwamnatocin kasashen Yamma shi ne hauhawar farashin kayayyaki sararin sama. Ba abin mamaki bane, tasirin tattalin arzikin yana da lahani sosai kuma ƙarshe yana shafar masu amfani. Wannan shine ɗayan dalilan da yasa suke ƙoƙarin sarrafa shi akan wasu abubuwan la'akari. Musamman idan harkar tattalin arziki tana cikin wani yanayi na koma bayan tattalin arziki, kamar yadda zaku gani a rikicin tattalin arziki na ƙarshe na shekara ta 2008. Har zuwa wani ɓangare mai kyau na manufofin kuɗaɗen kuɗi sun ɗora dabarunsu a kan babban iko da wannan mahimmancin canjin tattalin arzikin.

Juyin Halittar farashin mabukaci

Yawan shekara-shekara na Jimlar farashin farashi na kwastomomi (CPI) a cikin watan Mayu ya kai kashi 2,1%, maki ɗaya ya fi wanda ya yi rijistar watan da ya gabata. Groupsungiyoyin da ke da tasiri mafi tasiri akan haɓaka cikin ƙimar shekara-shekara sune:

Shigo, tare da bambancin shekara 5,1%, sama da maki uku sama da na watan da ya gabata. Wannan karin ya faru ne saboda yadda farashin mai da mai kuma, a wani kankanin mataki, na jigilar fasinjoji, ya tashi a wannan watan, yayin da suka fadi a watan Mayun shekarar da ta gabata.

wurin zama, wanda farashinsa ya karu da maki daya da rabi kuma ya tsaya a 2,3%, saboda karuwar farashin wutar lantarki, wanda ya fi na shekarar 2017. Hawan farashin dizal din ma ya yi tasiri, kodayake zuwa karamin mataki na dumama, wanda ya sauka a bara.

A gefe guda, a cikin watan Mayu yawan bambancin shekara-shekara na HICP ya tsaya a 2,1%, maki ɗaya sama da wanda ya yi rajistar watan da ya gabata. Bambancin kowane wata na HICP shine 0,9%, bisa ga sabon bayanan da Cibiyar ofididdiga ta (asa (INE) ta bayar.

Ta yaya hauhawar farashi ke tafiya?

dinero Duk abin da ke kula da hauhawar farashi a cikin kewayon da ya tashi daga 0,5% zuwa 3% ana ɗaukarsa abu ne na yau da kullun kuma zuwa daidai gwargwado yana faruwa. Wani abu daban daban shine cewa ya wuce waɗannan iyakokin kuma a wanne yanayi ba za a sami zaɓi ba sai dai kawai canza manufofin game da farashin kuɗi. To rage ragin ko karin kudaden ruwa, ya danganta da yadda hauhawar farashi ya yi ƙasa ko ƙasa. Saboda hakika, 'yan canje-canjen tattalin arziƙi suna da tasiri kai tsaye akan kuɗin masu amfani. Gwargwadon abin da ya dogara da juyin halittar su, ana iya cewa suna da kuɗi ko lessasa. Har zuwa wani lokaci, yana samar da wani muhimmin yanki na bayanai don tabbatar da menene matsayin arzikin iyali a daidai wani lokaci na musamman.

Daga wannan yanayin gabaɗaya, ba zaku iya fahimtar hauhawar farashi azaman kawai wani bayanan tattalin arziki ba. Idan ba haka ba, akasin haka, a matsayin wani abu na kusa da bukatun ku kuma kowane wata ana sabunta shi cikin bayanan ku. Har zuwa kusan kusan duk wakilan tattalin arzikin wata ƙasa suna bin sa. A wannan ma'anar, ba za ku iya mantawa da cewa rashin kulawa a cikin hauhawar farashi shi ne ya haifar da hakan ba babbar matsalar tattalin arziki a cikin 30s a lokacin karnin da ya gabata. Kuma saboda wannan dalili, ba mu son wannan yanayin damuwa ya maimaita kansa, musamman a ƙasashen Turai.

Tasirinta akan kasuwar hannayen jari

bolsa A gefe guda, ba za ta iya mantawa daga yanzu game da tasirinsa ga kasuwannin daidaito a duniya. Domin kodayake alaƙar su ba madaidaiciya ba ce, tana iya matsar da ƙididdigar hajojin ta wata hanyar ko wata. I mana ba shine mafi yawan bayanan tattalin arziki ba ta masu saka hannun jari. Amma eh, duk wani karkacewa daga tashoshi na yau da kullun za'a iya ɗauka don shiga ko fita daga kasuwannin kuɗi. Fiye da sauran ƙididdigar fasaha kuma wataƙila ma daga ra'ayi na asali.

A ka'ida, hauhawa ko ƙarancin hauhawar farashi ba lallai bane ya yi tasiri ga hauhawar ko faduwar kasuwar hannayen jari. Ba abin mamaki bane, akwai wasu jerin bayanai masu dacewa don ƙayyade wannan juyin juya halin kasuwannin kudi. A wannan ma'anar, ana iya ɗaukar sahihan bayanan tsaka tsaki don yanke shawara tare da saka jarin dukiyar ku ta sirri ko ta iyali. Kodayake yana iya samar muku da madogara game da abin da zai iya faruwa a waɗannan dandalin na ƙasa da ƙasa a duk lokacin da aka buga waɗannan bayanan. A kowane hali, bai kamata ku ɗauki hauhawar farashi ba tare da damuwa ba daidai ba daga ra'ayin kasuwar jari.

Kwatanta keken siyayya

saya Ofayan mafi kyawun hanyoyi don bincika ainihin haɓakar hauhawar farashi ita ce ta kallon kwandon cin kasuwa. Zai iya yanke hukunci don nuna wanene kayayyaki ko samfura waɗanda suke sauka ko suka fi yawa kowace shekara. Saboda a zahiri, kwandon cinikin yana wakiltar duk kayan da sabis ɗin da iyalai ke cinyewa yayin shekara guda. Kowannensu yana da farashi, wanda zai iya bambanta kan lokaci. Ana kirga yawan hauhawar farashin kaya ta hanyar kwatanta farashin kwandon a cikin wata daya da kuma farashin kwandon daya a cikin wannan watan na shekarar da ta gabata.

Kamar yadda kuka sani, a cikin gidanku, mafi girman tasiri akan canjin farashin ana bayyana a cikin kwandunan siye-sayen. Wato, kuɗin da za ku samu yanzu Ba irin wanda kuke dashi bane shekaru goma ko ashirin da suka wuce. Kuna iya lura cewa farashin yana ta hauhawa a kowace shekara. Kodayake tare da ma'anar oscillations a cikin kowannensu. Duk wannan sakamakon sakamakon hauhawar farashi ne tunda yana yanke hukunci don ku sami iko mafi ƙaranci ko purchaarfin sayayya a wani lokaci. A ƙarshe shine ɗayan manyan abubuwan da yake fifiko. Auna matakin farashi a kowane aiki na tattalin arziki, kamar yadda mashahuran masana tattalin arziki a duniya suka nuna.

Dalilin hauhawar farashin kaya

Wani muhimmin al'amari na wannan bayanan tattalin arzikin da ya dace shi ne wanda ke ishara da dalilin da ya sa yake faruwa a wasu lokutan rayuwa. Da kyau, matsin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki shine wadata da bukatar rashin daidaituwa wanda ke haifar da hauhawar farashi a kasuwanni ɗaya ko fiye. A wannan ma'anar, babban bankin ƙasa ko yanki na tattalin arziki na iya yanke shawarar ƙara samar da kuɗi don haɓaka samarwa. Koyaya, idan buƙatar kuɗi ko samarwa bai haɓaka tare da wadatarwa ba, a lokacin ne abin da muke kira hauhawa zai iya samarwa.

Gabaɗaya yana da alaƙa da buƙata. Tabbas, abu ne gama-gari a gare shi ya bayyana a dai-dai lokacin da bukatar gaba daya ta karu kuma samar da bangaren samarwa ba zai iya biyan wannan bukatar ba. Saboda haka, sakamakon nan da nan shine karuwar farashi, a mafi girma ko ƙarami ƙarfi dangane da matakinsa. A gefe guda, hauhawar farashi ma yana fitowa lokacin da farashin kayan haɓaka ya tashi. Wannan na iya faruwa ne saboda tashin farashin kayan masarufi ko ma bukatun ma'aikata na kanta.

Hakanan ba za a iya kore shi ba cewa wannan motsi na tattalin arziƙi yana yin bayyanar saboda tsammanin waɗanda ke samarwa da kansu suke ƙirƙirawa. A wannan ma'anar, haifar da hauhawar farashi galibi masana tattalin arziki suna ɗaukarsa kamar na wucin gadi. Tare da cikakkiyar maslaha ga ɓangarorin su kuma hakan na iya haifar da babbar matsala cikin manufofin tattalin arzikin ƙasa ko haɗin sararin tattalin arziki. Ala kulli halin, ana iya bayanin dalilan hauhawar farashin kaya daga makarantun tattalin arziki daban-daban. Daga masu son kudiri zalla ga wadanda aka samo daga rubutun Keynes. Tare da mafita daban-daban ga wannan matsalar da zata iya tashi a wani lokaci a cikin yanayin tattalin arziki.


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