Inditex a cikin mahimmin lokaci don saka hannun jari

Cinikin Inditex a farkon zangon farko na shekarar shekarar kudi ta 2020 - tsakanin Fabrairu 1 da 30 ga Afrilu - sun iyakance faduwar su zuwa kashi 44% ƙasa da kuɗaɗen lokacin daidai na shekarar da ta gabata, zuwa euro miliyan 3.303, duk da cewa a cikin lokacin har zuwa An rufe 88% na jimlar shagon shakatawa, saboda cutar Covid-19.

Tallace-tallace na kan layi sun haɓaka da ƙarfi ta 50% a cikin kwata, tare da ƙaruwa na 95% a cikin watan Afrilu idan aka kwatanta da shekarar da ta gabata. Babban ragin ya kasance a cikin 58,4% na tallace-tallace, wanda ke nuna ikon kasuwancin don amsawa don daidaitawa ga buƙata, tare da ƙididdigar cewa a ƙarshen kwata ya yi ƙasa da 10% fiye da shekarar da ta gabata.

A lokaci guda, an rage yawan kuɗaɗen aiki da kashi 21%, sakamakon gudanarwar sarrafa aiki, wanda bai hana kamfanin ba da gudummawa don taimakawa cikin gaggawa na kiwon lafiya ta hanyar ba da takamaiman kuɗaɗe da duk kayan aikinta don canjawa daga China zuwa Turai fiye da raka'a miliyan 120 na kayan aikin likitanci da kayan tsafta daga gudummawar jama'a da na masu zaman kansu daban daban, gami da waɗanda suka fito daga Inditex kanta.

Asusun Inditex

Kamfanin yana riƙe da ƙarfin matsayin sa na kuɗi, wanda ya kai Euro miliyan 5.752, idan aka kwatanta da 6.660 a shekarar da ta gabata, sakamakon ƙarfin aikin da yake yi tsawon shekaru da kuma kiyaye al'adun kuɗi da manufofin ƙungiyar.

Duk waɗannan abubuwan sun ba da damar iyakance faɗuwa a cikin Kudin shigar Aiki zuwa (-200) miliyan yuro da kuma ribar da aka samu zuwa (-175) miliyan a cikin wannan kwata. Kamfanin ya yanke shawarar samar da Yuro miliyan 308 don aiwatar da shirin don bunkasa kan layi da sabunta shaguna, don haka Ebit na karshe shi ne (-508) miliyan, da kuma ribar da aka samu, (-409) miliyan.

Isla ta sanar da cewa za a saka Yuro miliyan 1.000 don haɓaka ayyukan kan layi da kuma wasu yuro miliyan 1.700 don daidaitaccen daidaitaccen dandamali na kantin sayar da kayayyaki, tare da haɗa kayan aikin ci gaba na fasaha.

A cikin kalaman Pablo Isla, wannan shirin “yana nufin kammala aikin wanda aka assasa tushensa a hankali tare da saka hannun jari mai mahimmanci tun daga shekarar 2012, wanda zai sauya martabar kamfanin sosai. Manufar tsakanin yanzu zuwa 2022 ita ce ciyar da cikakken aiwatar da tsarin hada-hadar shagunanmu, wanda makomarsa za ta danganta da sabis na abokin ciniki na dindindin a duk inda yake, a kowace na'ura, kuma a kowane lokaci ”.

Tare da nasa dandamali na dijital

Musamman abin lura a cikin shirin shine Inditex Open Platform (IOP) aikin, ƙirƙirar tushen fasahar sa wanda duk ayyukan kamfanin na dijital ke aiki akan sa kuma an tsara shi don dacewa da su duka a hankali tare da inganci, daidaito da gaggawa da ake buƙata ta samfurin kasuwancin kamfanin.

Farawa daga kasuwancin lantarki, an haɗa shi cikin duk wasu matakai masu alaƙa, kamar ƙididdigar kayayyaki, sayayya, rarraba ko umarni, wanda ya ƙara sassauci kuma, da mahimmanci, haɓakawa. Wannan yanayin yana da mahimmanci don kiyaye ƙimar sabis a lokutan cunkoson ababen hawa, kamar lokacin tallace-tallace, kuma shine mabuɗin haɓakar kasuwancin da ake tsammani.

Tsarin, wanda aka fara bayyanawa a cikin 2018, ya kasance yana tabbatar da ingancin sa a matakai daban-daban, tuni yakai 60% yana aiki, kuma aiwatar dashi za'a kammala shi yayin shirin 2020-2022. Yana ɗaya daga cikin kayan aikin fasaha mafi haɓaka a duniya a cikin fanninta kuma yana da fa'idar yiwuwar rarraba takamaiman buƙatun kowane yanki ta hanyar microservices ba tare da gyara komai ba.

Online, fiye da 25% na tallace-tallace

Tsarin ya hango cewa tallan intanet zai kai sama da 25% na jimillar a 2022, daga 14% a 2019, tare da ƙarin haɗin kai da ɗorewar hanyoyin sadarwa na ɗakunan ajiya, waɗanda za su haɗa da sabbin kayan aikin fasaha, tare da matsakaiciyar yanki ta kowane babban shago , mafi girman matakan riba, da cewa zai haɓaka tsakanin 4% da 6% a cikin shagunan kwatankwacin su.

Kowane ɗayan shagunan zai yi aiki azaman ƙaramin dandalin rarraba kayan sawa daga mafi yawan wuraren kasuwanci na kasuwanci a cikin manyan biranen duniya, cibiyar sadarwar rarraba duniya wacce aka haɗa tare da layi don saduwa da sabbin halaye na siye da siyayya.

A karshen wannan, karfin kasuwancin yanar gizo na kowane iri shima za'a ƙarfafa shi, ɗayan ɗayan shine sabbin ɗakunan studio na Zara.com a Arteixo, waɗanda zasu mamaye sama da murabba'in mita 64.000. Bugu da kari, za a fadada kungiyoyin masu ba da sabis na abokan cinikin intanet daga kantuna da kuma daga cibiyoyi na musamman, kuma a duk shekarar 2020 za a kammala aiwatar da tsarin RFID don gano suturar da kuma hada kayan sarrafa kayan cikin dukkannin rukunin Rukunin.

Tsarin sabunta shagon zai ci gaba, ta inda aka bude shagunan 2012 na sabuwar manufar hadewa a manyan wurare masu yawa tun daga 3.671, shagunan 1.106 aka fadada, 2.556 aka gyara saboda karbuwa da fasaha, kuma 1.729, 1.024 daga cikinsu sun sha ruwa su a cikin shekaru uku da suka gabata.

Ta wannan hanyar, za a isa cibiyar sadarwar tsakanin 6.700 da 6.900 shagunan, bayan buɗe shagunan 450 tare da sabuwar fasahar haɗakar kasuwanci, da karɓar tsakanin ƙananan shagunan 1.000 da 1.200, wakiltar tsakanin 5% da 6% na jimlar tallace-tallace, kuma cewa suna da ƙarancin ƙarfi don samar da sabon sabis ɗin ga abokin ciniki. Waɗannan rukunin sun dace da tsoffin sassan sarƙoƙi banda Zara.

Ta hanyar yanki, shirin zai ba da damar sarƙoƙi kamar Bershka, Pull & Bear da Stradivarius a China da Japan don haɓaka tallan tallace-tallace ta yanar gizo, a Spain don ci gaba da aiwatar da ayyukan shekaru uku da suka gabata tare da buɗe ƙarin shagunan da suka dace da karɓar ƙananan shaguna kamar yadda aka yi. gani a Bilbao ko Pamplona, ​​yayin da a Amurka da sauran ƙasashen Turai zai ƙarfafa dabarun cikakken haɗin kai tsakanin duniyar zahiri da dijital.

Ma'aikata za su ci gaba da kasancewa cikin kwanciyar hankali kuma, kamar yadda yake a cikin lokacin 2012-2020, za a ba da sabon matsayi ga dukkan ma'aikatan cibiyoyin da ke ciki, don rufe sabbin bukatun da aka samar ta hanyar haɗin kan layi da jigilar kayayyaki daban-daban ga abokan ciniki.

Wannan hanyar sadarwar zata iya tallafawa tayin shafukan yanar gizo koyaushe kuma za'a daidaita su tare da shagunan yanar gizo don ƙarfafa kwarewar abokin ciniki tare da sabbin sabis ta hanyar kayan aikin fasaha na zamani. Ta hanyar kirkire-kirkire, ana samun karin bayani da kuma bukatar tsammanin ana haduwa da ra'ayi daya game da kayan, wanda ke buƙatar aiki na ainihi na ƙungiyoyin abubuwa, godiya ga aiwatar da Inditex Open Platform (IOP).

Ta hanyar wannan tsarin, tare da bayanan da aka karɓa daga RFID, ana iya miƙa dukkan abubuwan kirkirar kirkira a cikin ainihin lokacin kuma cikin haɗin kai daga kowace na'ura, ku san buƙata nan da nan, ku sarrafa abubuwan ƙira tare da iya aiki daidai kuma daidaita su daidai. manufofin dorewar kungiyar.

Ofaya daga cikin abubuwan da aka kirkira waɗanda suka fi dacewa da fa'idodin wannan dandamali na dijital mallakin su shine aikin Sint, wanda ke ba da kayan adana kan buƙatun kan layi.

Baya ga yin tallace-tallace kai tsaye ga abokin ciniki, shagunan suna shirya umarnin e-commerce daga ɗakunan ajiya na kansu, suna haɗe tare da tayin kan layi ga abokin ciniki, wanda ke ba da tabbacin ƙwarewar aiki a cikin sarrafa kaya, da kuma lokutan bayarwa cikin sauri.

Wannan aikin yana tallafawa ta hanyar jerin sabbin kayan fasahar kere kere wanda ke sauƙaƙa madaidaiciya cikin haɗin kai da haɗin kai tsakanin ɗakunan ajiya da yanar gizo. Don haka, an haɓaka masu karatu na RFID masu ƙarfin aiki don ƙididdige ƙididdigar kayayyaki a cikin ɗakunan ajiya tare da adadi mai yawa na abubuwa, an aiwatar da tsarin XWMS, wanda aka haɓaka a ciki ta hanyar Inditex, wanda ke kula da ɗakunan ajiya a kowane lokaci don zaɓar asalin asalin mafi dacewa don bayarwa, kuma an sanya tsarin nazari don inganta yanayin zirga zirga da samuwar abubuwa.

Wani sabon samfurin store

Dangane da abokin ciniki, abin lura shi ne abin da ake kira 'Yanayin Adana' wanda, ta hanyar aikace-aikacen hannu, zai ba abokan ciniki damar tuntuɓar ainihin abin da ke cikin shagon don sayan kan layi da tarawa kai tsaye; samun damar shiga ɗakunan canza ɗakuna lokacin da suke buƙatarsa ​​ko kuma iya gano ainihin inda tufa take a cikin shago.

A lokaci guda, kamfanin zai ci gaba da ba da karfi sosai ga dorewar muhalli, tun da duk kantuna za su yi amfani da tsarin Inergy don sarrafa sigogin muhalli, kuma za su yi amfani da makamashi mai sabuntawa 100%, za su hada tsarin mara tikiti a matsayin daidaitacce, kuma zai sake amfani da shi ko sake amfani da duk rarar kayan abu kamar kwali, filastik ko marufi da ka karɓa.

Hakanan, a cikin shekaru uku na aiwatar da shirin, kusan dukkanin robobi masu amfani guda ɗaya za a cire su ga abokin ciniki a cikin shagon, inda gabatar da zagayen rigunan zai kasance yana da mahimmanci na musamman ta hanyar tattara waɗanda tufafin da suka gama tsarin rayuwa ta farko. Manufar ita ce a sake amfani da su ko sake amfani da duk tufafin da aka tattara ta hanyoyin da Inditex ya riga ya fara magana da kasashen duniya tare da kungiyoyi kamar Cáritas ko Red Cross, da kuma ba da kuɗi tare da bincike kan fasahohin sake amfani da su kamar wanda MIT ta tsara a Boston.

Wadannan matakan za su kasance tare da alkawurran da aka kafa a taron 2019 na masu hannun jari game da albarkatun kasa, wanda dukkannin tufafin tufafin Inditex din guda takwas zasu kasance masu dorewa, kwayoyin ko sake yin amfani da su a 2025 kuma musamman yadudduka daga albarkatun kasa. Kayan lambu kamar viscose zai kasance a cikin 2023.

Sa hannun jarin da aka yi don kirkire-kirkire na kere-kere, inganta ci gaba a dukkan fannoni, tsarin tantancewa na musamman ga kowane sutura (RFID) da tsarin hada-hadar kayan kwalliyarta ya baiwa Inditex damar samun kyakkyawar hanyar farawa don samun nasarar wannan shagon na gaba.

Inara cikin shagunan kan layi

A farkon zangon farko, Rukunin ya ci gaba da inganta haɗin kanti da dandamali na kan layi, wanda ya riga ya kai 72 daga cikin kasuwanni 96 wanda marketsungiyar ke halarta. Zara ta fara tallace-tallace na kan layi na cikin gida a cikin Albania da Bosniya kuma, tuni a cikin kwata na biyu, a ƙasashen Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay da Peru, kasuwannin da a yanzu nau'ikan ke ba da wannan haɗin gwaninta ga abokan cinikin sa.

Hakanan Groupungiyar ta ci gaba da haɓaka tare da maƙasudin da Pablo Isla ya sanar cewa samfuran dukkan nau'ikan sa za'a sami sayan su ta yanar gizo daga kowane kusurwa na duniya a cikin 2020. A lokaci guda, alamun theungiyar sun yi fice a cikin 19 budewa a yayin kwata, da kari da gyare-gyare na manyan shaguna, a kasuwanni kamar Spain, China, Portugal, Morocco, Lithuania, Croatia, Korea da Saudi Arabia, da sauransu.

Bude Zara a I-Park a Seoul (Korea), a Arribat Center a Rabat (Morocco) da shaguna biyu a biranen Riyadh da Dammam, a Saudi Arabia, sun yi fice. A karshen, a cikin cibiyar kasuwancin Nakheel Plaza, Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Stradivarius da Oysho suma sun buɗe ƙofofinsu. Hakanan, Uterqüe ya buɗe ƙofofin sabon shagonsa a Calle Larios, a Malaga (Spain) da Stradivarius a Espacio León (León, Spain).

A cikin watan Mayu, Zara ta buɗe ƙofofinta a Cibiyar Cibiyar ta Bahrain a cikin garin Manama (Bahrain) kuma, a cikin 'yan watanni masu zuwa, an shirya mahimman buɗewa, daidai da shirin da aka tsara. Lokacin da ta buɗe ƙofofinta a cikin watanni masu zuwa, Zara a WangFujing (Beijing, China) za ta zama babbar kanti a Asiya kuma mafi ci gaba a duniya don haɗawa da sabbin fasahohi da sabis don ba da cikakken haɗin kai. Wannan buɗewar za ta haɗu a cikin shekarar ta Zara Place Vendome a Doha (Qatar) har ma da faɗaɗawa da sake fasalin Zara a Paseo de Gracia (Barcelona, ​​Spain), ko shagon da ke Calle 82 a Bogotá, (Colombia) ).

Sauran alamun kungiyar suma suna aiki akan budewa da fadada hade da wannan dabarar, kamar irin su Massimo Dutti a Amoeiras (Portugal), Shanghai, (China), Barranquilla da Medellín (Colombia); Bershka a Brasov (Romania) da Belgrade (Serbia); Stradivarius a Rotterdam (Netherlands); Oysho a Moscow (Russia) ko a gundumar Chaoyang, a Beijing, (China); ko buɗewar Uterque a Almaty (Kazakhstan)

Damawa

Dangane da wannan jimlar sadaukarwa ta Dorewa, duk sarkokin Kungiyar sun ci gaba tare da ci gaba mai ma'ana ta hanyar amfani da kayan masarufi masu dorewa da sake sarrafa su, dayawa daga cikinsu a karkashin lakabin Join Life, wanda kuma yake bambance wadanda aka yi amfani da su don aiwatarwa. wadanda suke mutunta ruwa da yawan kuzari.

Hakanan, a cikin shagunan, Groupungiyar ta ci gaba da ƙaddamar da shirin tattara kayan da aka yi amfani da su, ta hanyar kwantena waɗanda kwastomomin da suka riga suka samu a shagunan 2.299 a cikin kasuwanni 46, tare da haɗin gwiwar ƙungiyoyi 45 masu karɓar tufafin, waɗanda ke aiwatar da duk kayan don ba ta na biyu rayuwa ko amfani dashi don magani da sake amfani dashi.

Hakanan, a matsayin mataki na gaba a cikin tsarin shagon ingantaccen yanayi wanda aka kammala shi a cikin recentan shekarun nan, Groupungiyar tana ci gaba da haɓaka adadin shagunan da ke haɗe da tsarin sarrafawa da tsarin gudanarwa na makamashi da ruwan sha. Godiya ga fasahar da aka tanada shagunan tare da babban haɗin su tare da babban dandamali, duka shagunan 3.587 sun riga sun kasance cikin wannan shirin da ake kira Inergy.

Ta wani bangaren kuma, kamfanin Inditex ya ci gaba da kasancewa cikin dindindin da masu samar da shi a yayin barkewar cutar ta Covid-19 don tabbatar da cewa masana'antun suna bin shawarwarin tsafta don kare lafiyar ma'aikatan. Hakanan Kamfanin ya ba da tabbacin biyan duk umarnin da aka kammala ko a cikin aikin samarwa tun farkon cutar, gwargwadon yanayin biyan asali.

Bugu da kari, kamfanin Inditex ya fito fili ya bi kadin kungiyar kwadago ta kasa da kasa (ILO) don tattara tallafi ga masana'antun da ma'aikata a lokacin tattalin arzikin da Covid-19 ya haifar. Wannan shirin ya samu halartar Kungiyar Ma’aikata ta Duniya (IOE), da Kungiyar Kwadago ta Duniya (ITUC), IndustriALL Global Union da sauran kamfanonin duniya.

Cinikin kwata na biyu

An fara farkon kwata na biyu na shekara ta sake buɗe shaguna a hankali a cikin kasuwanni daban-daban da haɓaka kasuwancin tallace-tallace ta kan layi.

A cikin watan Mayu, an buɗe shaguna a kasuwanni daban-daban kuma daga 8 ga Yuni, Inditex yana da shaguna 5.743 da aka buɗe a kasuwanni 79, daga cikin jimlar 7.412 a kasuwanni 96.

Tallace-tallace a hankali suna murmurewa yayin da aka buɗe waɗannan shagunan, tare da fitattun misalai kamar na China da Koriya ko, tuni a Turai, Jamus. Tare da kashi 52% na shagunan da aka buɗe a matsakaita a watan Mayu kuma har yanzu tare da iyakokin iya aiki a yawancin kasuwanni, tallace-tallace a cikin shaguna da kuma kan layi akan farashin musanya koyaushe sun kasance -51%. A cikin makon Yuni 2 zuwa 8, tallace-tallace a cikin shaguna da kan layi akan yawan canjin canjin sun kasance (-34%). Kasuwannin da aka buɗe ba tare da ƙuntatawa ba sun kai kashi 54% na jimlar kuma tallace-tallace sun kai (-16%).


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