Hauhawar farashin kaya, taɓarɓarewa, hauhawar jini da hauhawa: abin da suke nufi

Kudin Euro

Dangane da hauhawar farashi da sauran hanyoyin da suka shafi canjin farashin

Tashin farashi na daya daga cikin mahimman abubuwan da suka shafi cigaban tattalin arziki. Kuma yanke hukunci ne, ba kawai ga gwamnatoci su bunkasa manufofin tattalin arzikinsu ba, har ma da don auna kashe kayan masarufi. Ba abin mamaki bane, gwargwadon wannan canjin, zasu iya samun ƙarin albashi, biya ƙarin kuɗi yayin yin kwandon cinikin, ko kuma kawai a lokacin nazarin kwangilar haya na gidansu.

Dangane da wannan yanayin, ba abin mamaki bane cewa masu mulki da 'yan ƙasa koyaushe suna sane da juyin halittar ta. Kalmar tattalin arziki da ke auna waɗannan canje-canje a cikin ayyukan tattalin arziki ana kiranta kumbura. Kuma menene daidai increaseara yawan farashin kayayyaki da ayyuka a cikin ƙasa. Saboda haka kowane ɗayansu yana da ma'auni wanda aka auna hauhawar farashin. Kuma cewa a cikin takamaiman batun Spain an wakilta ta Priceididdigar Farashin Masu Amfani, wanda aka fi sani da kalmarsa, CPI.

Don dakatar da hauhawar farashi, wani abu da ƙasashe waɗanda ke da mafi girman takamaiman nauyi a duniya ke tsoro, bankunan tsakiya galibi suna ɗaga darajar riba akan bashin jama'a. Kuma sakamakon hakan, bukatun manyan hanyoyin samun kuɗi suna ƙaruwa (bashi, lamuni, da dai sauransu), kuma mafi mahimmancin sakamako shine an dawo da amfani. Kodayake kyakkyawan yanayin, wanda shima yana da shi, shine tsarin banki don adanawa (ajiyar lokaci, bayanan banki na banki ...) suna gabatar da aikin gasa ga masu nema. Amfani da bukatun su, suna farauta da zarar an dauke su aiki.

Sharuɗɗan da aka danganta da canjin farashin

Faduwar farashin a kasuwanni

Zai yiwu babu wanda ya rasa ma'anarta, har ma a wurinku. Ba abin mamaki bane, kalma ce da take ci gaba da fitowa a cikin hanyoyin sadarwa na zamani, musamman a cikin bayanan tattalin arzikinsu. Amma abubuwa suna da ɗan rikitarwa, lokacin da kowane lokaci ka ji wasu sharuɗɗan da suka zo daga ƙari ko ƙimar farashi. Da kuma cewa da kyar zaka saba da ma'anar sa ta gaskiya, kuma me yasa wadannan motsin kudi suke faruwa.

Muna magana ne game da kalmomi a halin yanzu kusan kusan kowane mutum yana magana game da su, kamar ƙeta, hauhawar jini da hauhawa. Shin da gaske munsan me suke nufi? Na farkonsu yana da halin yanzu, saboda tsari ne na tattalin arziki, wanda zuwa mafi girma ko ƙarami yana shafar tattalin arzikin Spain. Kuma wannan tabbas zaku lura dasu a matsayin mabukaci cewa ku. Ba a banza ba, deflation yana bayyana duk lokacin da farashin ya fadi, kuma wannan an canza shi zuwa mummunan juyin halitta a cikin kowane alamun da ke auna canjin farashin.

Kodayake da farko, da alama yanayi ne mai matukar kyau ga 'yan ƙasa, ba haka ba ne. Bugu da ƙari, ƙungiyoyin tattalin arziki na gwamnatoci suna tsoron bayyanar wannan aikin a cikin ƙirƙirar farashi. Dalilin ba wani bane illa tasirin sa akan iyakokin kasuwanci na kamfanoni. Kuma sakamakon wannan yanayin, rashin aikin yi yana ƙaruwa, tare da raguwar mahimmancin amfani.

Don bayyana wannan yanayin a fili, mai haɗari sosai a ra'ayin masana tattalin arziki, mutum kawai zai kalli ci gaban tattalin arzikin Sifen cikin shekaru uku da suka gabata. Nunawa da wasu tsauraran matakai menene aiwatarwar ɓatanci a aikace. Tare da CPI a cikin mummunan yanki, kodayake ba tare da wuce kima ba.

Stagflation: koma bayan tattalin arziki da hauhawar farashi

Muhawara a kan tabarbarewar tattalin arziki

Yana da matukar fashewa da fadada tsari fiye da wadanda suka gabata, kuma yana matukar illa ga dukkan bangarorin zamantakewa da tattalin arziki. Ba a banza ba, ana samarda shi lokacin da farashi yayi kari kuma akwai tabarbarewar tattalin arziki. A cikin wannan ma'anar, dole ne ku sani cewa don yanayin ƙarshe don faruwa, Babban Haɗin Cikin Gida (GDP) dole ne ya yi rikodin aƙalla wurare biyu a jere tare da faɗuwar ayyukan tattalin arzikin sa.

Tabbas, yana daga cikin mawuyacin halin da kowace kasa a duniya zata iya shiga. Yana shafar gwamnatoci, ma'aikata da ma'aikata, a cikin daidaito. Kuma ana iya samar da hakan ta hanyar takamaiman lamari, kamar haɓaka farashin mai. Ofaya daga cikin kayan aikin don ƙunƙasasshewa shine ta matakan kuɗi daban-daban, gami da ƙimar darajar kuɗin da abin ya shafa.

Misali don kwatanta wannan halin da ake ciki a tattalin arzikin duniya zai kai mu Japan a cikin shekarun 90s, a cikin ƙarnin da ya gabata. Inda shekaru da dama koma bayan tattalin arziki da hauhawar farashi suka kasance tare a cikin hadaddiyar giyar da ta lalata tattalin arzikin Japan. Kuma a cikin shekarun da suka gabata, masana tattalin arziki na mutumin da ya ci lambar yabo ta Nobel, Paul Krugman, ya yi hasashen cewa wannan mummunan yanayin tattalin arzikin na iya sake faruwa.

Hyperinflation: haɓakawa a matakin farashin

Hawan jini a cikin shaguna

Kuma mun bar ƙarshen, aikin da ba za ku taɓa gani ba, aƙalla cikin gajeren lokaci da matsakaici, lokacin rayuwa a Tarayyar Turai. Ba wani bane face hauhawar jini, wanda yana haɓaka lokacin da ci gaba da saurin hauhawar farashi ke samarwa na yanki ko ƙasa ta tattalin arziki. Babban haɗarin da ya taso daga isowarsu shine ƙaƙƙarfar darajar cikin ikon siyan kuɗin waje.

A wannan yanayin farashin farashin zai iya faduwa, ba tare da la’akari da bunkasar tattalin arzikinsa ba, har zuwa 30%, 40%, ko ma ma fiye da kashi masu fashewa. Misalai don fayyace wannan halin ba'a rasa a kowane lokaci na tarihi, kuma ƙasa da na yanzu. Wani ɓangare mai kyau na ƙasashen Latin Amurka (Argentina, Ecuador, Venezuela, da dai sauransu) suna motsawa ƙarƙashin wannan yanayin mai girgizawa. Kuma inda 'yan ƙasa su ne waɗanda aka fi shafa

A cikin minutesan mintoci ka wuce duk wasu motsi waɗanda zasu iya samo asali ne daga hauhawar ko ƙimar farashi, amma kuma yana da alaƙa da matakan ci gaba a cikin tattalin arziƙi. Kuma cewa a kowane hali tasirin ku zai shafe ku. Babban rashin aikin yi, farashin kayan aiki da kayan masarufi ta hanyar rufin, har ma da matsalar samar da kuɗi zaku kasance wasu daga cikinsu. Kodayake, a kowane hali, daga yanzu ba za a ƙara ganin su ba. Ba abin mamaki bane, zaku sami ɗan bayyane menene ma'anar duk ayyukan da ke da alaƙa da canjin farashin. Kuma wannan kamar yadda kuka gani akwai fiye da ɗaya.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   kumbura m

    Hauhawar farashi ita ce ci gaba da haɓaka ci gaba na farashin kayayyaki, ayyuka da kuma abubuwan haɓaka na ƙasa, wanda ke nuna ragin ikon sayan kuɗi.
    Kashewa shine gabaɗaya ƙiwar farashin kayayyaki da sabis a cikin tattalin arziki. Farashi ya yi ƙasa sakamakon raguwar buƙata, har ta kai ga 'yan kasuwa dole ne su sayar da kayayyakinsu don ɗaukar aƙalla ƙayyadadden farashin su.
    Hauhawar hauhawa na faruwa ne yayin da hauhawar farashi ya yi tsamari daga sarrafawa kuma kuɗin ƙasar ya yi asarar nasa darajar.
    Stagflation shine lokacin da tattalin arzikin ƙasa da hauhawar farashi suka tsaya cik. Wannan baya raguwa a kowane lokaci kuma akwai hadaddiyar giyar tare da karuwar rashin aikin yi da kuma shiga cikin rikici ko koma bayan tattalin arziki (koma bayan tattalin arziki yana faruwa ne lokacin da GDP ya ragu zuwa kashi biyu a jere).

  2.   malvin abin m

    Abubuwan haɗin kai na faruwa ne lokacin da hauhawar farashi ya kasance ba shi da iko kuma kuɗin ƙasar ya rasa nasa darajar.
    Matsayi shine lokacin da tattalin arzikin ƙasa da hauhawar farashi suka tsaya cik. Wannan baya raguwa a kowane lokaci kuma akwai hadaddiyar giyar tare da karuwar rashin aikin yi da kuma shiga cikin rikici ko koma bayan tattalin arziki (koma bayan tattalin arziki yana faruwa ne lokacin da GDP ya ragu na kwata biyu a jere).

  3.   Roman Lindauris Roman m

    Hauhawar farashi: shine ƙaruwa mai yawa da ci gaba a cikin kasuwa a cikin wani lokaci, galibi a shekara. Lokacin da matakin farashi gaba ɗaya ya tashi, ana sayan ƙananan kaya da sabis tare da kowane ɗayan kuɗin. A takaice dai, hauhawar farashi ya nuna raguwar karfin sayayyar kudin: asarar hakikanin darajar hanyar musaya ta ciki da kuma ma'aunin tattalin arziki.
    Kashewa ko hauhawar farashi mara kyau: shine faduwar gaba daya kuma tsawan farashin.
    hauhawar farashin jini: Mai saurin gaske da ci gaba da hauhawa a cikin farashin, wanda ke sa mutane kar su riƙe kuɗi, saboda yawan asarar da yake yi, kuma sun gwammace kiyaye kayan kasuwanci.
    Stagflation: halin ci baya na tattalin arziki yayin da hauhawar farashi da albashi ke ci gaba