Farfado da tattalin arziki

Farfado da tattalin arziki

Shin kun ji labarai na dawo da tattalin arziki? Shin kun san ainihin abin da wannan kalmar ke nufi? Yawancin mutane suna danganta shi da kyakkyawan lokacin tattalin arziƙi, wanda a ciki ake dawo da matakan kafin matsala, amma da gaske yana da kyau kamar yadda kuke zato?

Idan kuna son sanin menene farfado da tattalin arziƙin, abin da yake nufi da haɗarin da ke tattare da shi, to muna ba ku makullin don ku fahimce shi sosai.

Matakan sake zagayowar tattalin arziki

Matakan sake zagayowar tattalin arziki

Kafin muyi magana kai tsaye game da farfado da tattalin arziƙin, yana da mahimmanci muyi magana akan manufar sake zagayowar kasuwanci. Wato daga cikin matakan da tattalin arziki zai shiga a wani lokaci a rayuwarsa. Wannan yanayin yana juyawa, wanda ke nufin cewa, akan lokaci, yana maimaita kansa.

Matakai biyar na sake zagayowar tattalin arziki sune:

Fadada

Muna iya cewa lokacin faɗaɗa yana faruwa lokacin da tattalin arziki ya fara girma, a irin wannan hanyar da ake samun mafi yawan amfani da aiki.

ido

Za a iya bayyana bunƙasar a matsayin kololuwar faɗaɗawa, wato, lokacin kololuwa lokacin da tattalin arziki ke kan gaba. Amma kuma shine share fage ga wani abu mara kyau.

Koma bayan tattalin arziki

Kuma shine duk abin da ya hau, a wani lokaci dole ya sauka. Kuma wannan shine abin da ke faruwa a lokacin koma bayan tattalin arziki, da tattalin arziki ya durkushe shafi aiki, tanadi, mutane, da sauransu.

Damuwa

Har ila yau, bakin cikin zai zama mafi ƙasƙanci na koma bayan tattalin arziki, lokacin da ƙasar ta lalace sosai ta fuskar tattalin arziki kuma kawai ta ci gaba.

Farfadowa

Muna iya cewa shi ne kashi na ƙarshe na sake zagayowar tattalin arziƙin, amma kuma ita ce kishiyar matakin farko, na faɗaɗawa.

A cikin wannan fara fita daga bacin rai, don haɓaka ayyukan tattalin arziƙi wanda ake samun ƙaruwa a cikin tattalin arziƙin.

Menene farfado da tattalin arziki

Menene farfado da tattalin arziki

Dangane da abin da ke sama, za mu iya tunanin dawo da tattalin arziƙin a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin matakan sake zagayowar tattalin arziƙin da haɓaka, amfani da haɓaka aiki bayan ya rayu cikin rikici kuma ya shiga cikin mawuyacin halin tattalin arziki.

A takaice dai, sake haihuwa ce ta tattalin arziƙi kuma, a lokaci guda, sake saita sake zagayowar tattalin arziƙin ta yadda za a sake farfado da tattalin arziƙin (aiki, buƙatar aiki, saka hannun jari, da dai sauransu) kasa.

Halaye na farfado da tattalin arziƙi

Kodayake farfado da tattalin arziƙin yana da sauƙin fahimta, yana da mahimmanci a fayyace halayensa.

A gefe guda, dole ne a gan shi a matsayin wani mataki na sake zagayowar tattalin arziki. An faɗi game da shi cewa shi ne na ƙarshe, amma a zahiri, kasancewa mai hawa -hawa, da gaske ba haka bane, amma bayan ya fara sabon sake zagayowar wanda mu ma za mu tsinci kanmu a wani lokaci tare da lokacin koma bayan tattalin arziki da lokacin ɓacin rai.

Maidowa yawanci yana faruwa lokacin da aka sami lokacin rikici. Idan tattalin arziƙi yana da kyau, murmurewa ba zai zama dole ba tunda, babu wani lokaci, an sami koma baya wanda ya sa ya zama dole.

Lokacin da farfado da tattalin arziƙi ya faru akwai abubuwa uku da ke ƙara ƙaruwa. Wani lokaci ana ba da guda ɗaya, yayin da wasu lokuta ana iya samun ƙarin dalilai. Waɗannan za su kasance samarwa, aiki da amfani.

Misali, a game da cutar ta Covid da ta sha wahala a 2020 da 2021, farfadowar tattalin arziƙin yana nufin haɓakawa a cikin duk masu canji: akwai ƙarin buƙatun aiki, samarwa ya ƙaru kuma mutane, saboda wannan ceton, suna da babban buƙatar amfani.

Yaya tsawon lokacin farfado da tattalin arziƙin yake?

Ofaya daga cikin manyan shakkun mutane da yawa, mutane da kamfanoni, shine sanin tsawon lokacin murmurewar tattalin arziƙi na iya dorewa, da kuma tsawon lokacin da wannan zai haifar da faɗaɗa da haɓaka, tunda an san cewa a tattalin arziƙi lokutan wadata ne da fa'idodi da yawa.

Da gaske, idan za mu iya, za mu so a sami irin waɗannan hawan keke koyaushe, amma abin takaici ba zai yiwu ba, kuma a ƙarshe, lokacin da aka kai hula, akwai raguwa.

Ba a kayyade lokacin da kowane ɗayan matakai ke faruwa ba. Wato, yana iya samun tsawon lokaci mai dogaro da abin da ke faruwa a duniya.

Duk da haka, su kansu masana sun kafa nau’o’in zagayowar tattalin arziki guda uku gwargwadon tsawon lokacin. Wadannan za su kasance:

  • Gajarta Lokacin da tsawonta yawanci a cikin watanni 40, wato, kusan shekaru 3 da rabi. Waɗannan suna halin gaskiyar cewa ba a taɓa kai lokacin ɓacin rai ba.
  • Media. Lokacin tsawonta yana tsakanin shekaru 7 zuwa 11. Gajerun hanyoyi ne da ke ƙarewa da rikicin tattalin arziki.
  • Doguwa. Suna wuce tsakanin shekaru 47 zuwa 60 kuma matakan suna da sauƙi, kuma yana ɗaukar lokaci kafin a kai kololuwa. Dangane da koma bayan tattalin arziki, suna da jinkiri sosai, amma sakamakon, wato ɓacin rai, yana da zurfi sosai kuma yana sa murmurewa ya ɗauki tsawon lokaci don gani, baya ga rage jinkirin faɗaɗa.

Hadarin farfado da tattalin arziki

Hadarin farfado da tattalin arziki

Bayan duk abin da kuka gani, al'ada ce a gare ku kuyi tunanin farfado da tattalin arziƙi abu ne mai kyau kuma kuna ɗaukar hakan a matsayin wata hanya ta farkar da tattalin arzikin ƙasar da sake farfado da ita. Amma da gaske ne haka?

A zahirin gaskiya, akwai wasu fannoni waɗanda dole ne a yi la’akari da su waɗanda ke shafar yawan jama’a ko kaɗan. Misali:

Lokacin tsananin ayyukan tattalin arziƙi

Ko shakka babu farfadowar tattalin arziƙin yana nufin akwai ƙaruwar ayyukan tattalin arziƙi. Koyaya, wannan "albarku" da ke faruwa yawanci ba ya ɗaukar lokaci, kuma bayan ɗan lokaci za ku iya daidaitawa ko rage shi.

Me yasa wannan mummunan abu ne? To, saboda mutane ba sa tunani sosai a nan gaba da kuma a yanzu.

Babban amfani - Ƙananan tanadi

Bayan lokacin tashin hankali, abin da mutum yake so shi ne ya sami damar jin daɗi kuma a kan haka mu kan saba komawa ga son abin duniya, mabukaci don samun damar rage wancan lokacin na “raƙuman shanu” da aka rayu, ta yadda abin da aka yi ƙoƙarin adanawa yanzu ana amfani da shi don haɓaka amfani da siye da cinye abubuwa da yawa. Ba tare da tunanin cewa wani mummunan lokacin na iya zuwa ba.

Bangarorin da aka bambanta tsakanin girma, tsayawa da rushewa

Masana kansu sun riga sun yi gargaɗi. Mayar da tattalin arziƙi ba ga dukkan fannoni ba ne. Za a sami wasu waɗanda za su yi girma da yawa, yayin da wasu za su ci gaba da kasancewa a matakan da aka yarda kuma a ƙarshe, na uku zai ƙare nutsewa. Kuma wani lokacin bacewa.

Me kuke tunani game da farfado da tattalin arzikin? Shin kun sha wahala a rayuwar ku ta yau da kullun?


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  1.   Celsus m

    Sakamakon halin da ake ciki na rikici sakamakon cutar ta covid 19, labarin ya ba ni damar yin tunani game da yanayin tattalin arziki da halayensu, yana ba ni damar yin taka tsantsan a cikin kashe kuɗi na, ajiyewa, tunani game da gaba.